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Windows 8

Personal computer operating system by Microsoft released in 2012

Windows 8 logo and wordmark.svg
Windows 8 Start Screen.png

Windows 8 Start screen, showing default live tile arrangement.

Source model
Released to
August 1, 2012; 9 years ago (2012-08-01)[2]
October 26, 2012; 9 years ago (2012-10-26)[3]
Final release6.2.9200 / December 13, 2016; 4 years ago (2016-12-13)
Update methodWindows Update, Windows Store, Windows Server Update Services
PlatformsIA-32, x86-64, ARM (Windows RT)
Kernel typeHybrid
UserlandWindows API, NTVDM
LicenseTrialware, Microsoft Software Assurance, MSDN subscription, DreamSpark
Preceded byWindows 7 (2009)
Succeeded byWindows 8.1 (2013)
Official (archived at Wayback Machine)
All editions except Windows Embedded 8 Standard:
  • Unsupported as of January 12, 2016
  • Users must install the Windows 8.1 update for their edition or Windows 10 in order to continue to receive updates and support.[4]

Windows Embedded 8 Standard:

Windows 8 is a major release of the Windows NToperating system developed by Microsoft. The product was released to manufacturing on August 1, 2012, and generally to retail on October 26, 2012.[6] Windows 8 was made available for download via MSDN and TechNet and available as an upgrade to all Windows 7 users via Windows Update.[citation needed]

Windows 8 introduced major changes to the operating system's platform and user interface intended to improve its user experience on tablets, where Windows was now competing with mobile operating systems, including Android and iOS.[7] In particular, these changes included a touch-optimized Windows shell based on Microsoft's "Metro"design language and the Start screen (which displays programs and dynamically updated content on a grid of tiles), a new platform for developing "apps" with an emphasis on touchscreen input, integration with online services (including the ability to synchronize apps and settings between devices), and Windows Store, an online distribution for downloading and purchasing new software, and a new keyboard shortcut for screenshots.[8] Many of these features were adoptions from Windows Phone. Windows 8 added support for USB 3.0, Advanced Format hard drives, near field communications, and cloud computing. Additional security features were introduced, such as built-in antivirus software, integration with Microsoft SmartScreenphishing filtering service and support for UEFI Secure Boot on supported devices with UEFI firmware, to prevent malware from infecting the boot process.

Windows 8 is the first version of Windows to support the ARM architecture, under the Windows RT branding.

Windows 8 was released to a mixed critical reception. Although reaction towards its performance improvements, security enhancements, and improved support for touchscreen devices was positive, the new user interface of the operating system was widely criticized for being potentially confusing and difficult to learn, especially when used with a keyboard and mouse instead of a touchscreen. Despite these shortcomings, 60 million Windows 8 licenses were sold through January 2013, a number that included both upgrades and sales to OEMs for new PCs.[9]

Microsoft released Windows 8.1 in October 2013, addressing some aspects of Windows 8 that were criticized by reviewers and early adopters and incorporated additional improvements to various aspects of the operating system.[10][11] Windows 8 was ultimately succeeded by Windows 10 in July 2015. Support for IE10 on Windows Server 2012[12][13] and Windows Embedded 8 Standard[14] ended on January 31, 2020. Market share had fallen to 1.06% by October 2020.[15]

In August 2019, computer experts reported that the BlueKeepsecurity vulnerability, CVE-2019-0708, that potentially affects older unpatched Microsoft Windows versions via the program's Remote Desktop Protocol, allowing for the possibility of remote code execution, may now include related flaws, collectively named DejaBlue, affecting newer Windows versions (i.e., Windows 7 and all recent versions).[16] In addition, experts reported a Microsoftsecurity vulnerability, CVE-2019-1162, based on legacy code involving Microsoft CTF and ctfmon (ctfmon.exe), that affects all Windows versions from the older Windows XP version to the most recent Windows 10 versions; a patch to correct the flaw is currently available.[17]

Development history[edit]

Early development[edit]

Windows 8 development started before Windows 7 had shipped in 2009.[18] At the Consumer Electronics Show in January 2011, it was announced that the next version of Windows would add support for ARMsystem-on-chips alongside the existing x86 processors produced by vendors, especially AMD and Intel. Windows division president Steven Sinofsky demonstrated an early build of the port on prototype devices, while Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer announced the company's goal for Windows to be "everywhere on every kind of device without compromise."[19][20][21][22] Details also began to surface about a new application framework for Windows 8 codenamed "Jupiter", which would be used to make "immersive" applications using XAML (similarly to Windows Phone and Silverlight) that could be distributed via a new packaging system and a rumored application store.[23]

The earliest build of Windows 8 is build 7700, compiled in January 2010.[24] The build was identical to Windows 7 except for the wallpaper being different - the same one from the Beta and Release Candidate. In addition, there were references to Windows 8 in this build.

In late 2010, an optional 3D desktop user interface for high-end systems named "Wind" was rumored.[25]

Two milestone releases of Windows 8 and one of Windows Server 2012leaked to the general public. Milestone 1, Build 7850, was leaked on April 12, 2011.[26] It was the first build where the text of a window was written centered instead of aligned to the left. It was also probably the first appearance of the Metro-style font, and its wallpaper had the text shhh. let's not leak our hard work. However, its detailed build number reveals that the build was created on September 22, 2010.[27] The leaked copy was Enterprise edition, with other editions leaking later. In 2020, it was discovered that Metro existed in this build, after enabling the 'Redpill'. The start screen was very primitive, being a white screen with gray tiles. The charms bar was also included, but was unusable. The OS still reads as "Windows 7". Milestone 2, Build 7955, was leaked on April 25, 2011. The traditional Blue Screen of Death (BSoD) was replaced by a new black screen,[28] although it was later reverted to a different blue color. This build introduced a new ribbon in Windows Explorer. The "Windows 7" logo was temporarily replaced with text displaying "Microsoft Confidential". Both builds 7850 and 7955 leaked alongside Windows Server 2012 build 7959. On June 17, 2011, build 7989 64-bit edition was leaked. It introduced a new boot screen featuring the same Betta fish as the default Windows 7 Beta wallpaper, which was later replaced, and the circling dots as featured in the final (although the final version comes with smaller circling dots throbber). It also had the text Welcome below them, although this was scrapped.[29] The boot screen was not new to this build though - it came from build 7973, a slightly earlier build. It is worth mentioning that most of these leaks "hid" the main Metro UI features that were to come in tweak known as Redlock in order to prevent relevant leaks. A patch named Redpill was necessary to reveal the new Metro UI as well as the redesigned Start Screen, Lock Screen and apps.[citation needed] Several applications have tried to replicate this patch as closely as possible, although one called Redlock is the most accurate, supporting the enabling of builds' Metro UI from 7850-8056. It also worked on the Developer Preview.

This build also leaked in the x86 architecture as a debug build, with the setup having a slight change - the theme was now Windows Basic in setup, rather than Classic.

Build 8008 was the first build to remove the User Tile. A new wallpaper was introduced and Metro was updated to be more like the final version of Windows 8.

On June 1, 2011, Microsoft unveiled Windows 8's new user interface, as well as additional features at both Computex Taipei and the D9: All Things Digital conference in California.[30][31]

The "Building Windows 8" blog launched on August 15, 2011, featuring details surrounding Windows 8's features and its development process.[32]


A screenshot of Windows Developer Preview running on a multi-monitor system, showcasing some features

As Windows 8 transitioned away from being in the Milestone phase of development, the Developer Preview was beginning to take shape.

Build 8032 changed the branding to Windows Developer Preview and was the last build to use Windows 7 branding anywhere.

Build 8056 introduced several changes to the interface and small stability improvements. Metro was updated to be more like the Metro in Developer Preview (although it was still different) and a new wallpaper was introduced.

Microsoft unveiled more Windows 8 features and improvements on the first day of the Build conference on September 13, 2011.[33] Microsoft released the first public beta build of Windows 8, Windows Developer Preview (build 8102) at the event. A Samsung tablet running the build was also distributed to conference attendees.

The build was released for download later that day in standard 32-bit and 64-bit variants, plus a special 64-bit variant which included SDKs and developer tools (Visual Studio Express and Expression Blend) for developing Metro-style apps.[34] The Windows Store was announced during the presentation, but was not available in this build.[35][36] According to Microsoft, there were about 535,000 downloads of the developer preview within the first 12 hours of its release.[37] Originally set to expire on March 11, 2012, in February 2012 the Developer Preview's expiry date was changed to January 15, 2013.[38]

The new File Explorer interface with "Ribbon" in Windows 8

The next step was the Consumer Preview, sometimes called Windows 8 Beta in the builds before it.

Build 8118 is the earliest leaked post-Developer Preview build. This build disables Redpill, and Metro can be manually enabled through the editing of system files.

Build 8128 removed Redpill, and Metro was enabled by default with no way to disable it (although build 8102 is being distributed by Microsoft with Redpill already applied and can be disabled with a registry key[39]).[40]

Build 8176 featured new branding - Windows 8 Beta. The Consumer Preview wallpapers have now been added, and the setup color has been changed to be the same as the final Consumer Preview.

Build 8195 is largely the same as 8176, although it removes the Start Button from the taskbar. While the start button could be removed in early Milestone 2 (and this persisted through Windows 8 development) with a registry key, this build disabled it by default with no way to turn it back on. The branding is now identical to the Consumer Preview.

On February 17, 2012, Microsoft unveiled a new logo to be adopted for Windows 8. Designed by Pentagram partner Paula Scher, the Windows logo was changed to resemble a set of four window panes. Additionally, the entire logo is now rendered in a single solid color.[41]

On February 29, 2012, Microsoft released Windows 8 Consumer Preview, the beta version of Windows 8, build 8250. Alongside other changes, the build brought over the big change from build 8195: removing the Start button from the taskbar for the first time in a public build since its debut on Windows 95; according to Windows manager Chaitanya Sareen, the Start button was removed to reflect their view that on Windows 8, the desktop was an "app" itself, and not the primary interface of the operating system.[42][43] Windows president Steven Sinofsky said more than 100,000 changes had been made since the developer version went public.[43] The day after its release, Windows 8 Consumer Preview had been downloaded over one million times.[44] Like the Developer Preview, the Consumer Preview expired on January 15, 2013.

Development on the third and final preview of Windows 8, the Release Preview, began shortly after Consumer Preview (note: build 8277 was compiled on February 8, 2012, before 8250[45][46]). Build 8330 was a build in between the Consumer and Release Previews. This build includes a new default wallpaper and several changes, such as the new logo replacing the old one and appearing in the About Windows dialog box.

Many other builds may exist or were released until Japan's Developers Day conference when Steven Sinofsky announced that Windows 8 Release Preview (build 8400) would be released during the first week of June.[47] On May 28, 2012, Windows 8 Release Preview (Standard Simplified Chinese x64 edition, not China-specific variant, build 8400) was leaked online on various Chinese and BitTorrent websites.[48] On May 31, 2012, Windows 8 Release Preview was released to the public by Microsoft.[49] Major items in the Release Preview included the addition of Sports, Travel, and News apps, along with an integrated variant of Adobe Flash Player in Internet Explorer.[50] Like the Developer Preview and the Consumer Preview, the release preview expired on January 15, 2013.


Windows 8 launch event at Pier 57in New York City

With the Release Preview of Windows 8 finished, Microsoft began work on the final release.

Build 8423 is the last leaked build to contain Aero. It was dropped in build 8432 and seen for two builds after 8423.

Build 8438 removed Desktop Gadgets. It was identical to 8432, which removed Aero. This build and the x86 variant of build 8330 were built in the interestingly named 'fbl_ie_longhorn' branch.

Build 8888 was leaked in December 2014, and was identical to the RTM with the exception of the timebomb and missing apps.

On August 1, 2012, Windows 8 (build 9200[51]) was released to manufacturing with the build number 6.2.9200.16384.[52] Microsoft planned to hold a launch event on October 25, 2012[53] and release Windows 8 for general availability on the next day.[54] However, only a day after its release to manufacturing, a copy of the final version of Windows 8 Enterprise N (a variant for European markets which lacks bundled media players to comply with an antitrust ruling) leaked online, followed by leaks of the final versions of Windows 8 Pro and Enterprise a few days later.[55][56] On August 15, 2012, Windows 8 was made available to download for MSDN and TechNet subscribers.[57] Windows 8 was made available to Software Assurance customers on August 16, 2012.[58] Windows 8 was made available for students with a DreamSpark Premium subscription on August 22, 2012, earlier than advertised.[59] Windows 8 became generally available for download to all MSDN and TechNet customers on August 15 and for retail purchase on October 26, 2012.

Relatively few changes were made from the Release Preview to the final version; these included updated versions of its pre-loaded apps, the renaming of Windows Explorer to File Explorer, the replacement of the Aero Glass theme from Windows Vista and 7 with a new flat and solid-color theme as seen in build 8432, and the addition of new background options for the Start screen, lock screen, and desktop.[60] Prior to its general availability on October 26, 2012, updates were released for some of Windows 8's bundled apps, and a "General Availability Cumulative Update" (which included fixes to improve performance, compatibility, and battery life) was released on Tuesday, October 9, 2012. Microsoft indicated that due to improvements to its testing infrastructure, general improvements of this nature are to be released more frequently through Windows Update instead of being relegated to OEMs and service packs only.[61][62]

Microsoft began an advertising campaign centered debut video capture crack download - Crack Key For U Windows 8 and its Surface tablet in October 2012, starting with its first television advertisement premiering on October 14, 2012.[7] Microsoft's advertising budget of US$1.5–1.8 billion was significantly larger than the US$200 million campaign used to promote Windows 95.[63] As part of its campaign, Microsoft set up 34 pop-up stores inside malls to showcase the Surface product line, provided training for retail employees in partnership with Intel, and collaborated with the electronics store chain Best Buy to design expanded spaces to showcase devices. In an effort to make retail displays of Windows 8 devices more "personal", Microsoft also developed a character known in English-speaking markets as "Allison Brown", whose fictional profile (including personal photos, contacts, and emails) is also featured on demonstration units of Windows 8 devices.[64] All Windows 7 PCs plan to offer a new Windows 8 upgrade on December 31, 2012, and Microsoft upgraded it as a product of currently supported Windows 7 PCs in January 2013 via Windows Update.

Windows 8 Pro DVD case, containing a 32-bit and a 64-bit installation disc

In May 2013, Microsoft launched a new television campaign for Windows 8 illustrating the capabilities and pricing of Windows 8 tablets in comparison to the iPad, which featured the voice of Siri remarking on the iPad's limitations in a parody of Apple's "Get a Mac" advertisements.[65][66] On June 12, 2013 during game 1 of the 2013 Stanley Cup Finals, Microsoft premiered the first ad in its "Windows Everywhere" campaign, which promoted Windows 8, Windows Phone 8, and the company's suite of online services as an interconnected platform.[67][68]

New and changed features[edit]

Main article: Features new to Windows 8

New features and functionality in Windows 8 include a faster startup through UEFI integration and the new "Hybrid Boot" mode (which hibernates the Windows kernel on shutdown to speed up the subsequent boot),[69] a new lock screen with a clock and notifications,[70] and the ability for enterprise users to create live USB variants of Windows (known as Windows To Go).[71][72] Windows 8 also adds native support for USB 3.0 devices, which allow for faster data transfers and improved power management with compatible devices,[73][74] and hard disk 4KB Advanced Format support,[75] as well as support for near field communication to facilitate sharing and communication between devices.[76]

Windows Explorer, which has been renamed File Explorer, now includes a ribbon in place of the command bar. File operation dialog boxes have been updated to provide more detailed statistics, the ability to pause file transfers, and improvements in the ability to manage conflicts when copying files.[77] A new "File History" function allows incremental revisions of files to be backed up to and restored from a secondary storage device,[78] while Storage Spaces allows users to combine different sized hard disks into virtual drives and specify mirroring, parity, or no redundancy on a folder-by-folder basis.[79] For easier management of files and folders, Windows 8 introduces the ability to move selected files or folders via drag and drop from a parent folder into a subfolder listed within the breadcrumb hierarchy of the address bar in File Explorer.[80]

Task Manager has been redesigned, including a new processes tab with the option to display fewer or more details of running applications and background processes, a heat map using different colors indicating the level of resource usage, network and disk counters, grouping by process type (e.g. applications, background processes and Windows processes), friendly names for processes and a new option which allows users to search the web to find information about obscure processes.[81] Additionally, the Blue Screen of Death has been updated with a simpler and modern design with less technical information displayed.[82][83]

Safety and security[edit]

New security features in Windows 8 include two new authentication methods tailored towards touchscreens (PINs and picture passwords),[84] the addition of antivirus capabilities to Windows Defender (bringing it in parity with Microsoft Security Essentials).[85]SmartScreen filtering integrated into Windows,[86]Family Safety offers Parental controls, which allows parents to monitor and manage their children's activities on a device with activity reports and safety controls.[87][88][89] Windows 8 also provides integrated system recovery through the new "Refresh" and "Reset" functions,[90] including system recovery from USB drive.[91] Windows 8's first security patches would be released on November 13, 2012; it would contain three fixes deemed "critical" by the company.[92]

Windows 8 supports a feature of the UEFI specification known as "Secure boot", which uses a public-key infrastructure to verify the integrity of the operating system and prevent unauthorized programs such as bootkits from infecting the device's boot process.[93] Some pre-built devices may be described as "certified" by Microsoft; these must have secure boot enabled by default, and provide ways for users to disable or re-configure the feature. ARM-based Windows RT devices must have secure boot permanently enabled.[94][95][96]

Online services and functionality[edit]

Windows 8 provides heavier integration with online services from Microsoft and others. A user can now log into Windows with a Microsoft account, which can be used to access services and synchronize applications and settings between devices. Windows 8 also ships with a client app for Microsoft's SkyDrivecloud storage service, which also allows apps to save files directly to SkyDrive. A SkyDrive client for the desktop and File Explorer is not included in Windows 8, and must be downloaded separately.[97] Bundled multimedia apps are provided under the Xbox brand, including Xbox Music, Xbox Video, and the Xbox SmartGlass companion for use with an Xbox 360 console. Games can integrate into an Xbox Live hub app, which also allows users to view their profile and Gamerscore.[98] Other bundled apps provide the ability to link Flickr and Facebook.[99] Due to Facebook Connect service changes, Facebook support is disabled in all bundled apps effective June 8, 2015.[100]

Internet Explorer 10 is included as both a desktop program and a touch-optimized app, and includes increased support for HTML5, CSS3, and hardware acceleration. The Internet Explorer app does not support plugins or ActiveX components, but includes a variant of Adobe Flash Player that is optimized for touch and low power usage. Initially, Adobe Flash would only work on sites included windows 7 portable download - Activators Patch a "Compatibility View" whitelist; however, after feedback from users and additional compatibility tests, an update in March 2013 changed this behavior to use a smaller blacklist of sites with known compatibility issues instead, allowing Flash to be used on most sites by default.[101] The desktop variant does not contain these limitations.[102]

Windows 8 also incorporates improved support for mobile broadband; the operating system can now detect the insertion of a SIM card and automatically configure connection settings (including APNs and carrier branding), and reduce its Internet usage to conserve bandwidth on metered networks. Windows 8 also adds an integrated airplane mode setting to globally disable all wireless connectivity as well. Carriers can also offer account management systems through Windows Store apps, which can be automatically installed as a part of the connection process and offer usage statistics on their respective tile.[103]

Windows Store apps[edit]

Snap feature: Xbox Music, alongside Photos snapped into a sidebarto the right side of the screen
Snap feature: Desktop, along Wikipedia Appsnapped into a sidebar to the right side of the screen. In Windows 8, desktop and everything on it is treated as one Metro-style app.

Windows 8 introduces a new style of application, Windows Store apps. According to Microsoft developer Jensen Harris, these apps are to be optimized for touchscreen environments and are more specialized than current desktop applications. Apps can run either in a full-screen mode or be snapped to the side of a screen.[104] Apps can provide toast notifications on screen or animate their tiles on the Start screen with dynamic content. Apps can use "contracts"; a collection of hooks to provide common functionality that can integrate with other apps, including search and sharing.[104] Apps can also provide integration with other services; for example, the People app can connect to a variety of different social networks and services (such as Facebook, Skype, and People service), while the Photos app can aggregate photos from services such as Facebook and Flickr.[99]

Windows Store apps run within a new set of APIs known as Windows Runtime, which supports programming languages such as C, C++, Visual Basic .NET, C#, along with HTML5 and JavaScript.[104] If written in some "high-level" languages, apps written for Windows Runtime can be compatible with both Intel and ARM variants of Windows,[105] otherwise they are not binary code compatible. Components may be compiled as Windows Runtime Components, permitting consumption by all compatible languages.[106] To ensure stability and security, apps run within a sandboxed environment, and require permissions to access certain functionality, such as accessing the Internet or a camera.[107]

Retail variants of Windows 8 are only able to install these apps through Windows Store — a namesake distribution platform that offers both apps, and listings for desktop programs certified for comparability with Windows 8.[105][107] A method to sideload apps from outside Windows Store is available to devices running Windows 8 Enterprise and joined to a domain; Windows 8 Pro and Windows RT devices that are not part of a domain can also sideload apps, but only after special product keys are obtained through volume licensing.[108]

The term "Immersive app" had been used internally by Microsoft developers to refer to the apps prior to the first official presentation of Windows 8, after which they were referred to as "Metro-style apps" in reference to the Metro design language. The term was phased out in August 2012; a Microsoft spokesperson denied rumors that the change was related to a potential trademark issue, and stated that "Metro" was only a codename that would be replaced prior to Windows 8's release.[23][109] Following these reports, the terms "Modern UI-style apps",[110] "Windows 8-style apps"[111] and "Windows Store apps" began to be used by various Microsoft documents and material to refer to the new apps. In an interview on September 12, 2012, Soma Somasegar (vice president of Microsoft's development software division) confirmed that "Windows Store apps" would be the official term for the apps.[112] An MSDN page explaining the Metro design language uses the term "Modern design" to refer to the language as a whole.[113]

Web browsers[edit]

Exceptions to the restrictions faced by Windows Store apps are given to web browsers. The user's default browser can distribute a Metro-style web browser in the same package as the desktop variant, which has access to functionality unavailable to other apps, such as being able to permanently run in the background, use multiple background processes, and use Windows API code instead of WinRT (allowing for code to be re-used with the desktop variant, while still taking advantage of features available to Windows Store apps, such as charms). Microsoft advertises this exception privilege "New experience enabled" (formerly "Metro-style enabled").

The developers of both Chrome and Firefox committed to developing Metro-style variants of their browsers; while Chrome's "Windows 8 mode" (discontinued on Chrome version 49) uses a full-screen version of the existing desktop interface, Firefox's variant (which was first made available on the "Aurora" release channel in September 2013) uses a touch-optimized interface inspired by the Android variant of Firefox. In October 2013, Chrome's app was changed to mimic the desktop environment used by Chrome OS.[114][115][116][117][118][119] Development of the Firefox app for Windows 8 has since been cancelled, citing a lack of user adoption for the beta versions.[120]

Interface and desktop[edit]

Windows 8 introduces significant changes to the operating system's user interface, many of which are aimed at improving its experience on tablet computers and other touchscreen devices. The new user interface is based on Microsoft's Metro design language and uses a Start screen similar to that of Windows Phone 7 as the primary means of launching applications. The Start screen displays a customizable array of tiles linking to various apps and desktop programs, some of which can display constantly updated information and content through "live tiles".[104] As a form of multi-tasking, apps can be snapped to the side of a screen.[104] Alongside the traditional Control Panel, a new simplified and touch-optimized settings app known as "PC Settings" is used for basic configuration and user settings. It does not include many of the advanced options still accessible from the normal Control Panel.[121]

A vertical toolbar known as the charms[122] (accessed by swiping from the right edge of a touchscreen, swiping from the right edge of a touchpad, or pointing the cursor at hotspots in the right corners of a screen) provides access to system and app-related functions, such as search, sharing, device management, settings, and a Start button.[122][123] The traditional desktop environment for running desktop applications is accessed via a tile on the Start screen. The Start button on the taskbar from previous versions of Windows has been converted into a hotspot (or "hot corner") in the lower-left corner of the screen, which displays a large tooltip displaying a thumbnail of the Start screen. However, Windows 8.1 added the start button back to the taskbar after many complaints, but removed the preview thumbnail.[124][125] Swiping from the left edge of a touchscreen or clicking in the top-left corner of the screen allows one to switch between apps and Desktop. Pointing the cursor in the top-left corner of the screen and moving down reveals a thumbnail list of active apps.[125] Aside from the removal of the Start button and the replacement of the Aero Glass theme with a flatter and solid-colored design, the desktop interface on Windows 8 is similar to that of Windows 7.[126]

Removed features[edit]

Main article: List of features removed in Windows 8

Several notable features were removed in Windows 8; support for playing DVD-Video was removed from Windows Media Player due to the cost of licensing the necessary decoders (especially for devices which do not include optical disc drives at all) and the prevalence of online streaming services. For the same reasons, Windows Media Center is not included by default on Windows 8, but Windows Media Center and DVD playback support could be purchased in the "Pro Pack" (which upgrades the system to Windows 8 Pro) or "Media Center Pack" add-on for Windows 8 Pro. As with prior versions, third-party DVD player software can still be used to enable DVD playback.[127]

Backup and Restore, the backup component of Windows, was deprecated. It still shipped with Windows 8 and continues to work on preset schedules, but it was pushed to the background and can only be accessed through a Control Panel applet called "Windows 7 File Recovery".[128]: 76 Shadow Copy, a component of Windows Explorer that once saved previous versions of changed files, no longer protects local files and folders. It can only access previous versions of shared files stored on a Windows Server computer.[128]: 74  The subsystem on which these components worked, however, is still available for other software to use.[128]: 74 

Hardware requirements[edit]


The minimum system requirements for Windows 8 are slightly higher than those of Windows 7. The CPU must support the Physical Address Extension (PAE), NX bit, and SSE2. Windows Store apps require a screen resolution of 1024×768 or higher to run; a resolution of 1366×768 or higher is required to use the snap functionality.[129] To receive certification, Microsoft requires candidate x86 systems to resume from standby in 2 seconds or less.[130]

Microsoft's Connected Standby specification, which hardware vendors may optionally comply with, sets new power consumption requirements that extend above the above minimum specifications.[134] Included in this standard are a number of security-specific requirements designed to improve physical security, notably against Cold Boot Attacks.

32-bit SKUs of Windows 8 only support a maximum of 4 GB of RAM. 64-bit SKUs, however support more: Windows 8 x64 supports 128 GB while Windows 8 Pro and Enterprise x64 support 512 GB.[135]

In January 2016, Microsoft announced that it would no longer support Windows 8.1 or 7 on devices using Intel's Skylake CPU family effective July 17, 2018, and that all future CPU microarchitectures, as well as Skylake systems after this date, would only be supported on Windows 10. After the deadline, only critical security updates were to be released for users on these platforms.[136][137][138][139] After this new policy faced criticism from users and enterprise customers, Microsoft partially retracted the change and stated that both operating systems would remain supported on Skylake hardware through the end of their Extended support lifecycle. Windows 8.1 remains officially unsupported on all newer CPU families, and neither AMD or Intel will provide official chipset drivers for Windows operating systems other than Windows 10.[140][141] However, on August 2016, Microsoft again extended the Skylake support policy until the end of support for Windows 7 and 8.1 (2020 and 2023, respectively).[142][141]

Tablets and convertibles[edit]

Microsoft released minimum hardware requirements for tablet and laplet devices to be "certified" for Windows 8 and defined a convertible form factor as a standalone device that combines the PC, display, and rechargeable power source with a mechanically attached keyboard and pointing device in a single chassis. A convertible can be transformed into a tablet where the attached input devices are hidden or removed leaving the display as the only input mechanism.[143][144] On March 12, 2013, Microsoft amended its certification requirements to only require that screens on tablets have a minimum resolution of 1024×768 (down from the previous 1366×768). The amended requirement is intended to allow "greater design flexibility" for future products.[145]

Graphics cardDirectX 10 graphics device with WDDM 1.2 or higher driver
Storage10 GB free space, after the out-of-box experience completes
Standard buttons ,
ScreenTouch screen supporting a minimum of 5-point digitizers and resolution of at least 1024×768. The physical dimensions of the display panel must match the aspect ratio of the native resolution. The native resolution of the panel can be greater than 1024 (horizontally) and 768 (vertically). Minimum native color depth is 32-bits. If the display is under 1366×768, disclaimers must be included in documentation to notify users that the Snap function is not available.[145]
Camera Minimum 720p
Accelerometer3 axes with data rates at or above 50 Hz
USB 2.0At least one controller and exposed port.
Connect Wi-Fi and Bluetooth 4.0 + LE (low energy)
Other Speaker, microphone, magnetometer and gyroscope.

If a mobile broadband device is integrated into a tablet or convertible system, then an assisted GPS radio is required. Devices supporting near field communication need to have visual marks to help users locate and use the proximity technology. The new button combination for Ctrl + Alt + Del is Windows Key + Power.

Updated certification requirements were implemented to coincide with Windows 8.1. As of 2014, all certified devices with integrated displays must contain a 720p webcam and higher quality speakers and microphones, while all certified devices that support Wi-Fi must support Bluetooth as well. As of 2015, all certified devices must contain Trusted Platform Module 2.0 chips.[147][148]


Main article: Windows 8 editions

Windows 8 is available in three different editions, of which the lowest edition, branded simply as Windows 8, and Windows 8 Pro, were sold at retail in most countries, and as pre-loaded software on new computers. Each edition of Windows 8 includes all of the capabilities and features of the edition below it, and add additional features oriented towards their market segments. For example, Pro added BitLocker, Hyper-V, the ability to join a domain, and the ability to install Windows Media Center as a paid add-on. Users of Windows 8 can purchase a "Pro Pack" license that upgrades their system to Windows 8 Pro through Add features to Windows. This license also includes Windows Media Center.[149][150][151]Windows 8 Enterprise contains additional features aimed towards business environments, and is only available through volume licensing.[151] A port of Windows 8 for ARM architecture, Windows RT, is marketed as an edition of Windows 8, but was only included as pre-loaded software on devices specifically developed for it.[151]

Windows 8 was distributed as a retail box product on DVD, and through a digital download that could be converted into DVD or USB install media. As part of a launch promotion, Microsoft offered Windows 8 Pro upgrades at a discounted price of US$39.99 online, or $69.99 for retail box from its launch until January 31, 2013; afterward the Windows 8 price has been $119.99 and the Pro price $199.99.[152][153] Those who purchased new PCs pre-loaded with Windows 7 Home Basic, Home Premium, Professional, or Ultimate between June 2, 2012 and January 31, 2013 could digitally purchase a Windows 8 Pro upgrade for US$14.99.[154] Several PC manufacturers offered rebates and refunds on Windows 8 upgrades obtained through the promotion on select models, such as Hewlett-Packard (in the U.S. and Canada on select models), and Acer (in Europe on selected Ultrabook models).[155][156] During these promotions, the Windows Media Center add-on for Windows 8 Pro was also offered for free.[149]

Unlike previous versions of Windows, Windows 8 was distributed at retail in "Upgrade" licenses only, which require an existing version of Windows to install. The "full version software" SKU, which was more expensive but could be installed on computers without an eligible OS or none at all, was discontinued. In lieu of full version, a specialized "System Builder" SKU was introduced. The "System Builder" SKU replaced the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) SKU, which was only allowed to be used on PCs meant for resale but added a "Personal Use License" exemption that officially allowed its purchase and personal use by users on homebuilt computers.[157][158][159]

Retail distribution of Windows 8 has since been discontinued in favor of Windows 8.1. Unlike 8, 8.1 is available as "full version software" at both retail and online for download that does not require a previous version of Windows in order to be installed. Pricing for these new copies remain identical.[160] With the retail release returning to full version software for Windows 8.1, the "Personal Use License" exemption was removed from the OEM SKU, meaning that end users building their own PCs for personal use must use the full retail variant in order to satisfy the Windows 8.1 licensing requirements.[157]Windows 8.1 with Bing is a special OEM-specific SKU of Windows 8.1 subsidized by Microsoft's Bing search engine.[161]

Software compatibility[edit]

The three desktop editions of Windows 8 support 32-bit and 64-bit architectures; retail copies of Windows 8 include install DVDs for both architectures, while the online installer automatically installs the variant corresponding with the architecture of the system's existing Windows installation.[149][162] The 32-bit variant runs on CPUs compatible with x86 architecture 3rd generation (known as IA-32) or newer, and can run 32-bit and 16-bitapplications, although 16-bit support must be enabled first.[163][164] (16-bit applications are developed for CPUs compatible with x86 2nd generation, first conceived in 1978. Microsoft started moving away from this architecture after Windows 95.[163])

The 64-bit variant runs on CPUs compatible with x86 8th generation (known as x86-64, or x64) or newer, and can run 32-bit and 64-bit programs. 32-bit programs and operating system are restricted to supporting only 4 gigabytes of memory while 64-bit systems can theoretically support 2048 gigabytes of memory.[165] 64-bit operating systems require a different set of device drivers than those of 32-bit operating systems.[165]

Windows RT, the only edition of Windows 8 for systems with ARM processors, only supports applications included with the system (such as a special variant of Office 2013), supplied through Windows Update, or Windows Store apps, to ensure that the system only runs applications that are optimized for the architecture. Windows RT does not support running IA-32 or x64 applications.[166] Windows Store apps can either support both the x86 and ARM architectures, or compiled to support a specific architecture.[167]



Following the unveiling of Windows 8, Microsoft faced criticism (particularly from free software supporters) for mandating that devices receiving its optional certification for Windows 8 have secure boot enabled by default using a key provided by Microsoft. Concerns were raised that secure boot could prevent or hinder the use of alternate operating systems such as Linux. In a post discussing secure boot on the Building Windows 8 blog, Microsoft developer Tony Mangefeste indicated that vendors would provide means to customize secure boot, stating that "At the end of the day, the customer is in control of their PC. Microsoft's philosophy is to provide customers with the best experience first, and allow them to make decisions themselves."[94][168] Microsoft's certification guidelines for Windows 8 ultimately revealed that vendors would be required to provide means for users to re-configure or disable secure boot in their device's UEFI firmware. It also revealed that ARM devices (Windows RT) would be required to have secure boot permanently enabled, with no way for users to disable it. However, Tom Warren of The Verge noted that other vendors have implemented similar hardware restrictions on their own ARM-based tablet and smartphone products (including those running Microsoft's own Windows Phone platform), but still argued that Microsoft should "keep a consistent approach across ARM and x86, though, not least because of the number of users who'd love to run Android alongside Windows 8 on their future tablets."[95][96][169] No mandate is made regarding the installation of third-party certificates that would enable running alternative programs.[170][171][172]

Several notable video game developers criticized Microsoft for making its Windows Store a closed platform subject to its own regulations, as it conflicted with their view of the PC as an open platform. Markus "Notch" Persson (creator of the indie gameMinecraft),[173]Gabe Newell (co-founder of Valve and developer of software distribution platform Steam),[174] and Rob Pardo from Activision Blizzard voiced concern about the closed nature of the Windows Store.[175] However, Tom Warren of The Verge stated that Microsoft's addition of the Store was simply responding to the success of both Apple and Google in pursuing the "curated application store approach."[176]

Critical reception[edit]

Reviews of the various editions of Windows 8 were mixed to negative. Tom Warren of The Verge said that although Windows 8's emphasis on touch computing was significant and risked alienating desktop users, he felt that Windows 8 tablets "[make] an iPad feel immediately out of date" due to the capabilities of the operating system's hybrid model and increased focus on cloud services.[176] David Pierce of The Verge described Windows 8 as "the first desktop operating system that understands what a computer is supposed to do in 2012" and praised Microsoft's "no compromise" approach and the operating system's emphasis on Internet connectivity and cloud services. Pierce also considered the Start Screen to be a "brilliant innovation for desktop computers" when compared with "folder-littered desktops on every other OS" because it allows users to interact with dynamic information.[177] In contrast, an ExtremeTech article said it was Microsoft "flailing"[178] and a review in PC Magazine condemned the Metro-style user interface.[179] Some of the included apps in Windows 8 were considered to be basic and lacking in functionality, but the Xbox apps were praised for their promotion of a multi-platform entertainment experience. Other improvements and features (such as File History, Storage Spaces, and the updated Task Manager) were also regarded as positive changes.[176] Peter Bright of Ars Technica wrote that while its user interface changes may overshadow them, Tenorshare com es iphone - Activators Patch 8's improved performance, updated file manager, new storage functionality, expanded security features, and updated Task Manager were still positive improvements for the operating system. Bright also said that Windows 8's duality towards tablets and traditional PCs was an "extremely ambitious" aspect of the platform as well, but criticized Microsoft for emulating Apple's model of a closed distribution platform when implementing the Windows Store.[180]

The interface of Windows 8 has been the subject of negative reaction. Bright wrote that its system of hot corners and edge swiping "wasn't very obvious" due to the lack of instructions provided by the operating system on the functions accessed through the user interface, even by the video tutorial added on the RTM release (which only instructed users to point at corners of the screen or swipe from its sides). Despite this "stumbling block", Bright said that Windows 8's interface worked well in some places, but began to feel incoherent when switching between the "Metro" and desktop environments, sometimes through inconsistent means.[180] Tom Warren of The Verge wrote that the new interface was "as stunning as it is surprising", contributing to an "incredibly personal" experience once it is customized by the user, but had a steep learning curve, and was awkward to use with a keyboard and mouse. He noted that while forcing all users to use the new touch-oriented interface was a risky move for Microsoft as a whole, it was necessary in order to push development of apps for the Windows Store.[176] Others, such as Adrian Kingsley-Hughes from ZDNet, considered the interface to be "clumsy and impractical" due to its inconsistent design (going as far as considering it "two operating systems unceremoniously bolted together"), and concluded that "Windows 8 wasn't born out of a need or demand; it was born out of a desire on Microsoft's part to exert its will on the PC industry and decide to shape it in a direction—touch and tablets – that allows it to compete against, and remain relevant in the face of Apple's iPad."[181]

In 2013, Frank X. Shaw, a Microsoft corporate vice president, said that while many of the negative reviews were extreme, it was a "good thing" that Microsoft was "listening to feedback and improving a product".[182]

The American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) reported a decline in Microsoft's customer satisfaction, the lowest it has been since Windows Vista.[183]

Market share and sales[edit]

Microsoft says that 4 million users upgraded to Windows 8 over the weekend after its release,[184][185] which CNET says was well below Microsoft's internal projections and was described inside the company as disappointing.[186]

On November 27, 2012, Microsoft announced that it had sold 40 million licenses of Windows 8 in the first month, surpassing the pace of Windows 7.[187]

However, according to research firm NPD, sales of devices running Windows in the United States had declined 21 percent compared to the same time period in 2011.[188] As the holiday shopping season wrapped up, Windows 8 sales continued to lag, even as Apple reported brisk sales.[189] The market research firm IDC reported an overall codelobster ide professional - Free Activators in PC sales for the quarter, and said the drop may have been partly due to consumer reluctance to embrace the new features of the OS and poor support from OEM for these features.[190] This capped the first year of declining PC sales to download the ccleaner free - Crack Key For U Asia Pacific region, as consumers bought more mobile devices than Windows PCs.[191]

Windows 8 surpassed Windows Vista in market share with a 5.1% usage rate according to numbers posted in July 2013 by Net Applications, with usage on a steady upward trajectory.[192] However, intake of Windows 8 still lagged behind that of Windows Vista and Windows 7 at the same point in their release cycles. Windows 8's tablet market share also grew steadily, with 7.4% of tablets running Windows in Q1 2013 according to Strategy Analytics, up from nothing just a year before. However, this was still well below Android and iOS, which posted 43.4% and 48.2% market share respectively, although both operating systems had been on the market much longer than Windows 8.[193] Strategy Analytics also noted "a shortage of top tier apps" for Windows tablets despite Microsoft strategy of paying developers to create apps for the operating system (in addition to for Windows Phone).[193]

In March 2013, Microsoft also amended its certification requirements to allow tablets to use the 1024×768 resolution as a minimum; this change is expected to allow the production of certified Windows 8 tablets in smaller form factors—a market which is currently dominated by Android-based tablets.[145] Despite the reaction of industry experts, Microsoft reported that they had sold 100 million licenses in the first six months. This matched sales of Windows 7 over a similar period.[194] This statistic includes shipments to channel warehouses which now need to be sold in order to make way for new shipments.[195]

In January 2014, Hewlett-Packard began a promotion for desktops running Windows 7, saying that it was "back by popular demand". Outside sources have suggested that this might be because HP or its customers thought the Windows 8 platform would be more appropriate for mobile computing than desktop computing, or that they were looking to attract customers forced to switch from XP who wanted a more familiar interface.[196][197]

In February 2014, Bloomberg reported that Microsoft would be lowering the price of Windows 8 licenses by 70% for devices that retail under US$250; alongside the announcement that an update to the operating system would allow OEMs to produce devices with as little as 1 GB of RAM and 16 GB of storage, critics felt that these changes would help Windows compete against Linux-based devices in the low-end market, particularly those running Chrome OS. Microsoft had similarly cut the price of Windows XP licenses to compete against the early waves of Linux-based netbooks.[198][199] Reports also indicated that Microsoft was planning to offer cheaper Windows 8 licenses to OEMs in exchange for setting Internet Explorer's default search engine to Bing. Some media outlets falsely reported that the SKU associated with this plan, "Windows 8.1 with Bing", was a variant which would be a free or low-cost variant of Windows 8 for consumers using older versions of Windows.[200] On April 2, 2014, Microsoft ultimately announced that it would be removing license fees entirely for devices with screens smaller than 9 inches,[201] and officially confirmed the rumored "Windows 8.1 with Bing" OEM SKU on May 23, 2014.[161]

On the information gathered by Net Applications, adoption rate in March 2015 for Windows 8.1 was at 10.55%, while the original Windows 8 was at 3.52%.[202]

Chinese government ban[edit]

In May 2014, the Government of China banned the internal purchase of Windows 8-based products under government contracts requiring "energy-efficient" devices. The Xinhua News Agency claimed that Windows 8 was being banned in protest of Microsoft's support lifecycle policy and the end of support for Windows XP (which, as of January 2014, had a market share of 49% in China), as the government "obviously cannot ignore the risks of running an OS without guaranteed technical support." However, Ni Guangnan of the Chinese Academy of Sciences had also previously warned that Windows 8 could allegedly expose users to surveillance by the United States government due to its heavy use of Internet-based services.[203][204][205][206]

In June 2014, state broadcasterChina Central Television (CCTV) broadcast a news story further characterizing Windows 8 as a threat to national security. The story featured an interview with Ni Guangnan, who stated that operating systems could aggregate "sensitive user information" that could be used to "understand the conditions and activities of our national economy and society", and alleged that per documents leaked by Edward Snowden, the U.S. government had worked with Microsoft to retrieve encrypted information. Yang Min, a computer scientist at Fudan University, also stated that "the security features of Windows 8 are basically to the benefit of Microsoft, allowing them control of the users' data, and that poses a big challenge to the national strategy for information security." Microsoft denied the claims in a number of posts on the Chinese social network Sina Weibo, which stated that the company had never "assisted any government in an attack of another government or clients" or provided client data to the U.S. government, never "provided any government the authority to directly visit" or placed any backdoors in its products and services, and that it had never concealed government requests for client data.[207][208][209]

Windows 8.1[edit]

Main article: Windows 8.1

A feature update to Windows 8 known as Windows 8.1 was officially announced by Microsoft on May 14, 2013.[210][211] Following a presentation devoted to it at Build 2013, a public beta version of the upgrade was released on June 26, 2013.[212][213] Windows 8.1 was released to OEM hardware partners on August 27, 2013, and released publicly as a free upgrade through Windows Store on October 17, 2013.[160][214][215] Volume license customers and subscribers to MSDN Plus and TechNet Plus were initially unable to obtain the RTM version upon its release; a spokesperson said the policy was changed to allow Microsoft to work with OEMs "to ensure a quality experience at general availability."[216][217] However, after criticism, Microsoft reversed its decision and released the RTM build on MSDN and TechNet on September 9, 2013.[218]

Windows 8.1 addressed a number of criticisms faced by Windows 8 upon its release, with additional customization options for the Start screen, the restoration of a visible Start button on the desktop, the ability to snap up to four apps on a single display, and the ability to boot to the desktop instead of the Start screen. Windows 8's stock apps were also updated, a new Bing-based unified search system was added, SkyDrive was given deeper integration with the operating system, and a number of new stock apps, along with a tutorial, were added.[11][219][220][221] Windows 8.1 also added support for 3D printing,[222][223]Miracast media streaming, NFC printing, and Wi-Fi Direct.[224]

Microsoft marketed Windows 8.1 as an "update" rather than as a "service pack", as it had done with such revisions on previous versions of Windows.[225] Nonetheless, Microsoft's support lifecycle policy treats Windows 8.1 similarly to previous Windows service packs: upgrading to originpro 2019b crack - Free Activators has been required to maintain access to mainstream support and updates after January 12, 2016.[4][226][227] Although Windows 8 RTM is unsupported, Microsoft released an emergency security patch in May 2017 for Windows 8 RTM, as well as other unsupported versions of Windows (including Windows XP and Windows Server 2003), to address a vulnerability that was being leveraged by the WannaCry ransomware attack.[228][229] Updates to apps published on Windows Store after July 1, 2019 will not be available to Windows 8 RTM users.[230]

Retail and OEM installations of Windows 8, Windows 8 Pro, and Windows RT can be upgraded through Windows Store free of charge. However, volume license customers, TechNet or MSDN subscribers and users of Windows 8 Enterprise must acquire a standalone installation media for 8.1 and install through the traditional Windows setup process, either as an in-place upgrade or clean install. This requires an 8.1 specific product key.[231][232][233][234]

See also[edit]


  1. ^"Shared Source Initiative". Microsoft. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  2. ^Windows 8 has reached the RM milestone. August 1, 2012
  3. ^"Windows reimagined. #Windows8". Blogging Windows. Archived from the original on October 27, 2012.
  4. ^ ab"Microsoft Support Lifecycle, Windows 8". Microsoft. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  5. ^ abc"Product lifecycle Windows 8 Embedded". Retrieved August 21, 2020.
  6. ^"Windows 8's delivery date: October 26". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. July 18, 2012. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
  7. ^ ab"Windows Reimagined". All Things Digital. Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  8. ^"How to Take Screenshots in Windows 10, 8, and 7".
  9. ^Foley, Mary Jo (January 8, 2013). "Microsoft: 60 million Windows 8 licenses sold to date". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
  10. ^Waters, Richard (May 7, 2013). "Microsoft prepares rethink on Windows 8 flagship software". Financial Times.
  11. ^ abRodgers, Evan (June 26, 2013). "Windows 8.1: a first look at what Microsoft is changing". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  12. ^"Nearly 370M IE users have just 6 weeks to upgrade". Computerworld. IDG. December 2015. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  13. ^"Beginning January 12, 2016, only the most current version of Internet Explorer available for a operating system will receive technical support and security updates".
  14. ^"Internet Explorer Support Lifecycle Policy FAQ". Microsoft Lifecycle Support Website. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
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  16. ^Greenberg, Andy (August 13, 2019). "DejaBlue: New BlueKeep-Style Bugs Renew The Risk Of A Windows worm". wired. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  17. ^Seals, Tara (August 14, 2019). "20-Year-Old Bug in Legacy Microsoft Code Plagues All Windows Users". Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  18. ^"Steven Sinofsky, Tami Reller, Julie Larson-Green, Antoine Leblond, and Michael Angiulo: Windows 8 Consumer Preview". News Center. Microsoft. February 29, 2012. Archived from the original on February 6, 2013. Retrieved Picsart cracked version download for pc 27, 2012.
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  22. ^Rosoff, Matt (January 5, 2011). "OK, So Windows 8 Is Coming To ARM Tablets.someday. (MSFT)". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Communications. Business Insider. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
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  25. ^""Wind": Windows 8 mit neuer 3D-Oberfläche?". (in German). December 9, 2010. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  26. ^Sams, Brad (April 12, 2012). "Windows 8 Build 7850 has leaked". Neowin. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
  27. ^Asad, Taimur (April 12, 2011). "Windows 8 Build 7850 M1 Has Been Leaked". Redmond Pie. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
  28. ^Kingsley-Hughes, Adrian (April 27, 2012). "Windows 8 build 7955 sporting new 'Black' Screen of Death". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
  29. ^Warren, Tom (April 27, 2012). "Windows 8 Milestone 3 build 7989 leaks". Winrumors. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
  30. ^"Live from Microsoft's Windows 8 preview event at Computex 2011". Engadget. AOL. June 1, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  31. ^"Previewing 'Windows 8'" (Press release). Microsoft. June 1, 2011. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  32. ^Sinofsky, Steven (August 15, 2011). "Welcome to Building Windows 8 Blogs". Microsoft. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
  33. ^"Windows 8 Developer Preview Guide"(PDF). Microsoft. Archived from the original(PDF) on October 7, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
  34. ^"Home—BUILD". Microsoft. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  35. ^Albanesius, Chloe (September 13, 2011). "Windows 8 Developer Preview Available Tonight". PC Magazine. Ziff Davis, LLC. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
  36. ^"Microsoft releases Windows 8 Developer Preview, announces Windows Store (update: it's out early!)". The Verge. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
  37. ^Melanson, Donald (September 14, 2011). "Steve Ballmer touts 500,000 Windows 8 downloads in less than 12 hours". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
  38. ^"An update that postpones the expiration date of Windows 8 Developer Preview and Windows 8 Server Developer Preview is available". Microsoft. February 16, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  39. ^"Windows 8 build 8102.101". BetaWiki. Retrieved March 7, 2021.
  40. ^"Windows 8 build 8128 (fbl core1 soc partner)". BetaWiki. Retrieved March 7, 2021.
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  48. ^Warren, Tom (May 29, 2012). "Windows 8 Release Preview leaks out ahead of official debut". The Verge. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  49. ^Warren, Tom (May 31, 2012). "Windows 8 Release Preview now available to download". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  50. ^LeBlanc, Brandon (May 31, 2012). "The Windows 8 Release Preview & Windows Upgrade Offer". Windows Experience Blog. Microsoft.
  51. ^Warren, Tom (August 1, 2012). "Microsoft completes Windows 8 development, announces release to manufacturing". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
  52. ^"Windows 8 has reached the RTM milestone". Microsoft. August 1, 2012. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
  53. ^Reisinger, Don. "Microsoft: Come 'celebrate' Windows 8 on Oct. 25". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
  54. ^"Windows 8 will be available on…". Microsoft. July 18, 2012. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
  55. ^Keizer, Gregg (August 3, 2012). "Windows 8 Leaked in Final Form". Computerworld. IDG. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  56. ^Crothers, Brooke (August 2, 2012). "Windows 8 final version allegedly leaks out already". CNET. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
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    • 9.4 Compliance with Laws. The Materials are subject to export controls under applicable government laws and regulations, including in the U.S. You must comply with applicable laws and regulations, including U.S. and worldwide export regulations. You must not export, windows 7 portable download - Activators Patch import, or transfer the Materials to any prohibited or sanctioned country, person, or entity. You must not use the Materials for the development, design, manufacture, or production of nuclear, missile, chemical, or biological weapons.
    • 9.5 Severability. If a court holds a provision of this Agreement unenforceable, the court will modify that part to the minimum extent necessary to make that part enforceable or, if necessary, to sever that part. The rest of the provision remains fully enforceable.
    • 9.6 Waiver. No waiver of any provision of this Agreement will be valid unless in a writing signed by an authorized representative of the waiving party that specifies the waived provision. That signed waiver will not constitute a waiver of any other provision. A party’s failure or delay in enforcing any provision will not operate as a waiver.
    • 9.7 Entire Agreement. Except for any non-disclosure agreement between you and Intel, this Agreement constitutes the entire agreement, and supersedes all prior agreements, between Intel and You concerning its subject matter.
    • 10.1 Term. This Agreement begins upon Your acceptance of its terms and continues until terminated under Sections 3 or 10.2.
    • 10.2 Termination. Either party may terminate this Agreement, with 30 days written notice, at any time for any reason. This Agreement will automatically terminate upon (a) Your breach of the Agreement, (b) an allegation that you do not have authority to bind your employer to these terms, or (c) Your assertion that an Intel Component, the Materials, or any product based on any Intel Components or the Materials infringes Your patents.
    • 10.3 Effect of Termination. Upon termination of the Agreement, the licenses to You will immediately terminate and You must cease using the Materials and destroy all copies in your possession and direct Your subcontractors to do the same. Termination of this Agreement will not terminate the CNDA.
    • 10.4 Survival. All sections except Section 2.1 survive termination of this Agreement.

Best Windows 10 product key finder of 2021


TechRadar is supported by its audience. When you WinZip System Utilities Suite Crack Free Download 2021 through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. Learn more

By Desire Athow last updated

Find all your Microsoft serial numbers for Windows

The best Windows 10 product key finders make it easy to find all your Microsoft serial numbers, for Windows or other software.

Product keys are one of the ways software developers protect their products against piracy. Unfortunately, they're easy to lose, which can be a real problem if you need to reinstall Windows or any other software from scratch

If you've bought a desktop PC or laptop with Windows 10 already installed, you'll probably find its product key on a Certificate of Authenticity sticker on the the case or in the included paperwork, but not if you've built your own PC and installed the operating system yourself.

Many other applications also require product keys if you reinstall them – including Microsoft Office – and if you've lost the email you received when you first installed them, you could be in real trouble later on.

Product key finders only work for software that's already installed, so download one and make a note of all your keys now, so you're prepared in advance.

If you want to optimize your computer, you can also check out our featured best free PC optimizer.

1. Belarc Advisor

A wealth of information about your hardware and software

Reasons to buy

+Automatic updates+Lots of extra details

Reasons to avoid

-No security score for Windows 10

Belarc Advisor is primarily a tool for gathering information about your Windows system, including hardware, security updates and product keys.

Whenever you run Belarc Advisor, it automatically checks its database for software definitions – essential for finding keys for new programs. After that, it scans your system and presents the findings in an HTML page in your default web browser. Scroll down to 'Software licenses' to find serial numbers and product keys for Windows, Office and many other applications.

Belarc Advisor offers a wealth of other information, including details of your antivirus software, connected hardware, and other devices on the same network. It also offers a security benchmark score, though sadly this is only available for Windows 7, Windows Vista and Windows XP Pro.

Belarc Advisor's scans are fast and offer so much more information than just serial numbers, it's our favorite free product key finder.

2. Abelssoft MyKeyFinder

Displays your Microsoft product keys in a clear, searchable list

Reasons to buy

+Clean interface+Searchable results

Reasons to avoid

-Occasional ads in free version

There are two versions of Abelssoft MyKeyFinder: free and paid-for. Both will find Windows and Microsoft Office product keys but the Plus edition will also scan external hard drives and find Wi-Fi passwords. 

After MyKeyFinder has scanned scan your PC’s registry the results are presented in a clear list, ready to be copied to the clipboard with a single click. Unlike many product key finders, MyKeyFinder won’t throw up duplicate keys and the results can be searched and filtered.

You can also add programs and keys not detected by MyKeyFinder as standard, then export the full list as a PDF so they’re all in one convenient location.

3. LicenseCrawler

Find the keys for Windows and a wealth of other software

Reasons to buy

+Identifies dozens of applications+Portable

Reasons to avoid

-Slow scans-Occasional ads

LicenseCrawler will find the license key for pretty much any application that has one, and it's free for home use. Its scan of the Windows registry takes a long time to complete – even if you select the 'high speed' option – but you can limit its scope using the blacklist and whitelist filters.

LicenseCrawler is distributed as a portable app, meaning you don't have to install it on the Windows system you're scanning – just download the zip file, extract its contents and run LicenseCrawler.exe. This is particularly handy if you have several PCs; just download it to a USB stick and you can just plug it in and run it on any of them.

The only downside of LicenseCrawler is the occasional pop-up ad, but finding product keys isn't a task you'll be performing every day, so they're only a minor inconvenience.

4. Windows Product Key Viewer

A quick way to find your Windows product key, but nothing else

Reasons to buy

+Super fast scans+Portable app

Reasons to avoid

-Only finds Windows keys-Some misleading ads on site

Windows Product Key Viewer is super fast, taking barely a second to scan your system and present the results. That's because, as the name suggests, it only supplies the product key for your operating system.

That shouldn't necessarily put you off though. Although it doesn't find serial numbers for other applications, it does provide some extra information about your OS, including the registered user, install date and last boot time, and it's compatible with versions of the operating system from Windows 10 all the way back to Windows 95. 

Take care when downloading the software – the site includes some ads that look like download buttons for the software, but are in fact unrelated. Only click the link 'Download Windows Product Key Viewer'.

5. Free PC Audit

A super simple way to find your Windows 10 product key

Reasons to buy

+Very simple to use+Portable

Reasons to avoid

-Only finds Windows keys

Free PC Audit is another portable application, and windows 7 portable download - Activators Patch even come as a zip archive – just download the exe file and run it to begin scanning.

Like Belarc Advisor, Free PC Advisor provides a wealth of information about your whole system – not just its software – though its interface isn't quite as intuitive. It's compatible with all versions of Windows, from NT all the way through to Windows 10, but doesn't find keys for Microsoft Office or any other software.

It also provides lists of all installed software and running system processes, though this information is readily available through Windows itself. 

Additionally, if you're interested in making your business computers run more smoothly and efficiently check out our featured best system utilities and repair software.

Managing Windows 7 portable download - Activators Patch, TechRadar Pro

Désiré has been musing and writing about technology during a career spanning four decades. He dabbled in website building and web hosting when DHTML and frames were en vogue and started writing about the impact of technology on society just before the start of the Y2K hysteria at the turn of the last millennium. Then followed a weekly tech column in a local business magazine in Mauritius, a late night tech radio programme called Clicplus and a freelancing gig at the now-defunct, Theinquirer, with the legendary Mike Magee as mentor. Following an eight-year stint at where he discovered the joys of global techfests, Désiré now heads up TechRadar Pro. He has an affinity for anything hardware and staunchly refuses to stop writing reviews of obscure products or cover niche B2B software-as-a-service providers.


MobaXterm Home Edition


Version 21.4 (2021-10-07)

  • New feature: you can now directly edit text files using MobaTextEditor by right-clicking on the files in Windows Explorer
  • New feature: you can now directly compare text files or folders using MobaDiff by right-clicking on the files/folders in Windows Explorer
  • Improvement: you can edit Windows right-click menu entries from MobaXterm global settings
  • Improvement: automatic detection of Windows ransomware protection in order to set MobaXterm working directory accordingly
  • Improvement: changed some icons of the graphical interface for better legibility
  • Improvement: enhanced the documentation and added a navigation bar for better browsing
  • Improvement: improved live screenshots creation for inline documentation
  • Improvement: automatic creation of log file output folder when it does not exist
  • Improvement: added a way to select the "Local Applications Data" folder in the Customizer as the default user profile directory
  • Bugfix: the "Log filename format" tooltip was not properly printed (the ampersand was not visible in the variables names)

Version 21.3 (2021-08-27)

  • New feature: added a new "Read-only" feature in the terminal right-click menu
  • New feature: added the ability to compare text files directly from the SSH browser, SFTP, FTP, and S3 sessions with the new "MobaDiff" tool
  • New feature: added syntax highlighting in MobaDiff
  • New feature: added recursive comparison in MobaDiff
  • New feature: added character by character comparison for each text line in MobaDiff
  • New feature: added ability to open and save GZip compressed text files (with ".gz" extension) in MobaTextEditor and MobaDiff
  • Improvement: added "Ignore timestamps" setting in MobaDiff in order to compare 2 files with different timestamps at the beginning of each line
  • Improvement: added Alt+arrows keyboard shortcuts to the MobaDiff tool
  • Improvement: added dark mode in MobaDiff
  • Improvement: added undo and redo features in MobaDiff
  • Improvement: increased MobaDiff folders comparison speed by using multi-threading listing
  • Improvement: added more information for each directory or file listed in MobaDiff (size, date)
  • Improvement: the lines that contain differences are now clearly highlighted with different colors in MobaDiff
  • Improvement: the format of text files (Dos, Unix, or Mac) and the charset are now automatically recognized in MobaDiff
  • Improvement: removed the vertical tab titles (use the "Toggle sidebar title" menu option to modify this)
  • Improvement: increased the width of the paste confirmation dialog for better compatibility with Wine under MacOS and Linux
  • Improvement: added an inline message after RDP disconnection with a "Reconnect" button
  • Improvement: improved buttons painting speed by using full caching
  • Improvement: improved the graphical interface by removing unused borders and by improving elements alignment
  • Improvement: added a setting for choosing light or dark theme for MobaXterm graphical interface
  • Improvement: added a setting for choosing the style of tabs on the left (with or without titles)
  • Improvement: improved OpenSSH terminal commands speed
  • Improvement: MobaTextEditor "Find" feature now searches from the current position
  • Improvement: you can select a word in MobaTextEditor and hit "F3" to quickly find other occurrences of this pattern
  • Improvement: improved the files/folders comparison tools with several ergonomics enhancements
  • Improvement: removed the "CygwinPort" packages option in the MobApt package manager
  • Improvement: replaced the "CWD" operation with "NOOP" in the FTP client for better compatibility with old FTP servers
  • Improvement: do not attempt GSSAPI key exchange anymore when GSSAPI setting is unchecked
  • Improvement: eliminated flickering when starting FTP, SFTP, and S3 sessions
  • Improvement: removed a spurious "Unbound variable" error message when using "set -u" into bash
  • Improvement: increased switching speed between standard Windows light theme and standard Windows dark theme
  • Improvement: added detection of Unix symlinks in FTP sessions with ProFTPD server, whether the "UseSlink" directive is on or off
  • Improvement: better detection of server messages encoded in UTF-8 for FTP sessions
  • Improvement: better detection of UTF-8 encoding when showing sessions tooltips
  • Improvement: better detection of potential FTP disconnections during file transfers
  • Improvement: removed the dotted focus rectangle on focused buttons with the light theme
  • Improvement: removed the glowing effect when the mouse hovers a title menu entry that is not selectable
  • Bugfix: in dark mode, the "Services" window title bar was white
  • Bugfix: prevented top toolbar buttons from overlapping each other when the main window width was too small to display all buttons
  • Bugfix: the "MobApt" package manager was not properly updated using ZSH (64 bits) mode
  • Bugfix: fixed some potential issues when editing several files at once from the SSH browser in SCP mode
  • Bugfix: fixed an error when launching the "rxvt" or "xterm" commands from the portable version of MobaXterm
  • Bugfix: prevented the scrollbar in the macros sidebar to appear when there was no need for it
  • Bugfix: in the sessions tree, when some nodes were selected, on hax pc software selection was not cleared after right-clicking on another node
  • Bugfix: fixed a shift in macros hotkeys list that had been introduced in previous version 21.2
  • Bugfix: after copying a shared session to the "Users sessions" tree, the source session was not properly refreshed
  • Bugfix: fixed a "space" character that was added at the end of the "Comments" section after editing a session
  • Bugfix: when Windows was set to 125% DPI, the "General" tab was hidden in the Professional Customizer "Settings" section

Version 21.2 (2021-06-14)

  • New feature: added a simple "Wake On Lan" feature which sends a magic packet to the given MAC address
  • Improvement: SSH tunnels can now be defined with a private SSH key located on a network UNC path
  • Improvement: the "Save terminal text to file" feature is now supported under Linux (Wine) and MacOS (PlayOnMac)
  • Improvement: the terminal "zoom/unzoom font" feature is now mapped to a configurable keyboard shortcut
  • Improvement: WSL sessions now use a login shell by default in order to be consistent with Windows Terminal
  • Improvement: better detection of UTF-8 encoding in the remote-monitoring bar hints
  • Bugfix: fixed the "Use font encoding" setting which was not fully working
  • Bugfix: input dialogs are not closed anymore when you hit Ctrl+C
  • Bugfix: in the Customizer, some checkboxes were overlapping each other with specific DPI settings
  • Bugfix: fixed some typos, especially on the "connection" word

Version 21.1 (2021-04-20)

  • Improvement: you can now select a custom log file name with several variables available
  • Improvement: enhanced syntax highlighting speed, the terminal is now 16x faster when processing colored patterns
  • Improvement: added basic SSH certificate support, you can now define a CA-signed OpenSSH user key in your SSH sessions
  • Improvement: enhanced overall terminal rendering speed and decreased CPU consumption when refreshing, especially on High DPI monitors
  • Improvement: better support for mouse "infinite scrolling mode" into terminals
  • Improvement: decreased the SSH connection time, especially when using private keys with more than 2048 bits
  • Improvement: support for ECDSA private keys with "aes-256-ctr" cipher in "OpenSSH_v2" format into SFTP sessions
  • Improvement: support for RSA private keys with a passphrase in "OpenSSH_v2" format into SFTP sessions
  • Improvement: it is now possible to clear the startup folder of a WSL session that had been previously chosen
  • Improvement: when remote monitoring items are disabled, the remote command is adjusted accordingly
  • Improvement: better detection of any process which is running from outside the slash folder
  • Improvement: disabled background color changes in the terminal when special UTF-8 characters were used
  • Improvement: better detection of the previous running sessions when clicking on the "Recover previous sessions" button
  • Improvement: when shared sessions are defined, the "Sessions" top button now expands all sessions folders accordingly
  • Bugfix: the remote monitoring was incomplete when there were too many entries into the server output of "netstat" command
  • Bugfix: when duplicating a session that uses an SSH jump host, the duplicated session will not close anymore after the initial session is closed
  • Bugfix: prevented the SSH sessions to try to use Pageant keys when MobAgent and Pageant were disabled in global settings
  • Bugfix: prevented the "View log file" button text to be wrapped onto 2 lines
  • Bugfix: prevented MobaXterm from removing the "COM" pattern when using serial console sessions with named pipes
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential issue with the remote permissions editor when the remote ls command displays permissions in an unusual format
  • Bugfix: in case a terminal line was wrapped exactly at the beginning of a highlighted word, the syntax highlighting was disabled in the lines below
  • Bugfix: the "Recover previous sessions" button used to start only one session when the "Home tab is replaced" setting was checked
  • Bugfix: fixed SSH and WSL banners that wrongly identified MobaXterm Personal Edition as being "Professional" edition
  • Bugfix: the output of "ls" command on some system was blue on green background for folders with 777 permissions, so it was hardly readable

Version 21.0 (2021-03-06)

  • New feature: you can now select "PowerShell 7" or "Windows PowerShell" windows 7 portable download - Activators Patch Shell session settings
  • New feature: added a new "Import/Export configuration" feature in the "Settings" menu which allows you to backup or share your MobaXterm configuration as a single file
  • New feature: added a new "Reset configuration" feature in the "Settings" menu which allows you to reset the entire MobaXterm configuration or only reset some specific defaults
  • Improvement: the Professional Customizer is now compatible with Wine, under Linux and Mac OsX
  • Improvement: improved several components design in dark mode (checkboxes, comboboxes. .)
  • Improvement: many components have been themed for a better look under Wine
  • Improvement: added support for SSH keys with ED25519 algorithm in SFTP sessions
  • Improvement: filtered out several useless entries from the remote monitoring "disk space" section
  • Improvement: the Professional Customizer is now able to embed big plugin files into the generated ZIP archive
  • Improvement: the Professional Customizer can now extract the main executable properly, even if the Windows installer is disabled by some third-party software
  • Improvement: the Professional Customizer allows you to edit all the banners of sessions that rely on a terminal (SSH, WSL, local terminal, telnet, rlogin)
  • Improvement: you can now define the default font charset and select "Use font encoding" as terminal charset (useful for special character encodings)
  • Improvement: you can now define a specific terminal font charset for each terminal-based session
  • Improvement: the local terminal prompt is now adapted when the current path is too long to fit into the terminal width
  • Improvement: the SSH-browser header has been adapted to the dark theme
  • Improvement: an enhanced tooltip and a right-click menu with a list of listening DISPLAYS have been added to the "X" button in the top toolbar
  • Improvement: when the X server is off, its DISPLAY is now reserved in order to prevent sessions that have been started with a specific DISPLAY to lose it
  • Improvement: if the X server is off and an application tries to access it, a popup dialog informs you and allows you to start it
  • Improvement: better detection of each X server and Remote monitoring instances ownership when MobaXterm is launched in "Multi-instances" mode
  • Improvement: the detection of running X server instances has been improved in order to prevent MobaXterm from slowing down
  • Improvement: added a "Start Windows Powershell as admin" menu entry in the "Tools" section
  • Improvement: added a specific icon for imported PuTTY sessions folder
  • Improvement: added an entry in the sessions right-click menu which allows to autodetect and import WSL sessions
  • Improvement: added a right-click menu in the tabs bar which allows to quickly start a specific shell (Bash, Cmd, Powershell, Wsl) or jump to a specific tab
  • Improvement: a check at MobaXterm startup verifies if the CygUtils plugin is obsolete
  • Improvement: better detection of the OneDrive folder when its name is in 8.3 format
  • Improvement: shared sessions with SFTP backend can now use passphrase protected SSH keys
  • Improvement: better auto-detection of the default shell for each WSL session
  • Improvement: better identification of external programs windows that overlap RDP sessions when they are "always on top"
  • Improvement: added some information concerning the currently active network connections in SSH remote monitoring bar
  • Improvement: broken text files with UTF-8 BOM header but ANSI encoding are now automatically identified
  • Improvement: improved the "RemoteMonitoringCompatibleMode" configuration setting which allows the remote monitoring feature to work properly with the Fish shell
  • Improvement: adapted the width of the multi-execution message to the width of the main window
  • Improvement: many tooltips have been added in order to display contextual help when your mouse cursor is over a component
  • Improvement: when you use the search feature of MobaTextEditor and hit the end of the file, searching now continues from the beginning of the file
  • Improvement: the terminal now supports many more font icons for better compatibility with enhanced shell prompts like oh-my-zsh and Powerlevel10K
  • Improvement: the TCPCapture tool can now be started with another user account if the current user account is not an administrator
  • Improvement: better identification of the AltGr key in order to prevent AltGr+Space to be treated as the Ctrl+Space ("Quick macro menu") keyboard shortcut
  • Improvement: added a new "lsfont" tool which prints the complete font character set into the terminal
  • Improvement: added some information about apt-get in case you try to start yum, urpmi, or emerge command in the local terminal
  • Improvement: the "Documents" folder can now be selected under the "Libraries" folder in the file picker
  • Improvement: better detection of all the partitions with their corresponding sizes in the remote monitoring bar
  • Improvement: you can now change text files encoding in MobaTextEditor or convert text files encodings
  • Improvement: the application title is now set after a serato dj pro activation code free - Activators Patch milliseconds in order to prevent MobaXterm from being flooded with tab title change requests (fixes CVE-2021-28847)
  • Improvement: the %USERNAME% variable is now resolved to the local user name in SSH remote command
  • Improvement: improved startup speed and removed some small visual glitches in dark mode
  • Bugfix: fixed the tab order in the global settings and sessions windows
  • Bugfix: when using the "Quick search" feature and clicking on the blank part under the "New session" icon, the "New session" window was started
  • Bugfix: in the SSH-browser and FTP/SFTP sessions, when editing a file and simultaneously clicking on another one resulted in a popup asking if you wanted to rename the file
  • Bugfix: in the global settings window, scrollbars no longer lose their dark theme when switching focus with the "TAB" key
  • Bugfix: right-clicking on a folder to open MobaXterm terminal in that folder did not work if the default shell was WSL and MobaXterm was already running
  • Bugfix: the tab titles were sometimes incorrect when extended characters were used in conjunction with a specific Windows language configuration
  • Bugfix: fixed a tab moving issue when "focus follows mouse" was set in Windows
  • Bugfix: corrected a slowness issue when browsing for plugins in the Customizer
  • Bugfix: the "Terminal type" setting was not properly refreshed the first time a session was edited
  • Bugfix: the Display resolution setting of RDP sessions was not taken into account when starting an RDP session just after MobaXterm startup
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential redirection ambiguity in the script
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential missing library file in ZSH shell (64 bit) which prevented Cmd or Powershell from starting properly
  • Bugfix: after having selected a file to upload in the explorer dialog, the parent folder is no longer locked by MobaXterm
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential issue when reconnecting or duplicating a telnet or rsh session which uses an SSH gateway
  • Bugfix: when closing several terminals at the same time, sometimes some of them were missing from the prompt dialog list
  • Bugfix: duplicate tab feature now works properly when you duplicate a WSL tab that uses a localhost connection
  • Bugfix: removed a small glitch with the "Deep" skin when clicking on the "View" menu item
  • Bugfix: removed a casual issue with file sizes greater than 4 GB in the SSH-browser when the SSH-browser mode is set to SCP
  • Bugfix: in "Split mode", when cycling through tabs using a keyboard shortcut (Ctrl+Alt+arrow or Ctrl+Tab), the focus can no more be assigned to an invisible tab
  • Bugfix: the Slash directory can now be set to the same folder as the application, even if the CygUtils plugin is disabled
  • Bugfix: the macros combobox in terminal sessions was out of bounds when Windows DPI setting was at 125%
  • Bugfix: when selecting several sessions and launching one of them from the "Recent sessions" panel, all the selected sessions were launched

Version 20.6 (2020-11-29)

  • Improvement: MobaTextEditor can now auto-detect UTF-8 text files which do not contain any BOM ("Byte Order Mark") header
  • Improvement: MobaTextEditor auto-detects encoding when opening a file and will use it when saving the file if the encoding has not been changed manually in the meantime
  • Improvement: you can now search backward in files by using Shift+F3 keyboard shortcut in MobaTextEditor
  • Improvement: increased speed of search in MobaTextEditor, especially when you choose to highlight all results
  • Improvement: MobaTextEditor can now be closed with the ESCAPE key
  • Improvement: added support for v4 signatures for Amazon AWS S3 sessions
  • Improvement: added support for buckets regions auto-detection for Amazon AWS S3 sessions
  • Improvement: the "Browse for folder" feature speed has been improved in MobaTextEditor
  • Bugfix: removed an "unspecified error" which occurred in RDP sessions under Windows 7
  • Bugfix: fixed an incorrect remote desktop resolution in RDP sessions, when "Adapt remote DPI" setting was checked
  • Bugfix: when creating or duplicating a macro, the macros list was not properly refreshed

Version 20.5 (2020-11-01)

  • Improvement: suppressed the confirmation message when you close the local terminal under Wine
  • Improvement: several small speed improvements at startup, but also in secondary windows
  • Bugfix: typing ESCAPE key in a detached window no longer closes the window
  • Bugfix: in split mode, resizing an SSH session terminal had no effect if the remote monitoring was enabled

Version 20.4 (2020-10-25)

  • Improvement: improved detection of WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) distributions, even with multiple versions of the same distribution
  • Improvement: allow manual selection of any WSL1 or WSL2 distribution and manual selection of its connection type
  • Improvement: allow manual selection of the username for WSL1 and WSL2 distributions instead of using the default one
  • Improvement: improved Wine compatibility for Linux and Mac users, many MobaXterm features now work under Linux or Mac, thanks to Wine, PlayOnMac, PlayOnLinux or Crossover
  • Improvement: graphical applications can now be displayed directly without any extra step needed, on WSL1 and WSL2 distributions
  • Improvement: when running WSL2 applications, a graphical browser allows you to easily browse the distribution filesystem
  • Improvement: when running WSL2 applications, you can use the "remote monitoring" bar to monitor your WSL2 distribution
  • Improvement: improved remote monitoring toolbar compatibility with systems where the "sleep" command does not work
  • Improvement: improved SCP browser compatibility with systems where the "ls" command displays "?" when it cannot list a file
  • Improvement: in WSL, the TERM variable is now set to "xterm-256color" for compatibility with extended terminal color schemes
  • Improvement: checking "Adapt remote DPI" setting in RDP sessions will no longer open the session fullscreen but in a detached window instead
  • Improvement: your DPI settings are now automatically adapted when you connect to a remote Windows 10 desktop using RDP, even when you switch to another monitor
  • Improvement: added the "autoscale" setting in RDP sessions which allows to automatically adapt the remote desktop to local resolution
  • Improvement: added the "redirect microphone" setting in RDP sessions which allows redirecting the default local audio capture device to the remote server
  • Improvement: added support for link-local IPv6 addresses with specified network adapter in SSH sessions with jump hosts
  • Improvement: for PRO users, the customizer program is now able to import your "*.mxtpro" files, in order for you to easily apply any previous customization
  • Improvement: for PRO users, there are now tooltips on each security settings in order to give more details about each option
  • Improvement: for PRO users, there is a new "disable X11 remote access" setting which allows forcing X11 server to be bound to localhost (loopback) network only
  • Improvement: added a right-click menu on the remote monitoring bar in order to select the items to monitor (CPU, RAM, Partitions, File descriptors. .)
  • Improvement: added 2 options into the remote monitoring right-click menu in order to copy or save the remote server information as text
  • Improvement: added a menu entry in order to disable Forced-ASLR on MobaXterm local terminal tools and utilities
  • Improvement: improved the speed of the "Quick connect" feature, especially when you have many sessions (more than 1000)
  • Improvement: added some more checks at startup in case the "Documents" folder is a network path which is not immediately available
  • Improvement: a new configuration setting "RemoteMonitoringCompatibleMode" (in the "SSH" section) allows the remote monitoring feature to work properly with FISH shell
  • Improvement: the local GIT prompt is now in blue by default instead of red for better readability
  • Improvement: inform the user in the terminal that a workaround exists when a graphical application fails to start because it was run using "sudo" or "su"
  • Improvement: improved some of the MobaFont glyphs for better readability on HD and High DPI monitors
  • Improvement: the "MobaXterm" folder is no more created into "MyDocuments" at MobaXterm startup if you choose the "AppData" folder for MobaXterm profile
  • Improvement: startup speed has been slightly improved by avoiding some useless disk access, threading access to plugins, and setting main form DPI earlier
  • Improvement: improved creation speed of SpinEdit and WebLabel graphic components
  • Improvement: improved speed of upload and download transfers in SFTP sessions
  • Improvement: modified X server startup command when MobaXterm runs into App-V in order to prevent a shell console from being created
  • Improvement: removed the green highlighting color when the prompt is just a "#" character
  • Improvement: added a new "UseOriginalSshAgent" setting in the "SSH" section of the configuration file, in order to use OpenSSH agent instead of Pageant
  • Improvement: added some more icons for sessions and folders
  • Bugfix: in some specific conditions, pressing the "ESCAPE" key to close some dialog windows sometimes did not work
  • Bugfix: when opening twice the same SSH session with SSH-browser set to SCP, the "Follow terminal" feature used to follow only the 1st opened session
  • Bugfix: after having copied a session from the "CUSTOM" tree to the "USER" tree, the new session is immediately saved in case MobaXterm is closed after that
  • Bugfix: fixed some issues when MobaXterm is run from a Unicode PATH or when the profile directory is set to a Unicode PATH
  • Bugfix: in MOSH sessions, the "Charset" and "Prediction type" settings were incorrect when the session was created using the Customizer
  • Bugfix: fixed an "assertion failed" error message if the "Answerback" feature was manually modified by the user and was set to an empty string
  • Bugfix: fixed an "assertion failed" error message when starting 2 SSH tunnels configured as remote port forwarding on the same SSH gateway
  • Bugfix: after clicking on "Refresh shared sessions", the shared sessions defined into the professional customizer were not taken into account
  • Bugfix: when a WSL distribution was chosen as default shell, right-clicking on a Windows folder and choosing "Open MobaXterm here" did not open MobaXterm into that folder
  • Bugfix: the macro popup menu was sometimes hidden behind the terminal in detached window mode
  • Bugfix: Xdmcp failed to start with some specific monitor DPI configurations
  • Bugfix: in dark mode, the SSH key selection dialog box in the SSH tunnels window was sometimes hidden behind the main window
  • Bugfix: when right-clicking on a folder and choose "Open MobaXterm here", if the default shell was Cmd or Powershell, the session was not opened into the selected folder
  • Bugfix: starting a session by typing its name in the terminal sometimes failed when the session definition contained a UTF-8 character
  • Bugfix: in WSL, the default LOCALE variable was sometimes not set to the chosen default WSL value

Version 20.3 (2020-07-19)

  • New feature: a new keyboard shortcut (Ctrl+SPACE by default) allows you to quickly choose and run a macro directly from the terminal
  • New feature: you can now define multiple SSH jump hosts (or SSH "gateways") for SSH, Telnet, VNC and RDP sessions
  • Improvement: default syntax highlighting definition for terminals (local or remote) has been greatly improved with enhanced support for shell scripts and network devices
  • Improvement: added dark mode to MobaTextEditor
  • Improvement: macros are now encrypted using your Master Password, in order to keep sensitive information confidential
  • Improvement: added a way to set a named pipe instead of a real COM port in Serial sessions (useful for connecting to virtual COM ports)
  • Improvement: added an experimental setting in browser sessions in order to choose "Firefox" or "Chrome" browser engines
  • Improvement: improved detection of running MobaXterm sub-processes in order to increase startup speed
  • Improvement: decreased embedded resources size by compressing them with a better algorithm
  • Improvement: options set in MobaTextEditor are now remembered after MobaXterm restart
  • Improvement: added a new syntax for log files in MobaTextEditor
  • Improvement: MobaTextEditor window size and position is properly reset if a change in monitors configuration is detected
  • Improvement: when recording a macro, if you paste some text, it is now recorded into the macro
  • Improvement: better support for "docker" with bash completion, automatic terminal and DISPLAY setting
  • Improvement: better support for kubernetes "kubectl" command when run from local terminal
  • Improvement: added a link to the "winpty" tool, which allows running commands in "DOS-mode"
  • Improvement: the "Use Windows PATH" and "Use icons cache" options are now set by default
  • Improvement: added 2 new fun terminal games, soliterm and termwalk
  • Improvement: increased speed of shared sessions refresh
  • Improvement: improved SCP transfer speed by disabling compression when the file to be transferred is already compressed
  • Improvement: increased stored credentials retrieval speed, which leads to faster SSH authentication
  • Improvement: added a new setting in "File/folder" sessions in order to add command-line switches to the external program
  • Improvement: added some more information to the hint which is displayed when the mouse cursor is over a session
  • Improvement: when a SSH connection is made on a disabled tab, automatic switch to this tab after successful SSH connection is now disabled
  • Improvement: added more information like stack trace into MobaXterm log file in case of unhandled exception
  • Improvement: when you start a Windows command in ZSH (64 bits) shell (e.g. ping or ipconfig), special characters are now properly displayed
  • Improvement: you can now start PowerShell 7 from the local terminal by typing the "pwsh" command if you have it in your Windows PATH
  • Improvement: in CMD sessions, the Ctrl+C character is no more displayed in the terminal
  • Improvement: user keyboard shortcuts are now displayed in terminal right-click menu
  • Improvement: removed executable link to the deprecated Windows library "version.dll"
  • Improvement: autodetection of buggy SSH servers which send inconsistent ED25519 hostkey signatures and automatically switch to RSA hostkey
  • Improvement: changed executable SHA1 signature algorithm to dual signature (SHA1 / SHA256)
  • Improvement: improved some icons for better compatibility High-DPI monitors
  • Improvement: when you launch PowerShell from within MobaXterm terminal, the keyboard and colors configuration are automatically set
  • Bugfix: fixed some connections errors when using an SSH jump host to connect to an IPv6 SSH server
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential issue when checking the "Remember me" setting in the Master Password dialog box
  • Bugfix: when the "cache icons" setting was enabled, icons colors were not changed when modifying black intensity in dark mode
  • Bugfix: syntax highlighting was disabled on the first visible line of the terminal
  • Bugfix: free memory earlier after unpacking resources (instead of waiting for the end of the whole unpacking process)
  • Bugfix: when you close a popup window using Escape key, the key sequence is no more transferred to the terminal
  • Bugfix: fixed issues during folders conversions to "CurrentPath" or "MyDocuments" folders
  • Bugfix: the title bar was white when dark mode was activated on latest Windows 10 update of May 2020

Version 20.2 (2020-04-10)

  • Improvement: better detection of Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) when authentication code is requested before password
  • Improvement: the download location of SSH-browser is now remembered after restarting MobaXterm
  • Improvement: the screensaver has been updated in order to decrease CPU consumption
  • Improvement: the penguins of the screensaver have been updated for HighDPI monitors support
  • Improvement: improved compatibility with screen and tmux by specifing a proper default folder for their socket
  • Improvement: added a new "Use icons cache" setting in order to improve MobaXterm graphical interface speed
  • Bugfix: when upgrading, the MSI installer sometimes deleted old files without installing new ones
  • Bugfix: fixed a crash in remote monitoring bar which occured when messages received from remote server were too long
  • Bugfix: fixed a leap year bug in FTP/SFTP sessions which occured only on 29th of february
  • Bugfix: the dropdown session tree (under the yellow "Sessions" button) was sometimes not updated after a session modification

Version 20.1 (2020-02-28)

  • Improvement: fixed some slowness issues city car driving download 2018 - Free Activators a stored SSH key is located on a network share that no more exists
  • Improvement: SSH connections to inconsistent servers that send improper SSH signature are tried in SSHv2 by default
  • Improvement: added some more supported screen resolutions for RDP sessions
  • Improvement: use a light color by default in Powershell sessions for command line switches, in order to make them more readable
  • Bugfix: a master password was requested at each startup when passwords were stored in MobaXterm whereas the option to store passwords was set to "never"
  • Bugfix: fixed the display of serial (COM) sessions speed which could be wrong when switching between different sessions with different speeds
  • Bugfix: fixed a typo in the master password window ("loose" instead of "lose")
  • Bugfix: fixed a connection issue with SSH keys, when inconsistent passphrase was stored into MobaXterm

Version 20.0 (2020-02-15)

  • Improvement: by default, MobaXterm autodetects if Windows is in bright or dark mode and adapts its default settings accordingly
  • Improvement: increased MobaXterm startup speed and removed splash screen when using an installed version or a persistent slash folder
  • Improvement: increased MobaXterm closing speed, by replacing a very slow Windows folder cleanup function by some enhanced code
  • Improvement: added an option in the "Display" tab of global settings window in order to choose if you want to round out borders for tabs
  • Improvement: MobaXterm now allows you to use a Master Password even on Home Edition
  • Improvement: use of Master Password is now mandatory for your stored passwords
  • Improvement: added a "Remember me on this computer" option in the Master Password prompt at MobaXterm startup
  • Improvement: when setting a graphic theme in the Customizer, the chosen theme is previewed in the Customizer itself
  • Improvement: enhanced tabs bar (paint speed, antialiased rendering) and macros sidebar (paint speed, antiflickering)
  • Improvement: added a new setting in macros edition in order to select the delay which will be used between each simulated keystroke
  • Improvement: when recording a new macro, MobaXterm now tries to detect the command you typed and propose a macro title accordingly
  • Improvement: several small improvements in macros edition window: decreased default delay, minified text for INI storage
  • Improvement: added a new "apt-get" command which is faster and easier to use
  • Improvement: if you type an unknown command in local BASH terminal, MobaXterm detects if it can be installed using apt-get
  • Improvement: when dark mode is activated, SFTP and FTP sessions now use dark theme for graphic widgets
  • Improvement: added a small border around the terminal in order to ease mouse selection
  • Improvement: better detection of minimum window width in order to set the terminal size to 80 columns and 24 lines by default
  • Improvement: decreased CPU consumption of terminals, especially when syntax highlighting is turned on
  • Improvement: upgraded MoTTY by backporting the latest PuTTY modifications
  • Improvement: improved speed of shared sessions refresh, especially when there are many saved sessions
  • Improvement: improved speed of new session creation, especially when there are many saved sessions
  • Improvement: improved speed of session name change, especially when there are many saved sessions
  • Improvement: auto-detection of UTF-8 character set in FTP sessions
  • Improvement: prevented some incompatibilities when running MobaXterm from Dropbox or Google Drive folder with multiple accounts
  • Improvement: enhanced auto-detection of Cisco/HPE/Comware network devices in order to adjust SSH session settings
  • Improvement: default GIT_EDITOR variable has been set to MobaTextEditor (this can be changed in user ".profile" script)
  • Improvement: added native support for Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) on ARM computers
  • Bugfix: username of SSH sessions was not properly reset to default after editing a session and selecting saved credentials
  • Bugfix: when the prompt for saving passwords was shown and if you hit "RETURN" the prompt dialog was canceled instead of being acknowledged
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue which occurred during the "Save terminal text to file", when the file format was TXT
  • Bugfix: when typing "tcpdump" or "wireshark" commands in the local terminal, MobaXterm now starts TCPCapture instead
  • Bugfix: the "Close" button of MobaXterm embedded SSH agent process does no longer quit the process but hides it instead
  • Bugfix: in some cases, passphrases for SSH keys were not saved after starting SSH tunnels or gateways
  • Bugfix: fixed a crash error message when a session uses an SSH gateway which does not exist or is unreachable
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue with the font selection combobox which was not displayed properly with Asian languages
  • Bugfix: properly detect UTF-8 characters encoding when setting terminal tab titles
  • Bugfix: in dark mode, the "OpenFile" and "SaveFile" dialog windows can no longer be hidden behind MobaXterm main window
  • Bugfix: in dark mode, a memory device context which was used for painting main menu was not properly released after use
  • Bugfix: a double-update issue occurred on terminals when switching from/to MultiExec mode
  • Bugfix: fixed a dependency issue on the "kinit" local command
  • Bugfix: fixed an error in Powershell sessions when several commands and a startup directory with spaces were set
  • Information: changed versions numbering to "year. release_number_in_that_year. maintenance_release_for_this_version. build_number"

Version 12.4 (2019-12-01)

  • New feature: added a new "dark theme" which is much more reactive than the old skins as it is based on Windows native controls
  • Improvement: increased the SSH-browser sorting speed, in order to avoid MobaXterm slowdowns when listing folders contents
  • Improvement: color of the "+" button on the tabs bar changes when mouse hovers it
  • Improvement: themes can IceCream PDF Converter Pro 2.89 Crack + Serial Key Free 2021 be applied from the global settings window without restarting MobaXterm
  • Improvement: enhanced drawing speed of files and folders icons into SSH-browser
  • Improvement: improvements in popup windows for better compatibility with multiple monitors
  • Improvement: enhanced graphical controls painting speed when their background is not transparent
  • Improvement: better detection of core files which had been created with another account and are not writable
  • Improvement: eliminated some flickering effects from the tabs-based graphical components
  • Bugfix: prevented SSH-browser to switch to SCP mode when using keyboard-interactive authentication without 2 factor authentication
  • Bugfix: prevented some issues when running MobaXterm from OneDrive folder and using it with several different computers or accounts
  • Bugfix: when ctrl+clicking on an URL into the terminal, the URL was not properly detected if its last character was a slash

Version 12.3 (2019-10-08)

  • Security fix: prohibited the use of URL which do not correspond to a MobaXterm session (fixes CVE-2019-16305)
  • Security fix: added a comprehensive warning message when opening a session from an URL. This message contains details about the session to be launched and a warning concerning the URL provider.
  • Bugfix: in the password management window, after showing passwords and closing the form, the password fields are now automatically hidden
  • Bugfix: RDP size was not calculated properly when launching a remote desktop session while the SSH remote monitoring toolbar was active

Version 12.2 (2019-09-17)

  • Improvement: slightly modified foreground text color for ls results in order for the text on green background to be readable
  • Improvement: improved speed of command line SCP and SFTP clients
  • Improvement: better detection of /tmp folder for SSH random seed temporary file
  • Improvement: added a Customizer parameter which allows to disable X11 auto-start feature
  • Improvement: added a Customizer parameter which allows to disable X11 server feature completely
  • Improvement: improved multi-monitor support with enhanced "save window position" feature
  • Improvement: added an error message when a connection through a gateway fails because of network failure between client and gateway
  • Improvement: brought back the "backspace sends Ctrl+H" global setting as many users need it when SSHing from local terminal
  • Improvement: added some additional checks in order to prevent remote monitoring from being launched several times if SSH connection is too slow
  • Bugfix: fixed some SSH agent failures with commandline SSH client and SSH key encryption size greater than 2048 bits
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential issue with some antivirus programs when running CMD or POWERSHELL session within MobaXterm terminal
  • Bugfix: fixed a bug with RDP sessions, when "HighDPI adaptation" mode and SSH gateway options were set
  • Bugfix: fixed a status line length bug with Byobu on Ubuntu 18.04
  • Bugfix: removed the limit in paste buffer, huge paste operations are now performed by chunks to prevent pipes overflows
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential issue with window closed unexpectedly during Browser sessions
  • Bugfix: fixed tunnels auto-reconnection feature which failed after network connection cut
  • Bugfix: fixed crash issues with SSH tunnels and gateways, especially after waking up Windows from sleep/hibernate mode
  • Bugfix: fixed a connection issue with some Huawei routers which require RSA hostkey first in hostkeys list

Version 12.1 (2019-08-05)

  • Bugfix: corrected SSH connection failures caused by hardware accelerated encryption
  • Bugfix: in some specific cases, local terminal output was garbled after a commandline SSH connection and a network error during SSH communication
  • Bugfix: fixed "ldd" command which was missing some DLLs in its listing
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue in Windows colors selection dialog resulting in black color being applied in case of dialog failure
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue with the "cmd" command when it was started from a local terminal
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue with backslash characters being duplicated in SSH sessions "Execute command" field
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue with backslash characters being duplicated in SSH sessions "Username" field

Version 12.0 (2019-07-28)

  • New feature: added a new prompt for local terminal with GIT branch and other useful information
  • Improvement: added support for ECDSA and ED25519 keys for SSH tunnels and gateways
  • Improvement: embedded X server updated to latest Xorg source code
  • Improvement: X11 applications have a new default icon which is different from MobaXterm main icon
  • Improvement: X server speed has been improved using unused features clean up
  • Improvement: embedded terminal has been rebuilt from latest PuTTY source code
  • Improvement: new setting allows to set X server DPI or to set it to "stretch mode" on High DPI displays
  • Improvement: when pasting multiple lines, a popup window allows you to edit the clipboard content
  • Improvement: multiple gateways or tunnels connected to the same host use the same SSH connection transport for single authentication
  • Improvement: increased startup speed by deferring creation of "Settings" and "Sessions" windows
  • Improvement: when checking "KeepAlive" option, it activates SshKeepAlive but not TCPKeepAlive by default in SSH sessions, tunnels and gateways
  • Improvement: improved compatibility of MobaXterm terminal with WSL distributions
  • Improvement: added a new X11 DPI setting in order to force X server DPI value (useful for HighDPI monitors)
  • Improvement: added YAML syntax coloration in MobaTextEditor
  • Improvement: added KDE and GNOME in the list of desktop environments for WSL
  • Improvement: auto-detection of any desktop environment you may have installed in WSL (WFCE4, LXDE, MATE, KDE. .)
  • Improvement: added a Customizer setting in order to choose the same folder as application for slash/home directories
  • Improvement: WSL distributions can now run even if MobaXterm is started from a USB thumb drive
  • Improvement: after installing a package using apt-get, the man pages can now be rendered using the built-in "man" command
  • Improvement: improved compatibility of MobaTextEditor with HighDPI monitors
  • Improvement: improved terminal support for Powershell and Cmd
  • Improvement: improved man pages for tools downloaded using apt-get
  • Improvement: better integration of GIT and CURL commands into the local terminal
  • Improvement: slightly modified default terminal theme, colors have been softened for a modernized look and feel
  • Bugfix: Gnome3 and latest version of KDE now start properly with latest Xserver update
  • Bugfix: prevented tunnels from starting twice when pressing "Start all tunnels" while some tunnels have "Connecting" status
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential bug which could prevent MobaXterm from stopping when a SSH tunnel is in "not-fully-started" state
  • Bugfix: tried to avoid garbled graphics in "Sessions" and "Params" windows and to be robust to potential graphic adapters or graphic drivers failures
  • Bugfix: limited paste buffer size to prevent terminal from crashing if the paste buffer is too big
  • Bugfix: avoided a potential issue when closing MobaXterm while a Web Browser session is running
  • Bugfix: the HTTP or SOCKS proxy type was not properly saved in Telnet sessions
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue with tab colors which occured when unselecting a color or duplicating an existing colored tab
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential bug which could prevent connecting to FTPS server with TLS enabled
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential issue with macros containing "percent" character, when macro was created in "Sessions" window
  • Bugfix: in WSL sessions, the "USER" environment variable was incorrectly set to the distribution name instead of the user name
  • Bugfix: main window had some random issues with borders being shifted by a few pixels instead of sticking to Windows desktop edges
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential issue with a window displayed when no SSH server name or IP address was provided
  • Bugfix: fixed a display issue when editing a SSH tunnel with a username containing "@" characters
  • Bugfix: fixed the CURL command with https websites
  • Bugfix: fixed completion for GIT commands in the ZSH 64-bits package
  • Bugfix: you can now select and edit multiple files in the SSH-browser
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue with FVWM2 startup and X server
  • Security fix: fixed a potential vulnerability with MobaXterm URI handler which could allow to execute some arbitrary commands in MobaXterm when clicking on a URL link (fixes CVE-2019-13475)
  • Security fix: fixed a potential issue when a SSH key was used, the SSH key and passphrase could stay in memory during the life of MobaXterm process instead of being deleted immediately (fixes CVE-2019-7690)

Version 11.1 (2019-01-20)

  • Improvement: eliminated flickering effects in remote monitoring bar
  • Improvement: improved MobaXterm startup speed by decreasing resources size
  • Improvement: improved size of main executable by increasing compression of embedded resources
  • Improvement: Windows PATH is now appended to the terminal PATH in the dropdown terminal (Ctrl+Alt+M)
  • Improvement: you can now manually select COM interface speed for Serial sessions
  • Improvement: you can now manually type a path in folder selection dialogs
  • Improvement: improved "ShiftFnKeys" terminal type with proper key sequences for Shift+F9 and Shift+F11
  • Improvement: in TCPCapture tool, a new interactive console menu allows you to choose which network adapter to use for capture
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential issue with AltGr key into RDP sessions
  • Bugfix: fixed checkboxes which were not properly painted when using very high DPI (more than 250%)
  • Bugfix: typing the first character of a file/folder in SSH-browser now gets you to that file/folder
  • Bugfix: files and folders were displayed twice when pressing F5 without releasing the key in SSH-browser (SCP mode)
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential freeze issue when trying to connect to a SFTP session and authentication fails 3 times
  • Bugfix: middle-click on an SSH-browser element copies full path to the terminal
  • Bugfix: fixed setxkbmap command which was not working in local terminal
  • Bugfix: prevented MobaXterm for asking twice to close open sessions when closing MobaXterm

Version 11.0 (2018-11-01)

  • New feature: native integration of WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) into MobaXterm - run WSL into MobaXterm advanced terminal instead of Windows console and run graphical applications thanks to MobaXterm X server
  • New feature: new experimental local terminal package "CygUtils64.plugin" comes with ZSH shell, 64-bit console utilities and improved apt-get packages manager - activate it from global settings, "terminal" tab
  • New feature: added a new global setting in order to choose which local shell to use (Bash, ZSH (64-bits), Cmd, Powershell, or one of the Linux WSL distributions)
  • Improvement: enhanced the Remote Monitoring bar to display information in red or orange when the values reach critical levels
  • Improvement: improved SSH-browser performances, especially when remote folder contains many files/folders
  • Improvement: improved sessions tree performances, especially when number of sessions is greater than 100
  • Improvement: reworked the global settings window for easier settings identification
  • Improvement: improved compatibility of "Follow terminal folder" feature with remote Unix/Linux environments
  • Improvement: added a prompt dialog in order to assign right-click action (context menu or paste) the first time you right-click into the terminal
  • Improvement: updated OpenSSH client to version 7.5 when the new local terminal package is selected
  • Improvement: updated "top", "ps", "ldd", "kill", and other core commands when the new local terminal package is selected
  • Improvement: you can now specify the color of each tab by right-clicking on the tab or by specifying a custom tab color for each session
  • Improvement: improved MobaXterm startup speed by using lazy loading for resources which may be unused
  • Improvement: prevent the remote monitoring bar from disappearing temporarily when switching between tabs
  • Improvement: updated icons for files/folders in SSH-browser and (s)FTP sessions
  • Improvement: updated tray icon to the new MobaXterm flat logo
  • Improvement: after choosing Bash or Zsh terminal in global settings, if you do not have the CygUtils plugin on your computer, a popup window prompts you to download it
  • Improvement: updated PuTTY-based SSH engine to the latest version
  • Improvement: adapted default settings to Brocade switches on SSH sessions
  • Improvement: updated terminal smart selection to better detect URLs and delimiters when using default settings
  • Improvement: added 5 manual Ini settings under the "Misc" section in order to control smart selection behavior (ForcedLeftDelimChars, ForcedRightDelimChars, DisabledLeftDelimChars, DisabledRightDelimChars and SmartDelimsForUrls)
  • Improvement: with default syntax, URLs are now underlined - remember that you can ctrl+click them to open in default browser
  • Improvement: improved size of main executable by removing unused code and optimizing several subfunctions
  • Improvement: decreased latency when navigating through tabs, especially for SSH sessions
  • Improvement: tooltips in the Remote Monitoring bar are now displayed using fixed font if necessary
  • Improvement: disk usage tooltip values are displayed in human-readable format
  • Improvement: try to detect Nexus devices and to avoid startin SCP when connecting through SSH
  • Improvement: improved SFTP / FTP / S3 sessions performances, especially when remote folder contains many files/folders
  • Improvement: after terminal has been paused (Ctrl+S), any key will "unfreeze" it. Many users thought that terminal was frozen after accidentally hitting Ctrl+S
  • Bugfix: after setting the graphical interface elements size from global settings, modifications are properly applied at first MobaXterm restart
  • Bugfix: fixed detection of disk space in remote monitoring when "df" returns results splitted across multiple lines
  • Bugfix: when hitting "R" to reconnect a SSH session, if the gateway had been disconnected, MobaXterm will try ExpanDrive Crack reconnect it first
  • Bugfix: fixed some checkboxes placements, elements sizes and placements for High-DPI monitors
  • Bugfix: fixed syntax highlighting which was disabled when running systemctl commands
  • Bugfix: fixed VNC connections issues through SSH gateway (jump host) when new VNC engine was selected
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue with hidden sidebar when it was set to the right and monitor DPI was above 144 pixels per inch
  • Bugfix: MobaXterm now handles properly pipes characters in sessions folders names
  • Bugfix: MobaXterm now handles properly arobase characters in tunnels usernames
  • Bugfix: MobaXterm now handles properly arobase characters in stored passwords usernames
  • Bugfix: fixed some visual flickering effects which occured on some buttons when mouse was over them
  • Bugfix: the SSH-browser no longer follows the wrong terminal when the same SSH session is connected twice
  • Bugfix: removed an unnecessary delay when waiting for the X server to start up
  • Bugfix: passwords defined for VNC, telnet or FTP services were sometimes lost after restarting MobaXterm
  • Bugfix: fixed some flickering effects which occured into Home tab after MobaXterm startup
  • Bugfix: upload of multiple files in SSH-browser no longer gets stuck when "SSH preserve files dates" setting is activated
  • Bugfix: fixed remote edition of multiple files in SSH-browser when remote files had the same names
  • Bugfix: aligned sessions tree to the left at start up
  • Bugfix: fixed some issues with MobApt when downloading old packages
  • Bugfix: disabled "Remote monitoring" feature for SSH connections to Cisco routers
  • Bugfix: "MobaFoldersDiff" tool has been re-added, after fixing the startup issue
  • Bugfix: added "VISUAL" environment variable in order to fix potential issues with "crontab" command

Version 10.9 (2018-08-02)

  • Improvement: when SSH-browser is disabled, remote-monitoring feature is now also disabled, in order to avoid issues on Cisco routers
  • Improvement: the experimental CygUtils64 plugin can be used with MobaXterm. If you want to test it, you can download it at
  • Bugfix: fixed the "live-unpack" mechanism for local terminal plugins - some plugins were not working properly in "installed mode" or when using "persistent root"
  • Bugfix: fixed some issues with X server detection which led to the "X" icon to stay red whereas X11 server was started
  • Bugfix: fixed some issues with "Follow terminal folder" when remote monitoring was enabled

Version 10.8 (2018-07-07)

  • Bugfix: fixed the error message which occured when running the graphical package manager "MobApt"

Version 10.7 (2018-07-01)

  • Improvement: updated "mobapt" package manager with new versions of downloadable tools and a fix for the "package not found" errors
  • Improvement: X11 programs are now shown in front of MobaXterm window, you do not need to click on the taskbar button in order to bring these windows to the front
  • Improvement: backup of MobaXterm.ini file is now created faster and more securely, write operations are verified to ensure that the file is properly created on disk
  • Bugfix: fixed height of elements in SSH keys list in High-DPI mode
  • Bugfix: fixed remote inspector elements sizes in High-DPI mode
  • Bugfix: backup of MobaXterm.ini file is now compatible with any archiver, even 7-zip

Version 10.6 (2018-05-27)

  • New feature: "Remote Monitoring": continuous display of your server resources usage (CPU, RAM, NET, Disk. .) in a small bar below SSH terminal. This feature is experimental and does not work with any Unix system
  • Improvement: enhanced browse-for-folder dialogs and prevent them from freezing
  • Improvement: enhanced local folders browsing in FTP/SFTP sessions and prevent them from freezing
  • Improvement: new "DisableAccountsLookup" option in MobaXterm.ini file prevents MobaXterm from building Unix-like "/etc/passwd" file at start-up
  • Improvement: Pro edition only: added new customizer settings in order to disable Aws S3, Sftp or Mosh sessions
  • Improvement: Pro edition only: added new customizer settings in order to disable Iperf or Cron services
  • Improvement: new "MacrosDelay" option in MobaXterm.ini file allows to tune delay (in milliseconds) between each keystroke when running macros
  • Improvement: added the "-justunpack -quiet" commandline switches which prevent MobaXterm from showing a popup window after unpacking core files
  • Improvement: new global setting: "Preserve files dates during SSH-browser transfers"
  • Improvement: new setting for SFTP sessions: "Preserve files dates"
  • Improvement: better detection of GMT time for files/folders displayed in SSH-browser
  • Improvement: show information message if trying to run local terminal while ASLR is forced
  • Improvement: the paste confirmation popup now shows the text which is about to be pasted
  • Improvement: added "Do not show again" checkbox in the paste confirmation popup message
  • Bugfix: when a folder is uploaded through SSH-browser (SCP) over an existing folder with same name, folders contents are now merged

Version 10.5 (2018-01-07)

  • Improvement: new experimental embedded VNC engine for VNC sessions with improved rescaling, speed, keyboard and clipboard handling
  • Improvement: slightly improved overall speed by removing some regular checks on MobaXterm main interface
  • Improvement: added password authentication for the embedded basic telnet server (fixes CVE-2017-15376)
  • Improvement: added a popup warning when starting clear-text embedded services such as telnet, ftp, tftp or vnc
  • New feature: added a confirmation popup message for each connection on telnet or ftp services
  • Improvement: updated documentation with latest features and frequently asked questions
  • Improvement: added a workaround for long startup on computers with slow or broken AD users/groups listing
  • Improvement: improved documentation generation feature by taking fast screenshots of program windows
  • Improvement: improved professional generator tool on computers where MSI packages extraction is disabled
  • Improvement: better detection of pre-configured persistent folders on custom version, in order to display a popup when trying to modify them
  • Improvement: better detection of network equipments in order to automatically enable/disable supported features in SSH sessions (X11-forwarding, SSH-browser)
  • Improvement: improved rendering of icons and buttons, especially with High DPI monitors
  • Improvement: added F2 shortcut for quick rename of sessions, but also files and folders in SSH-browser
  • Improvement: added a workaround for the "missing wfapi.dll" message at MobaXterm startup which occurs with old Citrix installations
  • Bugfix: session edition was disabled when session tree sidebar was on the right side
  • Bugfix: removed a bug on drag and drop operations in RDP sessions
  • Bugfix: after choosing a skin in the customizer, MobaXterm welcome message is no more broken
  • Bugfix: bookmarks saved to .moba files were not started correctly with previous version
  • Bugfix: corrected a potential issue with the "grep" command with Windows 2000 and Windows XP
  • Bugfix: corrected a potential issue with custom session icons with a resolution lower than 48x48
  • Bugfix: if MobaTextEditor last instance was moved to 2nd monitor and you run it again with a single monitor, it will be moved to 1st monitor
  • Bugfix: in settings section of customizer program, the main window was blurried in some specific cases when a skin was used
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential scroll issue with mouse wheel in SFTP or FTP sessions
  • Bugfix: after disabling tools from the customizer program, MobApt is properly disabled

Version 10.4 (2017-08-24)

  • New feature: added support for shared sessions files: you can export some sessions to a file, put it in a shared location, and share it among your team members
  • New feature: added import from SuperPuTTY: you can now right-click on the session tree and choose "Import SuperPuTTY sessions"
  • New feature: added experimental support for Amazon AWS S3 sessions: you can browse your S3 buckets using this graphical session type
  • Known issue: session edition is disabled when session tree sidebar is on the right side. Workaround: move sessions tree to the left and restart MobaXterm
  • Improvement: a confirmation message can be displayed before pasting multiple lines to the terminal, in order to avoid unexpected lines execution in interactive shell
  • Improvement: if a commandline tool is installed using mobapt and provided by busybox at the same time, MobaXterm shell now chooses the non-busybox tool
  • Improvement: added a right-click menu in the password manager in order to copy entry content
  • Improvement: modified the embedded FTP server for better compatibility with clients and enhanced transfer speed
  • Improvement: improved syntax coloration of standard keywords (OK/warning/error/.)
  • Improvement: Windows 10 "Scroll inactive windows when I hover over them" feature is now supported
  • Improvement: added host fingerprint to "remote host identity changed" warning message for SSH sessions
  • Improvement: added a new setting which allows to validate host identity at first SSH connection
  • Improvement: added "SpectrWM" to the list of available remote desktops in SSH sessions
  • Improvement: added new setting which allows to hide the popup terminal instead of closing it in order to avoid losing previous terminal commands
  • Improvement: a "permission denied" error message is now displayed when modifying a remote file through SCP without proper permissions on file/folder
  • Improvement: improved IPv6 support for SSH, SFTP, FTP sessions, and for SSH gateway servers (jump hosts)
  • Improvement: improved IPv6 support for SSH tunnels created in MobaSSHTunnel tool
  • Improvement: improved fonts rendering and hinting, especially on progress bars
  • Improvement: enhanced mouse scroll detection in MobaXterm graphical interface and terminals
  • Bugfix: fixed HOME and END keys not working properly in MOSH session
  • Bugfix: fixed show/hide hotkey (Ctrl+M) which did not work if another application was displayed on top of screen Z-order
  • Bugfix: fixed some dialog windows which were displayed on the wrong screen in multi-monitors mode
  • Bugfix: fixed popup console which was displayed on the wrong screen in multi-monitors mode
  • Bugfix: fixed taskbar button for MobaXterm application which was displayed on the wrong screen in some specific cases on Windows 10
  • Bugfix: fixed shell scripts sourcing in /etc/profile.d folder at shell startup
  • Bugfix: fixed a persistent Windows warning message if CapsLock is activated in Master Password popup window
  • Bugfix: embedded FTP server does not allow users to retrieve a file outside chosen root directory anymore
  • Bugfix: fixed MobaXterm window not starting on 2nd monitor if it was maximized during previous stop
  • Bugfix: fixed "Size" and "Last modified" columns which were not resizeable in SFTP sessions
  • Bugfix: fixed some missing entries in "ascii" command
  • Bugfix: fixed some issues with mobapt postinstall scripts
  • Bugfix: fixed keyboard shortcuts "F1" to "F12" which were not working properly
  • Bugfix: main window dimensions were not restored when MobaXterm graphical interface was set to "Compact mode"
  • Bugfix: fixed a scroll bug with some laptop touchpads

Version 10.2 (2017-03-20)

  • Vulnerability fix: embedded TFTP server does not allow users to retrieve a file outside root directory anymore: fixes CVE-2017-6805

Version 10.1 (internal release)

  • Improvement: created MobaXterm Generator program for professional edition: it is now easier to generate MSI installer or portable package for Pro users
  • Improvement: took professional customization settings out of MobaXterm executable, in order to keep pro executable and MSI installer signed
  • Improvement: merged MobaXterm and Customizer executables: the customizer can now be tested from windows 7 portable download - Activators Patch menu in Home edition
  • Bugfix: the manual "check for update" feature was always detecting an outdated version, even when MobaXterm version was up to date
  • Bugfix: after zooming/unzooming terminal font, the terminal window was not placed properly
  • Bugfix: fixed the "RDP for High-DPI" feature

Version 10.0 (2017-02-18)

  • New feature: added new "Flat design" icons theme, for a simple and clear look and feel
  • New feature: you can now select one of the 2 icon themes from MobaXterm global settings: "Flat design" (new theme) or "Crystal" (old theme)
  • New feature: you can now set your own custom session icons for each entry in the "Saved sessions" tree
  • New feature: you can now increase MobaXterm graphical interface elements size from global settings window for better readability
  • New feature: easily show/hide MobaXterm using a new keyboard shortcut (Ctrl+M by default): let MobaXterm run hidden and instantly show it when you need it using a single keystroke
  • New feature: added a simple semi-transparent popup terminal which can be shown/hidden using a simple keyboard shortcut (Ctrl+Alt+M by default), like the great "Guake" top-down console
  • Improvement: enhanced transfer speed for SSH-browser, when "SCP (enhanced speed)" setting is chosen in session parameters
  • Improvement: added identification of Cisco devices which do not support SSH-browser for automatic override
  • Improvement: new global setting under "Terminal" tab allows to log terminal content with a timestamp for each line
  • Improvement: enhanced Byobu terminal type support by properly handling Shift+F9, Ctrl+F9, Shift+F11 and Ctrl+F11 sequences
  • Improvement: added "Print" feature with syntax coloration for MobaTextEditor
  • Improvement: improved graphical interface for advanced terminal settings section, in session editor
  • Improvement: when clicking on the "Credentials" button in session settings, the "credentials" section is displayed by default
  • Improvement: improved mouse input handling for RDP sessions (move windows and drag/drop operations now work in any session)
  • Improvement: improved custom logo drawing when logo file is in PNG format with alpha transparency enabled
  • Improvement: added the "GIT_EDITOR" environment variable set to "/bin/vim"
  • Improvement: improved interface speed when "Track terminal changes" is enabled
  • Improvement: improved overall SSH speed by modifying RX/TX buffers handling
  • Improvement: ctrl+end now works properly in "less" program
  • Improvement: files containing ":" on remote Linux servers can now be downloaded (":" characters are replaced by "_")
  • Improvement: added a new undocumented INI setting "MobaNoAclForDrives": if set to "1", local terminal will not use ACLs under /drives
  • Improvement: new setting to allow or disallow multiple MobaXterm instances
  • Improvement: added a basic "Ping host" menu entry on sessions
  • Improvement: added 230400 speed setting for serial (COM ports) connections
  • Improvement: on 64-bit systems, Powershell sessions no longer use 32-bit version of Powershell, but 64-bit version instead
  • Improvement: added the "png2ico" terminal tool
  • Improvement: improved MobaXterm start up speed
  • Improvement: decreased MobaXterm executable size
  • Improvement: redesigned MobaXterm logo
  • Bugfix: eliminated some potential flickering effects or visual glitches on tabs and buttons when no skin was selected
  • Bugfix: at MobaXterm startup focus is set to the master password popup window, even if another window was focused before
  • Bugfix: fixed file dates in SSH-browser with SCP protocol enabled: in some specific cases, the year was not displayed properly
  • Bugfix: fixed an unexpected error message in SSH-browser, with SCP protocol enabled, when file path length is more than 128 characters
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential file corruption when downloading files in ASCII mode from some Unix servers using SFTP protocol
  • Bugfix: fixed SSH-browser download of multiple folders, when some sub-folders are hidden
  • Bugfix: when session username contained a backslash, session logs were created under a subdirectory
  • Bugfix: eliminated a potential freeze after restarting a terminal session
  • Bugfix: reconnection message was sometimes displayed even if "Display reconnection message" box was unchecked in the session settings
  • Bugfix: removed unexpected error message when cancelling master password after resuming from standby mode
  • Bugfix: eliminated some potential flickering effects or visual glitches into VNC sessions when skins were enabled
  • Bugfix: fixed a bug with the "Delete all passwords" button: when no username was specified, some passwords were not deleted
  • Bugfix: fixed Socks5 proxy connections for FTP sessions which were using SOCKS4 protocol instead of SOCKS5
  • Bugfix: fixed some popup windows which sometimes went behind main window
  • Bugfix: fixed the "tput" commandline tool which failed when using "tput cup 1" for instance
  • Bugfix: in some specific cases, sessions did not start and "New session" window was shown after scrolling down sessions tree and starting the top entry
  • Bugfix: fixed display glitch with residual text in the bottom and right margins of terminals after resize
  • Bugfix: credentials can no longer be created with "@" character in their names, in order to avoid conflicts
  • Bugfix: under Windows XP, checkboxes under the "Terminal" tab of global settings were grey
  • Bugfix: replaced ":" character in session log file names for sessions using IPv6
  • Bugfix: multi-selection in sessions tree was not properly rendered when a skin was active

Version 9.4 (2016-10-26)

  • New feature: MobaXterm supports native Windows GSSAPI authentication in SSH-browser, SSH-Gateway (jump hosts), SSH-tunnels, SSH and SFTP sessions, when GSSAPI is checked in MobaXterm global settings
  • New feature: a new button in MobaXterm home page allows you to recover sessions which had been opened in previous instance of MobaXterm
  • New feature: it is now possible to assign comments to sessions and to use them in the "Quick connect" field in order to find a session
  • Improvement: added support for the third-party "MIT Kerberos" library for GSSAPI authentication in SSH sessions, SSH-browser, SSH-Gateway, SSH-tunnels and SFTP sessions
  • New feature: a new button in MobaXterm SSH-browser allows you to switch to "SUDO" mode in the SSH-browser (this button is available only if "Use SCP protocol" is checked in session settings)
  • Improvement: improved default keywords, unix and cisco network syntax coloration definitions with many new patterns detected
  • Improvement: the "new session" window is now displayed when double-clicking on the "Saved sessions" tree node
  • Bugfix: with some specific devices, the port scanner indicated port 5632 as being open whereas it was not
  • Improvement: ssh stored passwords now use port number in order to allow different ssh passwords on different network ports
  • Improvement: added "curl" commandline tool for client-side url transfers
  • Improvement: improved SSH, SSH-browser, SSH-gateway and SFTP compatibility with regard to different server-side GSSAPI implementations
  • Bugfix: when starting a session as a detached form, the new window was sometimes created off screen
  • Improvement: improved accuracy of tabs drag and drop actions to avoid detaching tab instead of moving it
  • Improvement: columns in the SSH-browser can now be sorted in reverse order
  • Improvement: sort preferences in the SSH-browser are now saved in MobaXterm preferences
  • Improvement: slightly improved startup speed by removing some needless files decompression
  • Improvement: choosing "Properties" in the SSH-browser now displays filesizes in Bytes
  • Improvement: added a "Stay on top" button for fullscreen windows in order to toggle "window always in foreground" mode
  • Improvement: added a new "iperf" daemon in the servers list
  • Bugfix: fixed some issues with apt-get on Windows platforms newer than Windows XP
  • Improvement: files and folders permissions can now be changed in SFTP sessions by right-clicking on files/folders
  • Improvement: it is now possible to disable "MobaSSHTunnel" from the professional "Customizer" program
  • Improvement: it is now possible to force users to set up a "Master Password" from the professional "Customizer" program
  • Improvement: when you right-click on a folder and start MobaXterm from here, the session opens up in a new tab instead of starting a new MobaXterm instance

Version 9.3 (2016-09-19)

  • Bugfix: fixed an issue with SSH sessions using SCP protocol and SSH agent: in some specific cases, sessions were closed just after authentication
  • Improvement: added some enhancements to the embedded SSH agent in order to support some newer key algorithms
  • Improvement: enhanced SSH-browser transfer speed when using SCP protocol

Version 9.2 (2016-09-18)

  • New feature: you can now create your own custom syntax highlighting definitions for the terminal, using the embedded syntax customization tool
  • New feature: added line delay option while pasting to the terminal. This gives some time for slow remote systems to handle pasted text properly
  • Improvement: enhanced startup speed when many sessions are present
  • Improvement: enhanced "network" syntax highlighting
  • Improvement: added a graphical editor for files/folders permissions through SSH, SFTP or SCP
  • Bugfix: corrected SSH-browser display of "special files" (block device. .) when SCP protocol is checked
  • Improvement: users are now prompted for master password when resuming from a locked screen (for better security)
  • Improvement: enhanced SSH-browser display of "parent folder"
  • Bugfix: Mosh sessions are forced to IPv4 only (IPv6 is not yet supported by Mosh client/server)
  • Improvement: hidden files/folders are now faded out in SSH-browser
  • Improvement: added 1920x1200 RDP resolution setting
  • Improvement: added "PERL" and "SQL" terminal syntax colorations
  • Improvement: added "i3" and "wmii" remote desktops in SSH advanced settings
  • Improvement: "Ubuntu Bash 4 Windows" sessions now start in the proper "HOME" folder
  • Improvement: backup archive for configuration files now stores the last 16 configurations (instead of 8)
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential tabs drag/drop issue when "mouse follows focus" feature was activated in Windows Accessibility settings
  • Bugfix: fixed some issues with html web page generation from sessions list
  • Improvement: properly support "special" characters in Ubuntu Bash for Windows (WSL): now Home, End, Insert, Delete, F1 - F16 and Ctrl+A - Ctrl+Z keys are properly handled

Version 9.1 (2016-07-01)

  • Improvement: added automatic scrolling of the sessions tree: you can now move a session to a folder which is not reachable without scrolling
  • Improvement: added new "Monokai" color scheme for terminal emulator
  • Improvement: better detection of non-writeable configuration file
  • Bugfix: fixed a focus issue with RDP sessions when switching from another application to MobaXterm
  • Bugfix: fixed some small issues when selecting/moving/duplicating sessions from the sessions tree
  • Bugfix: fixed default home symbolic links which occured when targets are on a shared folder
  • Improvement: added "MATE desktop" to the list of remote desktop managers in SSH session settings
  • Improvement: added some more debugging information for INI file detection, localisation and update
  • Bugfix: fixed a "freeze" issue which occured when attempting to perform the "ls -al /usr//./" command
  • Improvement: added a "-nomultitaskbar" commandline option (in order to force MobaXterm to the first taskbar)
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue when starting a new PowerShell or Cmd session in "C:": session did not start in "C:", but in default directory instead
  • Bugfix: resized some folder icons in order for all folder icons to have the same size
  • Improvement: improved logging information concerning SSH host keys
  • Bugfix: MobaXterm used to take SSH hosts keys from PuTTY if available, with some potential issues if a host key was modified in MobaXterm but not in PuTTY
  • Improvement: escape sequence sent when pressing alt+arrow keys in terminal are the same as in standard xterm terminal emulator
  • Bugfix: in some specific cases, tab titles were displayed in red after disconnection/reconnection
  • Bugfix: suppressed a transient visual "glitch" on the top buttons bar when a new session was started
  • Improvement: added a new setting in RDP sessions in order to enable or disable Credential Security Support Provider (CredSSP) for authentication
  • Improvement: the embedded SSH agent is now launched before SSH tunnels
  • Improvement: when MobaXterm starts and a tunnel is slow to connect, startup continues without waiting for tunnel connection to terminate
  • Bugfix: function keys now work properly in "MultiExec" mode
  • Improvement: SSH-browser with SCP protocol now preserves files permissions after a direct file edition
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue with "Store password" window which could be activated twice with RDP session
  • Improvement: enhanced macros at sessions start: now macros can be executed simultaneously when you start multiple sessions
  • Bugfix: improved SSH tunnels closing function (in some rare cases, some tunnels could leave MobaXterm in a pending state after closing it)
  • Improvement: number of terminal lines when printing is limited to the last terminal lines in order to save the environment
  • Bugfix: suppressed an incorrect warning concerning host identification verification when SSHing through a gateway server (SSH jump host)
  • Improvement: MobaXterm start up speed has been slightly improved
  • Bugfix: fixed a maximize/restore issue on Windows 10 when multiple monitors are present and a specific taskbar is affected to each monitor
  • Bugfix: fixed a typo in the Home page on "Professional" word (thanks to Dewi for reporting it)

Version 9.0 (2016-05-04)

  • New feature: added support for the new "Ubuntu Bash on Windows" feature (introduced in latest Windows 10 builds). In "Shell" sessions, you can choose between native Bash, Cmd, Powershell and "Ubuntu bash"
  • New feature: added terminal activity tracking: icon of terminal tab is displayed with a blue dot if some activity is detected
  • New feature: added terminal modification tracking: title of inactive terminal tab is displayed using blue color if something occured in the terminal
  • New feature: added terminal disconnection tracking: title of inactive terminal tab is displayed using red color if session has been disconnected
  • New feature: added a new experimental setting in the "File" session type, which allows you to open any file/folder directly into MobaXterm tabbed interface
  • New feature: you can now specify a start up macro for SSH, Telnet, RSH, Mosh, Serial (COM) and Shell sessions
  • New feature: you can now specify pattern conditions in macros (wait for a pattern before following up with macro execution)
  • New feature: added new browser session setting which allows to emulate older IE versions, from IE7 to IE11
  • Improvement: you can now specify the COM port to use for serial connection at session start (useful if you use a USB/COM adapter which can be attached to random COM ports numbers)
  • Improvement: enhanced macro editor: you can now type some text directly into the macro editor instead of editing each keystroke
  • Improvement: you can now use the following variables in macros: $MobaDisplay and $MobaIP
  • Improvement: terminal syntax highlighting feature (a.k.a. keyword coloration) is no more tagged as "experimental"
  • Improvement: enhanced terminal speed when syntax highlighting is enabled: the terminal no longer suffer from slower speed when syntax highlighting is active
  • Improvement: added a new "Byobu" terminal type in sessions which is compatible with Byobu escape sequences (Ctrl+Fn and Shift+Fn keys)
  • Improvement: added "R" programming language in MobaTextEditor syntax list
  • Improvement: when you save terminal output to file, the file format you choose (RTF or TXT) is now saved
  • Improvement: added /dev/shm directory structure (especially useful in order to use Ansible on Windows with MobaXterm)
  • Improvement: added a new "Duplicate macro" feature for existing macros
  • Improvement: enhanced saving speed when dealing with huge terminal output
  • Improvement: added a new "Hide toolbar" button in detached windows
  • Improvement: added a refresh feature for local folders for FTP/SFTP sessions, by pressing "F5" key
  • Improvement: implemented 2 undocumented settings "AllowBlinking" and "CtrlAltIsAltGr" ( more info on )
  • Improvement: MobaXterm is now displayed on the proper taskbar with multiple monitors
  • Improvement: when saving huge terminal output, a prompt now allows you to choose whether to limit the number of lines to save
  • Improvement: added the iperf3 tool in the CygUtils plugin
  • Improvement: updated the "Default (OK/warning/error keywords)" terminal syntax highlighting with new patterns detection
  • Improvement: updated the "Unix shell script" terminal syntax highlighting with new patterns detection
  • Improvement: added new manual INI setting "AllowLegacyAlgos" under the "SSH" section (set to "0" by default), which allows to activate legacy protocols and keys for SSH client
  • Improvement: improved Ctrl+C and arrows handling in Dos and PowerShell sessions
  • Improvement: added basic keywords coloration (Ok/warning/error) as default global setting
  • Bugfix: TFTP server (embedded TFTP daemon) can now handle folders structure in order to upload/upload files
  • Bugfix: corrected typo in syntax highlighting: the keyword "successful" is now properly detected
  • Bugfix: added Windows path environment variable to RDP sessions for proper Smartcards authentication
  • Bugfix: the "SSH-browser" label in MobaXterm global settings was not displayed entirely
  • Bugfix: commandline SSH client was missing support for GSSAPI authentication in previous version
  • Bugfix: the /registry symlink was incorrect on some Windows systems
  • Bugfix: terminal scrollback was erased when telnet or rlogin sessions were reconnected
  • Bugfix: fixed libraries incompatibilities with the "findutils" package downloaded using "apt-get"
  • Bugfix: a "reconnection message" was displayed on CMD or POWERSHELL sessions types, even if the setting was unchecked
  • Bugfix: "Quick search" menu was displayed in the wrong place when sidebar was docked to the right
  • Bugfix: with Pro Edition, the separation line was shown even if it was unchecked in global settings
  • Bugfix: corrected a freeze issue in MultiExec mode, when connecting several SSH sessions to the same host and using Keyboard-interactive authentication
  • Bugfix: removed an error message when starting a beta version with Compact mode enabled
  • Bugfix: removed an error message when starting a Powershell session with a command and no home folder specified
  • Bugfix: fixed file access rights issues in HOME folder

Version 8.6 (2016-01-20)

  • New feature: added terminal syntax coloration in global and sessions settings
  • New feature: added experimental support for Z-modem transfers in MobaXterm terminal if you have the CygUtils plugin installed: you can now transfer files directly through the terminal by launching sz, rz, lsz or lrz on your remote host and choosing "Z-modem send" or "Z-modem receive" in terminal right-click menu
  • Bugfix: updated OpenSSH to version 7.1p2 in order to fix CVE-2016-0777 and CVE-2016-0778 bugs. Note that this fix is for manual SSH connections from local terminal commandline only: "normal" MobaXterm SSH sessions are not concerned by the OpenSSH CVE-2016-0777 and CVE-2016-0778 bugs
  • Bugfix: corrected the "search" feature which was not properly reset when closed
  • Improvement: added another check for master password in passwords management, when showing stored passwords
  • Bugfix: terminals in detached windows no longer loose focus when spawning SSH connections
  • New feature: added xrdb and setx11dpi tools: useful for retrieving/modifying Xserver settings, especially Xserver DPI value
  • Improvement: allowed log files to be written to UNC network paths
  • Improvement: added new available keyboard shortcuts combinations: WindowsLogo + F1-F12 and WindowsLogo + 0-9

Version 8.5 (2015-12-19)

  • Security fix: in previous releases, when opening a session with a configured SSH gateway (jump host), the gateway connection was bound to any local network adapters. This has been changed in current version by only binding SSH gateway connections to loopback network interface. Thanks to thomas (at) for reporting this issue.
  • New feature: added basic syntax coloration (right-click on the terminal and choose "Syntax highlighting" sub-menu). Currently 3 syntax types are available: keywords, shell script and Cisco (network configuration)
  • Improvement: added automatic detection and fix for buggy Cisco SSH servers which do not properly handle "Winadj" SSH message
  • Improvement: added automatic basic import feature for Exceed sessions (xs files)
  • Bugfix: some third-party software installed with "MobApt" package manager were unable to start properly
  • Bugfix: MobaXterm used to eat a huge amount of CPU while displaying the "reconnection" message and waiting for user input
  • Bugfix: when checking the "FlickerFree" setting in "Display" section, MobaXterm displays a prompt message before restarting the application
  • Bugfix: bookmarks from the top menu were not ordered and started properly in a border case related to using special characters in sessions
  • Bugfix: when saving terminal output to RTF file, text font in the RTF file is set to "Courier New" for proper fixed-width text rendering
  • Bugfix: some graphical corrections have been performed for proper High DPI display on 4K (HDPI) monitors.
  • Bugfix: fixed an "Assertion failed" error message when connecting to a SSH server with "KexAlgorithms" set to "diffie-hellman-group14-sha1"

Version 8.4 (2015-11-20)

  • New feature: added "SCP" protocol for the graphical SSH-browser: MobaXterm can now use SCP in order to browse your remote server content. This experimental feature can be activated from your SSH session settings.
  • Improvement: accelerated terminal display even in TrueColors mode
  • Improvement: with SCP protocol, SSH-browser does not open a new SSH connection anymore, but makes use of the existing terminal connection instead (SSH multiplexing)
  • Improvement: with SCP protocol, SSH-browser is not "connected" anymore and thus it stays alive as long as the terminal SSH connection is enabled
  • Improvement: greatly improved SSH-browser transfer speed when using the new SCP protocol
  • Improvement: if SSH-browser cannot connect using SFTP protocol, it will try SCP protocol instead
  • Improvement: renamed "SFTP browser" to "SSH-browser"
  • Improvement: added a "Flicker Free" setting for MobaXterm main window
  • Improvement: added color support to "less" and "git" commands
  • Improvement: improved detection of running sub-process when starting or stopping MobaXterm
  • Improvement: starting a session from a file now opens it in a new tab if an existing instance of MobaXterm already exists
  • Improvement: added "OpenIniFile" command which allows to directly open MobaXterm.ini file from local terminal
  • Improvement: you can now clear the screen AND the scrollback buffer by using the "Clear scrollback" right-click menu entry on any terminal
  • Improvement: using the "newtab" commandline switch now sets MobaXterm running instance to foreground
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential issue with open remote files through SSH when multiple instances of MobaXterm were opened and a file with same name is open on 2 different remote servers
  • Bugfix: fixed a vulnerability in "MoTTY" PuTTY-based terminal (CVE-2015-5309)
  • Bugfix: fixed the filter field in "MobApt" package manager which displays "Filter packages" instead of "Filter sessions"
  • Bugfix: fixed log file names which did not properly mention remote hostname in case a SSH gateway has been defined
  • Bugfix: fixed fullscreen mode on multi-monitors environment when 2nd monitor coordinates were negative
  • Bugfix: fixed bug on "paste" command which did not work properly with Windows files
  • Bugfix: fixed a bug with commandline SSH when default SSH username chosen in global settings contains special characters
  • Bugfix: fixed an issue in FTP sessions: when removing a folder, MobaXterm tried to perform a CWD in the removed folder after its deletion

Version 8.3 (2015-10-31)

  • Security fix: in previous releases, some remote users could spy on X11 connections when Access Control was turned off. This has been changed in current version by activating Access Control by default with an authorization prompt when a remote program requests local display connection (fixes CVE-2015-7244)
  • New feature: added full TrueColor (24 bit) support in MobaXterm terminal (can be tested using the "lscolors" command)
  • New feature: added a tooltip containing columns / rows values when resizing a terminal
  • Improvement: xterm-256color is now properly supported with a proper 256 colors palette
  • Improvement: when "User" field is left blank for SSH gateway, MobaXterm will use the default username configured in your global settings
  • Improvement: improved focus behaviour with RDP sessions: clicking on RDP session when another window overlaps it should raise MobaXterm
  • Improvement: VSO Downloader Ultimate Crack Activation Code a new option to leave audio at remote computer in RDP sessions
  • Improvement: pressing RETURN key while browsing sessions now starts the selected session
  • Improvement: you can now press RETURN key in the "store password" prompt in order to quickly accept
  • Improvement: added some more inline information and tooltips
  • Improvement: added sessions details in tooltips when hovering nodes in the main sessions tree
  • Improvement: disabled automatic completion for DLL libraries
  • Improvement: improved resize function in "MultiExec" mode
  • Improvement: MobaXterm now detects at startup if another different version of MobaXterm is running and shows a warning in this case
  • Bugfix: Alt+Tab now brings focus to MobaXterm even when a modal window is in foreground
  • Bugfix: in RDP sessions, the "Disconnect" button now performs a proper RDP disconnection instead of killing RDP session
  • Bugfix: paste shortcut was sent to the incorrect terminal when used in a detached form with another tabbed terminal active
  • Bugfix: with some specific folder priviledges, Mosh session did not start properly
  • Bugfix: some checkbox settings in RDP sessions were overlapped on high DPI monitors
  • Bugfix: added a workaround in order to avoid a warning message caused by an old install of "MIT Kerberos" application
  • Bugfix: ssh agent forwarding was not properly disabled when "Forward agents" was unchecked in global settings
  • Bugfix: bash completion (using tab key) for ssh commands deleted @ character

Version 8.2 (2015-09-12)

  • New feature: added a new "inline search" feature which allows you to highlight search terms directly into the terminal itself
  • New feature: added an internal SSH agent "MobAgent" which allows you to automatically load SSH keys at MobaXterm startup and to forward them
  • Improvement: the keyboard shortcut for "Paste inside terminal" can now be modified (default: Shift+INSERT). Remember that there is no shortcut for "COPY" as copying is performed automatically when you select some text.
  • Improvement: you can now scroll in Tmux using Shift+MouseWheel if you have the "set-window-option -g mode-mouse on" feature enabled in your ".tmux.conf" file
  • Improvement: enhanced compatibility with Emacs in terminal mode (better scrolling, better selection using shift+arrows, better home/end/arrows keys handling, better Ctrl+Alt shortcuts handling)
  • Improvement: added "Pageant" support for SSH tunnels and SSH gateways
  • Improvement: if you use a laptop and sometimes connect it to an external monitor, MobaXterm will automatically store 2 independant graphical configuration profiles (window position/size, sidebar visibility) for each configuration.
  • Improvement: you can now select terminals for writing in "MultiExec" mode
  • Improvement: you can now force terminal font antialiasing even if ClearType is disabled in your Windows configuration
  • Improvement: better URL detection for Ctrl+click on the terminal
  • Improvement: improved GSSAPI authentication for the SFTP browser
  • Improvement: added a new global setting which allows to disable SSH banner
  • Improvement: the terminal popup menu can be displayed using Ctrl+right-click or Shift+right-click when using right-click to paste
  • Improvement: enhanced compatibility with Byobu (Ctrl+function keys)
  • Improvement: telnet escape sequence was not handled correctly on German and French keyboards
  • Improvement: when using "-newtab" command with MobaXterm minimized, the application is properly restored
  • Improvement: you can now navigate in the SFTP browser using arrows, return and back keys
  • Improvement: added some more debugging information in log for failed SFTP connection attempts
  • Improvement: HOME and END keys now work properly in "less" command
  • Bugfix: main window size/position were not automatically saved after MobaXterm was closed with some particular Windows configuration
  • Bugfix: Sidebar visibility and "compact mode" were not automatically saved after MobaXterm was closed with some particular Windows configuration
  • Bugfix: corrected some issues when pasting to all terminals (in MultiExec mode): some terminals were not updated in some specific conditions
  • Bugfix: corrected a "freeze" issue when closing SSH tab with SFTP browser and "follow SSH path" checked, in some particular cases
  • Bugfix: corrected a "freeze" issue when resizing MobaXterm while a CMD or POWERSHELL session is running on Windows 10
  • Bugfix: corrected some issues with flashing taskbar or focus loss at terminal startup
  • Bugfix: disabled GSSAPI authentication attempt when it is unchecked in global settings
  • Bugfix: corrected the erroneous "closewhendone" mention in the documentation (the correct commandline parameter is "exitwhendone")
  • Bugfix: the "newtab" command was not starting a new tab properly for ssh commands
  • Bugfix: fixed "Decrease font size" menu entry which resized the terminal window instead of changing columns/rows number
  • Bugfix: you can now extend selection using Shift+left-click
  • Bugfix: HOME and END keys did not send correct key codes in some applications
  • Bugfix: Shift+Arrow keys did not work properly in some applications

Version 8.1 (2015-08-03)

  • Bugfix: corrected the SFTP browser which was not displayed if you used a private SSH key with no passphrase
  • Bugfix: advanced terminal settings were not accessible for telnet sessions
  • Bugfix: corrected an issue with Powershell and Cmd sessions when a startup folder was specified
  • Bugfix: the "duplicate tab" feature did not work in previous version
  • Bugfix: SSH keys in a shared folder with UNC path were not handled correctly
  • Bugfix: terminal resize was not handled correctly when asked by "screen", "tmux" or "reset" programs
  • Bugfix: corrected the SFTP browser which did not work with GSSAPI SSH connections
  • Bugfix: corrected an issue with "ascii" command which exited without displaying ascii table
  • Bugfix: removed some code which made some antivirus detect games executable as false-positive
  • Bugfix: the "-exec" feature was not working correctly with ssh commands in previous version
  • Improvement: improved the KeepAlive function by enabling/disabling the application-level keepalive feature AND the TCP keepalive feature simultaneously
  • Improvement: added some debugging information for MoTTY connections (right-click on the terminal and choose "Event log" to show it)
  • Improvement: popup windows for fatal connection errors are now printed to the terminal output
  • Improvement: display SSH banner before the remote server banner for better readibility
  • Improvement: replaced Ctrl+Insert shortcut by Ctrl+Shift+Insert for pasting in the terminal
  • Improvement: added Ctrl+0 shortcut for resetting fonts size to default
  • Improvement: added the Ctrl+Left_arrow / Ctrl+Right_arrow keyboard shortcuts for "forward-word" / "backward-word" in terminal
  • Improvement: increased startup speed especially if you have many sessions folders
  • Improvement: you can now save your SSH keys passphrases the same way as you save passwords if you activate the setting in "Manage passwords" window
  • Improvement: a middle-click on a SFTP browser item copies the item path to the SSH session
  • Improvement: added the VAGRANT_DETECTED_OS environment variable which allows Vagrant to work correctly inside MobaXterm
  • Improvement: if SFTP browser does not work because your remote server echoes some text, an explicit warning message is displayed in MobaXterm log file
  • Improvement: added a new script which allows to create MobaXterm sessions from a plain text list of servers: ""

Version 8.0 (2015-07-20)

  • New feature: MobaXterm is now able to create shared credentials for multiple sessions
  • Improvement: SSH, telnet, rlogin and serial sessions are now powered by a faster native Windows engine based on the efficient PuTTY tool by Simon Tatham
  • New feature: Added "MobaKeyGen": a graphical SSH keys generator based on the great "PuTTYgen" tool by Simon Tatham
  • Improvement: Default X server is now a native Windows port of Xorg with no wrapper (compiled using MinGW)
  • Improvement: The embedded terminal is now based on a plain PuTTY engine
  • Improvement: Re-organized session settings for better usability
  • Improvement: MobaXterm is now able to retrieve/store SSH password, even in "keyboard-interactive" mode
  • New feature: Dragging using Alt+drag performs a rectangular selection
  • New feature: Right-click menu now allows to reconfigure many options on the current terminal for the current running session
  • New feature: Added a "home page" at MobaXterm startup with recent sessions, a quick search bar and a button to start a new terminal. You can disable this home page from the global settings and choose to start a local terminal instead.
  • Improvement: New keyboard configurations icofx win 10 - Activators Patch SFTP browser now works in keyboard interactive mode
  • Improvement: Double-click selection in the terminal is now smarter when determining if a character is a separator or not
  • Improvement: Local Unix utilities based on Cygwin are now in a separate plugin file. If you only need basic MobaXterm features like SSH, X11, Rlogin, Telnet, Serial or RDP, you do not need this plugin
  • Improvement: MobaXterm startup speed has been improved
  • Improvement: Banner message is now adapted to the session you launched. For SSH sessions, it displays some useful information about X11-forwarding, DISPLAY, SFTP browser and compression features
  • Improvement: Added new proxy settings for SSH connections
  • Improvement: Added some new charsets for remote sessions
  • Improvement: Better SSH keys support (OpenSSH / PuTTY / types are seamlessly managed)
  • New feature: Added some cool puzzle games from Simon Tatham
  • New feature: You can now select a terminal size (number of rows/columns) and keep it while resizing MobaXterm by increasing/decreasing font size
  • Improvement: Added new SSH KEX algorithms for the SFTP browser (DH_GROUP_EXCHANGE256, RSA1024_SHA1, RSA2048_SHA256, GSS_GROUP_EXCHANGE, GSS_GROUP, GSS_GROUP_14)
  • New feature: Added uptime, shred, truncate, nl, link, free, factor, compress, count, paste, nc (netcat) and host tools (thanks to Toybox: )
  • Improvement: Log file name is now automatically based on the session protocol, remote host, username and date/time
  • New feature: You can now choose disable completely OpenGL rendering support in X11 server
  • Improvement: Updated Cygwin version to version 2.0.4 in CygUtils plugin
  • Bugfix: Corrected a bug with libopenssl, grep and bash update from apt-get
  • Bugfix: Prevented Windows taskbar from being raised with fullscreen VNC sessions
  • Improvement: Improved CMD sessions by using the "winpty" tool: Ctrl+C and TAB completion should work on any environment now
  • New feature: Added Powershell to the "Local terminal" session type (experimental)
  • New feature: Added TWM window manager as an option for X11 sessions
  • Improvement: Added a Paste button on the MultiExec top toolbar
  • New feature: Added a new tool entry in order to start a CMD window as admin
  • Improvement: Added an explanation message when sub processes fail to start because of a group policy
  • Bugfix: Corrected some issues when MobaXterm is installed in a Windows path containing unicode characters
  • Bugfix: Corrected an issue with tab integration of XDMCP sessions
  • Bugfix: Corrected an issue with tabs numbering when a VNC session was started but the remote host did not exist
  • Bugfix: Prevented Windows taskbar from being raised with fullscreen RDP sessions
  • Bugfix: Desktop shortcuts did not work on some Windows version because of truncated command line
  • Bugfix: fixed a bug with PuTTY sessions import at first start
  • Bugfix: Prevented MobaXterm slash directory from being set to the root of a drive or to a directory with other programs already present
  • Bugfix: Corrected some focus issues in RDP sessions

Version 7.7 (2015-03-31)

  • Bugfix: apt-get (MobApt) has been updated for compatibility with the new Cygwin checksums
  • Improvement: MobaXterm is now compatible with Windows 10 build 10041
  • Improvement: MobaXterm can now import PuTTY Connection Manager (PuttyCM) sessions
  • Improvement: MobaXterm now keeps folders structure when importing Mremote, PuTTY and SCRT sessions
  • Improvement: You can now choose between X11 server version 1.16.3 and 1.14.5 for better compatibility with your environment
  • Improvement: Recompiled Xorg version 1.16.3 with latest OpenGL libraries
  • Improvement: Selected a more compatible list of ciphers by default for SSH
  • Improvement: Added CP1251 (Cyrillic) codepage to terminal sessions
  • Bugfix: the "bc" command was not working correcly when launched from interactive shell in version 7.6
  • Bugfix: the "List running process" tool was not working when launched from the sidebar button
  • Bugfix: some users were shown an "Unknown+user" prompt instead of their standard username
  • Improvement: Protocols which have been disabled from the customizer are no longer available in interactive terminals
  • Bugfix: The main menu bar is now correctly repainted after maximizing the main window with a skin

Version 7.6 (2015-02-16)

  • Improvement: Updated "ssh-copy-id" tool in order to handle new SSH keys (ed25519)
  • Bugfix: SSH connections with a SSH gateway were not working correctly in v7.5
  • Bugfix: SSH user config files were not correctly handled in v7.5

Version 7.5 (2015-02-15)

  • Improvement: MobaXterm is now compatible with Windows 10 Technical Preview build 9926
  • Improvement: Upgraded OpenSSH to version 6.7 with new ed25519 (curve25519) SSH keys support
  • Improvement: MobaXterm is now compatible with 4K (Ultra-HD / High-DPI) monitors. Native HDPI mode has been added
  • Improvement: Added a new RDP setting in order to automatically adapt the remote desktop size to the current DPI size of the screen
  • Improvement: Increased font size for X server on 4K (UHD) screens
  • Improvement: You can now select the scaling factor of MobaXterm interface using the "-dpi" command line parameter
  • Improvement: Switched from Heimdal to MIT implementation of Kerberos for SSH
  • Bugfix: Terminal lines were truncated after minimizing MobaXterm terminal
  • Bugfix: TAB key was not correctly recorded in macros
  • Bugfix: SFTP sessions through a web or socks proxy did not work with some proxy configurations
  • Bugfix: In the SFTP browser, setting an empty file name is not allowed anymore
  • Bugfix: With some skins, the "Quick connect" button was not displayed correctly
  • Improvement: Added a tooltip with the full tab title when mouse hovers a tab with shrinked title
  • Improvement: Added a setting in the "Terminal" section for hiding terminal scrollbar
  • Improvement: Added a setting in the "Terminal" section for hiding the separation line between each command in local terminal
  • Bugfix: The "X11 compatible keyboard" setting is now applied without restarting MobaXterm
  • Bugfix: In compact mode, main window state (maximized or normal) is now correctly applied at MobaXterm startup
  • Improvement: It is now possible to leave the "remote user" field blank in order to use the default SSH user in MobaSSHTunnel
  • Improvement: Added new shortcuts for increasing/decreasing font sizes: Ctrl+Minus_Key and Ctrl+Plus_Key
  • Improvement: Added "Toggle scrollbar" option to the right-click menu on a terminal
  • Improvement: Added "Flip screen" option to the right-click menu on a terminal which allows toggling primary/alternate screens (useful when using VIM in order to display underlying shell output)
  • Improvement: Improved the "apt-get" feature (a.k.a. "MobApt") in order to allow downloads using default Windows internet connection settings
  • Improvement: Added beep (bell feature) to MobaXterm terminal as a new setting under the "Terminal section" in global configuration
  • Improvement: Added "beep" terminal command for use in shell scripts
  • Improvement: Updated X server to version 1.16.3 (enhanced OpenGL support)
  • Bugfix: X server sets a default keyboard layout when no keyboard has been automatically detected
  • Improvement: The "Auto-reconnect" button now allows SSH tunnels to reconnect even after a network failure
  • Bugfix: Using web browser sessions, on some websites, the return key was not handled correctly

Version 7.4 (2015-01-01)

  • Improvement: MobaXterm is now compatible with Windows 10 "Technical Preview"
  • Improvement: upgraded X server to version 1.16.2
  • Improvement: upgraded bash to version 4.1.17
  • Improvement: added a "Reconnect" button for SFTP (allows you to reconnect the SFTP browser in case of a network failure or a firewall disconnection)
  • Bugfix: when exiting "Compact mode" on professional edition, the "Unregistered" bar is not displayed anymore
  • Improvement: improved "Compact mode" (settings and menus improvements)
  • Improvement: improved scrolling in the left sidebar using mouse wheel, even when the focus is set to the terminal
  • Improvement: The main window title and the taskbar title are automatically changed to the active tab name
  • Improvement: MobaXterm can now import mRemoteNG sessions
  • Bugfix: corrected a bug in "Nimesweeper" (arrow keys were not working correctly)
  • Improvement: improved main window for high DPI monitors
  • Improvement: improved OpenGL support in X server
  • Improvement: added a new setting in VNC and RDP sessions in order to disable the settings bar
  • Improvement: Added a "ASCII" button in the SFTP browser in order to toggle ASCII/Binary mode for file transfers
  • Improvement: Added a new button in the SFTP browser in order to toggle show/hide hidden files
  • Bugfix: in some cases, the "Ctrl" key was incorrectly detected as pressed after using the "New tab" shortcut
  • Improvement: COM ports are detected automatically each time you go to the "Serial" session manager (not only at MobaXterm startup)
  • Improvement: MobApt is now able to force the installation of Cygwin tools
  • Bugfix: Corrected a recurrent issue with private SSH keys rights
  • Improvement: Added a graphical warning when the remote host identification has changed with a tool to reset the alarm
  • Improvement: Added keyboard interactive authentication type for SSH gateway
  • Bugfix: corrected a graphical bug in the graphical SSH tunnels tool: start buttons were not drawn correctly in skinned mode
  • Improvement: Added an automatic detection of any deleted file in the temp folder during execution
  • Improvement: Added the "showkey" tool
  • Improvement: Added the "killX" tool
  • Improvement: MobaTextEditor can now indent/unindent blocks with Tab/Shift+Tab
  • Improvement: Updated documentation with new features
  • Improvement: Added the "glxgears" and "glxinfo" tools for Xserver OpenGL tests
  • Improvement: Added a new "AutoReconnect" setting in MobaSSHTunnel which automatically reconnects SSH tunnels after a network failure
  • Improvement: Improved the way MobaXterm is started in order to avoid issues with sandboxes
  • Improvement: Added some warnings when using a non-persistent HOME directory and using ssh-keygen

Version 7.3 (2014-09-28)

  • Bugfix: updated bash to version 4.1.13 to fix "shellshock" vulnerability (CVE-2014-6271, CVE-2014-7169)
  • Improvement: added a "compact mode" in the "View" menu in order to save screen real estate
  • Bugfix: on German and French keyboards, the AltGr+] escape sequence was not working correctly
  • Bugfix: if Persistent Root folder has been set to a network share, a FAT16 or ExFAT filesystem, an error message was displayed at X server startup
  • Bugfix: on Windows 2000 and XP, MobaXterm logo background was not transparent
  • Bugfix: with persistent root folder, new customizations were sometimes not applied correctly
  • Improvement: the embedded browser now emulates the most recent engine available
  • Improvement: added a "tweet" button in the "About" window (please send a tweet about MobaXterm if you like it)
  • Improvement: added the "xauth" command for the embedded X server
  • Bugfix: MobaSwInfo now lists install software correctly on Windows 8/8.1 64 bit
  • Bugfix: Corrected the "Shift+Tab" shortcut in OpenSuse "Yast" installer
  • Improvement: improved the way symlinks are handled via SSH or SFTP
  • Bugfix: Corrected the Gnome session environment which did not start correctly through SSH when remote user had TCSH as default shell
  • Bugfix: fixed a potential indexing issue when deleting a SSH tunnel
  • Improvement: added a new telnet setting which prevents MobaXterm from closing when a telnet session is active
  • Bugfix: corrected resizing issues with RDP sessions
  • Improvement: added a new commandline setting in order to allow MobApt to work with local Cygwin repositories (e.g. MobApt -l /drives/c/MyCygwinRepository)
  • Bugfix: corrected an issue with tar and hardlink decompression
  • Improvement: added 2 more sections to the embedded documentation with detailed explanations about global settings and sessions settings
  • Improvement: added a lot of new questions/answers in the FaQ section

Version 7.2 (2014-08-04)

  • New feature: Added "MobApt", a new package manager based on the great "apt-cyg" tool, for automatic installation of Cygwin utilities through internet.
  • New feature: Added CRON service and "crontab" tool
  • New feature: You can now specify a persistent root folder ("/"). This is especially useful if you want to install packages using "MobApt" and you want to keep them across MobaXterm restarts.
  • New feature: You can now specify an INI file using the "-i" commandline parameter. You can use a local path (C:\some\place\MobaXterm.ini), a network share (\\MyServer\shared\MobaXterm.ini) or an URL (https://mywebserver/MyConfigFile.ini)
  • Improvement: Multi-selection is now enabled in sessions tree.
  • Bugfix: Reconnection message window height has been increased
  • Bugfix: the clipboard is no longer flushed when trying to find text in the terminal
  • Improvement: Added RDP gateway feature in RDP sessions
  • Improvement: Cygwin library has been updated to latest version (1.7.31)
  • Improvement: Default tab size has been increased for high-DPI monitors
  • Bugfix: Tab title was not correctly updated when connecting to SSH with the SFTP browser disabled
  • Improvement: Templatetoaster 7 crack free download - Free Activators variables are now available for folders selection (for logs folder, home directory, INI file folder. .): %CurrentFolder%, %CurrentDrive%, %UserDir%, %UserName%, %ComputerName%, %TempDir%, %DesktopDir%, %ProfileDir%.
  • Bugfix: SSH tunnels are now started one by one to prevent compatibility issues between tunnels
  • Improvement: Configuration settings have been sorted by categories
  • Improvement: FTP is now automatically reconnected after server disconnection or timeout
  • Improvement: You can now specify the persistent HOME (/home/mobaxterm) and SLASH (/) folder paths in MobaXterm customizer
  • Improvement: You can now specify the default text editor in MobaXterm customizer
  • Improvement: Updated busybox to version 1.22.1
  • Bugfix: the "pipe" key was not recorded into macros with French and German keyboards
  • Improvement: Tried to implement a workaround for the GbpSv rootkit which kills MobaXterm randomly on Brazilian computers
  • Improvement: Added the "sshpass" tool for ssh sessions automation
  • Improvement: Hitting "Esc" now closes dialog boxes
  • Improvement: SFTP browser now follows symbolic links
  • Bugfix: the "new folder", "new file" and "rename" dialog windows were sometimes hidden behind main MobaXterm window
  • Improvement: Telnet sessions can now be tunneled through SSH

Version 7.1 (2014-04-12)

  • Feature addition: Added a new (experimental) MOSH session type
  • Feature addition: Added a new (experimental) BROWSER session type
  • Security fix: Updated OpenSSL library to 1.0.1g (for "Heartbleed Bug" correction)
  • Improvement: Added a SSH setting in order to prevent "connection reset by peer" error with old SSH servers
  • Improvement: Added SOCKS/WEB proxy support in SSH tunnels
  • Improvement: It is now possible to hide the "Quick connect" bar when sidebar is disabled
  • Improvement: "SSH keepalive" setting has been disabled by default
  • Improvement: RDP connection resolution is no longer cropped in order to fit into the terminal
  • Bugfix: SSH using Kerberos authentication did not work correctly when SFTP browser was enabled
  • Bugfix: XDMCP sessions were sometimes not closed correctly
  • Bugfix: MobaTextEditor now remembers correctly its main window size and position
  • Bugfix: "grep" command was sometimes not working when invoked from a script after MobaXterm startup
  • Bugfix: sorting by dates in FTP sessions now works correctly
  • Improvement: SSH ECDSA keys are now correctly handled by MobaXterm
  • Bugfix: Dialog windows can no more be hidden behind MobaXterm main window
  • Bugfix: MobaXterm now handles correctly Windows usernames with SPACE characters
  • Bugfix: Files owners and groups are now correctly displayed in FTP sessions
  • Bugfix: In some particular environments, sessions were not correctly ordered in main menu
  • Bugfix: X server had troubles starting with some keyboard models
  • Bugfix: a problem with an increasing number of GDI handles has been fixed
  • Improvement: when sessions edition is disabled in the Customizer, PuTTY and SCRT sessions are not imported anymore
  • Bugfix: in some particular environments, an exception was raised when closing the last tab of MobaXterm
  • Improvement: sidebar has now a minimum width
  • Bugfix: in FTP sessions, hitting "Cancel" during a file transfer does not disconnect the FTP session anymore
  • Bugfix: Escape sequence for telnet should now be handled by MobaXterm
  • Improvement: MobaXterm font size is now adjusted automatically on high resolution monitors
  • Improvement: Each time MobaXterm configuration file is updated, a backup file is now created in the "MobaXterm" archive. This can be disabled in MobaXterm settings window.

Version 7.0 (2014-02-18)

  • Improvement: MobaXterm graphical interface has been reworked (removed useless widgets, re-organized functions) in order to make it cleaner and easier to use
  • Improvement: Chinese, Japanese and Korean keyboard are now fully managed using Input Method Editor (IME)
  • Feature addition: The left sidebar can now be automatically shown/hidden by overlapping terminal, without resizing it
  • Feature addition: A new "network scanner" tool allows you to search for computers in your network with listening services (can be disabled in PRO edition)
  • Feature addition: A new "ports scanner" tool allows you to scan a computer in order to list open ports (can be disabled in PRO edition)
  • Bugfix: Permission problems on SSH keys on Windows 8/8.1 have been fixed
  • Feature addition: You can now specify terminal colors in global settings or per session
  • Bugfix: Removed unwanted delay when changing from a tab to another one with an active SSH session and inactive SFTP
  • Improvement: Changed terminal default charset to UTF-8 for better compatibility (you can change back to ISO-8859-1 in order to restore old charset behavior)
  • Improvement: You can now specify a default login name for SSH sessions
  • Improvement: SFTP upload speed is now 8 times faster on recent OpenSSH servers
  • Feature addition: you can now specify a local folder for FTP and SFTP sessions
  • Improvement: Updated X server to version 1.14.5 (some small fixes, especially for copy/paste operations)
  • Bugfix: in SSH sessions, when a command was specified and the SFTP browser was enabled, it was not displayed
  • Feature addition: A new "Quick connect" bar has been added in order to launch your saved sessions easily
  • Bugfix: corrected a terminal problem on Windows 8.1 which resulted in a hidden cursor after resizing window
  • Improvement: FTP passwords can now be saved
  • Bugfix: Using FTP session, some files were incorrectly detected as "character devices" and thus were not editable
  • Bugfix: Using FTP or SFTP sessions, some files were incorrectly detected as DOS/UNIX/MAC format in MobaTextEditor
  • Improvement: After performing a "find" command in the terminal, the clipboard is now flushed
  • Bugfix: In some very particular cases, the master password was asked although no master password was set
  • Improvement: On the Windows 7 portable download - Activators Patch browser frame, the tooltip is now displayed after a short delay
  • Bugfix: When password saving function had been disabled in the customizer (PRO edition), SSH gateway was not working correctly
  • Improvement: COM ports are no longer tested at startup in order to increase startup speed
  • Feature addition: 3 new X server modes available: these modes allow you to launch a transparent X server with window borders from fvwm, or even the full fvwm desktop
  • Bugfix: The "follow SSH folder" feature did not work on old Solaris remote connections
  • Bugfix: On German keyboard, AltGr+A now works correctly
  • Improvement: Automatically set the correct charset for DOS commands (ipconfig, ping. .)
  • Improvement: Automatically set the correct charset for CMD sessions
  • Improvement: Changed default sessions name

Version 6.6 (2013-11-11)

  • Improved SFTP browser (increased performance, added new CTR cipher, automatic reconnection on session lost)
  • Improved RDP sessions by putting each RDP tab in a separate process
  • Added Pageant support (Settings --> Configuration --> SSH tab --> Use Pageant)
  • Added dynamic SSH tunnels (this allows you to easily run SOCKS proxy!)
  • When session logs are enabled, 2 files are now created: "<filename>.log" will contain everything that was typed into the terminal (including special characters and escape sequences) and "<filename>.txt" will contain only printable output
  • Improved SSH gateway connections (increased performances, added new CTR cipher, automatic reconnection on session lost)
  • Improved SSH tunnel connections (increased performances, added new CTR cipher, automatic reconnection on session lost)
  • Corrected some small RDP focus bugs (especially with RDP sessions contained in detached windows)
  • SFTP operations have been made asynchronous in order not to block other MobaXterm features when establishing SFTP connection, downloading file or changing directory
  • Improved MobaTextEditor sessions by putting each MobaTextEditor tab in a separate process
  • SFTP file dates are now displayed using local time and not GMT time
  • Added ASCII mode support for SFTP sessions
  • Corrected a bug: ssh-agent and ssh-pageant were not correctly restarted if MobaXterm process was killed before
  • Added keyboard interactive authentication for SFTP browser
  • Disabled "Follow SSH path" feature when SFTP browser is inactive
  • MobaXterm now preserves directory structure when importing Scrt sessions
  • Corrected a bug: when closing a tab with confirmation message disabled, in some cases the close button did not work at first time
  • Removed user name from MobaXterm temp directory so that firewall rules for X11 server could be set up easily (in order to allow X11 server, add program "%tempfolder%\MobaXterm%Version%\bin\XWin.exe" to the firewall whitelist)
  • Improved ergonomics of settings tabs
  • SFTP browser now displays useful hints when mouse cursor is over a remote file
  • Corrected a bug: when downloading files using the SFTP browser, empty directory were not downloaded
  • Auto-detect FVWM2 version (if you are using FVWM2 plugin, this version is automatically selected)
  • Added commandline parameter "-noX" for disabling X server at startup
  • Added "Connect as." right-click option on sessions
  • Modified default shortcuts for "Find" (Ctrl+Alt+F) and "Find next" (Ctrl+F3)
  • Updated documentation (New articles added in the FAQ section)
  • Added "disable tools" setting in the customizer
  • Added "disable macros" setting in the customizer
  • Added "force access control" setting in the customizer
  • Added macros import/export feature
  • Added names for SSH tunnels
  • Added new setting for X11 clipboard "disable copy-on-select": this setting prevents X11 clipboard from crashing when displaying some buggy applications
  • Added new menu entry "Take a screenshot"
  • Added new menu entry "View log file"
  • Added new RDP setting "enable/disable clipboard redirection"
  • Added private key setting for SFTP sessions
  • Several cosmetic bugs corrected
  • Added sorting feature for local browser in SFTP and FTP sessions
  • Added a new option for saving a session to a file. Double-clicking on this file on another computer will allow you to launch the session.
  • Added ASCII mode support for FTP sessions
  • Added proxy support for FTP sessions
  • Added FTPS support (FTP over SSL) for FTP sessions
  • Updated Nc and Connect tools in order to allow SSH connections over SOCKS/HTTP proxies
  • Added SOCKS/HTTP/Telnet proxy capabilities for SSH sessions (with SFTP browser!)

Version 6.5 (2013-07-25)

  • New (experimental) feature: SFTP browser can now follow SSH terminal PATH: when you perform a "cd /tmp" in your terminal, SFTP browser will list /tmp content
  • The buttons toolbar can now be customized
  • Added vertical tabs: you can show/hide them by right-clicking on the tab bar and choose "Show/hide vertical tabs"
  • Improved terminal speed by copying in TXT format by default (you can still copy with text formatting by using the terminal right-click menu)
  • Corrected a fullscreen problem when using 2 monitors
  • Added the "Ctrl+Shift+Tab" for reverse-cycling into tabs. As usual, this keyboard shortcut can be modified in the "Settings" window
  • Removed "minimize/minimize to tray" menu
  • Added more termcap definitions (vt100, vt200, xterm-256colors, etc.)
  • Corrected some RDP tab closing bugs with slow RDP servers
  • Implemented a more reliable network adapters detection
  • Added the "ifconfig" command
  • Fullscreen mode now displays the top toolbar for 2 seconds before closing it
  • Serial connections can now be made using either minicom or microcom
  • Telnet connecitons can now be made using either standard-telnet or busybox-telnet
  • Updated Xorg to version 1.14.2 (corrected a bug with keyboard input in recent Java graphical applications)
  • Corrected backspace key handling inside terminal when "Unix compatible keyboard" is unchecked
  • Improved startup speed and CPU consumption while MobaXterm is running
  • Added ssh private key connection mode for graphical tunnels
  • Added an option for selecting the local network adapter for SSH tunnels
  • Corrected a bug with XDMCP sessions not being started correctly at second launch

Version 6.3 (2013-05-09)

  • Added new master password feature (secure passwords saving with strong encryption) - PRO EDITION ONLY
  • Added an embedded NFS server
  • Added an embedded VNC server
  • Added a new option to set default text editor
  • Improved serial connections and added some more options by replacing the "microcom" serial client by "minicom"
  • MobaXterm speed has been increased by putting configuration (INI) file parsing in memory
  • Re-enabled aero "glass" effect in the title bar when using "No skin" mode
  • Added new skins
  • Increased SFTP browser speed by increasing default buffer size
  • Corrected a bug: buttons were not placed correctly in some forms with some graphic adapters
  • Added CDE as remote desktop for SSH sessions
  • Added "paste" command
  • Corrected a bug: tab size after detaching is now the same as it was before detaching
  • Corrected some typos in documentation
  • Corrected issues when using 2 SFTP browsers with same SSH gateway
  • Corrected a repainting problem with multi-desktops applications like VirtuaWin or Dexpot
  • Changed embedded telnet client for better compatibility
  • Added a way to launch macros at startup or to create desktop shortcuts for macros
  • Improved tabs controls
  • Added some inline help when mouse hovers components
  • Created a "reset master password" tool that can be downloaded in order to reset a master password
  • Default X11 font path has been set to take new fonts (from font plugins) into account
  • Sessions can now be named using special characters like []
  • Fixed persistent home directory detection when home directory has been set in the customizer
  • Enabled fullscreen and detached tabs transparency
  • Fixed OpenGL acceleration on computers which do not support HW OpenGL: you can uncheck the "HW OpenGL acceleration" from the "Settings" window in order to use safer SW OpenGL acceleration
  • Many minor improvements
  • Improved documentation

Version 6.2 (2013-02-25)

  • Added new advanced tabs with move, detach, pin, rename and scroll features (thanks to the great component TChromeTabs)
  • You can now launch MobaXterm sessions from a web page: this allows Sysadmins to publish shortcuts to pre-defined sessions (SSH, XDMCP, telnet, rlogin, SFTP, FTP. .) on the company intranet
  • Improved context-sensitive help by adding many tooltips, especially for SSH, RDP and X11 session settings
  • MobaXterm now remembers the last launched session and automatically selects it on startup
  • Added the "ttySxx" device name at microcom startup for easy file transfers using lrzsz
  • Reverted to the previous way of managing SSH passwords and passphrase: the popup asking for password is now only displayed if MobaXterm is started hidden, or if it is needed for the gateway SSH server
  • Added 2 new options for reconnecting or saving session after it stopped
  • Added the "balance" load balancer application
  • The "newtab" command can now take arguments in order to launch commands in the new tab
  • The SFTP browser is no longer launched when using scp, sftp or ssh with a non-interactive command
  • Added a button for importing PuTTY and SCRT sessions
  • Added a new tab menu entry for going fullscreen on the 2nd monitor
  • Corrected Ctrl+Shift+V shortcut for pasting into the terminal
  • Corrected some other keyboard shortcuts (especially Alt+character or Ctrl+character)
  • Corrected non-printable characters in some man pages
  • Corrected a bug: Ssh-agent was not working properly
  • Corrected a bug: rsync did not worked correctly with ssh client
  • Added a new right-click option in SFTP browser for opening files with the default associated program
  • Added new X11 fonts for very big and very small text
  • Added a "check for updates" option in the "About" window

Version 6.1 (2013-01-07)

  • Added new feature: it is now possible to launch a full remote desktop (Gnome, Kde, Lxde, Fvwm2, Openbox. .) through a SSH secure connection.
  • SSH password prompt is now asked in a popup window in order for SSH connections to work even if MobaXterm is started minimized
  • Added a new "Check for updates" menu entry
  • Added some speed improvements (at startup and during SSH/SFTP transfers) by optimizing program multi-threading
  • Added a simple SSH/SFTP server
  • Added a simple telnet server
  • You can now use PuTTY private keys (PPK files) in SSH sessions
  • Added automatic PuTTY connections importation at MobaXterm startup with automatic conversion of PuTTY private/public key files
  • You can now specify a SSH private key for SSH connection
  • You can now specify a SSH private key for boucing gateway authentication
  • Added GSSAPI (Kerberos5) authentication support (experimental)
  • Corrected passwords saving for connections when using SSH bouncing
  • Added a dropdown sessions list on the right of the sessions tab bar
  • Added a new keyboard shortcut for filtering sessions (Ctrl+S by default)
  • Added a short explanation of plugins creation in the documentation
  • Added a short tutorial in the documentation explaning how to launch MobaXterm from a BATCH script and use advanced command line parameters
  • Added network servers in the "tools" menu
  • Network servers can now be started from the terminal (for instance, you can type: "service ssh restart")
  • Added new options to the right-click menu of the terminal (Search in terminal, Save terminal output, print terminal output, set terminal title, fullscreen, start new macro)
  • Corrected macros hotkeys which did not work in MultiExec mode
  • Corrected a bug: renaming a session by left-clicking on it in the left sidebar now works correctly (new session name was not saved in version 6.0)
  • Added a timestamp to history commands
  • Increased minimum size for tabs
  • Corrected passwords retrieving from configuration file when using MobaXterm on another computer
  • Added new topics in the HowTo and the embedded documentation
  • Corrected a bug: macro recording did not work in MultiExec mode

Version 6.0 (2012-10-11)

  • Added a TFTP server (useful for connecting to network equipments such as routers)
  • Added a FTP server
  • Added a HTTP server with a simple directory browsing feature
  • Added macros support: you can now record a macro (all your keystrokes to the terminal are being saved) or play a saved macro. This can be used for interactive scripting, such as telnet/rlogin passwordless login and automation
  • Added a new search feature inside terminals
  • Fixed a problem with usernames that contain a "." character
  • Removed typespeed game that could cause some freezes
  • Fixed a problem at startup caused by wrong Windows version detection
  • Added a new option for setting terminal type string (vt100, vt220, vt900, xterm. .)
  • Added keyboard shortcuts for playing macros

Version 5.1 (2012-09-11)

  • Corrected serial connection issues with incorrect numbering of COM ports
  • Corrected fullscreen RDP issues with mouse cursor incorrect positions
  • Added quick access settings to the right-click menu on tabs
  • Bug correction: modal dialogs were sometimes disapearing behind Advanced systemcare review - Activators Patch main window
  • Corrected "Access violation" bug at MobaXterm startup
  • Corrected ssh-agent bug: when using a domain user, ssh-add was working on 1st tab but not on others
  • Added debug information for bug reports
  • Bug correction: pasting to multiple terminal at once using Ctrl+Shift+Insert
  • Bug correction: session type "local terminal" did not correctly remembered the shell type (bash or cmd)
  • It is now possible to launch sessions from command line again

Version 5.0 (2012-07-17)

  • Added a graphical port forwarding editor called "MobaSSHTunnel": this tool makes it easy for anyone to create SSH tunnels using a graphical tunnel builder
  • Added a quick search field on top of the save sessions list in order to quickly find a session using a short pattern
  • Added an option for enabling/disabling the SFTP browser
  • Added the FVWM2 window manager in the tools list and as an X11 parameter in the settings window
  • Added a new "MobaWMIRequest" commandline tool for executing WMI request and print output into MobaXterm (e.g. you can try to run the following command: MobaWMIRequest "SELECT * FROM Win32_BaseBoard")
  • Bug correction: when using the "TCPCapture" packet capture tool, priviledges are automatically detected and TCPCapture asks user for higher priviledges if necessary
  • The "Esc" key was incorrectly used for leaving fullscreen mode, even when another shortcut key was defined
  • With some screen configuration, MobaXterm default placement was not correctly centered
  • Improved settings window with a tabbed interface
  • Bug correction: When a modal dialog window was opened (Settings, or Session Settings), Windows did not display MobaXterm in the list of running apps (Alt-Tab)
  • Bug correction: Modal dialog boxes were sometimes disappearing under the main window
  • Added the "bc" command line calculator
  • The default for "multimonitors" option has been set to "checked" in order to avoid issues with X11 programs on 2nd monitor
  • The "Cursor type" label was invisible in the Settings section
  • Bug correction: an error message was sometimes displayed when closing the application
  • Improved the consolesaver performances on slow computers
  • Improved startup speed by loading sessions into memory before reading them from the INI file.
  • Added an option for enabling/disabling SSH "ServerAlive" setting (this setting is useful for keeping SSH connections persistent)
  • Added the ability to use SmartCards authentication with RDP client
  • Added an undocumented INI parameter for specifying the TEMP directory for MobaXterm files: "MobaTempDir" (into "Misc" section)
  • Added an undocumented commandline parameter for starting MobaXterm in a pre-defined directory: "-openfolder"
  • Updated OpenSSL to version 0.9.8x (security issues fixed)
  • Updated bash to version 4.1.10 (fixed some random STATUS_ACCESS_VIOLATION issues)
  • Improved embedded documentation and added a helpful F.A.Q. section
  • Added a new option in "Settings window", "Misc" which allows you to put a "Start MobaXterm here" entry to the right-click menu of folders inside Windows explorer
  • Added UTF-8 printing capabilities in the terminal: you can now configure your chaset to UTF-8 for printing non-English characters (e.g. Korean) and perform the "ls" command: it will show you the correct file names.
  • Added new options for enabling/disabling X11 extensions (advanced users only)
  • Added a new option for starting the X server in a container window. This can be useful for starting a full desktop in the X server (e.g. ssh myserver "gnome-session")
  • Added the "newtab" command for launching a new tab from within terminal
  • Added an new option for choosing the screen you want to run X11 server on
  • Added a new Ssh option "prompt for username" in order to act like PuTTY by default (prompt for login at ssh connection)
  • Improved rxvt/xterm keypad handling: now the keyboard numeric keys are handled correctly inside rxvt
  • Bug correction: MobaXterm startup was freezing on some configurations with huge number of users or groups
  • Bug corrected with RDP not saving passwords correctly
  • SSH connection to Ericsson RedBack Routers has been corrected
  • New syntax highlighting language in MobaTextEditor added: Cisco IOS
  • It is now possible to set the X11 display offset for opening X11 server on another display than :0

Version 4.5 (2012-05-02)

  • New feature added: you can now "detach" any MobaXterm tab to an independant window. This window can be "pinned" in order to stay always on top of all other windows or to be displayed in "real" fullscreen (without displaying the task bar or title bar)
  • Improved startup speed when using plugins: first time you start MobaXterm, a plugin index is created (file "MobaXterm.idx"). This speeds up MobaXterm plugins enumeration at startup
  • You can now open an X11 tab. This allows X11 windows to be displayed into a single MobaXterm tab instead of being displayed outside MobaXterm, thanks to the powerful DWM window manager. This is also a replacement for the old Openbox feature that had disapeared since v4.0
  • XDMCP sessions are now displayed into a MobaXterm tab: XDMCP windows are now managed as a standard MobaXterm tab. If you want to display your Xdmcp sessions outside MobaXterm, you can still "detach" the corresponding tab
  • New session settings for starting in normal tab, detached tab, maximized detached tab or fullscreen
  • RDP features have been added such as full NLA protocol compliance, an improved toolbar and a new fullscreen mode
  • Added tab title "hints" displayed when mouse goes over a tab whose name is truncated
  • Corrected a bug when switching to "no skin" mode: in some cases, the new skin setting was not correctly saved
  • Corrected a bug with the "chmod" and "chown" commands not setting file access permissions correctly. This also solves an old bug with "ls -al" not displaying the correct permissions on some filesystems.
  • Corrected a RDP focus bug
  • Added basic SSH command completion (based on known hosts and users list)
  • New setting for saving passwords to MobaXterm ini file and transfer previously saved passwords to the INI file (useful for transferring passwords from a computer to another)
  • Corrected bugs when connecting to switch and router equipments using SSH
  • Corrected a bug with terminal that did not render fonts correctly in some special cases and displayed only pink wide lines with nothing else written (this one was hard to find.)
  • Improved fonts detection and choice: now the default MobaXterm font is not unpacked anymore before use, it is mapped in memory
  • The X11 server now shows its DISPLAY as a small hint when you put the mouse cursor over the green "X" button
  • Corrected a "File access denied" message that was displayed at MobaXterm startup when MobaXterm was previously started with admin priviledges
  • Corrected a bug that occured at MobaXterm startup, when program was updated from a version older than v3.2
  • Terminal logging can now be configured per session
  • New keyboard shortcut for cycling through tabs (Ctrl+TAB by default)
  • New "Duplicate tab" option
  • Added a new command line option "-exec" for executing a command into MobaXterm bash shell (you can call for instance MobaXterm.exe -exec "date; sleep 1; echo 'This is a test'; echo 'Press any key to exit MobaXterm'; read i")
  • PRO EDITION ONLY: Added a new button for showing stored passwords
  • PRO EDITION ONLY: Added a new button for exporting stored passwords to a text file

Version 4.4 (2012-03-19)

  • Increased start up speed, especially when using an antivirus (start up duration 12s --> 5s on a 4 years old computer)
  • Added automatic RDP over SSH capabilities
  • Added automatic VNC over SSH capabilities
  • Added a new option for working with SSH gateway server (use an intermediate SSH server in order to reach the desired server)
  • Added an option for launching a remote command when starting an SSH session without exiting this session when the command finishes
  • RDP winzip crack mac - Activators Patch for dealing with NLA security protocol (for Windows 2008 server compatibility)
  • New RDP option "redirect audio"
  • Improved RDP automatic password saving that did not work with very slow connections
  • Improved RDP console connections detection on XP SP3 and higher (switched to the "ConnectToAdministerServer" RDP option instead of "ConnectToServerConsole")
  • Corrected a bug: when one changed the name of a tab and pressed ENTER, the tab name was effectively changed but the active terminal also interpreted the ENTER command
  • New commands: "ssh-copy-id" (copy your SSH public keys to remote servers for passwordless authentication) and "Rainbowizer"
  • MobaXterm is now fully compatible with Windows 8 Consumer Preview

Version 4.2 (2012-01-23)

  • Plugin libraries are now rebased on-the-fly in order to avoid some occasional errors inside bash
  • Focus issues with VNC and RDP have been fixed
  • New command added: "clearall" (Clears all screen but also the scrollback buffer)
  • Disabled the TTY allocation by default for SSH connections
  • Corrected a bug: when saving the output from a terminal in RTF format, the last lines were occasionally missing
  • When you double-click on a session bookmark, the keyboard focus is automatically set to the new terminal
  • SSH manpage has been corrected (the minus character was missing)
  • OpenSSL has been updated to version 0.9.8t (many vulnerabilities fixed)
  • MobaXterm log files can now be re-opened using the "more" command, but also inside MobaTextEditor

Version 4.0 (2011-12-15)

General modification:

  • New session type: VNC (connect to your remote Windows desktop directly from a MobaXterm tab)
  • New session type: RDP (Microsoft Terminal Services: allows you to access your remote Windows desktop directly from a MobaXterm tab)
  • New session type: FTP (File Transfer graphical client with a \"remote edit\" function)
  • New session type: SFTP (Secure File Transfer graphical client with a \"remote edit\" function)
  • New session type: Serial (COM) communication (Administer equipments such as switch/router directly from the MobaXterm terminal)
  • New session type: Local Shell (start a local shell with embedded Unix commands (\"bash\") or DOS (\"cmd\") directly in a MobaXterm terminal)
  • Sessions can now be created and managed easily from the new session sidebar
  • Several sessions can be started at MobaXterm startup or by right clicking on a session folder. This can be useful for restoring a complete environment with many open tabs
  • The main window, tabs and icons have been redesigned in order to look better and to be more ergonomic
  • You can now set different advanced terminal options for each single session you create (colors, fonts, charsets. .)
  • Added an option for closing all tabs except the current one
  • The X11 server (Xorg) has been updated to its latest version
  • A lot of X11 server options have been added in order to fine tune the Xorg server at MobaXterm startup (OpenGL support, drawing engine, keyboard type, clipboard integration. .)
  • A lot of XDMCP server options have been added in order to deal with every kind of remote OS (Solaris, HP-Ux, AIX, GNU/Linux. .)
  • You can now export/import your sessions or only some of your sessions to/from a file
  • MobaXterm documentation has been updated
  • MobaTextEditor can now start instantly for editing your remote files via SFTP or FTP.
  • Several instances of MobaXterm can now be launched simultaneously
  • MobaXterm is now fully compatible with Windows 8 Developer Preview

Unix Terminal Modifications:

  • The ForwardX11Trusted ssh option (SSH X11-forwarding) is now enabled by default: you do not have to specify manually the \"ssh -X\" or \"ssh -Y\" command in order to activate X11-forwarding in MobaXterm
  • The Compression ssh option is now enabled by default if the server supports it: you do not have to specify manually the \"ssh -C\" command anymore.
  • Added 5 network daemons: telnetd, ftpd, tftpd, httpd and dnsd. These daemons can be started using the \"service start\" command. Be careful: these daemons do not use any authentication at all and allow any user to connect anonymously.
  • After each command, a new indicator tells you if the previous command failed (x) or succeeded (v)
  • Prompt (PS1) has been updated in order to display the current date, time, folder, user and computer name with colors
  • Terminal locale is now autodetected from your Windows environment
  • The startup message has been cleaned in order to be more explicit. The DISPLAY variable now uses your IP address instead of your host name.

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