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[Fixed] AnyDVD is Unable to Crack All CSS Keys on This Disc

Home > DVD > Troubleshoot DVD > Fix AnyDVD Unable to Crack All CSS

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When you import a DVD from another region, like a region 2 DVD to the US drive, AnyDVD may give the following warning after scanning the disc: "AnyDVD is unable to crack all the CSS keys on this disc. ANY DVD will guess the correct CSS key but it is possible that one or more titles on this disc will not play correctly. You can check the ANY DVD CSS archive from the ANY DVD setting window. To avoid this message in the future you should set your drive region code to match the region of the disc."

Search the forums for 'AnyDVD is unable to crack all CSS keys' to see that it is singularly the most reported DVD issue & the problem is (almost) always related to DVD region code. Why does the issue happen and how to solve it? Keep reading.

AnyDVD not changing DVD region error

Why does the AnyDVD region code error happen?

As Dvd regions are stored on the drive firmware, AnyDVD can brute force it to make discs region-free. When the region of the drive is properly set, AnyDVD can retrieve the correct decryption keys, at least for the disc region that matches the drive region right away. AnyDVD then only has to brute force for the regions that don't match the drive. That has a higher success chance. An unset region forces AnyDVD to apply brute force decryption on all regions. Most times it does so OK, sometimes not. If this fails, this then results in the AnyDVD not changing DVD region warning you're seeing.

**Brute Force** is a process of submitting all possible combinations of a targeted password until the correct password is discovered. 

How to Fix AnyDVD Unable to Crack All CSS Issue?

1. As long as your PC DVD drive has the region code set, preferably to your "home" region, AnyDVD can decrypt DVDs from other regions. You need to exit AnyDVD completely, go into your Windows device manager, set the hardware drive region, and then restart AnyDVD.  

2. If you're working with Blu-ray discs, you need to tell AnyDVD what region the Blu-ray disc is from and it will work.

3. If you have another drive or computer, try it. Maybe it reveals the correct title key.

4. Set the PC DVD drive to a region that matches the disc. Then AnyDVD doesn't need to brute force guess/crack the DVD region code. But you can change the region of a DVD drive for up to 5 times only.

5. If after the above fixes, the AnyDVD region code issue still exists, you can also switch to another powerful DVD decrypter program.

Avoid AnyDVD Unable to Crack All CSS Error with Alternative You can try WinX DVD Ripper Platinum to decrypt, rip, and copy DVD.Easy & fast

WinX DVD Ripper Platinum - get rid of all AnyDVD changing region errors easily:

  • Automatically remove regions from 1-6 without the need to set the region of your DVD drive;
  • Decrypt DVD with CSS, UOPs, APS, Sony ARccOS, Disney X-project, & other copy preventions.
  • Convert DVD to MP4, H.264, MOV, AVI, WMV, etc. for mobiles, PC, Mac, TV, game console, etc.
  • 1:1 clone DVD to ISO image or VIDEO_TS folder; backup main/full title as a single MPEG file.
  • Rip a DVD within 5 minutes and deliver original video/audio quality.

Download WinX DVD Ripper Platinum for Windows to decrypt region code DVDs

Download WinX DVD Ripper for Mac to decrypt region code DVDs

Step 1. Insert the DVD that AnyDVD is unable to crack. Open WinX and click DVD Disc to load the DVD. It's updated decryption library will automatically remove any protections from the DVD, including region codes, CSS, RCE, bad sectors, etc.

Step 2. It will then auto pops up an Output Profile panel. There're a totally of 350+ presets ready for you.

Step 3. After that, click RUN and the AnyDVD alternative will start. After several minutes, you will get a region-free and protection-free video file.

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Disclaimer: Digiarty Software does not advocate ripping commercial DVDs for any illegal purpose. You're suggested to refer to the DVD copyright laws in your country before doing so.

Источник: https://www.winxdvd.com/troubleshoot-dvd/anydvd-unable-to-crack-all-css-fixed.htm

Disk Drill Data Recovery Software

Recover any type of deleted files in Windows including Office documents, messages, and media files quickly and easily. Disk Drill for Windows is free data recovery software that restores deleted files from an HDD, USB drive or any kind of disk-based storage media with just a few clicks.

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If you have lost or deleted important data from your device, this free data recovery software for Windows can get it back fast. Its intuitive user interface makes it easy to recover your lost files. Some of its features include:

Recover Data From a Variety of Devices

Using this data recovery software for Windows 11, 10, 8, 7, XP or Vista, you can recover deleted data from virtually any type of storage devices. The list of supported ones includes your computer’s internal hard disk, external USB drives, SD and CF cards, other memory cards, digital cameras, solid state drives (SSD), flash drives, etc.

PC / MacPC / Mac

PC / Mac

Dell®, HP®, Acer®, Asus®, MacBook Pro®, MacBook Air®, Apple iMac® and more

HDD / SSD

HDD / SSD

HP®, Samsung®, Seagate®, Toshiba®, WD®, LaCie®, Intel®, Adata® and more

USB Drive

USB Drive

SanDisk®, Samsung®, Kingston®, Corsair®, Patriot®, PNY®, Verbatim®, Silicon Power® and more

SD / CF Card

SD / CF Card

SanDisk®, Transcend®, Toshiba®, Lexar®, Integral®, SP®, PNY®, Kingston® and more

Digital Camera

Digital Camera

Samsung®, HP®, Sony®, GoPro®, Canon®, Sigma®, Nikon®, Epson®, Panasonic® and more

iPhone / Android (Mac ONLY)*

iPhone / Android (Mac ONLY)*

Samsung Galaxy®, iPhone®, Lenovo®, Huawei®, OnePlus®, Google Pixel®, LG® and more

* Note: iOS and Android data recovery of images, documents, archives and other deleted files from iPhones, iPads and Android devices are only supported in Disk Drill for Mac at the moment. This will become available in Disk Drill for Windows soon. Let us know if you are interested in helping us beta-test this feature.

Recover Any Type of File

This professional Windows data recovery solution can be used to restore any type of file that has been deleted or lost from your device. Disk Drill’s powerful and sophisticated scanning algorithms can identify and reconstruct hundreds of different kinds of file formats including all of the popular video, audio, photo and document formats.

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How Windows Data Recovery Works

Disk Drill provides free data recovery software for Windows 10 users as well as those using older versions of the operating system. It is an easy to use yet powerful tool that will assist both novice and experienced computer users in getting back lost files with just a few simple steps. Here’s what you need to do.

STEP 1

Download and Install Disk Drill Data Recovery Software for Windows

You can obtain Disk Drill with a free download. The software installs easily with just a click and you will have to provide it with your administrator’s credentials when prompted. The download entitles you to recover up to 500 MB of data for free as well as giving you permanent access to the extra data protection tools included with the application.

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STEP 2

Choose the location and recovery method which you need

Select the disk or device that contained lost data from the list displayed in the application’s main window. You can also choose to use a specific recovery method with the drop-down menu in the bottom right of the screen. The default is to use all recovery methods, but depending on the particular recovery situation, you can choose other options such as a partition search or a deep scan. Scanning the whole drive using all recovery methods offers the most complete results and will find more data than when employing a more limited scan.

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STEP 3

Start scanning for lost data

Once you have selected the location and recovery method, you are ready to begin the recovery process. Click the Search for lost data button to initiate the scanning algorithms and find your deleted files. The scanning step can take a variable amount of time based on the recovery method chosen, with deep scans taking longer but providing more extensive recovery capabilities.

How to Recover Files Deleted from Recycle Bin

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STEP 4

Select the files which you want to recover

As scanning proceeds, you will see a status bar showing its progress at the top of the app’s window as well as the number of files found and their total size. You can pause the scan at any time if you wish. For the best results let the scan complete, but if you are pressed for time you can pause it and see which files have already been identified.

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STEP 4.1

Use "filters" for faster search / select a specific file type

This Windows data recovery tool allows you to preview the files it has found before you commit to recovering them. Files identified by the tool are listed by file type in app windows to make it easy to locate them. Choose from Pictures, Video, Audio, Documents, Archives, and other files. Click on the appropriate window to see the files that have been found during the scanning process.

Photo Recovery Software to Recover Lost or Deleted Photos

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STEP 4.2

Search for files

You can search for files based or mane by using the search box at the top of the main window. Narrow down your search to *.jpg or *.doc files. You can also open the window containing the type of file you are attempting to recover to select those to be restored. Within each window you will see a list of found files as well as those that the scanning algorithms have reconstructed. Make your recovery selections by checking the box to the left of the file that you want to recover, or choose the Recover all button in the bottom left corner.

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STEP 4.3

Check Reconstruction section

If the files you expected to find are not listed under found files, open the Reconstructed and Reconstructed labeled sections of the scan results. Here you will find files that Disk Drill has reconstructed based on known file signatures but that do not have complete metadata available. You can preview the files to determine if they should be included in the recovery.

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STEP 5

Recover the deleted data

Once you have made your selections regarding which files are to be recovered, click the Recover button. You will be presented with a window that allows you to choose a recovery location for the data. Do not use the same disk that contained the lost files because this can cause file corruption or data to be overwritten during recovery. Click OK once you have selected your recovery location.

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Data Recovery Software for Any Data Loss Scenario

Disk Drill is a flexible data recovery tool that can help you recover from virtually any data loss scenario. Here are some of the issues that Disk Drill can address.

Accidentally Deleted Files

Accidentally Deleted Files

Files can easily be accidentally deleted. Recover all of your lost data quickly and easily with just a few clicks of this simple and reliable recovery software.

Empty Recycle Bin

Empty Recycle Bin

If you empty your Recycle Bin and realize that you have just lost important data, Disk Drill can recover the files you thought had been permanently deleted.

Crashed Hard Disk

Crashed Hard Disk

Connect a crashed hard disk to another computer and let the recovery software rescue the files and folders that had been saved on the storage device.

Formatted External Drive

Formatted External Drive

Formatting the wrong external drive by mistake can result in a large loss of data. Disk Drill can recover all of the lost files and folders from the formatted drive.

Virus Infections

Virus Infections

An infection with a virus or malware can hit you unexpectedly at any time. Use this versatile data recovery tool to restore files deleted by malicious software.

Lost Partition

Lost Partition

Losing a disk partition can result in a devastating loss of data. The powerful scanning algorithms of Disk Drill can recover all of your lost files and folders.

RAW File System

RAW File System

If you are faced with a file system that suddenly appears as RAW to your OS, let this recovery tool save your data so you can reformat the device for future use.

Corrupt Memory Cards

Corrupt Memory Cards

Memory card corruption can lead to the loss of many pictures and videos. Just connect the card to your computer and let Disk Drill recover your data.

Technical Specifications

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Operating Systems Supported:

Windows 11/10/8.1/8/7/Vista/XP
Windows Server 2022/2019/2016/2012/2008

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File Systems Supported:

FAT/FAT32/exFAT, NTFS, HFS & HFS+, APFS, EXT3/EXT4 and any RAW disk

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Hardware Requirements:

Disk Space: 30MB minimum space for Disk Drill Data Recovery installation
CPU: at least with x86
RAM: at least 128MB

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More Than Data Recovery - Premium Data Protection

A distinctive feature of Disk Drill is the free data protection tools intended to keep your important files safe. You can configure Recovery Vault to protect specific files and folders by retaining metadata for any accidental deletions. The Vault is essentially an extended Recycle Bin that does not require additional storage space on your hard disk and provides a one-click recovery method. Further data protection is provided by the ability to create byte-level backups which include deleted files and can be used for data recovery purposes.

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Estimating Data Recovery Chances

Not all data loss scenarios are equally serious. Some can be addressed with ease using just about any data recovery software, while others are impossible to solve even by well-equipped professionals.

🗑️ Recycle Bin

The Recycle Bin folder in Windows is a special temporary storage area for deleted files, and its purpose is to guarantee complete recoverability. As such, the recovery chances of any files found in the Recycle Bin are as high as they get.

❌ File deletion

In many cases, deleted files remain on the storage from which they were deleted long after their deletion, making it possible to recover them using data recovery software. The only exception is if they were deleted from a solid-state drive (SSD) with the TRIM feature enabled.

💽 Formatted partitions

Regular formatting is usually quick because it merely marks the partition as empty without actually deleting the files stored on it, which means that you can recover them using data recovery software. Of course, that’s not possible if you format a partition securely, overwriting its content at least one time with new data.

✂️ Data corruption

When files become corrupted, they may be impossible to open, but that doesn’t automatically make them impossible to recover. It all depends on the extent of the corruption and the nature of the corrupted file (it’s much easier to recover a corrupted image than a corrupted .exe file).

🦠 Malware infection

There are many nasty strains of malware that can make important files disappear or become impossible to open. Addressing malware-caused data loss is sometimes possible using the combination of anti-malware and data recovery software, but the success rate is impossible to estimate without having more information about the specific malware infection.

🛠️ Physical damage

It’s not possible to recover data from physically damaged storage devices that can’t be recognized by Windows without repairing the damage first, which is something that can rarely be done at home.

The latest version of Disk Drill can estimate recovery chances to give you a general idea of how likely can found files be successfully recovered. We recommend you use this feature to focus your attention on files whose recovery chances are high.

Choose the Best Data Recovery Software for Windows

It can be confusing to find the best free Windows data recovery tool from among the many competing products on the market. To help you make the right decision, we have put together this table of some of Disk Drill’s main competitors along with a comparison of their features. Choose the one that best suits your situation and start recovering lost data on your Windows computer in a matter of a few seconds.
Disk Drill data recovery software
Recuva
EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard

EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard

Recoverit Data Recovery
Stellar Data Recovery

User experience and price

Price

FAQs

FAT16 / FAT32

exFAT

Источник: https://www.cleverfiles.com/data-recovery-software.html

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Create machine catalogs

Note:

This article describes how to create catalogs using the Full Configuration interface. If you’re using Quick Deploy to create Azure resources, follow the guidance in Create catalogs using Quick Deploy.

Collections of physical or virtual machines are managed as a single entity called a machine catalog. All the machines in a catalog have the same type of operating system: multi-session OS or single-session OS. A catalog containing multi-session OS machines can contain either Windows or Linux machines, not both.

The Manage > Full Configuration interface guides you to create the first machine catalog. After you create the first catalog, you create the first delivery group. Later, you can change the catalog you created, and create more catalogs.

Overview

When you create a catalog of VMs, you specify how to provision those VMs. You can use Machine Creation Services (MCS). Or, you can use your own tools to provide machines.

  • If you use MCS to provision VMs, you provide an image (or snapshot) to create identical VMs in the catalog. Before you create the catalog, you first use hypervisor or cloud service tools to create and configure the image. This process includes installing a Virtual Delivery Agent (VDA) on the image. Then you create the machine catalog in the Manage > Full Configuration interface. You select that image (or a snapshot of an image), specify the number of VMs to create in the catalog, and configure additional information.
  • If your machines are already available (so you do not need images), you must still create one or more machine catalogs for those machines.

When using MCS to create the first catalog, you specify a host connection that you created previously. Later (after you create your first catalog and delivery group), you can change information about that connection or create more connections.

If a Cloud Connector is not operating properly, MCS provisioning operations (such as catalog updates) take much longer than usual, and the management interface’s performance degrades significantly.

Access images from Azure Shared Image Gallery

When selecting an image to use for creating a machine catalog, you can select images you created in the Azure Shared Image Gallery. These images appear in the list of images in the Master Image screen of the Machine Catalog Setup wizard.

For these images to appear, you must:

  1. Configure a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops site.
  2. Connect to the Azure Resource Manager.
  3. In the Azure portal, create a resource group. For details, see Create an Azure Shared Image Gallery using the portal.
  4. In the resource group, create a Shared Image Gallery.
  5. In the Shared Image Gallery, create an image definition.
  6. In the image definition, create an image version.

RDS license check

Creation of a machine catalog containing Windows multi-session OS machines includes an automatic check for valid Microsoft RDS licenses. The catalog is searched for a powered-on and registered machine to perform the check on.

  • If a powered-on and registered machine cannot be found, a warning is displayed, explaining that the RDS licensing check cannot be performed.
  • If a machine is found and an error is detected, Manage > Full Configuration displays a warning message for the catalog containing the detected issue. To remove an RDS license warning from a catalog (so that it no longer appears in the display), select the catalog. Select Remove RDS license warning. When prompted, confirm the action.

VDA registration

A VDA must be registered with a Cloud Connector to be considered when launching brokered sessions. Unregistered VDAs can result in underutilization of otherwise available resources. There are various reasons a VDA might not be registered, many of which you can troubleshoot. Troubleshooting information is provided in the catalog creation wizard, and after you add a catalog to a delivery group.

In the catalog creation wizard, after you add existing machines, the list of computer account names indicates whether each machine is suitable for adding to the catalog. Hover over the icon next to each machine to display an informative message about that machine.

If the message identifies a problematic machine, you can either remove that machine (using the Remove button), or add the machine. For example, if a message indicates that information cannot be obtained about a machine (perhaps because it had never registered), you might choose to add the machine anyway.

For more information about VDA registration troubleshooting, see CTX136668.

MCS catalog creation summary

Here’s a brief overview of default MCS actions after you provide information in the catalog creation wizard.

  • If you selected an image (rather than a snapshot), MCS creates a snapshot.
  • MCS creates a full copy of the snapshot and places the copy on each storage location defined in the host connection.
  • MCS adds the machines to Active Directory, which creates unique identities.
  • MCS creates the number of VMs specified in the wizard, with two disks defined for each VM. In addition to the two disks per VM, a master is also stored in the same storage location. If you have multiple storage locations defined, each gets the following disk types:
    • The full copy of the snapshot (noted above), which is read-only and shared across the just-created VMs.
    • A unique 16 MB identity disk that gives each VM a unique identity. Each VM gets an identity disk.
    • A unique difference disk to store writes made to the VM. This disk is thin provisioned (if supported by the host storage) and increases to the maximum size of the master image, if necessary. Each VM gets a difference disk. The difference disk holds changes made during sessions. It is permanent for dedicated desktops. For pooled desktops, it is deleted and a new one created after each restart.

Alternatively, when creating VMs to deliver static desktops, you can specify (on the Machines page of the catalog creation wizard) thick (full copy) VM clones. Full clones do not require retention of the master image on every data store. Each VM has its own file.

There are many factors when deciding on storage solutions, configurations, and capacities for MCS. The following information provides proper considerations for storage capacity:

Capacity considerations:

  • Disks

    The Delta or Differencing (Diff) Disks consume the largest amount of space in most MCS deployments for each VM. Each VM created by MCS is given at minimum 2 disks upon creation.

    • Disk0 = Diff Disk: contains the OS when copied from the Master Base Image.
    • Disk1 = Identity Disk: 16 MB - contains Active Directory data for each VM.

    As the product evolves, you might have to add more disks to satisfy certain use cases and feature consumption. For example:

    • MCS Storage Optimization creates a write cache style disk for each VM.
    • MCS added the ability to use full clones as opposed to the Delta disk scenario described in the previous section.

    Hypervisor features might also enter into the equation. For example:

    • Citrix Hypervisor IntelliCache creates a Read Disk on local storage for each Citrix Hypervisor. This option saves on IOPS against the image which might be held on the shared storage location.
  • Hypervisor overhead

    Different hypervisors utilize specific files that create overhead for VMs. Hypervisors also use storage for management and general logging operations. Calculate space to include overhead for:

    • Log files
    • Hypervisor specific files. For example:
      • VMware adds more files to the VM storage folder. See VMware Best Practices.
      • Calculate your total virtual machine size requirements. Consider a virtual machine containing 20 GB for the virtual disk, 16 GB for the swap file, and 100 MB for log files consuming 36.1 GB total.
    • Snapshots for XenServer; Snapshots for VMware.
  • Process overhead

    Creating a catalog, adding a machine, and updating a catalog have unique storage implications. For example:

    • Initial catalog creation requires a copy of the base disk to be copied to each storage location.
    • Adding a machine to a catalog does not require copying of the base disk to each storage location. Catalog creation varies based on the features selected.
    • Updating the catalog to create an extra base disk on each storage location. Catalog updates also experience a temporary storage peak where each VM in the catalog has 2 Diff disks for a certain amount of time.

More considerations:

  • RAM sizing: Affects the size of certain hypervisor files and disks, including I/O optimization disks, write cache, and snapshot files.
  • Thin / Thick provisioning: NFS storage is preferred due to the thin provisioning capabilities.

Machine Creation Services (MCS) storage optimization

The Machine Creation Services (MCS) storage optimization feature is also known as MCS I/O:

  • The write cache container is file-based, the same functionality found in Citrix Provisioning. For example, the Citrix Provisioning write cache file name is and the MCS I/O write cache file name is .
  • Achieve diagnostic improvements by including support for a Windows crash dump file written to the write cache disk.
  • MCS I/O retains the technology cache in RAM with overflow to hard disk to provide the most optimal multi-tier write cache solution. This functionality allows an administrator to balance between the cost in each tier, RAM and disk, and performance to meet the desired workload expectation.

Updating the write cache method from disk-based to file-based requires the following changes:

  1. MCS I/O no longer supports RAM only cache. Specify a disk size during machine catalog creation.
  2. The VM write cache disk is created and formatted automatically when booting a VM for the first time. Once the VM is up, the write cache file is written into the formatted volume .
  3. The pagefile is redirected to this formatted volume, . As a result, this disk size considers the total amount of disk space. It includes the delta between the disk size and the generated workload plus the pagefile size. This is typically associated with VM RAM size.

Enabling MCS storage optimization updates

When creating a machine catalog, the administrator can configure the RAM and disk size as follows:

Catalog disk settings

To enable the MCS I/O storage optimization feature, upgrade the Delivery Controller and the VDA to the latest version of Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops.

Note:

If you upgrade an existing deployment which has MCS I/O enabled, no additional configuration is required. The VDA and the Delivery Controller upgrade handle the MCS I/O upgrade.

With the MCS storage optimization feature enabled, you can do the following when creating a catalog:

  • Configure the size of the disk and RAM used for caching temporary data.

  • Select the storage type for the write-back cache disk. The following storage types are available to use for the write-back cache disk:

    • Premium SSD. Offers a high-performance, low-latency disk storage option suitable for VMs with I/O-intensive workloads.
    • Standard SSD. Offers a cost-effective storage option that is suitable for workloads that require consistent performance at lower IOPS levels. An Azure identity disk is always created using Standard SSD.
    • Standard HDD. Offers a reliable, low-cost disk storage option suitable for VMs that run latency-insensitive workloads.

    MCS configures premium and standard disks to use Locally Redundant Storage (LRS). LRS makes multiple synchronous copies of your disk data within a single data center. For details about Azure storage types and storage replication, see the following:

  • Use Use persistent write-back cache disk to control whether the write-back cache disk persists for the provisioned VMs in Azure and Google Cloud Platform (GCP). Alternatively, you can use PowerShell instead. For details, see Using PowerShell to create a catalog with persistent write-back cache disk.
    • Use persistent write-back cache disk. This option lets you control whether the write-back cache disk persists for the provisioned VMs. By default, persistent write-back cache disk is disabled, causing the disk to be deleted during power cycles and any data redirected to the disk to be lost. Enabling this option increases your storage costs. Enable Disk cache size (GB) to make this option available.
  • Use Retain system disk during power cycles to control whether to retain system disks for VDAs during power cycles.
    • Retain system disk during power cycles. By default, the system disk is deleted on shutdown and recreated on startup. This ensures that the disk is always in a clean state but results in longer VM restart times. If system writes are redirected to the RAM cache and overflow to the cache disk, the system disk remains unchanged. Enabling this option increases your storage costs but reduces VM restart times. Enable Disk cache size (GB) to make this option available.
    • Retain VMs across power cycles. Select this option to retain your VM customization and to enable the VMs to be started through the Azure portal. Enable Retain system disk during power cycles to make this option available.

Using PowerShell to create a catalog with persistent write-back cache disk

To configure a catalog with persistent write-back cache disk, use the PowerShell parameter .

Tip:

The PowerShell parameter should only be used for cloud-based hosting connections. If you want to provision machines using a persistent write-back cache disk for an on-premises solution (for example, Citrix Hypervisor) PowerShell is not needed because the disk persists automatically.

This parameter supports an extra property, , used to determine how the write-back cache disk persists for MCS provisioned machines. The property is only used when the parameter is specified, and when the parameter is set to indicate that a disk is created.

Note:

This behavior applies to both Azure and GCP where the default MCSIO write-back cache disk is deleted and re-created when power cycling. You can choose to persist the disk to avoid the deletion and recreation of MCSIO write-back cache disk.

Examples of properties found in the parameter before supporting include:

Note:

This example only applies to Azure. The properties will be different in GCP environment.

When using these properties, consider that they contain default values if the properties are omitted from the parameter. The property has two possible values: true or false.

Setting the property to true does not delete the write-back cache disk when the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops administrator shuts down the machine from the management interface.

Setting the property to false deletes the write-back cache disk when the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops administrator shuts down the machine from the management interface.

Note:

If the property is omitted, the property defaults to false and the write-back cache is deleted when the machine is shutdown from the management interface.

For example, using the parameter to set to true:

Important:

The property can only be set using the PowerShell cmdlet. Attempting to alter the of a provisioning scheme after creation has no impact on the machine catalog and the persistence of the write-back cache disk when a machine is shut down.

For example, set to use the write-back cache while setting the property to true:

Improve boot performance with MCSIO

You can improve boot performance for Azure managed disks when MCSIO is enabled. Use the PowerShell custom property in the command to configure this feature. Options associated with include:

To enable this feature, set the custom property to true. For example:

Prepare a master image on the hypervisor or cloud service

The master image contains the operating system, non-virtualized applications, VDA, and other software.

Good to know:

  • A master image might also be known as a clone image, golden image, base VM, or base image. Host vendors and cloud service providers may use different terms.
  • Ensure that the hypervisor or cloud service has enough processors, memory, and storage to accommodate the number of machines created.
  • Configure the correct amount of hard disk space needed for desktops and applications. That value cannot be changed later or in the machine catalog.
  • Remote PC Access machine catalogs do not use master images.
  • Microsoft KMS activation considerations when using MCS: If your deployment includes 7.x VDAs with a XenServer 6.1 or 6.2, vSphere, or Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager host, you do not need to manually rearm Microsoft Windows or Microsoft Office.

Install and configure the following software on the master image:

  • Integration tools for your hypervisor (such as Citrix VM Tools, Hyper-V Integration Services, or VMware tools). If you omit this step, applications and desktops might not function correctly.
  • A VDA. Citrix recommends installing the latest version to allow access to the newest features. Failure to install a VDA on the master image causes the catalog creation to fail.
  • Third-party tools as needed, such as antivirus software or electronic software distribution agents. Configure services with settings that are appropriate for users and the machine type (such as updating features).
  • Third-party applications that you are not virtualizing. Citrix recommends virtualizing applications. Virtualizing reduces costs by eliminating having to update the master image after adding or reconfiguring an application. Also, fewer installed applications reduce the size of the master image hard disks, which saves storage costs.
  • App-V clients with the recommended settings, if you plan to publish App-V applications. The App-V client is available from Microsoft.
  • When using MCS, if you localize Microsoft Windows, install the locales and language packs. During provisioning, when a snapshot is created, the provisioned VMs use the installed locales and language packs.

Important:

If you are using MCS, do not run Sysprep on master images.

To prepare a master image:

  1. Using your hypervisor’s management tool, create a master image and then install the operating system, plus all service packs and updates. Specify the number of vCPUs. You can also specify the vCPU value if you create the machine catalog using PowerShell. You cannot specify the number of vCPUs when creating a catalog from Manage > Full Configuration. Configure the amount of hard disk space needed for desktops and applications. That value cannot be changed later or in the catalog.
  2. Ensure that the hard disk is attached at device location 0. Most standard master image templates configure this location by default, but some custom templates might not.
  3. Install and configure the software listed above on the master image.
  4. If you are not using MCS, join the master image to the domain where applications and desktops are members. Ensure that the master image is available on the host where the machines are created. If you are using MCS, joining the master image to a domain is not required. The provisioned machines are joined to the domain specified in the catalog creation wizard.
  5. Citrix recommends that you create and name a snapshot of your master image so that it can be identified later. If you specify a master image rather than a snapshot when creating a catalog, the management interface creates a snapshot, but you cannot name it.

Start creating the catalog

Before creating a catalog:

  • Review this section to learn about the choices you make and information you supply.
  • Ensure that you have created a connection to the hypervisor, cloud service, other resource that hosts your machines.
  • If you have created a master image to provision machines, ensure that you have installed a VDA on that image.

To start the catalog creation wizard:

  1. Sign in to Citrix Cloud. In the upper left menu, select My Services > Virtual Apps and Desktops.
  2. Select Manage.
  3. If this is the first catalog being created, you are guided to the correct selection (such as “Set up the machines and create machine catalogs to run apps and desktops.”). The catalog creation wizard opens and walks you through the items described below.

If you already created a catalog and want to create another, from Manage > Full Configuration, select Machine Catalogs in the left pane. Then select Create Machine Catalog.

The wizard walks you through the pages described below. The pages you see may differ, depending on the selections you make, and the connection (to a host) you use. Hosts / virtualization resources lists information sources for the supported host types.

Operating system

Each catalog contains machines of only one type:

  • Multi-session OS: A multi-session OS catalog provides hosted shared desktops. The machines can be running supported versions of the Windows or Linux operating systems, but the catalog cannot contain both.
  • Single-session OS: A single-session OS catalog provides VDI desktops that you can assign to various different users.
  • Remote PC Access: A Remote PC Access catalog provides users with remote access to their physical office desktop machines. Remote PC Access does not require a VPN to provide security.

Machine management

This page does not appear when you are creating a Remote PC Access catalog.

The Machine Management page indicates how machines are managed and which tool you use to deploy machines.

Choose if machines in the catalog will be power managed through the Full Configuration interface.

  • Machines are power managed through the Full Configuration interface or provisioned through a cloud environment, for example, VMs or blade PCs. This option is available only if you already configured a connection to a hypervisor or cloud service.
  • Machines are not power managed through the Full Configuration interface, for example, physical machines.

If you indicated that machines are power managed through the Full Configuration interface or provisioned through a cloud environment, choose which tool to use to create VMs.

  • Citrix Machine Creation Services (MCS): Uses a master image to create and manage virtual machines. Machine catalogs in cloud environments use MCS. MCS is not available for physical machines.
  • Other: A tool that manages machines already in the data center. Citrix recommends that you use Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager or another third-party application to ensure that the machines in the catalog are consistent.

Desktop types (desktop experience)

This page appears only when you are creating a catalog containing single-session OS machines.

The Desktop Experience page determines what occurs each time a user logs on. Select one of:

  • Users connect to a new (random) desktop each time they log on.
  • Users connect to the same (static) desktop each time they log on.

Master image

This page appears only when you are using MCS to create VMs.

Select the connection to the host hypervisor or cloud service, and then select the snapshot or VM created earlier.

Note:

  • When you are using MCS, do not run Sysprep on master images.
  • If you specify a master image rather than a snapshot, the management interface creates a snapshot, but you cannot name it.

Do not change the default minimum VDA version selection. To enable use of the latest product features, ensure that the master image has the latest VDA version installed.

An error message appears if you select a snapshot or VM that is not compatible with the machine management technology you selected earlier in the wizard.

Cloud platform and service environments

When you are using a cloud service or platform to host VMs, the catalog creation wizard may contain extra pages specific to that host. For example, when using an Azure Resource Manager master image, the catalog creation wizard contains a Storage and License Types page.

For host-specific information, follow the appropriate link listed in Start creating the catalog.

Machines

This page does not appear when you are creating Remote PC Access catalogs.

The title of this page depends on what you selected on the Machine Management page: Machines, Virtual Machines, or VMs and users.

  • When using MCS to create machines:

    • Specify how many virtual machines to create.
    • Choose the amount of memory (in MB) each VM has.
    • Important: Each created VM has a hard disk. Its size is set in the master image; you cannot change the hard disk size in the catalog.
    • If you indicated on the Desktop Experience page that user changes to static desktops should be saved on a separate Personal vDisk, specify the virtual disk size in GB and the drive letter.
    • If your deployment uses more than one zone (resource location), you can select a zone for the catalog.
    • If you are creating static desktop VMs, select a virtual machine copy mode. See Virtual machine copy mode.
    • If you are creating random desktop VMs that do not use personal vDisks, you can configure a cache to be used for temporary data on each machine. See Configure cache for temporary data.
  • When using other tools to provide machines:

    Add (or import a list of) Active Directory machine account names. You can change the Active Directory account name for a VM after you add/import it. If you specified static machines on the Desktop Experience wizard page, you can optionally specify the Active Directory user name for each VM you add.

    After you add or import names, you can use the Remove button to delete names from the list, while you are still on this wizard page.

  • When using other tools (but not MCS):

    An icon and tooltip for each machine added (or imported) help identify machines that might not be eligible to add to the catalog, or be unable to register with a Cloud Connector.

Virtual machine copy mode

The copy mode you specify on the Machines page determines whether MCS creates thin (fast copy) or thick (full copy) clones from the master image. (Default = thin clones)

  • Use fast copy clones for more efficient storage use and faster machine creation.
  • Use full copy clones for better data recovery and migration support, with potentially reduced IOPS after the machines are created.

Configure cache for temporary data

Caching temporary data locally on the VM is optional. You can enable use of the temporary data cache on the machine when you use MCS to manage pooled (not dedicated) machines in a catalog. If the catalog uses a connection that specifies storage for temporary data, you can enable and configure the temporary data cache information when you create the catalog.

To enable the caching of temporary data, the VDA on each machine in the catalog must be minimum version 7.9. This feature is referred to as MCSIO.

Important:

This feature requires a current MCSIO driver. Installing this driver is an option when you install or upgrade a VDA. By default, that driver is not installed.

You specify whether temporary data uses shared or local storage when you create the connection that the catalog uses. For details, see Connections and resources. Enabling and configuring the temporary cache in the catalog includes two check boxes and values: Memory allocated to cache (MB) and Disk cache size (GB). By default, these check boxes are cleared. When you enable one or both check boxes, the default values differ according to the connection type. Generally, the default values are sufficient for most cases; however, take into account the space needed for:

  • Temporary data files created by Windows itself, including the Windows page file.
  • User profile data.
  • ShareFile data that is synced to users’ sessions.
  • Data that may be created or copied by a session user or any applications users may install inside the session.

If you enable the Disk cache size check box, temporary data is initially written to the memory cache. When the memory cache reaches its configured limit (the Memory allocated to cache value), the oldest data is moved to the temporary data cache disk.

Storage image

The memory cache is part of the total amount of memory on each machine; therefore, if you enable the Memory allocated to cache check box, consider increasing the total amount of memory on each machine.

If you clear the Memory allocated to cache check box and leave the Disk cache size check box enabled, temporary data is written directly to the cache disk, using a minimal amount of memory cache.

Changing the Disk cache size from its default value can affect performance. The size must match user requirements and the load placed on the machine.

Important:

If the disk cache runs out of space, the user’s session becomes unusable.

If you clear the Disk cache size check box, no cache disk is created. In this case, specify a Memory allocated to cache value that is large enough to hold all of the temporary data. This is feasible only if large amounts of RAM are available for allocation to each VM.

If you clear both check boxes, temporary data is not cached. It is written to the difference disk (located in the OS storage) for each VM. (This is the provisioning action in releases earlier than 7.9.)

Do not enable caching if you intend to use this catalog to create AppDisks.

You cannot change the cache values in a machine catalog after it is created.

Using CSV files to bulk add machines

If you use the Full Configuration management interface, you can bulk add machines by using CSV files. The feature is available to all catalogs except catalogs created through MCS.

A general workflow to use CSV files to bulk add machines is as follows:

  1. On the Machines page, select Add CSV File. The Add Machines in Bulk window appears.

  2. Select Download CSV Template.

  3. Fill out the template file.

  4. Drag or browse to the file to upload it.

  5. Select Validate to perform validation checks on your import.

  6. Select Import to complete.

For information about CSV file considerations, see Considerations when using CSV files to add machines.

NIC (NICs)

This page does not appear when you are creating Remote PC Access catalogs.

If you plan to use multiple NICs, associate a virtual network with each card. For example, you can assign one card to access a specific secure network, and another card to access a more commonly used network. You can also add or remove NICs from this page.

Machine accounts

This page appears only when creating Remote PC Access catalogs.

Specify the Active Directory machine accounts or Organizational Units (OUs) to add that correspond to users or user groups. Do not use a forward slash (/) in an OU name.

You can choose a previously configured power management connection or elect not to use power management. If you want to use power management but a suitable connection hasn’t been configured yet, you can create that connection later and then edit the machine catalog to update the power management settings.

You can also bulk add machines by using CSV files. A general workflow to do that is as follows:

  1. On the Machine Accounts page, select Add CSV File. The Add Machines in Bulk window appears.

  2. Select Download CSV Template.

  3. Fill out the template file.

  4. Drag or browse to the file to upload it.

  5. Select Validate to perform validation checks on your import.

  6. Select Import to complete.

For information about CSV file considerations, see Considerations when using CSV files to add machines.

Machine identities

This page appears only when using MCS to create VMs.

Each machine in the catalog must have a unique identity. This page lets you configure identities for machines in the catalog. The machines are joined to the identity after they are provisioned. You cannot change the identity type after you create the catalog.

A general workflow to configure settings on this page is as follows:

  1. Select an identity from the list.
  2. Indicate whether to create accounts or use existing ones, and the location (domain) for those accounts.

You can select one of the following options:

  • On-premises Active Directory. Machines owned by an organization and signed into with an Active Directory account that belongs to that organization. They exist on-premises.

  • Non-domain-joined. Machines not joined to any domain.

Important:

  • If you select On-premises Active Directory as the identity type, each machine in the catalog must have a corresponding Active Directory computer account.
  • The Non-domain-joined identity type requires version 1811 or later of the VDA as the minimum functional level for the catalog. To make it available, update the minimum functional level.

If you create accounts, you must have permission to create computer accounts in the OU where the machines reside.

  • Each machine in the catalog must have a unique computer name. Specify the account naming scheme for the machines you want to create. Use hash marks to indicate where sequential numbers or letters appear. Do not use a forward slash (/) in an OU name. A name cannot begin with numbers or blank spaces. For example, a naming scheme of PC-Sales-## (with 0-9 selected) results in computer accounts named PC-Sales-01, PC-Sales-02, PC-Sales-03, and so on.

If you use existing accounts, browse to the accounts or click Import and specify a .csv file containing account names. The imported file content must use the format:

  • [ADComputerAccount] ADcomputeraccountname.domain

Ensure that there are enough accounts for all the machines you are adding. The Full Configuration interface manages those accounts, so either allow that interface to reset the passwords for all the accounts or specify the account password, which must be the same for all accounts.

For catalogs containing physical or existing machines, select or import existing accounts and assign each machine to both an Active Directory computer account and to a user account.

Domain credentials

Select Enter credentials and enter user credentials with sufficient permissions to create machine accounts in Active Directory.

Tip:

The account you used to log into the Full Configuration interface is the same account you use to interact with Active Directory. When provisioning a new catalog, adding machines to a catalog, or removing a catalog and the machine names from Active Directory, a dialog appears requesting your Active Directory domain administrator credentials.

Workspace Environment Management (optional)

This page appears only when you use the Advanced or Premium edition of Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops service.

Select a Workspace Environment Management (WEM) configuration set to which you want to bind the catalog. A configuration set is a logical container used to organize a set of WEM configurations. Binding a catalog to a configuration set lets you use WEM to deliver the best possible workspace experience to your users.

Important:

  • Before you can bind a catalog to a configuration set, you must set up your WEM service deployment. Sign in to Citrix Cloud and then launch the WEM service. For more information, see Get started with Workspace Environment Management service.
  • If you already use WEM, the machines in the catalog that you are about to provision might already be present in a configuration set, for example, through Active Directory. In that case, we recommend that you use Active Directory consistently to perform the configuration and skip this configuration.

If the selected configuration set does not contain settings relating to the basic configuration of WEM, the following option appears:

  • Apply basic settings to configuration set. The option lets you quickly get started with WEM by applying basic settings to the configuration set. Basic settings include CPU spike protection, auto-preventing CPU spikes, and intelligent CPU optimization. To view the basic settings, click the here link. To modify them, use the WEM console.

Summary, name, and description

On the Summary page, review the settings you specified. Enter a name and description for the catalog. This information appears in the Full Configuration management interface.

When you’re done, select Finish to start the catalog creation.

More information

Where to go next

If this is the first catalog created, you are guided to create a delivery group.

To review the entire configuration process, see Plan and build a deployment.

The official version of this content is in English. Some of the Citrix documentation content is machine translated for your convenience only. Citrix has no control over machine-translated content, which may contain errors, inaccuracies or unsuitable language. No warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, is made as to the accuracy, reliability, suitability, or correctness of any translations made from the English original into any other language, or that your Citrix product or service conforms to any machine translated content, and any warranty provided under the applicable end user license agreement or terms of service, or any other agreement with Citrix, that the product or service conforms with any documentation shall not apply to the extent that such documentation has been machine translated. Citrix will not be held responsible for any damage or issues that may arise from using machine-translated content.

DIESER DIENST KANN ÜBERSETZUNGEN ENTHALTEN, DIE VON GOOGLE BEREITGESTELLT WERDEN. GOOGLE LEHNT JEDE AUSDRÜCKLICHE ODER STILLSCHWEIGENDE GEWÄHRLEISTUNG IN BEZUG AUF DIE ÜBERSETZUNGEN AB, EINSCHLIESSLICH JEGLICHER GEWÄHRLEISTUNG DER GENAUIGKEIT, ZUVERLÄSSIGKEIT UND JEGLICHER STILLSCHWEIGENDEN GEWÄHRLEISTUNG DER MARKTGÄNGIGKEIT, DER EIGNUNG FÜR EINEN BESTIMMTEN ZWECK UND DER NICHTVERLETZUNG VON RECHTEN DRITTER.

CE SERVICE PEUT CONTENIR DES TRADUCTIONS FOURNIES PAR GOOGLE. GOOGLE EXCLUT TOUTE GARANTIE RELATIVE AUX TRADUCTIONS, EXPRESSE OU IMPLICITE, Y COMPRIS TOUTE GARANTIE D'EXACTITUDE, DE FIABILITÉ ET TOUTE GARANTIE IMPLICITE DE QUALITÉ MARCHANDE, D'ADÉQUATION À UN USAGE PARTICULIER ET D'ABSENCE DE CONTREFAÇON.

ESTE SERVICIO PUEDE CONTENER TRADUCCIONES CON TECNOLOGÍA DE GOOGLE. GOOGLE RENUNCIA A TODAS LAS GARANTÍAS RELACIONADAS CON LAS TRADUCCIONES, TANTO IMPLÍCITAS COMO EXPLÍCITAS, INCLUIDAS LAS GARANTÍAS DE EXACTITUD, FIABILIDAD Y OTRAS GARANTÍAS IMPLÍCITAS DE COMERCIABILIDAD, IDONEIDAD PARA UN FIN EN PARTICULAR Y AUSENCIA DE INFRACCIÓN DE DERECHOS.

本服务可能包含由 Google 提供技术支持的翻译。Google 对这些翻译内容不做任何明示或暗示的保证,包括对准确性、可靠性的任何保证以及对适销性、特定用途的适用性和非侵权性的任何暗示保证。

このサービスには、Google が提供する翻訳が含まれている可能性があります。Google は翻訳について、明示的か黙示的かを問わず、精度と信頼性に関するあらゆる保証、および商品性、特定目的への適合性、第三者の権利を侵害しないことに関するあらゆる黙示的保証を含め、一切保証しません。

ESTE SERVIÇO PODE CONTER TRADUÇÕES FORNECIDAS PELO GOOGLE. O GOOGLE SE EXIME DE TODAS AS GARANTIAS RELACIONADAS COM AS TRADUÇÕES, EXPRESSAS OU IMPLÍCITAS, INCLUINDO QUALQUER GARANTIA DE PRECISÃO, CONFIABILIDADE E QUALQUER GARANTIA IMPLÍCITA DE COMERCIALIZAÇÃO, ADEQUAÇÃO A UM PROPÓSITO ESPECÍFICO E NÃO INFRAÇÃO.

Источник: https://docs.citrix.com/en-us/citrix-virtual-apps-desktops-service/install-configure/machine-catalogs-create.html

How to Copy a DVD to A Flash Drive/USB?

Watching DVD movies with family and friends at home in systems like a DVD player or computer is fun. It is very difficult to carry a DVD player if you are planning a vacation. While traveling if you carry your DVD discs it might be a chance that your DVD get lost or break. So the best way to carry your favorite movies in DVD is that copy DVD to USB drive. If you carry a USB flash drive with you then you can easily watch your favorite movie with your family on vacation. This article will introduce you a professional way on how to copy a DVD to a flash drive step by step.

Part 1. Why Need to Copy DVD to USB?

Transferring your data from DVD to USB is the best option for backup your favorite movies. This is one of the best ways to collect all your movies and videos in one device as compared to the large collection of disc. USB is the best device where you can store all your favorite data and you can easily bring with you while you traveling or going for vacations. If you have a huge collection of DVD disc then you can transfer all your data to the USB device. It is one of the convenient ways to back up your important data and movies.

You can easily bring the USB device with you while you are away from home. Most of the times people are away from their house and they don't have their data or favorite movies. And most of the videos are stored in DVD disc which they cannot carry with them while they are away from their home. So the best and ideal choice is to copy whole data from DVD to USB device.

Part 2. Copy DVD to Flash Drive Directly

The USB flash drive is a very convenient way to store all the important information. This driver comes in very compact size so the user can easily transfer their important files from one computer to another. The users can easily carry these drives in key chains, bags and every year their storage capacity is getting grown day by day. These USB flash drives are the best way to transport data from place to place, and keep data ready in hand.

You can copy DVD to USB directly via your computer with several simple steps.

Step 1. First insert the DVD you want to copy from into your PC, prepare your DVD as ISO files or DVD Folder so that they can be copy-and-paste easily.

Step 2. Plug your USB in the same computer and make sure it can be recognized by your PC, if not, connect the USB by a USB drive. Your USB should have enough space to copy all your DVD content.

Step 3. Open your DVD and select all files in your disc, or choose the ISO file or DVD Folder directly, then simply right click and choose Copy from the options. Next, move to your USB disk and Paste what you have copied.

However, there are still many problems of copying DVD to USB directly. Firstly, it's easy to lose data during your copy-and-paste process. While copying a data from DVD to USB Flash drive, there are many cases that you don't get full data, because of the corrupted files. Sometimes, during the process of the copy, there is a chance that your PC gets shut off or you accidentally click on the cancel icon, it can lead to the data loss situation. Secondly, you cannot copy the protected DVDs successfully, those DVDs are password protected and can't be accessed by the third party. Other unknown problems may also cause your DVD to USB direct copy failed.

Part 3. Copy DVD to USB Flash Drive With the 3rd-party DVD Copy Software

Due to the problems of losing data and copyright protection, copying DVD to USB via your PC may be the easiest way but not the best way to make a DVD to USB copy. The most recommended way of how to copy a DVD to a flash drive and USB is copy it via the professional 3-rd party. Wondershare DVD Creator is such an all-in-one tool we'll discuss in the following part to help you copy DVD to USB in an easy and safe way.

Wondershare DVD Creator box

Wondershare DVD Creator

  • · Copy DVD to USB Flash drive easy and safe within several steps.
  • · Supported different formats including DVD/DVD Folder/ISO files and DVD-5/DVD-9 output type.
  • · Copy DVD by removing unlike parts, adding subtitle, choosing audio, and others with real-time preview.
  • · DVD copy modes including Full Movie, Main Movie with menu, Main Movie without menu, and Custom Mode.
  • · Additional functions like Burn Data Disc, ISO to DVD, One-click to Burn DVD/Blu-ray disc, Video Editor, Convert DVD to video, etc.
  • · Supported OS: Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista/2003, Mac OS 10.14 (Mojave), 10.13(High Sierra), 10.12, 10.11, 10.10, 10.9, 10.8, 10.7, 10.6.

Free DownloadFree Download

With Wondershare DVD creator, you can burn images and videos at very fast speed compared to other software. This software burns the video in 150 different formats and supports the all popular disc types. It's also the best and ideal choice for DVD copying and provides you the best experience of copy the DVD to USB bootable devices.

Video Tutorial on How to Copy DVD to Flash Drive or USB with Wondershare DVD Creator

Steps of How to Copy DVD to USB Flash Drive with Wondershare DVD Creator:

Step 1 Launch the DVD to USB Software

After download and install Wondershare DVD Creator on your PC, launch it and click the More DVD Tools button right-bottom of the interface to open a new interface.

Choose more tools

Choose DVD to DVD option from all the listed functions of Wondershare DVD Creator on the interface.

Choose DVD to DVD option

Step 2 Select DVD to USB Flash Drive Settings

Insert the DVD you want to copy from into your computer and choose it as Source DVD. Then plug in your USB to the computer and choose it as the Target device, the copied DVD will save as ISO files and DVD Folder as your needs.

Select source and target DVD

Next, choose the Output type, Copy mode, and Disc label for your DVD to USB flash drive. You can choose different copy modes from Full Movie, Main Movie (with menu), Main Movie (without menu), and Custom Mode to make customization. You're allowed to choose audio, edit subtitle, remove unlike part, and preview the content real-time by clicking the More Information button under the custom copy mode.

Set DVD settings

Step 3 Start Copying DVD to Another DVD

After you have prepared all your contents and settings OK, just click the Start button to start copying your DVD to USB Flash drive within a few minutes.

Start copying DVD to DVD

After the copying process has been finished, your movies or videos in your DVD will be saved in the USB flash. So you can bring your USB everywhere you like and play it in any playable device. Compared to copy DVD to USB Flash drive directly, Wondershare give a safer and quick way without losing data. We also advise you that do not copy copyright protected DVDs for commercial purpose, which is usually illegal in many countries, or you should read the Copyright Law in your country first.

Free DownloadFree Download

Источник: https://dvdcreator.wondershare.com/dvd-tips/copy-dvd-to-flash-drive.html

You Don’t Really Own the Digital Movies You Buy

As the entertainment industry shifts its distribution strategy to let people buy or rent movies closer to—or simultaneously with—their release in theaters, you may find yourself amassing a larger digital library than you’ve had in the past. But when you buy a movie from a digital service like Amazon Prime Video or Vudu, does it really belong to you? What if you buy a song on iTunes or download one to your phone from Spotify? Are these files yours forever? If you cancel the service or, as unlikely as it may seem, one of these huge companies goes out of business, what then?

The answer is a little complex, but the short version is, no, you don’t actually own the digital media files that you purchase. This doesn’t mean you’re imminently at risk of losing every digital movie and TV show you’ve ever bought at the whim of a megacorp, but it is possible. Here’s what you need to know.

What it means to “own” digital content

What do we mean, exactly, when we talk about owning something digital? Everybody knows—or hopefully everybody knows—that it doesn’t mean you can turn around and sell that digital item to someone else, broadcast it, or otherwise distribute it en masse. You don’t need to dig far into any terms-of-service agreement to find such actions expressly forbidden.

For this discussion, to own a digital file is to be able to watch or listen to that content anytime you want, with no further payments, in perpetuity—or at least as long as you can get a device to convert that ancient 4K video file into something that your brand-new holodeck on your space yacht can read.

By that definition, well, you still don’t own anything. Not really. What you’re purchasing in most cases is a license to watch that video or listen to that song. Effectively that license is good for as long as it really matters. I mean, let’s be honest: If an 8K sensurround remaster of The Lord of the Rings comes out in 2030, are you going to care about the 1080p version you bought on Vudu?

Let's take a look at the FandangoNow/Vudu terms of service, which are fairly typical. I’ve bolded the important parts.

When you order or view Content and pay any applicable fees, you will be granted a non-exclusive, non-transferable, non-commercial, limited license to access, use and/or view the Content in accordance with any usage rights contained herein and additional terms that may be provided with your devices and/or with such Content (“Usage Rights”).

Pretty standard stuff. You can watch the item as often as you want, but the terms specify that you can’t “sell, rent, lease, distribute, publicly perform or display, broadcast, sublicense or otherwise assign any right to the Content to any third party.” You probably already know this: Just because you purchased and downloaded a movie doesn’t mean you can burn it to a DVD and sell the DVD—among other reasons, because you would have to crack the digital rights management on the file, which is also expressly forbidden. Digital rights management, or DRM, allows a company to restrict what you can do with a digital file, such as preventing copying or permitting you to watch it only a certain number of times.

In the FandangoNow/Vudu terms of service, there is one additional section worth looking at, under “Viewing Periods”:

Fandango's authority to provide Content to you is subject to restrictions imposed by the movie studios and other distributors and providers that make Content available to Fandango (“Content Providers”). These Content Providers may designate periods of time when Fandango is prohibited from renting, selling, enabling downloading and/or streaming certain Content to you, including Fandango/Vudu Purchased Content, and you agree that these limitations can limit your Content access.

The “including Fandango/Vudu Purchased Content” part is the big one. What this means is that if Disney, for example, decides it doesn’t want to allow Vudu to sell its movies anymore, the company can have Vudu turn off Disney movies. Unlikely as that may be, theoretically the service could block access to movies you’ve already purchased—as the terms state, “[Y]our ability to stream or download Content may terminate if our licenses terminate, change or expire.”

Here’s how Amazon says the same thing. Again, the bold emphasis is mine:

“Availability of Purchased Digital Content. Purchased Digital Content will generally continue to be available to you for download or streaming from the Service, as applicable, but may become unavailable due to potential content provider licensing restrictions or for other reasons, and Amazon will not be liable to you if Purchased Digital Content becomes unavailable for further download or streaming.

A case about this is working its way through California courts.

And here is Google’s version, for media content sold through its Play store:

Content that you purchase or install will be available to you through Google Play for the period selected by you, in the case of a purchase for a rental period, and in other cases as long as Google has the right to make such Content available to you. In certain cases (for example if Google loses the relevant rights, a service or Content is discontinued, there are critical security issues, or there are breaches of applicable terms or the law), Google may remove from your Device or cease providing you with access to certain Content that you have purchased. For Content sold by Google LLC, you may be given notice of any such removal or cessation, when possible. If you are not able to download a copy of the Content before such removal or cessation, Google may offer you either (a) a replacement of the Content if possible or (b) a full or partial refund of the price of the Content. If Google issues you a refund, the refund shall be your sole remedy.

Interestingly, Google says that it may offer you a refund if it deletes your content without asking.

How likely is any of this to happen? Not very, which we’ll discuss in a moment.

Here’s what you definitely don’t own

There is some media content that you are absolutely, flat-out renting. On the music side, Spotify is a good example. If you cancel your subscription, you no longer have access to any files you’ve downloaded to your phone. Your subscription lets you lease these files, with no option to buy. The music industry loves this arrangement, by the way, as you’re continually paying to listen to the same songs, albeit a fraction of a penny each time. I’ve singled out Spotify, but all streaming music services are like this—in contrast to download services such as iTunes or Amazon Music (see below).

Streaming video, obviously, is another category in which you don’t own anything, even if you download content to watch on your mobile device or computer. For example, if you cancel your Netflix service, anything you’ve downloaded gets locked out, just as with Spotify. The same with Disney+’s Premier Access. Even though you’re paying a price that’s closer to a purchase fee (usually $30), it’s still more like a rental that’s accessible only as long as you keep your Disney+ subscription.

Going one step further, if you go to a different country, even if you’re just on vacation, you might get locked out of content you could watch in your original country. A VPN might help with that by geoshifting your location; then again, it might not.

So what does this all really mean?

It’s unlikely that any corporation would willingly nuke the presumed assets of millions of customers, despite how much these companies might love for you to buy all your movies yet again. The backlash would be substantial, and the resulting lawsuits would likely take years and millions of dollars to resolve. Corporations, for the most part, would be reluctant to alienate and anger such a huge customer base.

That’s not to say it couldn’t happen. Just take the squabbles between Roku and Warner, or Roku and Google, as two of many examples in which consumers are forced to deal with the fallout between bickering companies.

A more likely scenario is that a media company goes out of business. In this case the most probable course is that some other corporation buys up the digital-media portion of the business and carries over your right to watch the content you bought. This already happened with Vudu, which was owned by Walmart for over a decade and is now owned by Fandango Media, a corporation itself owned by NBCUniversal and WarnerMedia … which are owned by Comcast and AT&T, respectively.

But if you’re still worried about losing access to your purchased content, the solution is to go physical. It’s a lot harder for companies to stop you from watching a physical disc, though that has been tried in the past. Although digital rights management is built into Blu-ray and DVD players and receives periodic updates via the web, if you don’t connect the player to the web, it should be able to continue playing any compatible disc format. Some discs even come with a code that unlocks a digital copy, which is certainly convenient—though as we’ve discussed, you can’t expect those copies to last forever (most discs even have a date by which you need to activate the code).

Audio is even easier. Shocking as it may seem, you can still buy CDs. Rip them to a hard drive, and you have digital copies for as long as your hard drive lasts (and presumably, the CD will last even longer). Alternatively, you can buy and download DRM-free music and convert it to whatever file format you like or trust. iTunes and Amazon Music files are DRM-free, as are the downloads from many smaller music sites, many of which offer even higher-quality audio files. For older music downloads that have DRM, you can typically convert them to a DRM-free format such as FLAC or WAV.

So, no, you don’t own your digital files, and theoretically you could at some point be prevented from watching or listening to them. In reality, your digital collection is probably safe for the foreseeable future—but if the very idea of a company locking you out of your movies and music makes you angry, we suggest embracing physical media such as 4K Blu-rays and CDs, which will likely survive any digital-media apocalypse.

Источник: https://www.nytimes.com/wirecutter/blog/you-dont-own-your-digital-movies/

Data recovery

Process of salvaging inaccessible data from corrupted or damaged secondary storage

In computing, data recovery is a process of salvaging inaccessible, lost, corrupted, damaged or formatted data from secondary storage, removable media or files, when the data stored in them cannot be accessed in a usual way. The data is most often salvaged from storage media such as internal or external hard disk drives (HDDs), solid-state drives (SSDs), USB flash drives, magnetic tapes, CDs, DVDs, RAID subsystems, and other electronic devices. Recovery may be required due to physical damage to the storage devices or logical damage to the file system that prevents it from being mounted by the host operating system (OS).

About[edit]

The most common data recovery scenarios involve an operating system failure, malfunction of a storage device, logical failure of storage devices, accidental damage or deletion, etc. (typically, on a single-drive, single-partition, single-OS system), in which case the ultimate goal is simply to copy all important files from the damaged media to another new drive. This can be accomplished using a Live CD or DVD by booting directly from a ROM instead of the corrupted drive in question. Many Live CDs or DVDs provide a means to mount the system drive and backup drives or removable media, and to move the files from the system drive to the backup media with a file manager or optical disc authoring software. Such cases can often be mitigated by disk partitioning and consistently storing valuable data files (or copies of them) on a different partition from the replaceable OS system files.

Another scenario involves a drive-level failure, such as a compromised file system or drive partition, or a hard disk drive failure. In any of these cases, the data is not easily read from the media devices. Depending on the situation, solutions involve repairing the logical file system, partition table or master boot record, or updating the firmware or drive recovery techniques ranging from software-based recovery of corrupted data, hardware- and software-based recovery of damaged service areas (also known as the hard disk drive's "firmware"), to hardware replacement on a physically damaged drive which allows for extraction of data to a new drive. If a drive recovery is necessary, the drive itself has typically failed permanently, and the focus is rather on a one-time recovery, salvaging whatever data can be read.

In a third scenario, files have been accidentally "deleted" from a storage medium by the users. Typically, the contents of deleted files are not removed immediately from the physical drive; instead, references to them in the directory structure are removed, and thereafter space the deleted data occupy is made available for later data overwriting. In the mind of end users, deleted files cannot be discoverable through a standard file manager, but the deleted data still technically exists on the physical drive. In the meantime, the original file contents remain, often in a number of disconnected fragments, and may be recoverable if not overwritten by other data files.

The term "data recovery" is also used in the context of forensic applications or espionage, where data which have been encrypted or hidden, rather than damaged, are recovered. Sometimes data present in the computer gets encrypted or hidden due to reasons like virus attack which can only be recovered by some computer forensic experts.

Physical damage[edit]

See also: Data recovery hardware

A wide variety of failures can cause physical damage to storage media, which may result from human errors and natural disasters. CD-ROMs can have their metallic substrate or dye layer scratched off; hard disks can suffer from a multitude of mechanical failures, such as head crashes, PCB failure and failed motors; tapes can simply break.

Physical damage to a hard drive, even in cases where a head crash has occurred, does not necessarily mean there will be permanent loss of data. The techniques employed by many professional data recovery companies can typically salvage most, if not all, of the data that had been lost when the failure occurred.

Of course there are exceptions to this, such as cases where severe damage to the hard drive platters may have occurred. However, if the hard drive can be repaired and a full image or clone created, then the logical file structure can be rebuilt in most instances.

Most physical damage cannot be repaired by end users. For example, opening a hard disk drive in a normal environment can allow airborne dust to settle on the platter and become caught between the platter and the read/write head. During normal operation, read/write heads float 3 to 6 nanometers above the platter surface, and the average dust particles found in a normal environment are typically around 30,000 nanometers in diameter.[1] When these dust particles get caught between the read/write heads and the platter, they can cause new head crashes that further damage the platter and thus compromise the recovery process. Furthermore, end users generally do not have the hardware or technical expertise required to make these repairs. Consequently, data recovery companies are often employed to salvage important data with the more reputable ones using class 100 dust- and static-free cleanrooms.[2]

Recovery techniques[edit]

Recovering data from physically damaged hardware can involve multiple techniques. Some damage can be repaired by replacing parts in the hard disk. This alone may make the disk usable, but there may still be logical damage. A specialized disk-imaging procedure is used to recover every readable bit from the surface. Once this image is acquired and saved on a reliable medium, the image can be safely analyzed for logical damage and will possibly allow much of the original file system to be reconstructed.

Hardware repair[edit]

Media that has suffered a catastrophic electronic failure requires data recovery in order to salvage its contents.

A common misconception is that a damaged printed circuit board (PCB) may be simply replaced during recovery procedures by an identical PCB from a healthy drive. While this may work in rare circumstances on hard disk drives manufactured before 2003, it will not work on newer drives. Electronics boards of modern drives usually contain drive-specific adaptation data (generally a map of bad sectors and tuning parameters) and other information required to properly access data on the drive. Replacement boards often need this information to effectively recover all of the data. The replacement board may need to be reprogrammed. Some manufacturers (Seagate, for example) store this information on a serial EEPROM chip, which can be removed and transferred to the replacement board.[3][4]

Each hard disk drive has what is called a system area or service area; this portion of the drive, which is not directly accessible to the end user, usually contains drive's firmware and adaptive data that helps the drive operate within normal parameters.[5] One function of the system area is to log defective sectors within the drive; essentially telling the drive where it can and cannot write data.

The sector lists are also stored on various chips attached to the PCB, and they are unique to each hard disk drive. If the data on the PCB do not match what is stored on the platter, then the drive will not calibrate properly.[6] In most cases the drive heads will click because they are unable to find the data matching what is stored on the PCB.

Logical damage[edit]

See also: List of data recovery software

Result of a failed data recovery from a hard disk drive.

The term "logical damage" refers to situations in which the error is not a problem in the hardware and requires software-level solutions.

Corrupt partitions and file systems, media errors[edit]

In some cases, data on a hard disk drive can be unreadable due to damage to the partition table or file system, or to (intermittent) media errors. In the majority of these cases, at least a portion of the original data can be recovered by repairing the damaged partition table or file system using specialized data recovery software such as Testdisk; software like dd rescue can image media despite intermittent errors, and image raw data when there is partition table or file system damage. This type of data recovery can be performed by people without expertise in drive hardware as it requires no special physical equipment or access to platters.

Sometimes data can be recovered using relatively simple methods and tools;[7] more serious cases can require expert intervention, particularly if parts of files are irrecoverable. Data carving is the recovery of parts of damaged files using knowledge of their structure.

Overwritten data[edit]

See also: Data erasure

After data has been physically overwritten on a hard disk drive, it is generally assumed that the previous data are no longer possible to recover. In 1996, Peter Gutmann, a computer scientist, presented a paper that suggested overwritten data could be recovered through the use of magnetic force microscopy.[8] In 2001, he presented another paper on a similar topic.[9] To guard against this type of data recovery, Gutmann and Colin Plumb designed a method of irreversibly scrubbing data, known as the Gutmann method and used by several disk-scrubbing software packages.

Substantial criticism has followed, primarily dealing with the lack of any concrete examples of significant amounts of overwritten data being recovered.[10] Although Gutmann's theory may be correct, there is no practical evidence that overwritten data can be recovered, while research has shown to support that overwritten data cannot be recovered.[specify][11][12][13]

Solid-state drives (SSD) overwrite data differently from hard disk drives (HDD) which makes at least some of their data easier to recover. Most SSDs use flash memory to store data in pages and blocks, referenced by logical block addresses (LBA) which are managed by the flash translation layer (FTL). When the FTL modifies a sector it writes the new data to another location and updates the map so the new data appear at the target LBA. This leaves the pre-modification data in place, with possibly many generations, and recoverable by data recovery software.

Lost, deleted, and formatted data[edit]

Sometimes, data present in the physical drives (Internal/External Hard disk, Pen Drive, etc.) gets lost, deleted and formatted due to circumstances like virus attack, accidental deletion or accidental use of SHIFT+DELETE. In these cases, data recovery software are used to recover/restore the data files.

Logical bad sector[edit]

In the list of logical failures of hard disks, a logical bad sector is the most common fault leading data not to be readable. Sometimes it is possible to sidestep error detection even in software, and perhaps with repeated reading and statistical analysis recover at least some of the underlying stored data. Sometimes prior knowledge of the data stored and the error detection and correction codes can be used to recover even erroneous data. However, if the underlying physical drive is degraded badly enough, at least the hardware surrounding the data must be replaced, or it might even be necessary to apply laboratory techniques to the physical recording medium. Each of the approaches is progressively more expensive, and as such progressively more rarely sought.

Eventually, if the final, physical storage medium has indeed been disturbed badly enough, recovery will not be possible using any means; the information has irreversibly been lost.

Remote data recovery[edit]

Recovery experts do not always need to have physical access to the damaged hardware. When the lost data can be recovered by software techniques, they can often perform the recovery using remote access software over the Internet, LAN or other connection to the physical location of the damaged media. The process is essentially no different from what the end user could perform by themselves.[14]

Remote recovery requires a stable connection with an adequate bandwidth. However, it is not applicable where access to the hardware is required, as in cases of physical damage.

Four phases of data recovery[edit]

Usually, there are four phases when it comes to successful data recovery, though that can vary depending on the type of data corruption and recovery required.[15]

Phase 1
Repair the hard disk drive
The hard drive is repaired in order to get it running in some form, or at least in a state suitable for reading the data from it. For example, if heads are bad they need to be changed; if the PCB is faulty then it needs to be fixed or replaced; if the spindle motor is bad the platters and heads should be moved to a new drive.
Phase 2
Image the drive to a new drive or a disk image file
When a hard disk drive fails, the importance of getting the data off the drive is the top priority. The longer a faulty drive is used, the more likely further data loss is to occur. Creating an image of the drive will ensure that there is a secondary copy of the data on another device, on which it is safe to perform testing and recovery procedures without harming the source.
Phase 3
Logical recovery of files, partition, MBR and filesystem structures
After the drive has been cloned to a new drive, it is suitable to attempt the retrieval of lost data. If the drive has failed logically, there are a number of reasons for that. Using the clone it may be possible to repair the partition table or master boot record (MBR) in order to read the file system's data structure and retrieve stored data.
Phase 4
Repair damaged files that were retrieved
Data damage can be caused when, for example, a file is written to a sector on the drive that has been damaged. This is the most common cause in a failing drive, meaning that data needs to be reconstructed to become readable. Corrupted documents can be recovered by several software methods or by manually reconstructing the document using a hex editor.

Restore disk[edit]

The Windows operating system can be reinstalled on a computer that is already licensed for it. The reinstallation can be done by downloading the operating system or by using a "restore disk" provided by the computer manufacturer. Eric Lundgren was fined and sentenced to U.S. federal prison in April 2018 for producing 28,000 restore disks and intending to distribute them for about 25 cents each as a convenience to computer repair shops.[16]

List of data recovery software[edit]

Bootable[edit]

See also: List of live CDs § Rescue and repair live CDs

Data recovery cannot always be done on a running system. As a result, a boot disk, live CD, live USB, or any other type of live distro contains a minimal operating system.

  • BartPE: a lightweight variant of Microsoft Windows XP or Windows Server 2003 32-bit operating systems, similar to a Windows Preinstallation Environment, which can be run from a live CD or live USB drive. Discontinued.
  • Finnix: a Debian-based Live CD with a focus on being small and fast, useful for computer and data rescue
  • Disk Drill Basic: capable of creating bootable Mac OS X USB drives for data recovery
  • Knoppix: contains utilities for data recovery under Linux
  • SpinRite: a FreeDOS-based data recovery tool for hard disks and magnetic storage devices
  • SystemRescueCD: an Arch Linux based live CD, useful for repairing unbootable computer systems and retrieving data after a system crash
  • Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE): A customizable Windows Boot DVD (made by Microsoft and distributed for free). Can be modified to boot to any of the programs listed.

Consistency checkers[edit]

  • CHKDSK: a consistency checker for DOS and Windows systems
  • Disk First Aid: a consistency checker for Mac OS 9
  • Disk Utility: a consistency checker for Mac OS X
  • fsck: a consistency checker for UNIX
  • gparted: a GUI for GNU parted, the GNU partition editor, capable of calling fsck

File recovery[edit]

Forensics[edit]

See also: Computer forensics

Imaging tools[edit]

Main article: List of disk cloning software

See also: Disk image

  • Clonezilla: a free disk cloning, disk imaging, data recovery, and deployment boot disk
  • ddrescue: an open-source tool similar to dd but with the ability to skip over and subsequently retry bad blocks on failing storage devices
  • dd: common byte-to-byte cloning tool found on Unix-like systems
  • Team Win Recovery Project: a free and open-source recovery system for Android devices

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^https://acsdata.com/data-recovery-3tb-seagate-hard-drive/#Hard_Drive_Flying_HeightArchived 13 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^Vasconcelos, Pedro. "DIY data recovery could mean "bye-bye"". The Ontrack Data Recovery Blog. Ontrack Data Recovery. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  3. ^"Hard Drive Circuit Board Replacement Guide or How To Swap HDD PCB". donordrives.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  4. ^"Firmware Adaptation Service - ROM Swap". pcb4you.com. Archived from the original on 29 March 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  5. ^Ariel Berkman (14 February 2013). "Hiding Data in Hard Drive's Service Areas"(PDF). recover.co.il. Archived from the original(PDF) on 26 February 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  6. ^"Data Recovery Report - Read Before Choosing A Data Recovery Company". 16 April 2013. Archived from the original on 16 April 2013.
  7. ^Data Recovery SoftwareArchived 17 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^Secure Deletion of Data from Magnetic and Solid-State MemoryArchived 9 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Peter Gutmann, Department of Computer Science, University of Auckland
  9. ^Data Remanence in Semiconductor DevicesArchived 21 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Peter Gutmann, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
  10. ^Feenberg, Daniel (14 May 2004). "Can Intelligence Agencies Read Overwritten Data? A response to Gutmann". National Bureau of Economic Research. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
  11. ^"Disk Wiping – One Pass is Enough". anti-forensics.com. 17 March 2009. Archived from the original on 2 September 2012.
  12. ^"Disk Wiping – One Pass is Enough – Part 2 (this time with screenshots)". anti-forensics.com. 18 March 2009. Archived from the original on 27 November 2012.
  13. ^Wright, Dr. Craig (15 January 2009). "Overwriting Hard Drive Data". Archived from the original on 23 May 2010.
  14. ^Barton, Andre (17 December 2012). "Data Recovery Over the Internet". Data Recovery Digest. Archived from the original on 27 May 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  15. ^Stanley Morgan (28 December 2012). "[Infographic] Four Phases Of Data Recovery". dolphindatalab.com. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  16. ^Washington Post (26 April 2018). "Electronics-recycling innovator is going to prison for trying to extend computers' lives". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 May 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Tanenbaum, A. & Woodhull, A. S. (1997). Operating Systems: Design And Implementation, 2nd ed. New York: Prentice Hall.
  • Data recovery at Curlie
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_recovery

How to Enable BitLocker

University IT recommends that you enable BitLocker with assistance from an IT support professional.

Overview

What is BitLocker:

BitLocker Drive Encryption is a native security feature that encrypts everything on the drive that Windows is installed on. Device encryption helps protect your data by encrypting it. Only someone with the right encryption key (such as a personal identification number) can decrypt it.

How does it work:

BitLocker is used in conjunction with a hardware component called a Trusted Platform Module (TPM). The TPM is a smartcard-like module on the motherboard that is installed in many newer computers by the computer manufacturer. BitLocker stores its recovery key in the TPM (version 1.2 or higher).

When you enable BitLocker, you create 

a personal identification number (PIN) that will be required to enter each time you start up your computer. While enabling BitLocker, a recovery key is generated. The recovery key is used to gain access to your computer should you forget your password. After the recovery key is generated you will be prompted to restart the machine. The encryption process begins when the computer reboots.

Note: You should print or save the recovery key and store it in a safe place apart from your computer. 

Requirements

To use BitLocker, your computer must satisfy certain requirements:

  • Supported operating systems:
    • Windows 10 - Education, Pro, or Enterprise edition
    • Windows 8 — Professional or Enterprise edition
    • Windows 7 — Enterprise or Ultimate edition
  • For Windows 7, the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) version 1.2 or higher must be installed. It must also be enabled and activated (or turned on).

Additional requirements:

  • You must be logged in as an administrator.
  • You must have access to a printer to print the recovery key.

Check your version of Windows

To find out the version of Windows you are running:

  1. Click the Start button.
  2. In the Search box, type 'about your PC' .
  3. If the version displayed is not one of the versions listed above, BitLocker is not available on your computer.

Check your TPM status

If the TPM does not meet the system requirements listed above, the Encryption installer displays the TPM status at the point where you choose your encryption options.

  • Example of TPM status message::

    TMP disabled

Contact your local IT support if you want to enable BitLocker but need assistance with enabling and activating the TPM.

Enabling BitLocker

If your computer meets the Windows version and TPM requirements, the process for enabling BitLocker is as follows:

  1. Click Startclick Control Panel, click System and Security (if the control panel items are listed by category), and then click BitLocker Drive Encryption.
  2. Click Turn on BitLocker.

    turn on BitLocker
  3. BitLocker scans your computer to verify that it meets the system requirements.
    • If your computer meets the system requirements, the setup wizard continues with the BitLocker Startup Preferences in step 8.
    • If preparations need to be made to your computer to turn on BitLocker, they are displayed. Click Next.
    preparations to enable BitLocker
  4. If prompted to do so, remove any CDs, DVDs, and USB flash drives from your computer and then click Shutdown.

    message to remove CDs, DVDs, or USB drives and then shut down
  5. Turn your computer back on after shutdown. Follow the instructions in the message to continue initializing the TMP. (The message varies, depending on the computer manufacturer).

    restart message
  6. If your computer shuts down again, turn it back on.
  7. The BitLocker setup wizard resumes atomically. Click Next.

    BitLocker wizard resumes
  8. When the BitLocker startup preferences page is displayed, click Require a PIN at every startup.

    BitLocker startup preferences
  9. Enter a PIN from 8 to 20 characters long and then enter it again in the Confirm PIN field. Click Set PIN.
    Note: You will need to enter your PIN each time you start your computer.

    set PIN
  10. To store your recovery key, select Print the recovery key and then click Next.
    Note: Make sure your computer is connected to a printer.

    select where you want to store your recovery key
  11. Print a copy of your recovery key.

    print recovery key
  12. You will be prompted to restart your computer to start the encryption process. You can use your computer while your drive is being encrypted.

Logging in

Enabling BitLocker will change the way you log in to your system. You need to enter your PIN at every startup, prior to entering your password. This is designed to provide an additional layer of security for your data.

Changing your PIN or regenerating a copy of your recovery key

Once you have created your PIN, you can change it in the BitLocker Drive Encryption control panel You can also regenerate a new copy of your recovery key if you lose the printed copy.

  1. Click Startclick Control Panel, click System and Security (if the control panel items are listed by category), and then click BitLocker Drive Encryption.
  2. In the BitLocker Drive Encryption control panel, click Manage BitLocker.

    BitLocker Drive Encryption control panel
  3. Follow the instructions on the screen.

Turning off BitLocker

If you want to decrypt your hard drive, all you need to do is turn off BitLocker. To turn off BitLocker you must be logged in as an administrator.

  1. Click Startclick Control Panel, click System and Security (if the control panel items are listed by category), and then click BitLocker Drive Encryption.
  2. In the BitLocker Drive Encryption control panel, click Turn Off BitLocker.

    BitLocker Drive Encryption control panel
  3. Click Decrypt Drive to start the decryption process.

    start decryption
Источник: https://uit.stanford.edu/service/encryption/wholedisk/bitlocker

Create machine catalogs

Note:

This article describes how to create catalogs using the Full Configuration interface. If you’re using Quick Deploy to create Azure resources, follow the guidance in Create catalogs using Quick Deploy.

Collections of physical or virtual machines are managed as a single entity called a machine catalog. All the machines in a catalog have the same type of operating system: multi-session OS or single-session OS. A catalog containing multi-session OS machines can contain either Windows or Linux machines, not both.

The Manage > Full Configuration interface guides you to create the first machine catalog. After you create the first catalog, you create the first delivery group. Later, you can change the catalog you created, and create more catalogs.

Overview

When you create a catalog of VMs, you specify how to provision those VMs. You can use Machine Creation Services (MCS). Or, you can use your own tools to provide machines.

  • If you use MCS to provision VMs, you provide an image (or snapshot) to create identical VMs in the catalog. Before you create the catalog, you first use hypervisor or cloud service tools to create and configure the image. This process includes installing a Virtual Delivery Agent (VDA) on the image. Then you create the machine catalog in the Manage > Full Configuration interface. You select that image (or a snapshot of an image), specify the number of VMs to create in the catalog, and configure additional information.
  • If your machines are already available (so you do not need images), you must still create one or more machine catalogs for those machines.

When using MCS to create the first catalog, you specify a host connection that you created previously. Later (after you create your first catalog and delivery group), you can change information about that connection or create more connections.

If a Cloud Connector is not operating properly, MCS provisioning operations (such as catalog updates) take much longer than usual, and the management interface’s performance degrades significantly.

Access images from Azure Shared Image Gallery

When selecting an image to use for creating a machine catalog, you can select images you created in the Azure Shared Image Gallery. These images appear in the list of images in the Master Image screen of the Machine Catalog Setup wizard.

For these images to appear, you must:

  1. Configure a Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops site.
  2. Connect to the Azure Resource Manager.
  3. In the Azure portal, create a resource group. For details, see Create an Azure Shared Image Gallery using the portal.
  4. In the resource group, create a Shared Image Gallery.
  5. In the Shared Image Gallery, create an image definition.
  6. In the image definition, create an image version.

RDS license check

Creation of a machine catalog containing Windows multi-session OS machines includes an automatic check for valid Microsoft RDS licenses. The catalog is searched for a powered-on and registered machine to perform the check on.

  • If a powered-on and registered machine cannot be found, a warning city car driving 1.5.9 crack - Free Activators displayed, explaining that the RDS licensing check cannot be performed.
  • If a machine is found and an error is detected, Manage > Full Configuration displays a warning message for the catalog containing the detected issue. To remove an RDS license warning from a catalog (so that it no longer appears in the display), select the catalog. Select Remove RDS license warning. When prompted, confirm the action.

VDA registration

A VDA must be registered with a Cloud Connector to be considered when launching brokered sessions. Unregistered VDAs can result in underutilization of otherwise available resources. There are various reasons a VDA might not be registered, many of which you can troubleshoot. Troubleshooting information is provided in the catalog creation wizard, and after you add a catalog to a delivery group.

In the catalog creation wizard, after you add existing machines, the list of computer account names indicates whether each machine is suitable for adding to the catalog. Hover over the icon next to each machine to display an informative message about that machine.

If the message identifies a problematic machine, you can either remove that machine (using the Remove button), or add the machine. For example, if a message indicates that information cannot be obtained about a machine (perhaps because it had never registered), you might choose to add the machine anyway.

For more information about VDA registration troubleshooting, see CTX136668.

MCS catalog creation summary

Here’s a brief overview of default MCS actions after you provide information in the catalog creation wizard.

  • If you selected an image (rather than a snapshot), MCS creates a snapshot.
  • MCS creates a full copy of the snapshot and places the copy on each storage location defined in the host connection.
  • MCS adds the machines to Active Directory, which creates unique identities.
  • MCS creates the number of VMs specified in the wizard, with two disks defined for each VM. In addition to the two disks per VM, a master is also stored in the same storage location. If you have multiple storage locations defined, each gets the following disk types:
    • The full copy of the snapshot (noted above), which is read-only and shared across the just-created VMs.
    • A unique 16 MB identity disk that gives each VM a unique identity. Each VM gets an identity disk.
    • A unique difference disk to store writes made to the VM. This disk is thin provisioned (if supported by the host storage) and increases to the maximum size of the master image, if necessary. Each VM gets a difference disk. The difference disk holds changes made during sessions. It is permanent for dedicated desktops. For pooled desktops, it is deleted and a new one created after each restart.

Alternatively, when creating VMs to deliver static desktops, you can specify (on the Machines page of the catalog creation wizard) thick (full copy) VM clones. Full clones do not require retention of the master image on every data store. Each VM has its own file.

There are many factors when deciding on storage solutions, configurations, and capacities for MCS. The following information provides proper considerations for storage capacity:

Capacity considerations:

  • Disks

    The Delta or Differencing (Diff) Disks consume the largest amount of space in most MCS deployments for each VM. Each VM created by MCS is given at minimum 2 disks upon creation.

    • Disk0 = Diff Disk: contains the OS when copied from the Master Base Image.
    • Disk1 = Identity Disk: 16 MB - contains Active Directory data for each VM.

    As the product evolves, you might have to add more disks to satisfy certain use cases and pdf-xchange editor license key download - Free Activators consumption. For example:

    • MCS Storage Optimization creates a write cache style disk for each VM.
    • MCS added the ability to use full clones as opposed to the Delta disk scenario described in the previous section.

    Hypervisor features might also enter into the equation. For example:

    • Citrix Hypervisor IntelliCache creates a Read Disk on local storage for each Citrix Hypervisor. This option saves on IOPS against the image which might be held on the shared storage location.
  • Hypervisor overhead

    Different hypervisors utilize specific files that create overhead for VMs. Hypervisors also use storage for management and general logging operations. Calculate space to include overhead for:

    • Log files
    • Hypervisor specific files. For example:
      • VMware adds more files to the VM storage folder. See VMware Best Practices.
      • Calculate your total virtual machine size requirements. Consider a virtual machine containing 20 GB for the virtual disk, 16 GB for the swap file, and 100 MB for log files carlson survey with intellicad 36.1 GB total.
    • Snapshots for XenServer; Snapshots for VMware.
  • Process overhead

    Creating a catalog, adding a machine, and updating a catalog have unique storage implications. For example:

    • Initial catalog creation requires a copy of the base disk to be copied to each storage location.
    • Adding a machine to a catalog does not require copying of the base disk to each storage location. Catalog creation varies based on the features selected.
    • Updating the catalog to create an extra base disk on each storage location. Catalog updates also experience a temporary storage peak where each VM in the catalog has 2 Diff disks for a certain amount of time.

More considerations:

  • RAM sizing: Affects the size of certain hypervisor files and disks, including I/O optimization disks, write cache, and snapshot files.
  • Thin / Thick provisioning: NFS storage is preferred due to the thin provisioning capabilities.

Machine Creation Services (MCS) storage optimization

The Machine Creation Services (MCS) storage optimization feature is also known as MCS I/O:

  • The write cache container is file-based, the same functionality found in Citrix Provisioning. For example, the Citrix Provisioning write cache file name is and the MCS I/O write cache file name is .
  • Achieve diagnostic improvements by including support for a Windows crash dump file written to the write cache disk.
  • MCS I/O retains the technology cache in RAM with overflow to hard disk to provide the most optimal multi-tier write cache solution. This functionality allows an administrator to balance between the cost in each tier, RAM and disk, and performance to meet the desired workload expectation.

Updating the write cache method from disk-based to file-based requires the following changes:

  1. MCS I/O no longer supports RAM only cache. Specify a disk size during machine catalog creation.
  2. The VM write cache disk is created and formatted automatically when booting a VM for the first time. Once the VM is up, the write cache file is written into the formatted volume .
  3. The pagefile is redirected to this formatted volume. As a result, this disk size considers the total amount of disk space. It includes the delta between the disk size and the generated workload plus the pagefile size. This is typically associated with VM RAM size.

Enabling MCS storage optimization updates

When creating a machine catalog, the administrator can configure the RAM and disk size as follows:

Catalog disk settings

To enable the MCS I/O storage optimization feature, upgrade the Delivery Controller and the VDA to the latest version of Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops.

Note:

If you upgrade an existing deployment which has MCS I/O enabled, no additional configuration is required. The VDA and the Delivery Controller upgrade handle the MCS I/O upgrade.

With the MCS storage optimization feature enabled, you can do the following when creating a catalog:

  • Configure the size of the disk and RAM used for caching temporary data.

  • Select the storage type for the write-back cache disk. The following storage types are available to use for the write-back cache disk:

    • Premium SSD. Offers a high-performance, low-latency disk storage option suitable for VMs with I/O-intensive workloads.
    • Standard SSD. Offers a cost-effective storage option that is suitable for workloads that require consistent performance at lower IOPS levels. An Azure identity disk is always created using Standard SSD.
    • Standard HDD. Offers a reliable, low-cost disk storage option suitable for VMs that run latency-insensitive workloads.

    MCS configures premium and standard disks to use Locally Redundant Storage (LRS). LRS makes multiple synchronous copies of your disk data within a single data center. For details about Azure storage types and storage replication, see the following:

  • Use Use persistent write-back cache disk to control whether the write-back cache disk persists for the provisioned VMs in Azure and Google Cloud Platform (GCP). Alternatively, you can use PowerShell instead. For details, see Using PowerShell to create a catalog with persistent write-back cache disk.
    • Use persistent write-back cache disk. This option lets you control whether the write-back cache disk persists for the provisioned VMs. File/CD/DVD Catalog - Crack Key For U default, persistent write-back cache disk is disabled, causing the disk to be deleted during power cycles and any data redirected to the disk to be lost. Enabling this option increases your storage costs. Enable Disk cache size (GB) to make this option available.
  • Use Retain system disk during power cycles to control whether to retain system disks for VDAs during power cycles.
    • Retain system disk during power cycles. By default, the system disk is deleted on shutdown and recreated on startup. This ensures that the disk is always in a clean state but results in longer VM restart times. If system writes are redirected to the RAM cache and overflow to the cache disk, the system disk remains unchanged. Enabling this option increases your storage costs but reduces VM restart times. Enable Disk cache size (GB) to make this option available.
    • Retain VMs across power cycles. Select this option to retain your VM customization and to enable the VMs to be started through the Azure portal. Enable Retain system disk during power cycles to make this option available.

Using PowerShell to create a catalog with persistent write-back cache disk

To configure a catalog with persistent write-back cache disk, use the PowerShell parameter .

Tip:

The PowerShell parameter should only be used for cloud-based hosting connections. If you want to provision machines using a persistent write-back cache disk for an on-premises solution (for example, Citrix Hypervisor) PowerShell is not needed because the disk persists automatically.

This parameter supports an extra property,used to determine how the write-back cache disk persists for MCS provisioned machines. The property is only used when the parameter is specified, and when the parameter is set to indicate that a disk is created.

Note:

This behavior applies to both Azure and GCP where the default MCSIO write-back cache disk is deleted and re-created when power cycling. You can choose to persist the disk to avoid the deletion and recreation of MCSIO write-back cache disk.

Examples of properties found in the parameter before supporting include:

Note:

This example only applies to Azure. The properties will be different in GCP environment.

When using these properties, consider that they contain default values if the properties are omitted from the parameter. The property has two possible values: true or false.

Setting the property to true does not delete the write-back cache Iris 1.2.0 Crack + Serial Key Free Download 2021. when the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops administrator shuts down the machine from the management interface.

Setting the property to false deletes the write-back cache disk when the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops administrator shuts down the machine from the management interface.

Note:

If the property is omitted, the property defaults to false and the write-back cache is deleted when the machine is shutdown from the management interface.

For example, using the parameter to set to true:

Important:

The property can only be set using the PowerShell cmdlet. Attempting to alter the of a provisioning scheme after creation has no impact on the machine catalog and the persistence of the write-back cache disk when a machine is shut down.

For example, set to use the write-back cache while setting the property to true:

Improve boot performance with MCSIO

You can improve boot performance for Azure managed disks when MCSIO is enabled. Use the PowerShell custom property in the command to configure this feature. Options associated with include:

To enable this feature, set the custom property to true. For example:

Prepare a master image on the hypervisor or cloud service

The master image contains the operating system, non-virtualized applications, VDA, and other software.

Good to know:

  • A master image might also be known as a clone image, golden image, base VM, or base image. Host vendors and cloud service providers may use different terms.
  • Ensure that the hypervisor or cloud service has enough processors, memory, and storage to accommodate the number of machines created.
  • Configure the correct amount of hard disk space needed for desktops and applications. That value cannot be changed later or in the machine catalog.
  • Remote PC Access machine catalogs do not use master images.
  • Microsoft KMS activation considerations when using MCS: If your deployment includes 7.x VDAs with a XenServer 6.1 or 6.2, vSphere, or Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager host, you do not need to manually rearm Microsoft Windows or Microsoft Office.

Install and configure the following software on the master image:

  • Integration tools for your hypervisor (such as Citrix VM Tools, Hyper-V Integration Services, or VMware tools). If you omit this step, applications and ANSYS Motion 2021 R2 Crack Download [Latest Version] might not function correctly.
  • A VDA. Citrix recommends installing the latest version to allow access to the newest features. Failure to install a VDA on the master image causes the catalog creation to fail.
  • Third-party tools as needed, such as antivirus software or electronic software distribution agents. Configure services with settings that are appropriate for users and the machine type (such as updating features).
  • Third-party applications that you are not virtualizing. Citrix recommends virtualizing applications. Virtualizing reduces costs by eliminating having to update the master image after adding or reconfiguring an application. Also, fewer installed applications reduce the size of the master image hard disks, which saves storage costs.
  • App-V clients with the recommended settings, if you plan to publish App-V applications. The App-V client is available from Microsoft.
  • When using MCS, if you localize Microsoft Windows, install the locales and language packs. During provisioning, when a snapshot is created, the provisioned VMs use the installed locales and language packs.

Important:

If you are using MCS, do not run Sysprep on master images.

To prepare a master image:

  1. Using your hypervisor’s management tool, create a master image and then install the operating system, plus all service packs and updates. Specify the number of vCPUs. You can also specify the vCPU value if you create the machine catalog using PowerShell. You cannot specify the number of vCPUs when creating a catalog from Manage > Full Configuration. Configure the amount of hard disk space needed for desktops and applications. That value cannot be changed later or in the catalog.
  2. Ensure that the hard disk is attached at device location 0. Most standard master image templates configure this location by default, but some custom templates might not.
  3. Install and configure the software listed above on the master image.
  4. If you are not using MCS, join the master image to the domain where applications and desktops are members. Ensure that the master image is available on the host where the machines are created. If you are using MCS, joining the master image to a domain is not required. The provisioned machines are joined to the domain specified in the catalog creation wizard.
  5. Citrix recommends that you create and name a snapshot of your master image so that it can be identified later. If you specify a master image rather than a snapshot when creating a catalog, the management interface creates a snapshot, but you cannot name it.

Start creating the catalog

Before creating a catalog:

  • Review this section to learn about the choices you make and information you supply.
  • Ensure that you have created a connection to the hypervisor, cloud service, other resource that hosts your machines.
  • If you have created a master image to provision machines, ensure that you have installed a VDA on that image.

To start the catalog creation wizard:

  1. Sign in to Citrix Cloud. In the upper left menu, select My Services > Virtual Apps and Desktops.
  2. Select Manage.
  3. If this is the first catalog being created, you are guided to the correct selection (such as “Set up the machines and create machine catalogs to run apps and desktops.”). The catalog creation wizard opens and walks you through the items described below.

If you already created a catalog and want to create another, from Manage > Full Configuration, select Machine Catalogs in the left pane. Then select Create Machine Catalog.

The wizard walks you through the pages described below. The pages you see may differ, depending on the selections you make, and the connection (to a host) you use. Hosts / virtualization resources lists information sources for the supported host types.

Operating system

Each catalog contains machines of only one type:

  • Multi-session OS: A multi-session OS catalog provides hosted shared desktops. The machines can be running supported versions of the Windows or Linux operating systems, but the catalog cannot contain both.
  • Single-session OS: A single-session OS catalog provides VDI desktops that you can assign to various different users.
  • Remote PC Access: A Remote PC Access catalog provides users with remote access to their physical office desktop machines. Remote PC Access does not require a VPN to provide security.

Machine management

This page does not appear when you are creating a Remote PC Access catalog.

The Machine Management page indicates how machines are managed and which tool you use to deploy machines.

Choose if machines in the catalog will be power managed through the Full Configuration interface.

  • Machines are power managed through the Full Configuration interface or provisioned through a cloud environment, for example, VMs or blade PCs. This option is available only if you already configured a connection to a hypervisor or cloud service.
  • Machines are not power managed through the Full Configuration interface, for example, physical machines.

If you indicated that machines are power managed through the Full Configuration interface or provisioned through a cloud environment, choose which tool to use to create VMs.

  • Citrix Machine Creation Services (MCS): Uses a master image to create and manage virtual machines. Machine catalogs in cloud environments use MCS. MCS is not available for physical machines.
  • Other: A tool that manages machines already in the data center. Citrix recommends that you use Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager or another third-party application to ensure that the machines in the catalog are consistent.

Desktop types (desktop experience)

This page appears only when you are creating a catalog containing single-session OS machines.

The Desktop Experience page determines what occurs each time a user logs on. Select one of:

  • Users connect to a new (random) desktop each time they log on.
  • Users connect to the same (static) desktop each time they log on.

Master image

This page appears only when you are using MCS to create VMs.

Select the connection to the host hypervisor or cloud service, and then select the snapshot or VM created earlier.

Note:

  • When you are using MCS, do not run Sysprep on master images.
  • If you specify a master image rather than a snapshot, the management interface creates a snapshot, but you cannot name it.

Do not change the default minimum VDA version selection. To enable use of the latest product features, ensure that the master image has the latest VDA version installed.

An error message appears if you select a snapshot or VM that is not compatible with the machine management technology you selected earlier in the wizard.

Cloud platform and service environments

When you are using a cloud service or platform to host VMs, the catalog creation wizard may contain extra pages specific to that host. For example, when using an Azure Resource Manager master image, the catalog creation wizard contains a Storage and License Types page.

For host-specific information, follow the appropriate link listed in Start creating the catalog.

Machines

This page does not appear when you are creating Remote PC Access catalogs.

The title of this page depends on what you selected on the Machine Management page: Machines, Virtual Machines, or VMs and users.

  • When using MCS to create machines:

    • Specify how many virtual machines to create.
    • Choose the amount of memory (in MB) each VM has.
    • Important: Each created VM has a hard disk. Its size is set in the master image; you cannot change the hard disk size in the catalog.
    • If you indicated on the Desktop Experience page that user changes to static desktops should be saved on a separate Personal vDisk, specify the virtual disk size in GB and the drive letter.
    • If your deployment uses more than one zone (resource location), you can select a zone for the catalog.
    • If you are creating static desktop VMs, select a virtual machine copy mode. See Virtual machine copy mode.
    • If you are creating random desktop VMs that do not use personal vDisks, you can configure a cache to be used for temporary data on each machine. See Configure cache for temporary data.
  • When using other tools to provide machines:

    Add (or import a list of) Active Directory machine account names. You can change the Active Directory account name for a VM after you add/import it. If you specified static machines on the Desktop Experience wizard page, you can optionally specify the Active Directory user name for each VM you add.

    After you add or import names, you can use the Remove button to delete names from the list, while you are still on this wizard page.

  • When using other tools (but not MCS):

    An icon and tooltip for each machine added (or imported) help identify machines that might not be eligible to add to the catalog, or be unable to register with a Cloud Connector.

Virtual machine copy mode

The copy mode you specify on the Machines page hma pro vpn license key 2019 android - Free Activators whether MCS creates thin (fast copy) or thick (full copy) clones from the master image. (Default = thin clones)

  • Use fast copy clones for more efficient storage use and faster machine creation.
  • Use full copy clones for better data recovery and migration support, with potentially reduced IOPS after the machines are created.

Configure cache for temporary data

Caching temporary data locally on the VM is optional. You can enable use of the temporary data cache 1click dvd copy review - Free Activators the machine when you use MCS to manage pooled (not dedicated) machines in a catalog. If the catalog uses a connection that specifies storage for temporary data, you can enable and configure the temporary data cache information when you create the catalog.

To enable the caching of temporary data, the VDA on each machine in the catalog must be minimum version 7.9. This feature is referred to as MCSIO.

Important:

This feature requires a current MCSIO driver. Installing this driver is an option when you install or upgrade a VDA. By default, that driver is not installed.

You specify whether temporary data uses shared or local storage when you create the connection that the catalog uses. For details, see Connections and resources. Enabling and configuring the temporary cache in the catalog includes two check boxes and values: Memory allocated to cache (MB) and Disk cache size (GB). By default, these check boxes are cleared. When File/CD/DVD Catalog - Crack Key For U enable one or both check boxes, the default values differ according to the connection type. Generally, the default values are sufficient for most cases; however, take into account the space needed for:

  • Temporary data files created by Windows itself, including the Windows page file.
  • User profile data.
  • ShareFile data that is synced to users’ sessions.
  • Data that may be created or copied by a session user or any applications users may install inside the session.

If you enable the Disk cache size check box, temporary data is initially written to the memory cache. When the memory cache reaches its configured limit (the Memory allocated to cache value), the oldest data is moved to the temporary data cache disk.

Storage image

The memory cache is part of the total amount of memory on each machine; therefore, if you enable the Memory allocated to cache check box, consider increasing the total amount of memory on kmspico password - Activators Patch machine.

If you clear the Memory allocated to cache check box and leave the Disk cache size check box enabled, temporary data is written directly to the cache disk, using a minimal amount of memory cache.

Changing the Disk cache size from its default value can affect performance. The size must match user requirements and the load placed on the machine.

Important:

If the disk cache runs out of space, the user’s session becomes unusable.

If you clear the Disk cache size check box, no cache disk is created. In this case, specify a Memory allocated to cache value that is large enough to hold all of the temporary data. This is feasible only if large amounts of RAM are available for allocation to each VM.

If you clear both check boxes, temporary data is not cached. It is written to the difference disk (located in the OS storage) for each VM. (This is the provisioning action in releases earlier than 7.9.)

Do not enable caching if you intend to use this catalog to create AppDisks.

You cannot change the cache values in a machine catalog after it is created.

Using CSV files to bulk add machines

If you use the Full Configuration management interface, you can bulk add machines by using Maxwell Render Studio 4.2 Crack - Crack Key For U files. The feature is available to all catalogs except catalogs created through MCS.

A general workflow to use CSV files to bulk add machines is as follows:

  1. On the Machines page, select Add CSV File. The Add Machines foxit pdf editor + crack key - Free Activators Bulk window appears.

  2. Select Download CSV Template.

  3. Fill out the template file.

  4. Drag or browse to the file to upload it.

  5. Select Validate to perform validation checks on your import.

  6. Select Import to complete.

For information about CSV file considerations, see Considerations when using CSV files to add machines.

NIC (NICs)

This page does not appear when you are creating Remote PC Access catalogs.

If you plan to use multiple NICs, associate a virtual network with each card. For example, you can assign one card to access a specific secure network, and another card to access a more commonly used network. You can also add or remove NICs from this page.

Machine accounts

This page appears only when creating Remote PC Access catalogs.

Specify the Active Directory machine accounts or Organizational Units (OUs) to add that correspond to users or user groups. Do not use a forward slash (/) in an OU name.

You can choose a previously configured power management connection or elect not to use power management. If you want to use power management but a suitable connection hasn’t been configured yet, you can create that connection later and then edit the machine catalog to update the power management settings.

You can also bulk add machines by using CSV files. A general workflow to do that is as follows:

  1. On the Machine Accounts page, select Add CSV File. The Add Machines in Bulk window appears.

  2. Select Download CSV Template.

  3. Fill out the template file.

  4. Drag or browse to the file to upload it.

  5. Select Validate to perform validation checks on your import.

  6. Select Import to complete.

For information about CSV file considerations, see Considerations when using CSV files to add machines.

Machine identities

This page appears only when using MCS to create VMs.

Each machine in the catalog must have a unique identity. This page lets you configure identities for machines in the catalog. The machines are joined to the identity after they are provisioned. You cannot change the identity type after you create the catalog.

A general workflow to configure settings on this page is as follows:

  1. Select an identity from the list.
  2. Indicate whether to create accounts or use existing ones, and the location (domain) for those accounts.

You can select one of the following options:

  • On-premises Active Directory. Machines owned by an organization and signed into with an Active Directory account that belongs to that organization. They exist on-premises.

  • Non-domain-joined. Machines not joined to any domain.

Important:

  • If you select On-premises Active Directory as the identity type, each machine in the catalog must have a corresponding Active Directory computer account.
  • The Non-domain-joined identity type requires version 1811 or later of the VDA as the minimum functional level for the catalog. To make it available, update the minimum functional level.

If you create accounts, you must have permission to create computer accounts in the OU where the machines reside.

  • Each machine in the catalog must have a unique computer name. Specify the account naming scheme for the machines you want to create. Use hash marks to indicate where sequential numbers or letters appear. Do not use a forward slash (/) in an OU name. A name cannot begin with numbers or blank spaces. For example, a naming scheme of PC-Sales-## (with 0-9 selected) results in computer accounts named PC-Sales-01, PC-Sales-02, PC-Sales-03, and so on.

If you use existing accounts, browse to the accounts or click Import and specify a .csv file containing account names. The imported file content must use the format:

  • [ADComputerAccount] ADcomputeraccountname.domain

Ensure that there are enough accounts for all the machines you are adding. The Full Configuration interface manages those accounts, so either allow that interface to reset the passwords for all the accounts or specify the account password, which must be the same for all accounts.

For catalogs containing physical or existing machines, select or import existing accounts and assign each machine to both an Active Directory computer account and to a user account.

Domain credentials

Select Enter credentials and enter user credentials with sufficient permissions to create machine accounts in Active Directory.

Tip:

The account you used to log into the Full Configuration interface is the same account you use to interact with Active Directory. When provisioning a new catalog, adding machines to a catalog, or removing a catalog and the machine names from Active Directory, a dialog appears requesting your Active Directory domain administrator credentials.

Workspace Environment Management (optional)

This page appears only when you use the Advanced or Premium edition of Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops service.

Select a Workspace Environment Management (WEM) configuration set to which you want to bind the catalog. A configuration set is a logical container used to organize a set of WEM configurations. Binding a catalog to a configuration set lets you use WEM to deliver the best possible workspace experience to your users.

Important:

  • Before you can bind a catalog to a configuration set, you must set up your WEM service deployment. Sign in to Citrix Cloud and then launch the WEM service. For more information, see Get started with Workspace Environment Management service.
  • If you already use WEM, the machines in the catalog that you are about to provision might already be present in a configuration set, for example, through Active Directory. In that case, we recommend that you use Active Directory consistently to perform the configuration and skip this configuration.

If the selected configuration set does not contain settings relating to the basic configuration of WEM, the following option appears:

  • Apply basic settings to configuration set. The option lets you quickly get started with WEM by applying basic settings to the configuration set. Basic settings include CPU spike protection, auto-preventing CPU spikes, and intelligent CPU optimization. To view the basic settings, click the here link. To modify them, use the WEM console.

Summary, name, and description

On the Summary page, review the settings you specified. Enter a name and description for the catalog. This information appears in the Full Configuration management interface.

When you’re done, select Finish to start the catalog creation.

More information

Where to go next

If this is the first catalog created, you are guided to create a delivery group.

To review the entire configuration process, see Plan and build a deployment.

The official version of this content is in English. Some of the Citrix documentation content is machine translated for your convenience only. Citrix has no control over machine-translated content, which may contain errors, inaccuracies or unsuitable language. No warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, is made as to the accuracy, reliability, suitability, or correctness of any translations made from the English original into any other language, or that your Citrix product or service conforms to any machine translated content, and any warranty provided under the applicable end user license agreement or terms of service, or any other agreement with Citrix, that the product or service conforms with any documentation shall not apply to the extent that such documentation has been machine translated. Citrix will not be held responsible for any damage or issues that may arise from using machine-translated content.

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本服务可能包含由 Google 提供技术支持的翻译。Google 对这些翻译内容不做任何明示或暗示的保证,包括对准确性、可靠性的任何保证以及对适销性、特定用途的适用性和非侵权性的任何暗示保证。

このサービスには、Google が提供する翻訳が含まれている可能性があります。Google は翻訳について、明示的か黙示的かを問わず、精度と信頼性に関するあらゆる保証、および商品性、特定目的への適合性、第三者の権利を侵害しないことに関するあらゆる黙示的保証を含め、一切保証しません。

ESTE SERVIÇO PODE CONTER TRADUÇÕES FORNECIDAS PELO GOOGLE. O GOOGLE SE EXIME DE TODAS AS GARANTIAS RELACIONADAS COM AS TRADUÇÕES, EXPRESSAS OU IMPLÍCITAS, INCLUINDO QUALQUER GARANTIA DE File/CD/DVD Catalog - Crack Key For U, CONFIABILIDADE E QUALQUER GARANTIA IMPLÍCITA DE COMERCIALIZAÇÃO, ADEQUAÇÃO A UM PROPÓSITO ESPECÍFICO E NÃO INFRAÇÃO.

Источник: https://docs.citrix.com/en-us/citrix-virtual-apps-desktops-service/install-configure/machine-catalogs-create.html

Ashampoo®  Burning Studio FREE

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Ashampoo® Burning Studio FREE is your fast and hassle-free disc burner. Burning Studio is a feature-rich and dependable burning software with everything you need to burn and back up data, rip music discs, create audio discs or burn existing videos, like MP4 files, and photos to Blu-ray and much more! With its intuitive interface, the program is ideal also for beginners who'll achieve great results fast.

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Supported media include CD, DVD and Blu-ray discs, including rewritable discs and the ability to erase and reuse them, with customizable burning settings for maximum versatility.

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Burning Studio FREE also has a lot to offer for music lovers: CDs can easily be ripped and their audio extracted with automatic song and album detection to avoid manual file naming. Output formats include MP3, WMA and WAV at various quality settings.

Aside from traditional audio CDs, the freeware also burns MP3 or WMA files to disc for hours upon hours of listening pleasure. Built-in normalization helps level out volume discrepancies and the integrated audio player is perfect to preview your songs beforehand.

Copy and burn movies

Ashampoo® Burning Studio FREE also burns HD and Full HD movies (720p and 1080p) from a prepared folder. Video and Super Video CDs (VCD and SVCD) are equally easy to create. Naturally, the freeware also copies CDs, DVDs and Blu-ray discs in just a few clicks.

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We test and evaluate our free software the same meticulous way as our pay products. And Ashampoo® Burning Studio FREE receives timely updates whenever the Windows or hardware landscape changes. Think burning CDs is hard? Think again! Benefit from two decades of experience and burn files, photos, movies and music to CD or DVD!

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Источник: https://www.ashampoo.com/en-us/burning-studio-free

Express Burn 10.30 Crack is advanced software that can directly burn your audio, video, and other files to your CD and DVD.

Express Burn Crack 10.32 With Keygen Latest Download 2022

It is a disc-burning program that lets you create and record audio, video, and TrustPort Antivirus 2021 Crack + License Code Update Free Download discs on Windows using the license key. You can burn the disc quickly by dragging and dropping features directly into the application for any content. It is File/CD/DVD Catalog - Crack Key For U fastest burning and writing program that can put everything on the disc. The advanced features can let you create and record ISO images and supports many file formats with the help of registration.

Express Burn with registration code is a handy software that allows the reaper full version crack - Crack Key For U burning of video, music, images, documents, and other files to CD, DVD, and Blu-ray ashampoo movie studio pro 2 keygen - Crack Key For U. It is the best software that provides the most featured tools including CD/DVD burning and ripping tools. The serial number is used to copy, rip and burn data to CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray discs. It includes other features as well as converting audio and label printing with a code. You can free download the full version of the software available here. The torrent file is also available for download. Burn the audio and video files to CD/DVD with all the modern formats.

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NCH Express Burn Crack can be used to create ISO to optical media. It gives a quality product and reproduces audio CDs quickly and efficiently. You can burn disc images and video discs to new media with an activation code.  A variety Acme CAD Converter Free Download adjustments and filters are provided to use the software in the best possible way. You can immortalize your favorite and long-lasting memories on discs using this crack software. It works much faster than any other software. Moreover, you can add advanced security options and encrypt your data for secure usage with a product key.

Express Burn 10.30 Registration Code 2022 enables you to do multi-session accounts, oversee sections, record video documents to PAL or NTSC, and browse a progression of configuration settings and choices. Coordinate charge line activity with different projects for speedy access.

Rapidly and effectively, Express Burn Plus gives you a chance to consume in minutes. Express Burn Plus has a brisk beginning wizard that gives you a chance to make and absorb any plate rapidly. Be that as it may, the Express Burn 10.30 Registration Code is precious if you need to deliver something fast. General Express Burn Plus is an exceptionally competent application that incorporates the vast majority of the highlights you would expect in a top plate-consuming suite. There are different suites available that can give comparable devices — record video documents to PAL or NTSC.

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Moreover, this burns the Blue-beam plates like (DVD-R, DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+RW, BD-R, BD-RE, BD-R DL, BD-RE DL). On the other hand, the software has an order line activity for automation and coordination with different projects. Indeed, the users can use express burn to copy the sound, video, and data to CDs, DVDs, and Blu-beam plates. However, it is super quick to help save time when consuming circles. In this manner, it works to give a helpful simple capacity to easily add files into the interface. All in all, the app gives an incredible way to deal with making your DVD and Blu-Ray plates. Since, the designs are viable with AVI, mpg, mp4, and more, you can add your menu screens and parts.

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The product additionally bolsters the making of DVDs and Blu-Rays that can be played on committed players; it will re-encode any info video documents into the required good arrangement.

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Источник: https://keygenwin.com/express-burn-crack/

You Don’t Really Own the Digital Movies You Buy

As the entertainment industry shifts its distribution strategy to let people buy or rent movies closer to—or simultaneously with—their release in theaters, you may find yourself amassing a larger digital library than you’ve had in the past. But when you buy a movie from a digital service like Amazon Prime Video or Vudu, does it really belong to you? What Windows › Science / CAD - Crack Key For U you buy a song on iTunes or download one to your phone from Spotify? Are these files yours forever? If you cancel the service or, as unlikely as driverpack solution 18 offline free download - Crack Key For U may seem, one of these huge companies goes out of business, what then?

The answer is a little complex, but the short version is, no, File/CD/DVD Catalog - Crack Key For U don’t actually own the digital media files that you purchase. This doesn’t mean you’re imminently studio 3t non commercial license - Free Activators risk of losing every digital movie and TV show you’ve ever bought at the whim of a megacorp, but it is possible. Here’s what you need to know.

What it means to “own” digital content

What do we mean, exactly, when we talk about owning something digital? Everybody knows—or hopefully everybody knows—that it doesn’t mean you can turn around and sell that digital item to someone else, broadcast it, or otherwise distribute it en masse. You don’t need to dig far into any terms-of-service agreement to find such actions expressly forbidden.

For this discussion, to own a digital file is to be able to watch or listen to that content anytime you want, with no further payments, in perpetuity—or at least as long as you can get a device to convert that ancient 4K video file into something that your brand-new holodeck on your space yacht can read.

By that definition, well, you still don’t own anything. Not really. What you’re purchasing in most cases is a license to watch that video or listen to that song. Effectively that license is good for as long as it really matters. I mean, let’s be honest: If an 8K sensurround remaster of The Lord of the Rings comes out in 2030, are you going to care about the 1080p version you bought on Vudu?

Let's take a look at the FandangoNow/Vudu terms of service, which are fairly typical. I’ve bolded the important parts.

When you order or view Content and pay any applicable fees, you will be granted a non-exclusive, non-transferable, non-commercial, limited license to access, use and/or view the Content in accordance with any usage rights contained herein and additional terms that may be provided with your devices and/or with such Content (“Usage Rights”).

Pretty standard stuff. You can watch the item as often as you want, but the terms specify that you can’t “sell, rent, lease, distribute, publicly perform or display, broadcast, sublicense or otherwise assign any right to the Content to any third party.” You probably already know this: Just because you purchased and downloaded a movie doesn’t mean you can burn it to a DVD and sell the DVD—among other reasons, because you would have to crack the digital rights management on the file, which is also expressly forbidden. Digital rights management, or DRM, allows a company to restrict what you can do with a digital file, such as preventing copying or permitting you to watch it only a certain number of times.

In the FandangoNow/Vudu terms of service, there is one additional section worth looking at, under “Viewing Periods”:

Fandango's authority to provide Content to you is subject to restrictions imposed by the movie studios and other distributors and providers that make Content available to Fandango (“Content Providers”). These Content Providers may designate periods of time when Fandango is prohibited from renting, selling, enabling downloading and/or streaming certain Content to you, including Fandango/Vudu Purchased Content, and you agree that these limitations can limit your Content access.

The “including Fandango/Vudu Purchased Content” part is the big one. What this means is that if Disney, for example, decides it doesn’t want to allow Vudu to sell its movies anymore, the company can have Vudu turn off Disney movies. Unlikely as that may be, theoretically the service could block access to movies you’ve already purchased—as the terms state, “[Y]our ability to stream or download Content may terminate if our licenses terminate, change or expire.”

Here’s how Amazon says the same thing. Again, the bold emphasis is mine:

“Availability of Purchased Digital Content. Purchased Digital Content will generally continue to be available to you for download or streaming from the Service, as applicable, but may become unavailable due to potential content provider licensing restrictions or for other reasons, and Amazon will not NordVPN 6.31.13.0 Apk Free Download with Crack liable to you if Purchased Digital Content becomes unavailable for further download or streaming.

A case about this is working its way through California courts.

And here is Google’s version, for media content sold through its Play store:

Content that you purchase or install will be available to you iobit uninstaller 10 pro crack Google Play for the period selected by you, in the case of a purchase for a rental period, and in other cases as long as Google has the right to make such Content available to you. In certain cases (for example if Google loses the relevant rights, a service or Content is discontinued, there are critical security issues, or there are breaches of applicable File/CD/DVD Catalog - Crack Key For U or the law), Google may remove from your Device or cease providing you with access to certain Content that you have purchased. For Content sold by Google LLC, you may be given notice of any such removal or cessation, when possible. If you are not able to download a copy of the Content before such removal or cessation, Google may offer you either (a) a replacement of the Content if possible or (b) a full or partial refund of the price of the Content. If Google issues you a refund, the refund shall be your sole remedy.

Interestingly, Google says that it may offer you a refund if it deletes your content without asking.

How likely is any of this to happen? Not very, which we’ll discuss in a moment.

Here’s what you definitely don’t own

There is some media content that you are absolutely, flat-out renting. On the music side, Spotify is a good example. If you cancel your subscription, you no longer have access to any files you’ve downloaded to your phone. Your subscription lets you lease these files, with no option to buy. The music industry loves this arrangement, by the way, as you’re continually paying to listen to the same songs, albeit a fraction of a penny each time. I’ve singled out Spotify, but all streaming music services are like this—in contrast to download services such as iTunes or Amazon Music (see below).

Streaming video, obviously, is another category in which you don’t own anything, even if you download content to watch on your mobile device or computer. For example, if you cancel your Netflix service, anything you’ve downloaded gets locked out, just as with Spotify. The same with Disney+’s Premier Access. Even though you’re paying a price that’s youtube downloader - Crack Key For U to a purchase fee (usually $30), it’s still more like a rental that’s accessible only as long as you keep your Disney+ subscription.

Going one step further, if you go to a different country, even if you’re just on vacation, you might get locked out of content you could watch in your original File/CD/DVD Catalog - Crack Key For U. A VPN might help with that by geoshifting your location; then again, it might not.

So what does this all really mean?

It’s unlikely that any corporation would willingly nuke the presumed assets of millions of customers, despite how much these companies might love for you to buy all your movies yet again. The backlash would be substantial, and the resulting lawsuits would likely take years and millions of dollars to resolve. Corporations, for the most part, would be reluctant to alienate and anger such a huge customer base.

That’s not to say it couldn’t happen. Just take the squabbles between Roku and Warner, or Roku and Google, as two of many examples in which consumers are forced to deal with the fallout between bickering companies.

A more likely scenario is that a media company goes out of business. In this case the most probable course is that some other corporation buys up the digital-media portion of the business and carries over your right to watch the content you bought. This already happened with Vudu, which was owned by Walmart for over a decade and is now owned by Fandango Media, a corporation itself owned by NBCUniversal and WarnerMedia … which are owned by Comcast and AT&T, respectively.

But if you’re still worried about losing access to your purchased content, the solution is to go physical. It’s a lot harder for companies to stop you from watching a physical disc, though that has been tried in the past. Although digital rights management is built into Blu-ray and DVD players and receives periodic updates via the web, if you don’t connect the player to the web, it should be able to continue playing any compatible disc format. Some discs even come with a code that unlocks a digital copy, which is certainly convenient—though as we’ve discussed, you can’t expect those copies to last forever (most discs even have a date by which you need to activate the code).

Audio is even easier. Shocking as it may seem, you can still buy CDs. Rip them to a hard drive, and you have digital copies for as long as your hard drive lasts (and presumably, the CD will last even longer). Alternatively, you can buy and download DRM-free music and convert it to whatever file format you like or trust. iTunes and Amazon Music files are DRM-free, as are the downloads from many smaller music sites, many of which offer even higher-quality audio files. For older music downloads that have DRM, you can typically convert them to a DRM-free format such as FLAC or WAV.

So, no, you don’t own your digital files, and theoretically you could at some point be prevented from watching or listening to them. In reality, your digital collection is probably safe for the foreseeable future—but if the very idea of a company locking you out of your movies and music makes you angry, we suggest embracing physical media such as 4K Blu-rays and CDs, which will likely survive any digital-media apocalypse.

Источник: https://www.nytimes.com/wirecutter/blog/you-dont-own-your-digital-movies/

How to Copy a DVD to A Flash Drive/USB?

Watching DVD movies with family and friends at home in systems like a DVD player or computer is fun. It is very difficult to carry a DVD player if you are planning a vacation. While traveling if you carry your DVD discs it might be a chance that your DVD get lost or break. So the best way to carry your favorite movies in DVD is that copy DVD to USB drive. If you carry a USB flash drive with you then you can easily watch your favorite movie with your family on vacation. This article will introduce you a professional way on how to copy a DVD to a flash drive step by step.

Part 1. Why Need to Copy DVD to USB?

Transferring your data from DVD to USB is the best option for backup your favorite movies. This is one of the best ways to collect all your movies and videos in one device as compared to the large collection of disc. USB is the best device where you can store all your favorite data and you can easily bring with you while you traveling or going for vacations. If you have a huge collection of DVD disc then you can transfer all your data to the USB device. It is one of the convenient ways to back up your important data and movies.

You can easily bring the USB device with you while you are away from home. Most of the times people are away from their house and they don't have their data or favorite movies. And most of the videos are stored in DVD disc which they cannot carry with them while they are away from their home. So the best and ideal choice is to copy whole data from DVD to USB device.

Part 2. Copy DVD to Flash Drive Directly

The USB flash drive is a very convenient way to store all the important information. This driver comes in very compact size so the hd video converter factory pro 22.1 registration key can easily transfer their important files from one computer to another. The users can easily carry these drives in key chains, bags and every year their storage capacity is getting grown day by day. These USB flash drives are the best way to transport data from place to place, and keep data ready in hand.

You can copy DVD to USB directly via your computer with several simple steps.

Step 1. First insert the DVD you want to copy from into your PC, prepare your DVD as ISO files or DVD Folder so that they can be copy-and-paste easily.

Step 2. Plug your USB in the same computer and make sure it can be recognized by your PC, if not, connect the USB by a USB drive. Your USB should have enough space to copy all your DVD content.

Step 3. Open your DVD and select all files in your disc, or choose the ISO file or DVD Folder directly, then simply right click and choose Copy from the options. Next, File/CD/DVD Catalog - Crack Key For U to your USB disk and Paste what you have copied.

However, there are still many problems of copying DVD to USB directly. Firstly, it's easy to lose data during your copy-and-paste process. While copying a data from DVD to USB Flash drive, there are many cases that you don't get full data, because of the corrupted files. Sometimes, during the process of the copy, there is a chance that your PC gets shut off or you accidentally click on the cancel icon, it can lead to the data loss situation. Secondly, you cannot copy the protected DVDs successfully, those DVDs are password protected and can't be accessed by the third party. Other unknown problems may also cause your DVD to USB direct copy failed.

Part 3. Copy DVD to File/CD/DVD Catalog - Crack Key For U Flash Drive With the 3rd-party DVD Copy Software

Due to the problems of losing data and copyright protection, copying DVD to USB via your PC may be the easiest way but not the best way to make a DVD to USB copy. The most recommended way of how to copy a DVD to a flash drive and USB is copy it via the professional 3-rd party. Wondershare DVD Creator is such an all-in-one tool we'll discuss in the following part to help you copy DVD to USB in an easy and safe way.

Wondershare DVD Creator box

Wondershare DVD Creator

  • · Copy DVD to USB Flash drive easy and safe within several steps.
  • · Supported different formats including DVD/DVD Folder/ISO files and DVD-5/DVD-9 output type.
  • · Copy DVD by removing unlike parts, adding subtitle, choosing audio, and others with real-time preview.
  • · DVD copy modes including Full Movie, Main Movie with menu, Main Movie without menu, and Custom Mode.
  • · Additional functions like Burn Data Disc, ISO to DVD, One-click to Burn DVD/Blu-ray disc, Video Editor, Convert DVD to video, etc.
  • · Supported OS: Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista/2003, Mac OS 10.14 (Mojave), 10.13(High Sierra), 10.12, 10.11, 10.10, 10.9, 10.8, 10.7, 10.6.

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With Wondershare DVD creator, you can burn images and videos at very fast speed compared to other software. This software burns the video in 150 different formats and supports the all popular disc types. It's also the best and ideal choice for DVD copying and provides you the best experience of copy the DVD to USB bootable devices.

Video Tutorial on How to Copy DVD to Flash Drive or USB with Wondershare DVD Creator

Steps of How to Copy DVD to USB Flash Drive with Wondershare DVD Creator:

Step 1 Launch the DVD to USB Software

After download and install Wondershare DVD Creator on your PC, launch it and click the More DVD Tools button right-bottom of the interface to open a new interface.

Choose more tools

Choose DVD to DVD option from all the listed functions of Wondershare DVD Creator on the interface.

Choose DVD to <a href=Teamviewer for mac option">

Step 2 Select DVD to USB Flash Drive Settings

Insert the DVD you want to copy from into your computer and choose it as Source DVD. Then plug in your USB to the computer and choose it as the Target device, the copied DVD will save as ISO files and DVD Folder as your needs.

Select source and target DVD

Next, choose the Output type, Copy mode, and Disc label for your DVD to USB flash drive. You can choose different copy modes from Full Movie, Main Movie (with menu), Main Movie (without menu), and Custom Mode to make customization. You're allowed to choose audio, edit subtitle, remove unlike part, and preview the content real-time by clicking the More Information button under the custom copy mode.

Set DVD settings

Step 3 Start Copying DVD to Another DVD

After you have prepared all your contents and settings OK, just click the Start button to start copying your DVD to USB Flash drive within a few minutes.

Start copying DVD to DVD

After the copying process has been finished, your movies or videos in your DVD will be saved in the USB flash. So you can bring your USB everywhere you like and play it in any playable device. Compared to copy DVD to USB Flash drive directly, Wondershare give a safer and quick way without losing data. We also advise you that do not copy copyright protected DVDs for commercial purpose, which is usually illegal in many countries, or you should read the Copyright Law in your country first.

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Источник: https://dvdcreator.wondershare.com/dvd-tips/copy-dvd-to-flash-drive.html

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