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List of warez groups

Wikimedia list article

Warez groups are teams of individuals who have participated in the organized unauthorized publication of films, music, or other media, as well as those who can reverse engineer and crack the digital rights management (DRM) measures applied to commercial software. This is a list of groups, both web-based and warez scene groups, which have attained notoriety outside of their respective communities. A plurality of warez groups operate within the so-called warez scene, though as of 2019 a large amount of software and game warez is now distributed first via the web. Leaks of releases from warez groups operating within the "scene" still constitute a large amount of warez shared globally. Between 2003 and 2009 there were 3,164 active groups within the warez scene, with the majority of these groups being active for no more than two months and with only a small fraction being active for many years.[1] The warez scene is a very competitive and volatile environment, largely a symptom of participation in its community being illegal in most countries. Groups are generally not driven by profit, but by reputation.[2]

Groups[edit]

3DM[edit]

Main article: 3DM

3DM is a Chinese video game cracking group. Their founder and leader is reported to be a woman using the pseudonym "不死鸟" (pinyin: bù sǐ niǎo; meaning in English: Phoenix) but their identity or gender has never been confirmed. Unusual for piracy groups, 3DM's members have public profiles on the social network Sina Weibo, and use a blog to inform the public about their activities. Some members of 3DM have previously been part of NETSHOW (now known as ALI213), a group which released Chinese language copies of games using stolen cracks directly to warez scene FTP sites.

3DM were one of the first peer to peer file sharing groups to offer cracks for games which utilized DRM produced by Denuvo. As newer versions of Denuvo DRM became more challenging to reverse engineer, 3DM gave up trying to crack games with Denuvo DRM.

In 2016 the group claimed that piracy of games produced by large developers and publishers would be impossible in the coming years, due to the technological challenges of reverse engineering and ultimately cracking the virtualization and licensing schemes employed by new DRM solutions like Denuvo. One of the most notable groups on the web at the time, they publicly announced a year hiatus from developing cracks for games. Since returning in 2017, 3DM have only released games which use Steam licensing, only releasing copies of better protected games which include cracks made by other groups. This practice has been criticized by the groups whose cracks were included in releases under the 3DM name.[3]

Automation[edit]

Automation was one of the largest cracking crew associations on the Atari ST. Several cracking groups were gathered under this label, most notably LSD, Was Not Was, The Lost Boys and Bad Brew Crew. They released their compact discs with each disk typically containing several games. Automation split up in the early 1990s after the release of Compact Disk 512. Several members founded a new cracking group called D-Bug.

Centropy[edit]

Main article: Centropy

Centropy, founded in January 1999, was a warez group which specialized in releasing copies of films, many of which were still in theatres. Touting many "0-day" releases and releases prior to commercial availability, Centropy released and pre-released numerous films.

CLASS[edit]

Main article: CLASS (warez)

CLASS (also known as CLS) was a warez group which was the target of federal raids such as Operation Fastlink. They were a global group with members worldwide, often releasing game "rips". The group ceased operations in 2004 after their 1,234th release.[4]

CODEX[edit]

CODEX (also known as CDX) – is a warez group founded at the end of February 2014. They are known for releasing copies of games which use Steam licensing and also for emulating Ubisoft'sUplaydigital rights management protection. They were accused[5] by the warez group SKIDROW of stealing their code to crack Trials Fusion, something CODEX denied,[6][self-published source] stating that they had written their own code for the DRM emulation. From 2016 to 2020 they have been one of the most active warez groups releasing commercial computer games with over 3700 releases in less than 6 years, compared to older groups like SKIDROW having fewer than 2500 over more than a decade of activity.[7][8]

In late 2017 CODEX gained notoriety by becoming the third scene group (and fifth overall entity) to crack Denuvo DRM when they released a cracked version of Middle-earth: Shadow of War on its release date.[9][10] CODEX collaborated with STEAMPUNKS on at least one game which used Denuvo DRM, South Park: The Fractured But Whole, which they released under the name "CODEPUNKS".[11] In February 2018 CODEX began releasing cracked copies of games from the Microsoft Windows Store.[12] In mid-2018 CODEX began releasing cracked copies of games featuring the latest versions of Denuvo DRM, including updated versions of Assassin's Creed Origins and Far Cry 5, both of which used Uplay licensing DRM and contained additional anti-modification and anti-debugging code through the use of VMProtect. On February 1, 2019, CODEX published a cracked copy of Resident Evil 2, which used Denuvo DRM, 7 days after the worldwide commercial release of the game.[13][14][15][16] In late June 2019, CODEX released two cracked copies of games which utilized Denuvo DRM, Shadow of the Tomb Raider and a cracked updated version of Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain. These cracks were previously released by an independent cracker on the web, attributed to the group "EMPRESS". Later, a cracker who self-identified as C0000005 began releasing cracks under the name EMPRESS as well, suggesting that they are one and the same and that C0000005 had access to source code for CODEX's cracks. On June 27, 2019 CODEX released a crack for Star Wars Battlefront 2, about 527 days after its commercial release. On October 29, 2019 they published a cracked copy of Borderlands 3, another game distributed with Denuvo DRM, 46 days after release.

In late 2019, a crack developed by CODEX for Need for Speed: Heat, which uses Denuvo DRM, was leaked online, likely through their network of testers. Normally, the final cracks published by CODEX made use of anti-debugging tools like VMProtect or Themida, to impede reverse engineering efforts. This unfinished crack was not similarly protected. Subsequently, CODEX did not release any cracks for games using Denuvo DRM until June 2020, when they released cracked copies of Team Sonic Racing, Trials of Mana, The Quiet Man, and an updated version of Far Cry: New Dawn.

CONSPIR4CY[edit]

CONSPIR4CY (releasing mostly as CPY) is a warez group founded in 1999 in Italy. They rose in notoriety after releasing Rise of the Tomb Raider andInside in August 2016 under the name of CONSPIR4CY,[17] though they resumed using the 'CPY' tag shortly thereafter with the release of their cracked copy of Doom in September 2016.[18] They became the first group to create proper cracks for games protected by the third iteration of Denuvo DRM software.

They cracked Resident Evil 7: Biohazard only five days after its release, at the time the shortest amount of time taken to develop a crack for a Denuvo DRM-protected game.[19] They also cracked Mass Effect: Andromeda,[20] only ten days after its release. In July 2017 the warez group SKIDROW criticized the methods used by CONSPIR4CY to crack games using Denuvo DRM.[21] In early 2018, CPY released cracked copies of Assassin's Creed Origins and Far Cry 5, which were compiled with the most recent version of Denuvo DRM, and had additional anti-modification and anti-debugging features through the use of VMProtect software and EasyAntiCheat. In November 2018 CPY released cracks for HITMAN 2, Assassin's Creed Odyssey, A Way Out, Shadow of the Tomb Raider, Pro Evolution Soccer 2019, FIFA 19 - all of which featured the latest version of Denuvo DRM, with some using additional custom DRM or off the shelf DRM such as EACore and VMProtect. In December 2018, CPY published a cracked copy of Just Cause 4, which used the latest version of Denuvo DRM, on the day after its release. They also released a crack for Battlefield V on December 22, days after its official release. In January 2019, CPY released cracked copies of Ace Combat 7, Mutant Year Zero, and Strange Brigade, as well as the first episode of Life Is Strange 2 (titled "Roads") - all 4 titles using the latest versions of Denuvo DRM.

In February 2019, CPY released Metro Exodus, which used the latest version of Denuvo DRM available, within 5 days of its release, as well as the second episode of Life Is Strange 2, titled "Rules". In September 2019, CPY published a cracked copy of the game Octopath Traveler, 93 days after its release. In November 2019, CPY released a cracked copy of Heavy Rain which featured the latest version of Denuvo DRM.[22] After a long hiatus, CPY became active again in October 2020, releasing cracked copies of eFootball PES 2021, A Total War Saga: Troy, Mafia: Definitive Edition and Death Stranding in a single day, all of which featured the latest version of Denuvo DRM. On October 18, CPY released Marvel's Avengers, followed by Crysis Remastered on October 21, which both used Denuvo DRM.

DEViANCE[edit]

One of the most prolific warez groups active from 1998 to 2006. Their dissolution has been described as the end of an era, and the current affiliation of ex-DEViANCE members is a reoccurring argument between groups.[23][24][25] Describing members of a modern warez group as ex-DEViANCE became something of a joke within the warez scene.

DrinkOrDie[edit]

Main article: DrinkOrDie

DrinkOrDie (also known as DoD) members were targeted by law enforcement in raids stemming from Operation Buccaneer.

Echelon[edit]

Main article: Echelon (warez)

Echelon was a warez group which specialized in the release and distribution of console games, such as DreamcastISOs.

EViLiSO[edit]

Released American Pie on the Internet 3 months before its theatrical release.[26][27] They branded their releases with a digital watermark of the letter "Z" which appeared in the corner of the frame.[28] The bootleggers were associated with a web site in Argentina devoted to Quake.[29]

FAiRLiGHT[edit]

Main article: Fairlight (group)

FAiRLiGHT (releasing cracked games as FLT) is one of the oldest groups in warez scene, founded in 1987. As of 2017 the group seemingly focuses on demos and art,[30] with their most recent release of cracked software in December 2016. FAiRLiGHT members were apprehended in raids stemming from the law enforcement Operation Fastlink. As of May 2021, a group using the name FLT has been actively releasing games using Steam DRM. Notable releases are: Days Gone, GUILTY GEAR -STRIVE-, Mass Effect™ Legendary Edition among many others. It is believed they are the same people behind the groups HOODLUM, DOGE and VACE.

Hoodlum[edit]

Hoodlum (also known as HLM) mainly focused on cracking games which utilized digital rights management solutions offered by Safedisc and Securom. They were targeted as part of the Operation Site Down raids in 2005.[31][32] In July 2018, some group using the HOODLUM name resumed releasing unauthorized copies of games.[33]

The Dream Team[edit]

The Dream Team (also known as "TDT") were the first warez group on the IBM PC to introduce intros or "cracktros" to their game releases. It was one of the first IBM PC groups founded 1988 in Sweden and run by Hard Core or also known as HC/TDT.

The Humble Guys[edit]

Main article: The Humble Guys

The Humble Guys (also known as THG) were the first warez group to make use of NFO files to document their releases.

HATRED[edit]

Founded in late 2006, HATRED was very active during 2006 to 2007. ViTALiTY has claimed that HATRED were former members of DEViANCE.[34] Some of their major releases included Rainbow Six: Vegas and Resident Evil 4. Their last release was in August 2008.[35]

HYBRID[edit]

HYBRID (also known as HBD) was founded in 1993.[36] HYBRID later split up when the US-members founded DYNAMIX (later PRESTIGE and PARADIGM).[37]

International Network of Crackers[edit]

Main article: International Network of Crackers

International Network of Crackers (also known as INC) was one of the premier cracking/releasing warez groups for the IBM PC during the late 1980s and early 1990s. The majority of their releases during 1993 were educational games for children. By early 1994, INC had completely disappeared from the warez scene.

Kalisto[edit]

Main article: Kalisto (warez group)

Kalisto is a console warez group established in March 1998 which specializes in the release and distribution of PlayStation and PlayStation 2ISO images, briefly moonlighting on the Dreamcast platform in mid-to-late 2000.

maVen[edit]

maVen were a film release group from October 2005 until the summer of 2006. Releases from maVen stopped when the FBI caught Gérémi Adam, one of its key members. The 27-year-old Montreal resident has been sentenced to two and a half months in prison and was also ordered to complete 100 hours of community service. He pleaded guilty to distributing two major motion pictures: Invincible and How to Eat Fried Worms[38][39] After the bust, releases ceased and another group called maVenssupplieR immediately took up the slack.[40] In April 2010, the 28-year-old Gérémi Adam died of a drug overdose at the Pointe-aux-Trembles home he shared with his girlfriend, Cynthia Laporte.[41][42][43]

mVs (Maven Supplier) released a workprint of Halloween three days before its official release on August 27, 2007.[44]

Myth[edit]

Main article: Myth (warez)

Myth was a warez group, focused on cracking and ripping PC games. Besides ripped games, the group also released trainers and cracked updates for games.

PARADOX[edit]

Main article: PARADOX (warez)

PARADOX (also known as PDX and sometimes PARADiSO) was founded in 1989, mainly cracking games for the Amiga. They went on to crack software for the Windows operating system and other consoles. They were one of the earliest groups to successfully crack Windows Vista, which was supposed to be a difficult task based on changes Microsoft had made to the activation scheme for the software.

PARADOX attracted attention from 2011 to 2012, as they published files for playing unauthorized copies of games on the Sony PlayStation 3.[45] These copies required the use of a commercially-available USB dongle, which has been criticized as a form of commercial copyright infringement, and described as a "ReDRM" dongle because copies of game binaries were essentially decrypted using Sony's official keys, and then re-encrypted using the keys stored on the dongle, requiring the use of the dongle to bypass the DRM which had been added back to the games.[46] It is unclear whether groups like PARADOX had any affiliation with the creators and distributors of so-called "ReDRM" dongles, including potentially having profited from the release of these dongles by drumming up demand by releasing copies of games which only worked when used with the dongle.

PARADOX is well known for developing a utility known as "Preee",[47] which automates the creation of NFO files and the packaging of warez releases into multi-part RAR archives and subsequent creation of ZIP archives containing those RAR files depending on the warez scene rules being followed.

In July 2020, after 3 years of inactivity, someone published a cracked copy of Monster Hunter: World, a game utilizing Denuvo DRM, with its Iceborn DLC using the name and NFO template of the group PARADOX.[48]

Phrozen Crew[edit]

"The Phrozen Crew: one of the larger and more prolific Crackz groups" – PC World Magazine 1999[49]

Phrozen Crew (PC), founded in 1993 by tKC,[50] was one of the most popular groups of computer softwarecrackers, utilizing the tagline "We always get what we want!" .[51]

Pirates With Attitudes[edit]

Main article: Pirates With Attitudes

The Pirates With Attitudes (also known as PWA) were a major international warez release group from 1992 until 2000. The group was formed by two former INC members known by the pseudonyms Orion and Bar Manager. PWA members were the subjects of law enforcement raids after the passing of the No Electronic Theft or "NET" Act.[52][non-primary source needed]

PLAZA[edit]

Project X[edit]

Project X exclusively released games for the Xbox.[53] In 2004, Project X was named as one of six groups targeted as part of Operation Fastlink by the United States Department of Justice.[54][non-primary source needed]

PROPHET[edit]

PROPHET is a subgroup of or otherwise affiliated in some way with RELOADED, whose cracks they re-use in releasing multi-language versions of games. They also tend to release copies containing the latest game content such as DLCs. These are often stylized as MULTi. For example, MULTi7 meaning the release is a copy containing 7 languages - usually some combination of English, Spanish, French, German, Russian, Polish, Czech, Dutch, Italian, Portuguese, or some other European language.

Rabid Neurosis[edit]

Main article: Rabid Neurosis

Rabid Neurosis (RNS) was an MP3 warez release organization which was founded on June 6, 1996.[55]

Radium[edit]

Several verses of the rap song Hackers and the Crackers by Zearle are devoted to the group Radium. In 2004, evidence was presented that some of the system sound files included with the Microsoft Windows XP operating system, such as WMPAUD1.WAV, were authored using an unlicensed version of Sound Forge which was supplied by Radium.[56]

Razor 1911[edit]

Main article: Razor 1911

Razor 1911 (also known as RZR and RazorDOX) was founded in 1985 in Norway. Its primary bulletin board system was based in Norway. The group's main focus was to crack software for the Commodore 64 personal computer, but they also released Amiga and the IBM PC software. They were subjects of raids in Operation Buccaneer and Operation Fastlink.

The group made a comeback in June 2006,[57] and since then has cracked modern copy protection schemes such as Rockstar Games Social Club,[58] Ubisoft's persistent Internet connection requiring DRM,[59] and Battle.NET.[60] In March 2012, Razor1911 announced that their tester and coder DYCUS, who had an active role in making trainers and testing the group's releases, had died of cancer.[61] Since then, the group has seldom released cracked games, focusing on DRM-free titles from GOG.com, as well as games for Linux and macOS.

RELOADED[edit]

Main article: RELOADED

RELOADED (also known as RLD!) was founded in June 2004.[62] Their founders are believed to be ex-DEViANCE members, though their rival group HOODLUM claimed in December 2004 that none of DEViANCE's previous leaders had ever been part of RELOADED.[63] The group has cracked several modern protection schemes like SecuROM 8, Blizzard's Battle.NET, and Arxan Anti-Tamper.

REVOLT[edit]

REVOLT gained popularity for creating solutions for cracked games to have working multiplayer features, and later for cracks of games using Denuvo DRM which were released by its founder. REVOLT was founded by a Bulgarian teenager, who used the online handle Voksi. In July 2018 the REVOLT website began redirecting to the website of the Bulgarian Ministry of the Interior.[64] The same month, Voksi, then in his twenties, reported having been raided by Bulgarian law enforcement in response to a complaint filed by Denuvo parent company Irdeto. In comments made to media organisation TorrentFreak, Voksi alleged that "five or six officers, including two from Bulgaria's General Directorate for Combatting Organized Crime (GDBOB) and others from a local police station" entered his home and seized personal computing equipment.[65]

Risciso[edit]

Main article: Risciso

Risciso (stylized as RISCISO) was an online warez group, founded in approximately 1993, dedicated to distributing newly released copyrighted software, games and movies.

SKIDROW[edit]

SKIDROW is a well-known cracking group originally formed in 1990, cracking games for the Amiga platform, and having used the motto "Twice the Fun - Double the Trouble!" since then. A piece of cracktro software released by SKIDROW in 1992 with the game 10 Pinball Fantasies contained a complete list of their membership at the time.[66] The most recent incarnation of SKIDROW began releasing unauthorized copies of games in June 2007, when they announced their return to cracking software.[67] They were the first scene group to crack the version of Ubisoft's Uplay DRM which required players to have a persistent Internet connection to Ubisoft's licensing servers, first in Assassin's Creed II[68] and then in Prince of Persia: The Forgotten Sands.

The group has released cracks for Denuvo Anti-Tamper protected games, Yesterday Origins and Deus Ex: Mankind Divided - A Criminal Past. It is believed the former had a bad implementation of Denuvo which made it easier to reverse engineer, mostly due to a lack of support from Denuvo for protecting games written in C# and specifically games using the Unity game engine, with this lack of support having been previously demonstrated by an anonymous independent cracker having developed a crack for Syberia 3, which also used Unity. The crack for the latter was actually determined to be a modified executable file from the game Deus Ex: Breach, a free game which did not incorporate Denuvo's software, released by the same developers and utilizing the same engine, which had been modified slightly to load the assets from Deus Ex: Mankind Divided. A plurality of SKIDROW's current releases are cracked versions of games that make use of Steam licensing.[69]

In July 2017, in a statement released to commemorate their 10th consecutive year of releases since re-emerging in the PC game cracking scene, SKIDROW made cryptic remarks that the techniques used by CONSPIR4CY, STEAMPUNKS, and members of the Steam Underground warez forum to crack modern copy protections are not proper.[21] These criticisms were themselves criticized on the web, as SKIDROW's apparent standards for a proper crack would seemingly disqualify both their most notable crack of Ubisoft's persistent online connection requiring DRM, which they emulated, and their most recent notable release of a Denuvo-protected game, which they cracked by modifying the executable from another game.[70]

Steam Underground[edit]

While not precisely a group, the community centered around the Steam Underground web forum (also known as cs.rin.ru) and its members have been a notable source of warez development, releases, tools, tutorials, discussions, and information pertinent to other groups since at least 2008. The forum has both Russian and English language boards, and is the home to a number of projects primarily focused on cracking, emulating, and otherwise extending the capabilities of Steam and games released on Steam. Games on other platforms may also be discussed on their own board.

The Steam Underground forums are auxiliary to the warez scene, however the formal and informal collaboration between its users arguably constitutes a warez group. Members of Steam Underground have individually and collectively cracked games featuring DRM schemes such as the version of Ubisoft's Uplay which required players to maintain a persistent Internet connection to their licensing servers, Steam Custom Executable Generation, Arxan Anti-Tamper, Denuvo Anti-Tamper, and more - both generic digital distribution licensing schemes as well as custom protection, such as the copy protection triggers implemented by game developer Croteam in The Talos Principle and their Serious Sam franchise. Tools and techniques released on the forums have been used to make multiplayer game modes accessible in cracked copies of games, usually enabling pirates to play with other pirates. The cracker known as Baldman released the vast majority of his cracks for Denuvo-protected games on Steam Underground. A Bulgarian hacker known as Voksi used the Steam Underground forums as a point of distribution for cracks of games with advanced virtual machines, such as Denuvo. In early 2018, Voksi, in collaboration with another Steam Underground user and with material support from a member of Chinese cracking group 3DM, began releasing cracks for previously uncracked games and updated builds of titles which utilized Denuvo DRM. Voksi alleged in July 2018, after his personal site began redirecting to a Bulgarian government site, that he was raided by Bulgarian law enforcement at the behest of Denuvo's parent company. This parent company claimed responsibility for the law enforcement inquiry into Voksi in a press release.

The forum and its members have often been referenced as some variation of "the Russian site/forum"[21] or directly by name by warez scene groups in statements which mention the site.[71] At least one prominent member of the forum has been in contact with warez scene release group members, as they published several non-public cracks for The Sims 4 which they attributed to tools or methods obtained from the cracking group RELOADED. This individual was then given access or knowledge related to EA's Origin licensing scheme and DRM, as they began to release their own cracks for updated versions of The Sims 4 based on the same cracking technique.

Notable users of the Steam Underground forum include various individuals who have cracked Denuvo DRM: Baldman, Voksi, DeltaT, FCKDRM (not to be confused with the anti-DRM activism campaign begun by GOG.com), and C0000005 (a former CODEX member, also known as EMPRESS). Other notable members are syahmixp (creator of SmartSteamEmu), UberPsyX (author of the kernel mode driver used by Voksi to crack Denuvo games), Steam006 (creator of LumaPlay, a generic Uplay DRM Emulator, and GreenLuma, a tool for accessing unlicensed games and content with a running copy of Steam) and Mr_Goldberg (creator of an emulator for Steamworks multiplayer to add LAN-based multiplayer functionality to games, as well as having developed cracks for games using Arxan and Rockstar Social Club DRM).

The site is also notable for being one of the few that actively distributes cracked games for the Oculus Quest VR headset.

STEAMPUNKS[edit]

STEAMPUNKS released unauthorized copies of games which utilized Denuvo digital rights management solutions in 2017, with their first releases being copies of Dishonored 2, ADR1FT, Planet Coaster, and ABZU. Releases by STEAMPUNKS include a license generator which creates a valid hardware ID-based license file. These licenses appear to be identical to those generated by the web-based activation servers operated by Denuvo, and they do not trigger Denuvo's DRM copy protection. This method attracted some attention upon its debut, while license generators and "keymakers" were fairly common in commercial software piracy, they had fallen out of use in cracking games as most games moved to the license management capabilities provided by Steam and other digital distribution platforms. One negative reaction to STEAMPUNKS' license maker came from the warez group SKIDROW in a statement from the group released in July 2017.[21] In late September 2017, STEAMPUNKS became the first warez group to release cracked copies of Denuvo DRM-protected games within 24 hours of their commercial availability, releasing both Total War: Warhammer II and FIFA 18 on the same day they were made available for consumers. STEAMPUNKS collaborated with CODEX to crack South Park: The Fractured But Whole upon its release, with the cracked release appearing under the portmanteau group name "CODEPUNKS". Following this and one other collaborative release, STEAMPUNKS became inactive, while CODEX continued to publish cracked versions of games. At least one of STEAMPUNKS' crackers was originally a member of X-FORCE (known for their Adobe software keygens), and at least one other member of STEAMPUNKS would become a member of CODEX after the group became inactive.

Superior Art Creations[edit]

Main article: Superior Art Creations

Superior Art Creations (SAC) is an underground artscene group which caters primarily to, and is well known within, the warez scene.

SSM[edit]

Space Sound Music is a private music affiliated with some music collectors in psytrance/dark/hitech and some more alternative styles.

Tristar and Red Sector Incorporated[edit]

Main article: Tristar and Red Sector Incorporated

Tristar and Red Sector, Inc. (also known as TRSI) began as an alliance between two warez groups: Tristar and Red Sector Incorporated. They were formed in 1990 as a cooperative Commodore 64 demo coding and cracking group. TRSI migrated from the Commodore 64 release platform to the Amiga and IBM-PC, and eventually branched off into the console gaming scene before finally disbanding their warez division. In late 2003, TRSI became inactive and remains so today.[third-party source needed]

United Software Association[edit]

Main article: United Software Association

The United Software Association (also known as USA) was a prominent IBM PC games and applications warez group during the 1990s. USA formed an alliance with the PC warez division of Fairlight which was known as "USA/FLT". In late January 1992, several members of USA were arrested by the United States Secret Service and the Farmington Hills, Michigan police for credit card fraud.

VACE[edit]

VACE was founded in September 2003, and focused on cracking and ripping PC games. Besides ripped games, the group also releases trainers.

ViTALiTY[edit]

ViTALiTY (also known as VTY) was founded in May 2005. It has been suggested they were former members of DEViANCE.[24] The group was considered blacklisted by many in the warez scene in October 2007,[72] something ViTALiTY claims was orchestrated by rival groups RELOADED[73] and FAiRLiGHT,[74] though the latter claim they were against it.[75] ViTALiTY was accused of either reporting or threatening to report members of other groups to the FBI,[72] though ViTALiTY claimed a senior member of RELOADED threatened to do the same to them.[73] ViTALiTY's last release was an update to Dragon Age: Origins on 7 January 2011.[76]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"Characteristics of the Warez Scene".
  2. ^Lambert-Chan, Marie (2013-04-21). "Il a piraté les pirates informatiques". Archived from the original on October 16, 2016. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
  3. ^"WRC.6.FIA.WORLD.RALLY.CHAMPIONSHIP-STEAMPUNKS". Retrieved 2017-07-05.
  4. ^"Class". Defacto2. 1997-01-08. Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2012-09-17.[self-published source]
  5. ^Andy (2015-05-04). "'Skidrow' Pirates Get Pirated After Removing Their Own 'DRM'". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 2015-04-28.[self-published source]
  6. ^"Trials.Fusion.STATEMENT.READNFO-CODEX - NFO-Datei - xREL.v3 - Release & NFO Source #1". www.xrel.to. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  7. ^"predb.ovh - 3740 releases by @team CODEX".
  8. ^"predb.ovh - 2289 releases by @team SKIDROW".
  9. ^"Middle.Earth.Shadow.of.War-CODEX". Retrieved 2019-04-15.
  10. ^"It took just 24 hours to crack Shadow of War's DRM".
  11. ^"@team CODEPUNKS".
  12. ^"Pirates Crack Microsoft's UWP Protection, Five layers of DRM Defeated". torrentfreak.com. TorrentFreak. February 15, 2018.
  13. ^"predb.ovh - Resident Evil 2".
  14. ^"predb.me - Resident.Evil.2-CODEX".
  15. ^"Resident Evil 2 Remake Cracked A Week After Its Launch, Another Denuvo Failure!".
  16. ^"Resident Evil 2 Cracked by CODEX after A Week of Release".
  17. ^"predb.ovh - search @team CONSPIR4CY".
  18. ^"predb.ovh - search DOOM @team CPY".
  19. ^Andy (2017-04-14). "Game Pirates Celebrate Fall of Denuvo's Brand New Protection". TorrentFreak.
  20. ^Papadopoulos, John (2017-04-04). "Despite the Denuvo anti-tamper tech, Mass Effect: Andromeda has been cracked in 10 days". DSOGaming.
  21. ^ abcdSKIDROW (2017-07-04). "SKIDROW 10 YEAR NOTES". Archived from the original on 2017-08-20.[self-published source]
  22. ^"Search @team CPY".
  23. ^"ViTALiTY accuses HATRED of being ex-Deviance". defacto2. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  24. ^ ab"DevSuc rants about the current DEVIANCE". Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  25. ^"Hoodlum rebuts RLD's claims of being ex-DEViANCE leaders". defacto2.
  26. ^"Video CD: American Pie". The iSONEWS. Archived from the original on 2005-02-11.[self-published source]
  27. ^"Lester's Movie Reviews". Netmonkey Weekly Report. 1999-06-03. [self-published source]
  28. ^Wilson, Steve (1999-07-29). "Online Piracy: From Music to Film". The New York Times.
  29. ^Vankin, Jonathan (1999-06-23). "Invasion of Piracy". LA Weekly.
  30. ^Ben Garrett (20 June 1999). "Fairlight – Defacto2". defacto2.net. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2015.[self-published source]
  31. ^"'Operation Site Down' Attacks Organized Piracy Networks In 10 Countries". usdoj.gov. Archived from the original on 2011-05-30. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
  32. ^"Hoodlum". Defacto2. Archived from the original on 2012-06-28. Retrieved 2012-09-17.[self-published source]
  33. ^"Hoodlum crack index - PreDB.Pw".
  34. ^"Vitality claim Hatred is made up of former Deviance members". defacto2.net. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  35. ^"HATRED's release list". predb.me.[permanent dead link]
  36. ^Ben Garrett (27 April 1997). "Hybrid – Defacto2". defacto2.net. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2015-04-28.[self-published source]
  37. ^Mindbender (1 May 1996). "The Naked Truth Magazine, 6 for The Naked Truth Magazine – Defacto2". defacto2.net. Retrieved 2015-04-28.[self-published source]
  38. ^Ernesto (2010-03-17). "Canadian Movie Pirate 'maVen' Sent To Jail". TorrentFreak.[self-published source]
  39. ^"Movie pirate gets 2½ months in jail". CBC News. 2010-03-16.
  40. ^enigmax (2007-12-05). "Police Charge 'maVen', 'World Leader' in Internet Movie Piracy". TorrentFreak.[self-published source]
  41. ^enigmax (2010-04-06). "Canadian Movie Pirate 'maVen' Dies of Drug Overdose". TorrentFreak.[self-published source]
  42. ^Jean Nicolas Aubé (2010-04-06). "Le pirate de films Gérémi Adam retrouvé mort à Montréal" [Movie pirate Gérémi Adam found dead in Montreal] (in French). 24H Montréal.
  43. ^Katherine Wilton (2010-04-06). "Montreal film bootlegger dies of suspected drug overdose". The Gazette.
  44. ^Andy (2014-08-10). "Movie Curiosities Lurking on BitTorrent Networks". TorrentFreak.[self-published source]
  45. ^"PREdb - @team PARADOX

    Fifa 16 (PC) Download free Torrent File : DELUXE EDITON CRACK


    The game is the first in the FIFA series to include female players. It is also the first in which the players on the covers were chosen by popular vote, including the first women to appear on the cover.

    The game received generally positive reviews on its release in September 2015, with writers praising its realism.


    Screenshots





    Gameplay


    FIFA 16
     includes female footballers, with 12 women's national teams: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China,England, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Spain, Sweden, and the United States. At the time of initial release, three modes are available for the women's teams - offline friendlies (Match Day), online friendlies and a tournament mode based on the FIFA Women's World Cup.

    The game contains 78 stadiums, including 50 real-world venues. Fratton Park, home of Portsmouth, was added to in honour of Portsmouth fan Simon Humber, creative director of the FIFA series, who died of cancer in 2015.

    A new Training Mode was also added to Career Mode allowing the player to develop footballers in the team of which they are managing without actually playing them. These are in the form of skill games, a feature added to the series previously. It allows the player to set a specific focus on which the footballer should develop on meaning that he will grow specifically according to the chosen focus attribute. Doing this also increases the transfer value of the player.

    New friendly enhancements were added to the mode with players now able to pick a friendly tournament before a season starts. Winning these friendly tournaments gives the player a reward in the form of a transfer budget boost. Also, unlimited substitutions are permitted when playing these friendly games. Other features include two-year loans, many realistic transfer budget enhancements and improved player values.

    New features that are exclusive to the PlayStation 4, Xbox One and PC versions of the game will involve a licensed presentation package for theBundesliga, new weather and kick-off time variations, and the use of vanishing spray during certain matches.


    Soundtrack


    The official soundtrack was released on September 10, 2015. The soundtrack is available for streaming on Spotify.


    Reception


    ESPN writer James Tyler gave the game a positive review, commenting on the increased realism of defending and passing tactics. He suggested that the series could be improved with a mode playing as a team owner. The Independent's Andrew Griffin was also pleased with the additions, but theorised that they would not be revolutionary enough to challenge rival title PES 2016. Writing forThe Guardian, Ben Wilson noted the difference in tactics needed while playing as women, and concluded that it would be difficult to choose the best game out of the year's FIFA and PES editions, awarding a maximum five stars.

    IGN praised the addition of women’s football and the FUT Draft mode, but compared the game unfavourably with PES 2016, stating that, with "its biggest rival matching its dynamism and beating it for fluidity and responsiveness, EA Sports has work to do if FIFA is to regain its title as king of the digital sport." Metro also compared it unfavourably with PES 2016, stating that it is the "worst FIFA game for over half a decade, and clearly inferior to PES 2016" but is "still not a bad game in itself, with some welcome new features." GameSpot gave it a more positive review, stating that, while it "can be stubborn and stifling," it "feels gloriously new, and having to learn fresh strategies and nuances in a game series like this is an almost-forgotten pleasure."


    System Requirements


    FIFA 16
     launches on PC on September 22. Here are the recommended and minimum specifications required to run the game your computer.

    Recommended Specifications:

    • OS: Windows 8/8.1/10 -64-bit
    • CPU: INTEL CPU – Core i5-2550K 3.4GHz , AMD CPU – FX-6300
    • GPU: NVIDIA GPU – GeForce GTX 460 , AMD GPU – Radeon HD 6870
    • RAM: 8GB
    • Hard Drive Space Required: 15.0 GB
    • DirectX: 11.0

    Minimum Required Specifications:

    • OS: Windows 7/8/8.1/10 -64-bit
    • CPU: INTEL CPU – Core i3-2100 3.1GHz AMD CPU – Phenom II X4 925
    • GPU: NVIDIA GPU – GeForce GTX 650 AMD GPU – Radeon R7 250X
    • RAM: 6GB
    • Hard Drive Space Required: 15.0 GB
    • DirectX: 11.0


    Installation Information



    1-) Download FIFA 16 Demo


    2-) Download FIFA 16 Full Unlocked files,[13.1 GB]


    3-) Download and install File Master 15



    http://www.mediafire.com/download/rbjaiqbt1kyzfds/Setup_FileMaster_15_0.exe


    4-) Download and install Creation Master 16 Beta 3


    setup_cm_16_beta_3 (PafGame.Net)


    • Copy all files from FIFA 16 Unlocked 13 GB to Fifa 16 Demo directory.

    • Click ”Skip” when error message pops up.(Skip all when it tries to replace files)

    • Delete ”data” and ”dlc” folders from FIFA 16 Demo directory.

    • Copy ”data and ”dlc” folders from 13 gb unlocked version to Fifa 16 demo directory and replace.

    • Inside the demo directory,open ”dlc” folder and then delete folder ”dlc_powdll”

    • Install File Master 15

    • Install Creation Master 16 Beta 3

    • Open the folder where you installed Creation Master 16,open folder ”Templates”,copy ”data” folder inside and paste it to FIFA 16 Demo directory and replace.

    • Regenerate BH of Fifa 16 Demo folder using File Master 15

    • Launch the game 1 time Online,then NEVER let the game to go online! Set Origin to Offline Mode,block from firewall or cut the internet completely when launching the Origin and game.

    • Apply all fixes listed below before playing the game!

    Career mode and all full game features/teams also works.

    IF YOU FACE PROBLEMS, SEE THE FIXES BELOW


    1.) Game crashes at startup: do this 

    copy fifasetup_default.ini from FIFA 16 Demo\fifasetup to Documents\FIFA 16 & FIFA 16 Demo and rename it to fifasetup.ini

    replace if there’s an existing file

    2.) I get errors while regenerating Bh files: do this 

    Right-click on the FIFA folder and click on Properties. Untick “Read-only” and apply to all the files inside the folder.

    3.) Game is stuck after “Press start” screen and no menu pops up: do this

    Try deleting data_patch.big and data_patch.bh if you have them in your FIFA main folder. If that doesn’t work, try regenerating again while the game is closed.

    4.) Career or tournaments crash the game: do this

    Fix for career crash:

    Delete your dlc folder.

    Unpack Thisinto your FIFA folder.

    Regenerate Bh.

    5.) Moddingway crashes the game at startup: do this

    OK, you can also try my combination of the dlc and db folders Here. Just backup your current dlc and data\db folders, then unpack mine inside the FIFA main folder, and finally regenerate. Let me know if that works out for you.

    6.) Moddingway crashes the game if English language is not selected: do this

    OK, try this: see the file FIFA 16 DEMO\data\loc\eng_us_upd-meta.xml? Now make an exact copy of it in the same folder, changing only the iso codes to those of your locale (e.g. eng_us → ger_de), both in the file name and inside its content (open it with a text editor).

    7.) FIFA settings (like resolution) don’t change: do this

    Try this: open FIFA 16 DEMO\fifasetup\config.ini with any text editor and change the value of SETTING_FOLDER from ‘FIFA 16 DEMO’ to ‘FIFA 16’. Let me know if this helps.

    8.) FIFA asks for activation: do this

    If activation screen should pop up at any time (even after you successfully launched the game several times) do this to make it work again (this worked for my friend):


    • Disable any firewall blocking rule you have previously set;
    • Rename your “FIFA 16 DEMO” folder to something else (I’ll rename it to “abc”, this is the hybrid game that lets you play career);
    • (If you already tried this activation method but did not succeed, do the “Origin offline trick” below before doing this step) Open Origin and download FIFA 16 DEMO again, but stop it after a few seconds download is started;
    • Close Origin;
    • Install the game again from your FIFA.16.DEMO-RLDGAMES.iso making sure you select C:\Program Files (x86)\Origin Games\FIFA 16 DEMO as install directory;
    • (If you already tried this activation method but did not succeed, do the “Origin offline trick” below before doing this step) Open Origin and resume download / play game, it should now successfully finalize the installation;
    • Run the demo normally, make sure it launches correctly and then close it
    • Delete (or rename) your current “FIFA 16 DEMO” folder;
    • Rename the “abc” folder to “FIFA 16 DEMO”
    • Block fifa16_demo.exe and fifasetup/fifaconfig.exe in your firewall;
    • Launch FIFA 16 DEMO from Origin and enjoy the game. 


    9.) Origin offline trick

    If you want to stay safe and use Origin in offline mode/avoid updating it, do the following to still being able to use its online functions (might be needed to re-activate the game) :

    Before running Origin, disable your network card (unplug ethernet cable, disconnect your wireless).

    Open Origin and log in offline mode.

    Enable your network card and make sure you’ve got internet access.

    Click on the “Go Online” button at the top of the Origin window.

    It will tell you your login credentials have expired, so log in again. Done.

    10.) Players have missing faces: do this

    uploaded the missing faces from title update 2:

    http://www33.zippyshare.com/v/UTY9kRvA/file.html

    Just unpack over FIFA main folder (you shouldn’t need regenerating). I’ll see what I can do for tracksuits.

    Trailer




    Download

    download-game-torrent

    FIFA 16 Deluxe Edition Cracked Readnfo  (Size: 13.1 GB)

    FIFA 16 PC  DEMO (Size: 3.65 GB)


    Last Updated : October 9, 2016



    Note :.:  This is torrent File. You must install µTorrent to download this File.

    Source :.:  Wikipedia , EA Sports , NewTorrentGame.Com

    Admin MWaleed Malik

    Please feel free to post your comments. Guys, due to some reason i cannot see your comments but last night (Oct 9, 2016) i read all of them and they are priceless for me :') PARADiSO Thanx

    Источник: https://digitalkorg.blogspot.com/2015/10/fifa-16-pc-download-free-torrent-file.html

    Translingual[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (radical 163, 邑+11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈心弓中 (IPNL), four-corner02227, composition ⿰鹿阝)

    1. county in Shanxi province

    References[edit]

    • KangXi: page 1276, character 25
    • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39604
    • Dae Jaweon: page 1776, character 9
    • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3794, character 4
    • Unihan data for U+911C

    Cantonese[edit]

    Hanzi[edit]

    (Yalefu1)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text .

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text .

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): (fu), ろく (roku)

    Mandarin[edit]

    Hanzi[edit]

    (Pinyinfū (fu1), Wade-Gilesfu1)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text .
    Источник: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E9%84%9C

    Universal Language Selector/Upcoming development plan

    Date Status/Progress Week of January 20 2014
    • 2014-01-20: Patch to detect tofu in content before applying default fonts.
    • 2014-01-21: ULS disabled.
    • 2014-01-22: First patch for re-enabling uploaded.[1]
    Week of February 10 2014
    • Code review by Ori done and addressed
    • Deploy [2][3][4]
      • restores the enableWebfonts preference that displays a checkbox in the ULS Language Panel to toggle availability of webfonts
      • new global variable $wgULSWebfontsEnabled can be used to configure if fonts will be loaded by default in the wiki. Default value is true, to load fonts. (set to false for Wikimedia wikis)
      • removed the uls-enable preference that was introduced recently to disable ULS across Wikimedia wikis (on 2014-01-21)
      • ext.uls.webfonts.js initialization was changed to load a minimal possible JS Library code for webfonts; remaining code is loaded when user makes additional requests
    • Update: Universal_Language_Selector/WebFonts#Font_detection for related UI changes
    • Analytics data collection: Get count of uls-enable preference values from 2014-01-21 to the day the above patch goes in production
    • Analytics assessment: Work with analytics team on impact assessment metrics and output requirements review
    Week of February 17 2014 Week of February 24 2014
    • Analytics data collection: 2 week period from re-enablement of ULS completed for data collection for impact assessment
    • Event-logging for the tofu detection feature [5]
    Week of March 3 2014
    • Analytics data collection
    Week of March 10 2014
    • Analytics data collection
    Week of March 17 2014
    • Analytics data collection
    Week of March 24 2014
    • Analytics data collection
    • Analytics assessment
    Источник: https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Universal_Language_Selector/Upcoming_development_plan
    pes 2020 crack reddit  - Activators Patch

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