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Input Files: AVI, DivX, DVD, MPG, SVCD, VCD, WMA, Xvid
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Windows 95/Windows 98/Windows Me/Windows 2000/Windows XP/Windows 2003/Windows Vista/Windows 7

Version 8.9 Build 1465
  • Release Date: Jan 26, 2020
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    • fixed getting movie details from blu-ray.com (Country)
    • improved search movies on Cinebel.be
    • minor improvements in getting movie details from Kinopoisk.ru
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Источник: http://www.digital-digest.com/dvd/downloads/showsoftware_all_my_movies_337.html

How to Use the Movie Render Queue for High-Quality Renders

Prerequisite Topics

In order to understand and use the content on this page, make sure you are familiar with the following topics:

This guide is for Windows 10 64-bit users.

When the objective is to achieve a quality render offline, you do not have to be concerned with the cost of real-time rendering. This provides an opportunity to use settings and commands that greatly increase the quality, precision, and look for features like Ray-Tracing Global Illumination and Ray-Tracing Reflections. You can also get improved Motion Blur, and remove unwanted anti-aliasing artifacts.

The guide will take you through some of the settings you can use to produce a high-quality render outside of real-time concerns. You will learn to use the Movie Render Queue to configure a sample sequence using custom settings and console variables.

For a sense of what a full, high-quality render would look like, watch this video:

This guide follows a process similar to the one used to generate the video above. The primary difference is that you will be using Movie Render Queue instead of the Blueprint Director.

Objective

After going through this guide, you will have a better understanding of how to:

  • Get Sequencer ready for use with Movie Render Queue

  • Output high-quality image sequences

  • Tweak output settings for improved images when rendering images that use ray tracing

  • Apply your own custom settings using console variables

For best results, go through the steps below in sequence.

Step 1. Project Setup

Before starting, you will need to change a system setting, download the sample project that goes with this guide, and enable the Movie Render Pipeline plugin.

System Configuration (Optional but Recommended)

When GPU commands take too long to execute, Windows will assume that the graphics card has crashed, and will reset the driver, which in turn will cause the engine to close.

Increasing the amount of time it takes before Windows detects a GPU Timeout can be done by changing the Timeout Detection and Recovery (TDR) time in the Windows Registry.

You will need admin rights on your computer to make these edits.

To edit the TDR (before loading the sample project):

  1. Using the Windows Start menu search bar, enter regedit to launch the Registry Editor.

  2. Navigate to the category Computer\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\GraphicsDrivers.

  3. Select TdrDelay from the list, then right-click and select Modify.

  4. This value is measured in seconds. Select Decimal, set a Value data of 60, then click OK.

Download the Sample Project

This guide uses ArchViz Interior as the sample project to generate the final image sequence that is rendered out at the end. The project provides a photorealistic scene that uses ray-tracing features, such as shadows, ambient occlusion,and global illumination.

  1. Open Epic Games Launcher. Click Unreal Engine from the options on the left, then select the Learn tab on the top.

  2. Scroll down to the Engine Feature Samples section, then select ArchViz Interior. When the CONTENT DETAIL window opens, click Free to download the project, then click Create Project. For this guide, leave the project name as ArchVizInterior.

  3. Browse to select the download location or accept the default.

The project requires a ray tracing-compatible card with DirectX 12 ray-tracing support. For more information on ray tracing system requirements, see Real-Time Ray Tracing.

To learn more about the Archviz Interior project and how it was developed, see Archviz Interior Rendering.

Enable the Movie Render Pipeline Plugin

Before you can use the Movie Render Queue, the Movie Render Pipeline plugin must be enabled.

  1. With the ArchViz Project downloaded and open in the engine, go to Edit > Plugins.

  2. Select Built-In if not already selected, then search for movie. Movie Render Pipeline should appear.

  3. If not enabled already, check the Enabled box to activate the plugin, then close the window.

Step 2: Load a Project Sequence into the Sequencer Editor

In this step, you will work with a cinematic sequence, or cinematic for short, that has been set up in the Archviz Interior project.

If you are not already familiar with the Sequencer and Movie Render Queue features, you might find it helpful to explore the prerequisite documents listed at the top of this page.

  1. With the Archviz Interior project open, locate the level sequences in Content Browser. For this project, all level sequences are in the Content > Cinematic folder.

  2. Double-click the archviz_cine_MASTER sequence to open it in the Sequencer Editor. It should look similar to the image below.

    This master sequence contains all of the individual shots used in this sample project.

Another way to access a master sequence is from the Level Editor. Click the Cinematics dropdown to select and access any existing master sequence in an open project.

The Sequencer Editor

The Sequence Editor provides an effective way to visually examine established shots, which can help you decide a frame range to render when using the Movie Render Queue.

For this exercise, the frame range will be specified, but later, you will probably want to select your own range of frames for rendering. If you are new to the Sequencer Editor, familiarize yourself with the features described below. Otherwise, go directly to Step 3: Add a Sequence to the Movie Render Queue.

The Shots Track contains information for all cameras used in the cinematic. In this cinematic, each shot contains the camera that will be used when rendering. Click the dropdowns on the left to view any nested tracks.

Clicking the Camera button for any camera in the panel will snap the Level viewport to the perspective of that camera.

Use the playback control panel or the slider to scrub the timeline and view shots and frame ranges. Note that the slider shows the current frame number.

With the Sequencer open, from the Level Editor, select Perspective > Cinematic Viewport.

This opens a playback control panel in the viewport, with additional information on the cinematic.

Step 3: Add a Sequence to the Movie Render Queue

Next, you will add a sequence to the Movie Render Queue. This is the sequence from which you will render a high-quality set of images.

  1. From the editor menu bar, select Window > Cinematics > Movie Render Queue.

    When first opened, the window should be empty, like the image below.

  2. Click the + Render button, then click the archviz_cine_MASTER Level Sequence file from the dropdown list to add it to the queue.


    You can also add a sequence to the queue by dragging the sequence into the queue window from the Content Browser.

To remove a sequence, use any of the following:

  • Select the sequence, then click the button.

  • Highlight and press the Del key on your keyboard.

  • Right-click the sequence, then click Delete.

To highlight multiple sequences, hold the Shift key and click to select. You can then delete multiple sequences at the same time.

Step 4: How to Select Configuration Options

Before rendering any sequences loaded in the queue, you will need to configure the settings you want to use. There are a wide variety of settings that can be adjusted, such as output format, filename, and anti-aliasing settings.

The first step is to select the settings you will want to configure.

  1. With the window open and the master sequence on the list, click Unsaved Config*.

  2. This will open the Setting/Presets window.

  3. This window is where you will make configuration changes, but first you need to pick the settings you want to configure. To add a setting, click the + Setting button and a list of options will open.

    Options are in three groupings: Settings, Rendering, and Output (described in more detail below).

  4. To move one of these options from this list to the Setting/Presets window, click the entry in the dropdown. When you add an item to the window, it is removed from this list.

  5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to add more options to the list.

Each option that you add to the Setting/Presets window has a toggle switch. Use these toggles to enable or disable the option for the rendering process. This will turn the setting off for that render only, without removing the option completely from these presets.

To remove an item from the Setting/Presets window, highlight the item, then press the Del key. It will be removed from the Setting/Presets window, and added back to the list of options.

Output Settings Explained

There are several image types that you can use for output. Each has its own pros and cons, so you'll need to find what fits best with your own project workflow.

One consideration is whether a file type provides an alpha channel—important if you need an image with a transparent background.

Another consideration is whether the format is lossless or lossy. Lossless compression means that all original image data can be recovered when a file is uncompressed, whereas lossy compression does not recover all original data.

Output Type

Alpha Channel

Lossy or Lossless

Notes

.bmp Sequence [8bit]

No

Lossless

Quick to write to disk but large file sizes due to their uncompressed nature.

.jpg Sequence [8bit]

No

Lossy

Smaller file size makes this format good for previews.

.png Sequence [8bit]

Yes

Lossless

Larger file size, but higher quality image.

.exr Sequence [16bit]

Yes

Lossless

A high-dynamic range format developed by Industrial Light and Magic and used in video compositing.

.wav Audio

N/A

N/A

For audio output.

More information about image types can be found in the Movie Render Queue Export Formats Guide.

Both .png and .exr image formats offer the ability to output the alpha channel with the image, but first you will need to enable this support. From the editor menu bar, select Edit > Project Settings > Engine > Rendering > Postprocessing > Enable alpha channel support in post processing (experimental) > Linear color space only.

Once this change is applied, you will be prompted to restart the engine. To create a transparent background, you will need to hide opaque objects in your scene such as Sky and Atmospheric Fog.

You can select more than one output format, but for this exercise, we will only use one.

Rendering Settings Explained

You have two possible settings for rendering. These specify how the final image will output.

Render Type

Description

Deferred Rendering

The default option. Toggling Deferred Rendering off disables the final frame render but does not stop the queue from processing the other steps in the configuration settings. It should be enabled while following the steps in this guide.

UI Renderer (Non-Composited)

Provides flexibility by rendering UMG widgets into a separate .png or .exr file that can be composited with the frame render in a separate compositing application, such as Adobe Premiere or Final Cut Pro—useful when compositing interface-related graphics.

Additional Settings Explained

With the Settings options, you can specify additional configurable items to use when rendering the final output image.

Setting Type

Description

Anti-aliasing

Controls the number of samples and sample types used when rendering out the final images.

Burn In

An overlay with information such as the name of the scene or shot, or the date, time, or frame information. These overlays are referred to as Burn Ins as they are burned into the movie when it is rendered out. Can be replaced with a custom widget if needed.

Camera

Can be used to control shutter settings, which affects effects like motion blur and exposure.

Console Variables

Calls console variables to execute specifically when rendering from the Movie Render Queue.

Game Overrides

Overrides several common game-related settings, such as Game Mode and Cinematic Quality settings. This is useful if the normal mode of the game displays UI elements or loading screens that you do not want to capture.

High Resolution

Provides a way to use tiled renders to produce larger images than would normally be possible because of maximum texture sizes or memory limits on GPUs.

You will only use a couple of these in this exercise, but you can (and should) explore all options later on your own.

For more information on these settings, see the Movie Render Queue Image Settings Guide.

Step 5: Select Your Options

Add the following options to the Setting/Presets window:

  • .png Sequence [8bit]

  • Deferred Rendering

  • Anti-Aliasing

  • Console Variables

Another option, Output, will also be on the list under Settings. This is the only option that cannot be deleted.

This is what your Setting/Presets window should look like at this point.

Step 6: Configure the Anti-Aliasing Settings

Anti-aliasing is a way of smoothing lines and removing visual distortions. Spatial sampling and temporal sampling each use different approaches to address anti-aliasing and noise-related issues.

  • Spatial samples work by rendering the same moment in time but with slightly different camera position offsets, and with no amount of time passing between two different spatial samples while accumulating samples from different offset positions.

  • Temporal samples work by slicing the camera shutter open time into specified sub-frames, and using engine motion blur to interpolate between the smaller slices. It is particularly suitable for increasing motion blur quality.

For more on the distinctions between temporal and spatial sampling, and guidelines on when to use one method over the other, see the Anti-Aliasing Movie Render Queue Settings.

The values used in this guide are a combination of both methods.

This guide was developed using an RTX-2080 Ti graphics card. Depending on your own setup, you may need to lower some values here to produce a final frame render, or, if you are using a higher-end card, like a Quadro RTX, you can push the sample count higher.

  1. From the Movie Render Queue window, click the Unsaved Config* link to open the settings. (The * indicates that these settings have not yet been saved. You will save the presets once all settings have been entered.)

  2. On the Setting/Presets window, click Anti-aliasing to open a settings dialog.

  3. Add the following values:

    • Spatial Sample Count: 1

    • Temporal Sample Count: 64

    • Override Anti Aliasing Mode: Enabled

    • Anti Aliasing Method: None

    • Render Warm Up Count: 120

    • Engine Warm Up Count: 120

The values for the Render Warm Up Count and Engine Warm Up Count provide a buffer with enough time when building the temporal history and simulations for them to settle before a frame is captured. For example, this would allow auto exposure or other screen effects to achieve a good starting point before rendering out the first frame.

These settings will render a high-quality image. The goal here is to demonstrate a higher-quality image than what you would get from a real-time render. Because of this, you do not need to be concerned about real-time performance or the time the render takes.

This tradeoff in quality versus performance, however, does mean that the higher the sample count, the longer the render takes for each frame.

Because you can doesn't mean you should!

It is recommended that you test initially using a few frames rather than by setting everything to its highest value before starting. Your aim should be to find settings that work best for your project based on your GPU and setup.

Step 7: Configure the Console Variables

You can call most of the console variables (CVARs) that you will want to execute when rendering from the Movie Render Queue. This is extremely useful for rendering high-quality results that are too expensive for real time.

The CVARs listed in the queue will only execute when the image is rendered from the queue. These settings do not permanently change anything in the level that has already been set up—it works with existing settings and only overrides those settings indicated in the queue for the final image output.

This approach is particularly valuable with ray tracing, where increased sample counts and bounces directly affect performance but greatly improve the quality and precision of the lighting result.

  1. Click Console Variables to open a settings dialog.

  2. Click the Add (+) button to enter a variable and its value, using the list below:

    • r.MotionBlurQuality: 4

    • r.MotionBlurSeparable: 1

    • r.DepthOfFieldQuality: 4

    • r.BloomQuality: 5

    • r.Tonemapper.Quality: 5

    • r.RayTracing.GlobalIllumination: 1

    • r.RayTracing.GlobalIllumination.MaxBounces: 2

    • r.RayTracing.Reflections.MaxRoughness: 1

    • r.RayTracing.Reflections.MaxBounces: 2

    • r.RayTracing.Reflections.Shadows: 2

    The fastest and most accurate way to enter these CVARs is to cut and paste from this document, then press the Tab key to move the cursor to the value field.

  3. Repeat Step 2 until all have been added.

As with the anti-aliasing values, the console variables used here focus on quality over performance.

For Ray Tracing Global Illumination (), setting a value of 1 calls the brute force method. This is accurate, and allows multiple bounces of indirect lighting, but is computationally expensive. If you were to change this value to 2, it would use a temporal history method, which is much faster but only allows a single bounce of indirect light, and produces some ghosting artifacts (pixels that trail after a moving image).

The other CVARs in this exercise use scalable values that control the quality level.

If you want to know the details of a console variable, you can use the backtick ( ` ) key to open the console and search for that console command. Use the following format to display the tooltip:

For example, if you input , the output of the tooltip would look something like:

The result of this query will display in the Output Log. To access, go to Window > Developer Tools > Output Log.

All of the variables and values chosen for this guide offer a high-quality starting point for rendering out from the project.

As you work with your own projects, you may want to experiment with different variables and values. For CVARs specific to ray tracing, see On Your Own! at the end of this guide.

Step 8. Configure the Output

The final configuration step in the Setting/Presets window is Output.

You can render the entire sequence, a range of frames, or individual frames. Since the high-quality output is time-consuming, for this exercise you will limit the output to a short segment from the sequence.

  1. Click Output on the Setting/Presets window to open a settings dialog.

  2. Under File Output, enter:

    • Output Directory: The directory where you want to render the image to. By default, it will be saved to your project folder. To browse for a different directory, click the ... to the right.

    • File Name Format: The default name, if unchanged, is the name of the sequence and the frame number(s) rendered.

    • Output Resolution: The target image size. Default is 1920 (width) by 1080 (height). Leave it at the default.

    • Use Custom Frame Rate: Changes the frame rate for the output. Leave disabled.

    • Override Existing Output: Click this box to enable.

  3. Under Frames, enter:

    • Handle Frame Count: Not used in this exercise. Leave at default value of 0. To learn more about this option, see Sequencer Overview.

    • Output Frame Step: Not used in this exercise. Leave at default value of 1.

    • Use Custom Playback Range: Click to enable.

    • Custom Start Frame: Sets the first frame for the render range. Enter 450.

    • Custom End Frame: Sets the last frame for the range. Enter 550. This range of 100 frames is enough to show quality of reflections, motion blur, and global illumination, without spending an enormous amount of time waiting for the render to complete.

  4. Click Accept to save all settings entered.

Step 9: Save Your Configuration Settings

Saving your settings is an easy way to use them again with this and other projects. Once you have saved a Preset, you can go back later and edit those settings as you find ways to tweak the settings for a project workflow, or copy the Preset to other projects.

You can also edit the settings and save or save-as later as you find ways to tweak the settings for a project workflow.

  1. From the Movie Render Queue window, click Unsaved Config* to open the Setting/Preset window.

  2. Click Presets, then Save As Preset.

  3. In the Save Config Preset window, give your preset Asset a name.

    A new directory path will be automatically generated in the project Content Browser: Cinematics > MoviePipeline > Presets. Accept the default location, or use the Content navigation panel on the left to choose a different directory.

  4. Click Save.

Because this preset is now an Asset, it can be opened in the Content Browser and copied into another project, independent of a sequence file.

If your saved preset does not show, click the dropdown to open a list of any presets saved for this project.

Step 10: Final Output and Results

In this final exercise step, you will render out your selected range of images from the sample sequence using the values you set up and saved.

You have two options for rendering:

  • Render (Local): Renders the queue in the current Editor instance, and is similar to Play In Editor (PIE). This is the most common workflow and recommended due to the fast iteration time.

  • Render (Remote): The default behavior is to launch a separate process to render the queue, similar to the "Use Separate Process" in the old Render Movie system. Changes to files will need to be saved when launching the separate process. The behavior of this button can be replaced with an in-house solution, such as using a render farm.

For this exercise, you will render locally for easy preview.

  1. In the Movie Render Queue window, make sure your sequence is loaded, along with the presets you saved, then click the Render (Local) button.

  2. A preview window will launch, then capture and output each frame based on parameters and values in the presets.

    The status information displays at the bottom on the left, and sequence information on the right.

    This render output was set up for quality, not speed. If it seems like your computer is taking a long time, be patient—it can be a slow process.

  3. Once the render is complete, the preview window will close. The captured frames can be found in your saved output directory. To navigate to that folder quickly, click the link in the Movie Render Queue window under the Output column.

Here is a video clip showing the final result of the 100-frame shot render.

You may see some artifacts that still need to be addressed, such as reflections that seem to flicker on the gold cup. Such issues can be optimized or addressed using other techniques in the Material. (For more on these techniques, see ArchViz Interior Rendering.

You will, however, see improved anti-aliasing, shadowing, motion blur, and multi-bounce global illumination and reflections. Use the comparison below to examine the differences in frame 540 with the default settings (left) and the settings specified for the output in this exercise (right).

In this guide, you have learned how to set up and configure the Movie Render Queue to render out high-quality image sequences in multiple formats. You can bring these image sequences into third-party editing and compositing software—like Adobe Premiere, After Effects, Final Cut Pro, Nuke, or Resolve—to generate a video clip or perform further shot editing and color grading.

Troubleshoot the Render

If the render fails, or if the engine freezes up or crashes, there are a few things you can check.

  • Do you have the most current GPU driver for your graphics card?

    If you do not, then download it.

  • Does your GPU support ray tracing?

    For more information ray-tracing system requirements, see Real-Time Ray Tracing.

If these do not resolve the issue, try the next step.

Disable GPU Timeout

The information below can also help avoid or reduce GPU timeouts, but should be applied only if you run into timeout issues or if the engine crashes when rendering.

The console command sets whether to enable or disable the GPU from timing out, which can cause the engine to close.

  • 0 disables GPU timeout. This should be used with extreme care as it could cause your PC to freeze.

  • 1 enables GPU timeout. This is set by default, and causes the editor to close when an operation is taking too long to complete on the GPU.

Because you are going to apply this only to your project, not to your entire system, do these steps after you have downloaded the ArchViz Interior sample project, and while Unreal Engine is closed.

  1. With Unreal Engine closed, go to the project Config folder. Example:

  2. Open the file in a text editor, and scroll to the bottom of the file, then add these two lines at the end:

    The first line is a comment to remind you what the CVAR is for. The second line is the actual CVAR with the intended value.

  3. Save the file. If prompted to override, click OK. Close your text editor.

  4. Launch the engine and load the Archviz project. The GPU timeout CVAR is now in effect.

On Your Own!

You have learned a basic workflow for the Movie Render Queue, but settings you used here are just a starting point. Following are some suggestions for you to try on your own.

Rendering Locally versus Remotely

In Step 10: Final Output and Results, you output your render locally. This method is good for previewing while still providing a high quality result. However, using remote rendering does not run the Unreal Editor render code during the process.

If you have access to a render farm, then you can implement your own handling of the Render (Remote) command to have the job sent to a render farm. At this time Unreal Engine does not include support for any existing third-party render farm software. Unreal Engine 4.25 currently requires writing new implementations using C++. We are looking to add support for writing implementations in Python in the near future.

Temporal Sampling and Denoisers

There are two temporal sampling approaches to address anti-aliasing in the image processing.

When working in the editor in real time, you are using Temporal Anti-Aliasing (TAA), which is a specific real-time, anti-aliasing technique. It has downsides, such as ghosting or noise artifacts when the camera moves really fast or objects move across finely detailed materials, which make it less suitable for high-quality image output.

Instead, you can use Temporal Sampling. This method is a similar technique to TAA, but uses real render data to anti-alias the image. It resolves the issues with real-time TAA, but processes much more slowly because it uses more samples to generate better results. For example, if it uses 8x samples, it would take eight times as long to process as real-time TAA.

The other aspect is that ray tracing uses different denoisers for many of its features. It uses fewer samples but produces an equivalent result as though it were using more samples by softening the samples with blurring and smoothing. With the Movie Render Queue, since you don't care about real-time performance, you can disable the denoisers and use more samples to produce a more physically accurate result.

With this in mind, you can disable the following denoisers when using Movie Render Queue with ray-tracing features by adding them to your console variables list:

  • r.AmbientOcclusion.Denoiser: 0

  • r.DiffuseIndirect.Denoiser: 0

  • r.RayTracing.SkyLight.Denoiser: 0

  • r.Reflections.Denoiser: 0

  • r.Shadow.Denoiser: 0

  • r.RayTracing.GlobalIllumination.Denoiser: 0

When TAA is disabled by setting the Anti Aliasing Method to None in the Configuration Settings dialog, it is also a good idea to turn off temporal accumulation of samples when the denoisers are disabled in the CVARs. Explore the ones below in your own tests for Movie Render Queue:

  • r.AmbientOcclusion.Denoiser.TemporalAccumulation: 0

  • r.GlobalIllumination.Denoiser.TemporalAccumulation: 0

  • r.Reflections.Denoiser.TemporalAccumulation: 0

  • r.Shadow.Denoiser.TemporalAccumulation: 0

Additional Ray-Tracing Console Commands

Many ray-tracing feature values are optimized for real-time usage. This means that they use fewer sample counts, with a limit on maximum bounces or other settings that trade quality for performance.

Below are more console variables you can use in the Movie Render Queue to trade performance for quality. This is especially useful since this feature executes these commands only when a render is run from the queue, and the settings do not permanently override any of the real-time settings you might have set up in a post process volume in the editor.

Samples Per Pixel: Each ray-tracing feature can use few or many samples to generate the final result. Denoisers use fewer pixels and are often used to do the heavy-lifting. With Movie Render Queue, you have the option of disabling the denoiser and increasing samples per pixel to increase quality.

Some examples would be:

  • r.RayTracing.Reflections.SamplesPerPixel

  • r.RayTracing.Shadow.SamplesPerPixel

  • r.RayTracing.GlobalIllumination.SamplesPerPixel

Maximum Number of Bounces: Ray-tracing features like Reflections, Global Illumination, and Clear Coat benefit by having reflections or light bounce around multiple times in a scene to produce a more natural, higher quality result. These settings would be extremely expensive for real time rendering.

  • r.RayTracing.GlobalIllumination.MaxBounces

  • r.RayTracing.Reflections.MaxBounces

  • r.RayTracing.Reflections.MaxUnderCoatBounces

Sky Light: In real-time ray tracing, sky light can be an additional expense, given its infinite distance, when calculating each frame for features like Reflections and Global Illumination.

The following CVARs can enable additional skylight options in ray-tracing when working with the Movie Render Queue:

  • r.RayTracing.GlobalIllumination.EvalSkyLight

  • r.RayTracing.SkyLight.EnableTwoSidedGeometry

  • r.RayTracing.Reflections.RayTraceSkyLightContribution

  • r.RayTracing.SkyLight.EnableMaterials

These are a few of the CVARs available. You can explore others by opening the console window and typing to see a list of available variables.

Источник: + basePath + '/RenderingAndGraphics/RayTracing/MovieRenderQueue/

Portable media player

Portable device capable of storing and playing digital media

Not to be confused with Digital media player.

A portable media player (PMP) or digital audio player (DAP) is a portable consumer electronics device capable of storing and playing digital media such as audio, images, and video files.[1][2] The data is typically stored on a compact disc (CD), Digital Video Disc (DVD), Blu-ray Disc (BD), flash memory, microdrive, or hard drive; most earlier PMPs used physical media, but modern players mostly use flash memory. In contrast, analogue portable audio players play music from non-digital media that use analogue signal storage, such as cassette tapes or vinyl records.

Digital audio players are often marketed and sold as "MP3 players", even if they also support other file formats and media types.[3][4] The PMP term was introduced later for devices that had additional capabilities such as video playback. Generally speaking, they are portable, employing internal or replaceable batteries, equipped with a 3.5 mm headphone jack which users can plug headphones into or connect to a boombox or shelf stereo system, or may be connected to car and home stereos via a wireless connection such as Bluetooth. Some players also include FMradio tuners, voice recording and other features. Increasing sales of smartphones and tablet computers have led to a decline in sales of portable media players,[5][6] leading to most devices being phased out, though certain flagship devices like the Apple iPod and Sony Walkman are still in production. Portable DVD/BD players are still manufactured by brands across the world.[7]

This article focuses on portable devices that have the main function of playing media.

Types[edit]

Digital audio players are generally categorised by storage media:

  • Flash-based players: These are non-mechanical solid state devices that hold digital audio files on internal flash memory or removable flash media called memory cards. Due to technological advances in flash memory, these originally low-storage devices are now available commercially ranging up to 128 GB. Because they are solid state and do not have moving parts they require less battery power, are less likely to skip during playback, and may be more resilient to hazards such as dropping or fragmentation than hard disk-based players. Some of these may be styled just as USB flash drives.
  • Hard drive-based players or digital jukeboxes: Devices that read digital audio files from a hard disk drive (HDD). These players have higher capacities as of 2010[update] ranging up to 500 GB.[8] At typical encoding rates, this means that tens of thousands of songs can be stored on one player. The disadvantages with these units is that a hard drive consumes more power, is larger and heavier and is inherently more fragile than solid-state storage, thus more care is required to not drop or otherwise mishandle these units.
  • MP3 CD/DVD players: Portable CD players that can decode and play MP3 audio files stored on CDs. Such players were typically a less expensive alternative than either the hard drive or flash-based players when the first units of these were released. The blank CD-R media they use is very inexpensive, typically costing less than US$0.15 per disc. These devices have the feature of being able to play standard "Red book" CD-DA audio CDs. A disadvantage is that due to the low rotational disk speed of these devices, they are even more susceptible to skipping or other misreads of the file if they are subjected to uneven acceleration (shaking) during playback. The mechanics of the player itself however can be quite sturdy, and are generally not as prone to permanent damage due to being dropped as hard drive-based players. Since a CD can typically hold only around 700 megabytes of data a large library will require multiple disks to contain. However, some higher-end units are also capable of reading and playing back files stored on larger capacity DVD; some also have the ability to play back and display video content, such as movies. An additional consideration can be the relatively large width of these devices, since they have to be able to fit a CD.
  • Networked audio players: Players that connect via (WiFi) network to receive and play audio.[9] These types of units typically do not have any local storage of their own and must rely on a server, typically a personal computer also on the same network, to provide the audio files for playback.
  • USB host/memory card audio players: Players that rely on USB flash drives or other memory cards to read data.

History[edit]

See also: Portable audio player

The immediate predecessor in the market place of the digital audio player was the portable CD player and prior to that, the personal stereo. In particular, Sony's Walkman and Discman are the ancestors of digital audio players such as Apple's iPod.[10]

There are several types of MP3 players:

  • Devices that play CDs. Often, they can be used to play both audio CDs and homemade data CDs containing MP3 or other digital audio files.
  • Pocket devices. These are solid-state devices that hold digital audio files on internal or external media, such as memory cards. These are generally low-storage devices, typically ranging from 128MB to 1GB, which can often be extended with additional memory. As they are solid state and do not have moving parts, they can be very resilient. Such players are generally integrated into USB keydrives.
  • Devices that read digital audio files from a hard drive. These players have higher capacities, ranging from 1.5GB to 100GB, depending on the hard drive technology. At typical encoding rates, this means that thousands of songs—perhaps an entire music collection—can be stored in one MP3 player. Apple's popular iPod player is the best-known example.

Early digital audio players[edit]

British scientist Kane Kramer invented the first digital audio player,[11] which he called the IXI.[12] His 1979 prototypes were capable of approximately one hour of audio playback but did not enter commercial production. His UK patent application was not filed until 1981 and was issued in 1985 in the UK and 1987 in the US.[13] However, in 1988 Kramer's failure to raise the £60,000 required to renew the patent meant it entering the public domain, but he still owns the designs.[14]Apple Inc. hired Kramer as a consultant and presented his work as an example of prior art in the field of digital audio players during their litigation with Burst.com almost two decades later.[15] In 2008, Apple acknowledged Kramer as the inventor of the digital audio player[11][16] The player was as big as a credit card and had a small LCD screen, navigation and volume buttons and would have held at least 8MB of data in a solid-state bubble memory chip with a capacity of 3½ minutes' worth of audio. Plans were made for a 10-minute stereo memory card and the system was at one time fitted with a hard drive which would have enabled over an hour of recorded digital music. Later Kramer set up a company to promote the IXI and five working prototypes were produced with 16-bit sampling at 44.1 kilohertz with the pre-production prototype being unveiled at the APRS Audio/Visual trade exhibition in October 1986. However, in 1988 Kramer's failure to raise the £60,000 required to renew the patent meant it entering the public domain, but he still owns the designs.[citation needed]

Two early DAPs from 1996: FlashPAC and Listen Up

The Listen Up Player was released in 1996 by Audio Highway, an American company led by Nathan Schulhof. It could store up to an hour of music, but despite getting an award at CES 1997 only 25 copies were made.[17][18] That same year AT&T developed the FlashPAC digital audio player which initially used AT&T Perceptual Audio Coder (PAC)[19] for music compression, but in 1997 switched to AAC.[20] At about the same time AT&T also developed an internal Web based music streaming service that had the ability to download music to FlashPAC.[21] AAC and such music downloading services later formed the foundation for the Apple iPod and iTunes.[22]

The first production-volume portable digital audio player was The Audible Player (also known as MobilePlayer, or Digital Words To Go) from Audible.com available for sale in January 1998, for US$200. It only supported playback of digital audio in Audible's proprietary, low-bitrate format which was developed for spoken word recordings. Capacity was limited to 4 MB of internal flash memory, or about 2 hours of play, using a custom rechargeable battery pack. The unit had no display and rudimentary controls.[23][24]

The MP3 standard[edit]

MP3 was introduced as an audio coding standard in 1994. It was based on several audio data compression techniques, including the modified discrete cosine transform (MDCT), FFT and psychoacoustic methods.[25] The first portable MP3 player was launched in 1997 by Saehan Information Systems,[26] which sold its “MPMan F10" player in parts of Asia in spring 1998.[27][28] In mid-1998, the South Korean company licensed the players for North American distribution to Eiger Labs, which rebranded them as the EigerMan F10 and F20.[29] The flash-based players were available in 32 MB or 64 MB (6 or 12 songs) storage capacity and had a LCD screen to tell the user the song currently playing. The first car audio hard drive-based MP3 player was also released in 1997 by MP32Go and was called the MP32Go Player. It consisted of a 3 GB IBM 2.5" hard drive that was housed in a trunk-mounted enclosure connected to the car's radio system. It retailed for $599 and was a commercial failure.[30]

Rio PMP300, one of the earliest marketed DAPs, plays music in the MP3 format

MP3 became a popular standard format and as a result most digital audio players after this supported it and hence were often called "MP3 players". The Rio PMP300 from Diamond Multimedia was introduced in September 1998, a few months after the MPMan, and also featured a 32 MB storage capacity. It was a success during the holiday season, with sales exceeding expectations.[31] Interest and investment in digital music were subsequently spurred from it.[32] Because of the player's notoriety as the target of a major lawsuit,[33] the Rio is erroneously assumed to be the first digital audio player.[34] The RIAA soon filed a lawsuit alleging that the device abetted illegal copying of music, but Diamond won a legal victory on the shoulders of Sony Corp. v. Universal City Studios and MP3 players were ruled legal devices. Eiger Labs and Diamond went on to establish a new segment in the portable audio player market and the following year saw several new manufacturers enter this market. The player would be the start of the Rio line of players.

Other early MP3 portables include Sensory Science's Rave MP2100, the I-Jam IJ-100 and the Creative Labs Nomad. These portables were small and light, but had only enough memory to hold around 7 to 20 songs at normal 128 kbit/s compression rates. They also used slower parallel port connections to transfer files from PC to player, necessary as most PCs then used the Windows 95 and NT operating systems, which did not have native support for USB connections. As more users migrated to Windows 98 by 2000, most players transitioned to USB. In 1999 the first hard drive based DAP using a 2.5" laptop drive was made, the Personal Jukebox (PJB-100) designed by Compaq and released by Hango Electronics Co with 4.8 GB storage, which held about 1,200 songs, and invented what would be called the jukebox segment of digital music portables.[35] This segment eventually became the dominant type of digital music player.

Also at the end of 1999 the first in-dash MP3 player appeared. The Empeg Car and Rio Car (renamed after it was acquired by SONICblue and added to its Rio line of MP3 products) offered players in several capacities ranging from 5 to 28 GB. The unit didn't catch on as SONICblue had hoped, though, and was discontinued in the fall of 2001.

Sony entered the digital audio player market in 1999 with the Vaio Music Clip and Memory Stick Walkman, however they were technically not MP3 players as it did not support the MP3 format but instead Sony's own ATRAC format and WMA. The company's first MP3-supporting Walkman player did not come until 2004.[36] The new Walkman players were originally referred to as "Network Walkman", with the introduction of the NW-MS7. This DAP plays audio files using ATRAC compression stored on a removable Memory Stick.[37] Over the years, various hard-drive-based and flash-based DAPs and PMPs have been released under the Walkman range, albeit MP3 support only came in 2004.

Designed by Samsung Electronics, the Samsung YEPP line were first released in 1999 with the aim of making the smallest music players on the market.[38] In 2000, Creative released the 6GB hard drive based Creative NOMAD Jukebox. The name borrowed the jukebox metaphor popularised by Remote Solution, also used by Archos. Later players in the Creative NOMAD range used microdrives rather than laptop drives. In October 2000, South Korean software company Cowon Systems released their first MP3 player, the CW100, under the brand name iAUDIO. Since then the company has released many different players. In December 2000, some months after the Creative's NOMAD Jukebox, Archos released its Jukebox 6000 with a 6GB hard drive.

While popularly being called MP3 players at the time, most players could play more than just the MP3 file format, for example Windows Media Audio (WMA), Advanced Audio Coding (AAC), Vorbis, FLAC, Speex and Ogg. Many MP3 players can encode directly to MP3 or other digital audio format directly from a line in audio signal (radio, voice, etc.). Devices such as CD players can be connected to the MP3 player (using the USB port) in order to directly play music from the memory of the player without the use of a computer.

Modular MP3 keydrive players are composed of two detachable parts: the head (or reader/writer) and the body (the memory). They can be independently obtained and upgradable (one can change the head or the body; i.e. to add more memory).

Growth of market[edit]

On 23 October 2001, Apple Computer unveiled the first generationiPod, a 5 GB hard drive based DAP with a 1.8" hard drive and a 2" monochrome display. With the development of a spartan user interface and a smaller form factor, the iPod was initially popular within the Macintosh community. In July 2002, Apple introduced the second generation update to the iPod, which was compatible with Windows computers through Musicmatch Jukebox. iPods quickly became the most popular DAP product and led the fast growth of this market during the early and mid 2000s.

The Archos Jukebox 6000released late 2001 was a DAP with a hard disk, one of the earliest of its kind

In 2002, Archos released the first "portable media player" (PMP), the Archos Jukebox Multimedia[39] with a little 1.5" colour screen. Manufacturers have since implemented abilities to view images and play videos into their devices. The next year, Archos released another multimedia jukebox, the AV300, with a 3.8" screen and a 20GB hard drive. In the same year, Toshiba released the first Gigabeat. In 2003, Dell launched a line of portable digital music players called Dell DJ. They were discontinued by 2006.[40]

The name "MP4 player" was a marketing term for inexpensive portable media players, usually from little known or generic device manufacturers.[41] The name itself is a misnomer, since most MP4 players through 2007 were incompatible with the MPEG-4 Part 14 or the .mp4 container format. Instead, the term refers to their ability to play more file types than just MP3. In this sense, in some markets like Brazil, any new function added to a given media player is followed by an increase in the number, for example an MP5 or MP12 Player,[42] despite there being no corresponding MPEG-5 standard (as of 2018[update], the current standard, still being developed, is MPEG-4).

iriver of South Korea originally made portable CD players and then started making digital audio players and portable media players from 2002. Creative also introduced the ZEN line. Both of these attained high popularity in some regions.

In 2004, Microsoft attempted to take advantage of the growing PMP market by launching the Portable Media Center (PMC) platform. It was introduced at the 2004 Consumer Electronics Show with the announcement of the Zen Portable Media Center,[43] which was co-developed by Creative. The Microsoft Zune series would later be based on the Gigabeat S, one of the PMC-implemented players.

In May 2005, flash memory maker SanDisk entered the PMP market with the Sansa line of players, starting with the e100 series, and then following up with the m200 series, and c100 series.

In 2007, Apple introduced the iPod Touch, the first iPod with a multi-touch screen. Some similar products existed before such as the iriver clix in 2006.

PMPs in other categories[edit]

Samsung SPH-M2100, the first mobile phone with built-in MP3 player was produced in South Korea in August 1999.[44][45]Samsung SPH-M100 (UpRoar) launched in 2000 was the first mobile phone to have MP3 music capabilities[46] in the US market. The innovation spread rapidly across the globe and by 2005, more than half of all music sold in South Korea was sold directly to mobile phones and all major handset makers in the world had released MP3 playing phones. By 2006, more MP3 playing mobile phones were sold than all stand-alone MP3 players put together. The rapid rise of the media player in phones was quoted by Apple as a primary reason for developing the iPhone. In 2007, the number of phones that could play media was over 1 billion.[citation needed] Some companies have created music-centric sub-brands for mobile phones, for example the former Sony Ericsson's Walkman range or Nokia's XpressMusic range, which have extra emphasis on music playback and typically have features such as dedicated music buttons.[47]

Mobile phones with PMP functionalities such as video playback also started appearing in the 2000s. Other non-phone products such as the PlayStation Portable have also been considered to be PMPs.

Contemporary[edit]

DAPs and PMPs have declined in popularity after the late 2000s due to increasing worldwide adoption of smartphones that already come with PMP functionalities. DAPs continue to be made in lower volumes by manufacturers such as SanDisk, Sony, IRIVER, Philips, Apple, Cowon, and a range of Chinese manufacturers namely Aigo, Newsmy, PYLE and ONDA.[48] They often have specific selling points in the smartphone era, such as portability (for small sized players) or for high quality sound suited for audiophiles.

Typical features[edit]

PMPs are capable of playing digital audio, images, and/or video. Usually, a colour liquid crystal display (LCD) or organic light-emitting diode (OLED) screen is used as a display for PMPs that have a screen. Various players include the ability to record video, usually with the aid of optional accessories or cables, and audio, with a built-in microphone or from a line out cable or FM tuner. Some players include readers for memory cards, which are advertised to equip players with extra storage or transferring media. In some players, features of a personal organiser are emulated, or support for video games, like the iriver clix (through compatibility of Adobe Flash Lite) or the PlayStation Portable, is included. Only mid-range to high-end players support "savestating" for power-off (i.e. leaves off song/video in progress similar to tape-based media).

Audio playback[edit]

Sony Walkman NW-A1000, one of the earliest Walkman players that played MP3 alongside the proprietary ATRACformat

Nearly all players[49] are compatible with the MP3 audio format, and many others support Windows Media Audio (WMA), Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) and WAV. Some players are compatible with open-source formats like Ogg Vorbis and the Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC). Audio files purchased from online stores may include digital rights management (DRM) copy protection, which many modern players support.

Image viewing[edit]

The JPEG format is widely supported by players. Some players, like the iPod series, provide compatibility to display additional file formats like GIF, PNG, and TIFF, while others are bundled with conversion software.

Video playback[edit]

Most newer players support the MPEG-4 Part 2 video format, and many other players are compatible with Windows Media Video (WMV) and AVI. Software included with the players may be able to convert video files into a compatible format.

Recording[edit]

An iRiveriFP-190 player, with a built-in microphone for voice recording

Many players have a built-in electret microphone which allows recording. Usually recording quality is poor, suitable for speech but not music. There are also professional-quality recorders suitable for high-quality music recording with external microphones, at prices starting at a few hundred dollars.

Radio[edit]

Some DAPs have FM radio tuners built in. Many also have an option to change the band from the usual 87.5 – 108.0 MHz to the Japanese band of 76.0 – 90.0 MHz. DAPs typically never have an AM band, or even HD Radio since such features would be either cost-prohibitive for the application, or because of AM's sensitivity to interference.

Internet access[edit]

Newer portable media players are now coming with Internet access via Wi-Fi. Examples of such devices are Android OS devices by various manufacturers, and iOS devices on Apple products like the iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad. Internet access has even enabled people to use the Internet as an underlying communications layer for their choice of music for automated music randomisation services like Pandora, to on-demand video access (which also has music available) such as YouTube. This technology has enabled casual and hobbyist DJs to cue their tracks from a smaller package from an Internet connection, sometimes they will use two identical devices on a crossfade mixer. Many such devices also tend to be smartphones.

Last position memory[edit]

Main article: Last position memory

Many mobile digital media players have last position memory, in which when it is powered off, a user doesn't have to worry about starting at the first track again, or even hearing repeats of others songs when a playlist, album, or whole library is cued for shuffle play, in which shuffle play is a common feature, too. Early playback devices to even remotely have "last position memory" that predated solid-state digital media playback devices were tape-based media, except this kind suffered from having to be "rewound", whereas disc-based media suffered from no native "last position memory", unless disc-players had their own last position memory. However, some models of solid-state flash memory (or hard drive ones with some moving parts) are somewhat the "best of both worlds" in the market.

Common audio formats[edit]

There are three categories of audio formats:

  • Uncompressed PCM audio: Most players can also play uncompressed PCM in a container such as WAV or AIFF.
  • Lossless audio formats: These formats maintain the Hi-fi quality of every song or disc. These are the ones used by CDs, many people recommend the use of lossless audio formats to preserve the CD quality in audio files on a desktop. Some of them are: Apple Lossless (proprietary format) and FLAC (Royalties free) are increasingly popular formats for lossless compression, which maintain the Hi-fi quality.
  • Lossy compression formats: Most audio formats use lossy compression, to produce as small as possible a file compatible with the desired sound quality. There is a trade-off between size and sound quality of lossily compressed files; most formats allow different combinations—e.g., MP3 files may use between 32 (worst), 128 (reasonable) and 320 (best) kilobits per second.[50]

There are also royalty free lossy formats like Vorbis for general music and Speex and Opus used for voice recordings. When "ripping" music from CDs, many people recommend the use of lossless audio formats to preserve the CD quality in audio files on a desktop, and to transcode the music to lossy compression formats when they are copied to a portable player.[51] The formats supported by a particular audio player depends upon its firmware; sometimes a firmware update adds more formats. MP3 and AAC are dominant formats,[51] and are almost universally supported.[52]

Software[edit]

Rockbox, a popular free and open source firmware for various PMPs

PMPs were earlier packaged with an installation CD/DVD that inserts device drivers (and for some players, software that is capable of seamlessly transferring files between the player and the computer). For later players, however, these are usually available online via the manufacturers' websites, or increasingly natively recognised by the operating system through Universal Mass Storage (UMS) or Media Transfer Protocol (MTP).

Hardware[edit]

[icon]

This section needs expansion with: Information about the architecture, processor, chipset, etc. You can help by adding to it. (December 2007)

Interior of a small unbranded flash-based DAP

As with DAPs, PMPs come in either flash or hard disk storage. Storage capacities have reached up to 64 GB for flash memory based PMPs, first reached by the 3rd Generation iPod Touch, and up to 1 TB for hard disk drive PMPs, first achieved by the Archos 5 Internet Tablet.

A number of players support memory card slots, including CompactFlash (CF), Secure Digital (SD), and Memory Sticks. They are used to directly transfer content from external devices, and expand the storage capacity of PMPs.

A standard PMP uses a 5-way D-pad to navigate. Many alternatives have been used, most notably the wheel and touch mechanisms seen on players from the iPod and Sansa series. Another popular mechanism is the swipe-pad, or 'squircle', first seen on the Zune. Additional buttons are commonly seen for features such as volume control.

Sizes range all the way up to 7 inches (18 cm). Resolutions also vary, going up to WVGA. Most screens come with a colour depth of 16-bit, but higher quality video-oriented devices may range all the way to 24-bit, otherwise known as true colour, with the ability to display 16.7 million distinct colours. Screens commonly have a matte finish but may also come in glossy to increase colour intensity and contrast. More and more devices are now also coming with touch screen as a form of primary or alternate input. This can be for convenience and/or aesthetic purposes. Certain devices, on the other hand, have no screen whatsoever, reducing costs at the expense of ease of browsing through the media library.

Some portable media players include a radio receiver, most frequently receiving FM. Features for receiving signals from FM stations on MP3 players are common on more premium models.

Some portable media players have recently added features such as simple camera, built-in game emulation (playing Nintendo Entertainment System or other game formats from ROM images) and simple text readers and editors. Newer PMPs have been able to tell time, and even automatically adjust time according to radio reception, and some devices like the 6th-gen iPod Nano even have wristwatch bands available.

Modern MP4 players can play video in a multitude of video formats without the need to pre-convert them or downsize them prior to playing them. Some MP4 Players possess USB ports, to allow users to connect it to a personal computer to sideload files. Some models also have memory card slots to expand the memory of the player instead of storing files in the built-in memory.

The IriverSPINN portable media player features Samsungstorage and a Telechips processor. It also features both touchscreen and a clickwheel mechanism for navigation. The SPINN implements hapticfeedback by vibrating with user input. Additional hardware capabilities enable it to decode the MPEG-4 Part 2format and play back audio using SRS WOW.

Chipsets[edit]

Chipsets and file formats that are particular to some PMPs:

  • Anyka is a chip that's used by many MP4 Players. It supports the same formats as Rockchip.
  • FuzhouRockchip Electronics's video processingRockchip has been incorporated into many MP4 players, supporting AVI with no B frames in MPEG-4 Part 2 (not Part 14), while MP2 audio compression is used.[53] The clip must be padded out, if necessary, to fit the resolution of the display. Any slight deviation from the supported format results in a Format Not Supported error message.
  • Some players, like the Onda VX979+, have started to use chipsets from Ingenic, which are capable of supporting RealNetworks's video formats.[54] Also, players with SigmaTel-based technology are compatible with SMV (SigmaTel Video).

AMV[edit]

An "MP4 player" from Newsmy, a major PMP manufacturer in China

Main article: AMV video format

The image compression algorithm of this format[55] is inefficient by modern standards (about 4 pixels per byte, compared with over 10 pixels per byte for MPEG-2. There are a fixed range of resolutions (96 × 96 to 208 × 176 pixels) and framerates (12 or 16 frames) available. A 30-minute video would have a filesize of approximately 100 MB at a 160 × 120 resolution.[56]

MTV[edit]

The MTV video format (no relation to the cable network) consists of a 512-byte file header that operates by displaying a series of raw image frames during MP3 playback.[56] During this process, audio frames are passed to the chipset's decoder, while the memory pointer of the display's hardware is adjusted to the next image within the video stream. This method does not require additional hardware for decoding, though it will lead to a higher amount of memory consumption. For that reason, the storage capacity of an MP4 player that uses MTV files is effectively less than that of a player that decompresses files on the fly.

Operation[edit]

A Sansa Clipplayer with a clip to attach on a person's clothing

Digital sampling is used to convert an audio wave to a sequence of binary numbers that can be stored in a digital format, such as MP3. Common features of all MP3 players are a memory storage device, such as flash memory or a miniature hard disk drive, an embedded processor, and an audio codec microchip to convert the compressed file into an analogue sound signal. During playback, audio files are read from storage into a RAM based memory buffer, and then streamed through an audio codec to produce decoded PCM audio. Typically audio formats decode at double to more than 20 times real speed on portable electronic processors,[57] requiring that the codec output be stored for a time until the DAC can play it. To save power, portable devices may spend much or nearly all of their time in a low power idle state while waiting for the DAC to deplete the output PCM buffer before briefly powering up to decode additional audio.

Most DAPs are powered by rechargeable batteries, some of which are not user-replaceable. They have a 3.5 mm stereo jack; music can be listened to with earbuds or headphones, or played via an external amplifier and speakers. Some devices also contain internal speakers, through which music can be listened to, although these built-in speakers are typically of very low quality.

Nearly all DAPs consists of some kind of display screen, although there are exceptions, such as the iPod Shuffle, and a set of controls with which the user can browse through the library of music contained in the device, select a track, and play it back. The display, if the unit even has one, can be anything from a simple one or two line monochrome LCD display, similar to what are found on typical pocket calculators, to large, high-resolution, full-color displays capable of displaying photographs or viewing video content on. The controls can range anywhere from the simple buttons as are found on most typical CD players, such as for skipping through tracks or stopping/starting playback to full touch-screen controls, such as that found on the iPod Touch or the Zune HD. One of the more common methods of control is some type of the scroll wheel with associated buttons. This method of control was first introduced with the Apple iPod and many other manufacturers have created variants of this control scheme for their respective devices.

Connecting a computer to a Sansa ClipDAP to transfer content by "syncing"
An early DAP (NETrax, from 1999) in its dedicated docking stationfor charging and connecting to a PC

Content is placed on DAPs typically through a process called "syncing", by connecting the device to a personal computer, typically via USB, and running any special software that is often provided with the DAP on a CD-ROM included with the device, or downloaded from the manufacturer's website. Some devices simply appear as an additional disk drive on the host computer, to which music files are simply copied like any other type of file. Other devices, most notably the Apple iPod or Microsoft Zune, requires the use of special management software, such as iTunes or Zune Software, respectively. The music, or other content such as TV episodes or movies, is added to the software to create a "library". The library is then "synced" to the DAP via the software. The software typically provides options for managing situations when the library is too large to fit on the device being synced to. Such options include allowing manual syncing, in that the user can manually "drag-n-drop" the desired tracks to the device, or allow for the creation of playlists. In addition to the USB connection, some of the more advanced units are now starting to allow syncing through a wireless connection, such as via Wi-Fi or Bluetooth.[58]

Content can also be obtained and placed on some DAPs, such as the iPod Touch or Zune HD by allowing access to a "store" or "marketplace", most notably the iTunes Store or Zune Marketplace, from which content, such as music and video, and even games, can be purchased and downloaded directly to the device.

Digital signal processing[edit]

A growing number of portable media players are including audio processing chips that allow digital effects like 3D audio effects, dynamic range compression and equalisation of the frequency response.[59][60][61][62] Some devices adjust loudness based on Fletcher–Munson curves. Some media players are used with Noise-cancelling headphones that use Active noise reduction to remove background noise.

De-noise mode[edit]

De-noise mode is an alternative to Active noise reduction. It provides for relatively noise-free listening to audio in a noisy environment. In this mode, audio intelligibility is improved due to selective gain reduction of the ambient noise. This method splits external signals into frequency components by "filterbank" (according to the peculiarities of human perception of specific frequencies) and processing them using adaptive audio compressors. Operation thresholds in adaptive audio compressors (in contrast to "ordinary" compressors) are regulated depending on ambient noise levels for each specific bandwidth. Reshaping of the processed signal from adaptive compressor outputs is realised in a synthesis filterbank. This method improves the intelligibility of speech signals and music. The best effect is obtained while listening to audio in the environment with constant noise (in trains, automobiles, planes), or in environments with fluctuating noise level (e.g. in a metro). Improvement of signal intelligibility in condition of ambient noise allows users to hear audio well and preserve hearing ability, in contrast to regular volume amplification.

Natural mode[edit]

Natural mode is characterised by subjective effect of balance of different frequency sounds, regardless of level of distortion, appearing in the reproduction device. It is also regardless of personal user's ability to perceive specific sound frequencies (excluding obvious hearing loss). The natural effect is obtained due to special sound processing algorithm (i.e. "formula of subjective equalisation of frequency-response function"). Its principle is to assess frequency response function (FRF) of mediaplayer or any other sound reproduction device, in accordance with audibility threshold in silence (subjective for each person),[63] and to apply gain modifying factor. The factor is determined with the help of integrated function to test audibility threshold: the program generates tone signals (with divergent oscillations – from minimum volume 30–45 Hz to maximum volume appr. 16 kHz),[64] and user assess their subjective audibility. The principle is similar to in situ audiometry, used in medicine to prescribe a hearing aid. However, the results of test may be used to a limited extent as far as FRF of sound devices depends on reproduction volume. It means correction coefficient should be determined several times – for various signal strengths, which is not a particular problem from a practical standpoint.

Sound around mode[edit]

Sound around mode allows for real time overlapping of music and the sounds surrounding the listener in their environment, which are captured by a microphone and mixed into the audio signal. As a result, the user may hear playing music and external sounds of the environment at the same time. This can increase user safety (especially in big cities and busy streets), as a user can hear a mugger following them or hear an oncoming car.

Controversy[edit]

Further information: iTunes Store § The Consumer Council of Norway EULA challenge, and Digital rights management

Although these issues are not usually controversial within digital audio players, they are matters of continuing controversy and litigation, including but not limited to content distribution and protection, and digital rights management (DRM).

Lawsuit with RIAA[edit]

Main article: Recording Industry Ass'n of America v. Diamond Multimedia Systems, Inc.

The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) filed a lawsuit in late 1998 against Diamond Multimedia for its Rio players,[33][65] alleging that the device encouraged copying music illegally. But Diamond won a legal victory on the shoulders of the Sony Corp. v. Universal City Studios case and DAPs were legally ruled as electronic devices.[66]

Risk of hearing damage[edit]

According to the Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks, the risk of hearing damage from digital audio players depends on both sound level and listening time. The listening habits of most users are unlikely to cause hearing loss, but some people are putting their hearing at risk, because they set the volume control very high or listen to music at high levels for many hours per day. Such listening habits may result in temporary or permanent hearing loss, tinnitus, and difficulties understanding speech in noisy environments. The World Health Organization warns that increasing use of headphones and earphones puts 1.1 billion teenagers and young adults at risk of hearing loss due to unsafe use of personal audio devices.[67] Many smartphones and personal media players are sold with earphones that do a poor job of blocking ambient noise, leading some users to turn up the volume to the maximum level to drown out street noise.[68] People listening to their media players on crowded commutes sometimes play music at high volumes feel a sense of separation, freedom and escape from their surroundings.[69][70]

The World Health Organization recommends that "the highest permissible level of noise exposure in the workplace is 85 dB up to a maximum of eight hours per day" and time in "nightclubs, bars and sporting events" should be limited because they can expose patrons to noise levels of 100 dB. The report states

Teenagers and young people can better protect their hearing by keeping the volume down on personal audio devices, wearing earplugs when visiting noisy venues, and using carefully fitted, and, if possible, noise-cancelling earphones/headphones. They can also limit the time spent engaged in noisy activities by taking short listening breaks and restricting the daily use of personal audio devices to less than one hour. With the help of smartphone apps, they can monitor safe listening levels.

The report also recommends that governments raise awareness of hearing loss, and to recommend people visit a hearing specialist if they experience symptoms of hearing loss, which include pain, ringing or buzzing in the ears.[71]

A study by the National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health found that employees at bars, nightclubs or other music venues were exposed to noise levels above the internationally recommended limits of 82–85 dB(A per eight hours. This growing phenomena has led to the coining of the term music-induced hearing loss, which includes hearing loss as a result of overexposure to music on personal media players.[72]

FCC issues[edit]

Some MP3 players have electromagnet transmitters, as well as receivers. Many MP3 players have built-in FM radios, but FM transmitters aren't usually built-in due to liability of transmitter feedback from simultaneous transmission and reception of FM. Also, certain features like Wi-Fi and Bluetooth can interfere with professional-grade communications systems such as aircraft at airports.[73]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portable_media_player

The 6 Best Windows File Organization Apps and File Organizer Software

By Rahul SaigalUpdated

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Organizing files on Windows tiring. Let these awesome Windows file organization apps do it for you!

Organizing files on Windows is a tiring job. The only way to overcome it is by putting everything in its place on arrival. Instead of spending valuable time, why not take a smart and lazy approach to file organization.

After all, the better organized your files, the faster you can draw information from them. But how do you get started? We’ll take a look at file organization apps and show how you can use them to organize different types of files in Windows automatically.

1. File Juggler

If you’re having trouble organizing the files, consider using an automation utility app. File Juggler monitors changes to folders and takes action based on the set of rules. It uses conditional if-and-then statements, just like IFTTT. At first, create a plan on what you want to do with files.

To add a rule, click the Add button and type in a brief description. Add a folder for which you want to take action in the Monitor section. In the If section, add a condition. Check out the conditions page for more information.

Last, choose an action you wish to take on your files in the Then box. You can rename, move, copy, extract, and more.

Unique Features:

  • Move and rename files based on the content of a searchable PDF. It works great to organize invoices, credit card bills, and snippets of information.
  • You can add variables to organize different types of content with precision. They include file name, path, date, file properties, and more.
  • Once your file gets organized, you can tell File juggler to upload a file to Evernote. Select the notebook you want and add tags to the notes.
  • A rule can monitor either one or several folders. For each rule, you can check to monitor or exclude the sub-folder as well.
  • The Log tab helps you keep track of what your rules have done and whether it’s working correctly or not.

Download: FileJuggler (30 days free trial, $40)

2. PhotoMove

Apps like Adobe Lightroom make it easy to organize images by their EXIF data. If you don’t use these kinds of apps, then cataloging and sorting your photos into a folder is a headache. With limited support of metadata, organizing photos in Windows 10 is a manual and tedious task.

PhotoMove uses EXIF data to automatically move (or copy) and sort the photos or videos into folders based on the actual date. Choose the source folder containing your images and the destination folder. Click Find Photos to start a search.

After searching all your photos, click either Move or Copy button to process your files. You can choose to display the summary report if the need arises. The preferences section lets you decide the folder structure, handling duplicate files, file types, and camera models.

Unique Features:

  • If you have a vast photo collection, PhotoMove lets you move and sort photos in the Network Attached Storage (NAS). Check the manufacturer updates and SMB version.
  • Select different types of folder structure to organize pictures. By default, you can organize photos by Year-Month-Date. The Pro version lets you customize them.
  • PhotoMove supports command line syntax. You can use the command prompt or batch file to organize your photo collection.
  • If your photos don’t have EXIF data, use the file date or sort photos with no EXIF data to a different folder.

Download: PhotoMove (Free, Pro Version: $9)

3. TagScanner

Anyone with a massive collection of music knows the pain of managing a poorly tagged library. While file name is essential, it’s the metadata that holds information like artist, album, year of release, cover art, and more. Editing the metadata is a time-consuming and challenging task.

TagScanner is an app that lets you organize and manage music collections. It includes an array of built-in configuration settings for editing tags of audio formats like ID3v1, v2, Vorbis, APEv2, WMA, and iTunes.

Click the Browse for folder button to load the audio files. Within a few moments, the app will read the metadata and display them according to the sorting mode.

Unique Features:

  • It supports text replacement and transformation functions. The options include case change, transliteration, FTP compatible names, discog cleanup, and more.
  • The built-in scripting engine can do advanced things on the text output. You can append a string function to beautify tags and filenames.
  • Rename and organize audio files in bulk. If your music folder is cluttered, you can create a folder structure based on the tag structure.
  • Preview tags and cover art from online databases like Freedb, Discogs, Musicbrainz, and Amazon before embedding it into mp3 files.
  • You can create playlists and export information as CSV, HTML, M3U, and more.

Download: TagScanner (Free)

Related: Key Tips for Managing and Organizing Your Computer Files

4. FileBot

Poorly named files, missing subtitles, episode names, and incomplete information are common problems for people while watching a movie or TV show. FileBot is a utility app that can automate the task of organizing and renaming media files. The app has two panels.

To get started, drag-and-drop the media folder into Original Files panel. Under the New Names panel, click the Fetch Data button.

The app will try to match your files with data from various online databases automatically. They include The TVDB, AnDB, TheMovieDB, and TVmaze. Once you verify the information, click Rename.

Unique Features:

  • It can scan the file names to figure out which show, season, and episodes the videos contain. How you choose to name the media files and organize them is up to you.
  • It shows you the complete list of every episode a TV series has broadcast. Just search for your show, pick a source, and sorting order.
  • Fetching subtitles is a click away. You can manually search and download subtitles, preview, and fix encoding problems.
  • Fetch cover art, poster images, and create NFO files for your media library. If you use Kodi, FileBot can fix various metadata-related issues.
  • Built-in scripting engine for complex automated processing. With few lines of scripts, you can fetch artwork and details of multiple files.

Download: FileBot (Paid, $6/year)

5. Easy File Organizer

If your desktop and download folder always get cluttered, this utility app will help you end the chaos of unorganized files with a simple click. The app organizes large file collections by re-arranging items according to kind, extension, size, or date.

To get started, add a folder you want to sort out and click Organize. For example, if you select Extension, the app will group files by file extension folders, like pdf, mp3, and more. Similarly, if you choose Date, the app will group files by day, month, or year.

Unique Features:

  • You can organize files in folders and their subfolders. Check recursive under the circle graph to get started. Click Undo to revert the changes if you made a mistake.
  • Set up custom rules (Settings > Rules) to organize files as per your needs. It is useful when you wish to sort files by other criteria, even if they don’t belong to a specific group.
  • With templates, you can organize files generated from file names. Go to Settings > Rules and create a template with a number or alphabets.

Download:Easy File Organizer (Free trial up to 30 items, $25)

6. Copywhiz

At some point, you must have tried to copy and paste a bunch of files that were in different folders. Having to open multiple windows, then copying your stuff can be confusing and tedious. Copywhiz is a utility app that enhances the file copy experience with the benefits of filtering.

Go to the folder containing your files, right-click and choose Copywhiz > Copy (Add to Queue). Navigate to the destination folder, right-click anywhere and select Copywhiz > Paste Special to decide what you want to do with the files.

Unique Features:

  • You can either copy only new or modified files. It saves your time while doing a backup, sharing files with others, or follow a specific workflow every day.
  • Copy files based on specific file name, type, extension, and size. This way, you selectively sort out files and organize them.
  • Configure the app to copy your files at a particular time. For example, you can save new files grouped date-wise per week on a schedule.
  • Pick files from multiple folders and paste them into a folder or zip them all at once. In this way, you’ll avoid repeated copy-and-paste operations.

Download:Copywhiz (7-day free trial, $40)

Related: The Best Free Search Tools for Windows 10

Ideas for Managing Your Files

Organizing files on Windows is a tedious job. If you can spend some time on how to automate it, then it’ll save time, and your files won’t pile up in the long run.

With the file organizer apps discussed above, you can control the entire file management without putting in much effort.

9 Key Tips for Managing and Organizing Your Computer Files

There's no perfect way when it comes to computer file management, but these tips will help you create order from chaos.

Read Next

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About The Author
Rahul Saigal (167 Articles Published)

With his M.Optom Degree in Eye Care Speciality, Rahul worked as a lecturer for many years in the college. Writing and teaching others is always his passion. He now writes about technology and make it digestible for readers who don't understand it well.

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Источник: https://www.makeuseof.com/tag/automatically-organize-files-windows/

Tag and manage video files

It is quite common for people to have a good mixture of different video file formats they would like to manage, the problem with this is that often some of these formats are not easy to tag, for instance .flv files, the format I find most easly taggable both from the command line and with gui applications is the .mp4 format with H.264 video and aac audio.

The .mp4 format videos can be tagged with itunes compatible metadata quite easily with mp4tags from mpeg4ip-utils, mp4tags is command line based, a good GUI application that can batch tag these files is Easytag-aac, you can also use the VLC media player to do .mp4 tagging but without the batch feature.

It is not always a good thing to convert one compressed video to another, for instance when one container does not support the codec from another container a simple lossless demux and remuxing will not work the video or audio or both will have to be transcoded which is time consuming and will result in even more loss.

Since there are so many different formats around it may get unweildly to have to convert all your files to one format I believe the best option is to use something that will keep information about the files that can not be tagged or which are not easy to tag in an external database. while still reading the tags of those that can be easily tagged.

For this I would recommend the media player called Banshee. Banshee will read the metadata embedded in the video files much the same way it reads the metadata in audio files. If no metadata is embedded in some videos Just import them into the program then you can enter the necessary information about these videos in the banshee interface, much the same way you do your music, the only thing is that this information will be stored in the Banshee sqlite database, and not the file itself, not a big broblem in some cases.

If banshee is not an option for you for any reason at all and you would like all videos to be tagged I would recommend that you convert the ones that are difficult to tag to the ones that are easy. See below for some tools you can use for tagging different formats.

SUMMARY

TAGGING

FOR MP4

install mpeg4ip-utils this provides mp4tags, a commandline based tagging tool for .mp4 files.

Install Easytag-aac good GUI tool for tagging .mp4 and some other formats. useful when you need to update many files at once

Install VLC media player for a GUI based one at a time metadata editing.

use mp4tags like this:

file.mp4 will be updated with the metadata.

FOR OGG THEORA

Install oggz-tools, provides oggz-comment, this is command line based tool for tagging ogg vorbis and ogg theora files.

use oggz-comment like this:

input.ogv is the file to tag, output.ogv is the tagged file.

FOR AVI

Install ffmpeg, commandline based tool for working with audio and video.

use ffmpeg like this to add metadata to some .avi files:

inputfile.avi is the file to be tagged and new.avi is the tagged file.

Tested with .avi container having; DivX MPEG-4 Version 5, XVID MPEG-4 and Flash Video 1.all with .mp3 audio.

FOR MATROSKA MKV

Install mkvtoolnix,a Set of command-line tools to work with Matroska files

Install mkvtoolnix-gui,a Set of tools to work with Matroska files - GUI frontend

The metadata in the matroska container does not seem to be well understood by some media players.

Read more about mkvmerge and its gui here:

http://www.bunkus.org/videotools/mkvtoolnix/doc/mkvmerge.html

http://www.bunkus.org/videotools/mkvtoolnix/doc/mkvmerge-gui.html

Read more about the matroska official tags specifications:

http://www.matroska.org/technical/specs/tagging/example-video.html

http://www.matroska.org/technical/specs/tagging/index.html

MANAGEMENT

Install banshee Media Management and Playback application. Import tagged files, enter manually the information for files that could not be tagged with the above tools, always remember to backup banshee's database, before you import give your videos good file names so you will not have to change them afterwards. Decide on a good location for your video storage.

If you do not want to use banshee as a media manager my next suggestion would be the VLC media player from VIdeo Lan, do not let the simple interface fool you, this is a very useful media player outside of just playing media, the playlist button is quite misleading, one would believe that all you have there is something to view or create playlists but this brings up a handy tool that can be used as an interface to the open .xspf playlist format, vlc does a fairly good job of using this playlist format as a flat database it creates a file called ml.xspf in ~/.local/share/vlc so you can back this up, the interface to this file once you get used to the tree view nature is quite handy for searching organizing and playing your videos. Ironically the Media library aspect of this interface works much better than the Playlist aspect.

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You can right click on an empty area in the media library window to create folders and drag other folders to them, the folders created in the Media Library window will only exist in the .xspf xml file, whenever you import a folder all the subfolder structure will be imported, this is good if you have a folder system that organizes your files already and you want the same structure in your media library, if this is not desired you can drag out any folder and place them under any other folder or in the root of the tree structure, individual folders can also be imported and placed anywhere in the tree.

You can view the Playlist interface by clicking view in the menu and then click the Playlist item.

More on VLC playlist usage here; http://wiki.videolan.org/Documentation:Play_HowTo/Basic_Use/Playlist

All the software recommended are available in the repositories, just search in synaptic or software center.

Источник: https://askubuntu.com/questions/29513/tag-and-manage-video-files

5+ best software to organize your music library on Windows 10

Ivan Jenic
by Ivan Jenic

Troubleshooting Expert

Passionate about all elements related to Windows and combined with his innate curiosity, Ivan has delved deep into understanding this operating system, with a specialization in drivers and driver troubleshooting. When he's not tackling... Read more

  • Managing and organizing a music library could be cumbersome at times. However, with the right tools, you can create the perfect music library and keep it that way for a long time.
  • Although you can handle many of the tasks performed by music library software, you can save yourself some time and hassle by using specialized tools.
  • Some of these programs provide a variety of editing features, such as a configurable interface, file conversion, music imports, and the ability to sync with other devices.
  • You may listen to radios, watch movies, listen to podcasts, and transfer music files to TV cast and cloud services, as well as to other media players.

Managing and/or organizing a music library could be somewhat cumbersome. This is especially hard if you have loads of multi-genre music files on your computer.

In trying to sort through these files, you often end up spending too much time, which could have been channeled to more productive endeavors.

However, with the advent of music library software, you can now navigate your music library with unimaginable convenience. In fact, you can now find, play and listen to your favorite songs with the best music apps for Windows 10, eliminating the unnecessary hassle and saving you valuable time in the process.

Basically, a typical music library software affords you the flexibility of customizing your music library to suit your needs. Hence, it offers you the opportunity to organize your library’s hierarchy in alphabetical order, time (date) order, genre-based order, and so on.

While there is numerous music library software in the market, only a handful of them is specially built to run on the latest version of Windows – Windows 10. And we’ll be looking at six of the best Windows 10 music library software available.

iMusic from Apple developers is a software that allows you to organize music as you wish on a Windows 10 computer. 

This application is a music manager and downloader that allows you to effortlessly manage, record, and download music. It can also transfer music across iPhone/iPad/iPod/Android phones and iTunes/Mac/PC.

With the Backup & Restore feature you can back up and restore your iTunes library as needed, and sync it with other devices you play music on. 

The asset to clean up broken downloaded music tracks in your iTunes Library is essential for a playlist to sound properly. This feature can also fix mislabeled songs, automatically add missing covers, and delete duplicate tracks.

iMusic can download high-quality tracks from over 3,000 music websites to your Mac or PC. It means you may download MP3 files straight from YouTube, Spotify, Pandora, last.FM, Vimeo, Dailymotion, Facebook, VEVO, and other services.

In addition to downloading individual songs, you can use iMusic to download the whole YouTube music playlist to MP3 with a URL.

More in the key features we can find a powerful toolbox for converting MP4 to MP3, car playlist, DVD burn, and built-in Music Player.

iMusic

iMusic

Sync music from iTunes Library to Android devices and add music/playlists from Android devices to iTunes Library for better management.

Free trialVisit website

MediaMonkey, from Ventis Media, is arguably the best music library software for Windows 10. The software is a versatile media library tool, designed to run on Windows 10 and lower versions, as well as Android and iOS mobile devices.

MediaMonkey is an advanced tool, which is capable of organizing over 100,000 media files on your computer, making every music/video file on your system accessible within a few clicks.

You can transfer music and videos across Windows and Android, Apple devices (iPhone, iPad, iPod), TVs and other DLNA media players, and cloud services.

MediaMonkey allows you to convert incompatible formats and equalize volume levels while you play high-quality music to your TV, stereo, or any other UPnP/DLNA, Chromecast, or Bluetooth device.

By customizing and exploring MediaMonkey’s features with extensions or skins, you can make it really your own by converting music and video formats so that all of your stuff is compatible with all of your devices.

Furthermore, you are afforded the opportunity of synching with external storage media or mobile devices.

Get Media Monkey

MusicBee is another top-rated Windows 10 music library software. It is supported on all Windows versions between Windows 10 and Windows 7.

MusicBee is designed to help you organize your music library, such that it takes only one click to find and play any song on your PC.

The software hosts an expandable platform, which allows you to integrate with notable music apps and hubs like podcasts, SoundCloud, web radio stations, and so on.

The most noticeable feature of MusicBee is that it offers complete installation and administration help on its official website.

It has plenty of other cool features like lyrics support, tag editing, scrobbling with last.FM, theatrical mode, UI customization, and stylish skins and visualizers.

Additionally, if you have an Android phone, you may download the MusicBee Remote application to control your PC/laptop player through mobile via wi-fi.

MusicBee is a freeware, which is funded by donations from all over the world. As such, it is available for download at absolutely no cost.

⇒ Get MusicBee

Windows Media Player, from Microsoft, is a versatile music library and media player, specially designed for Windows. The software is flexibly built to support both Windows PC and Windows mobile. There are also special editions for third-party OS like Mac.

Windows Media Player hosts powerful sets of music organizing and media player features, which work side-by-side to provide you with quick and unrestrained access to your media library.

The Now Playing mode is a lesson in minimalism: it displays only the controls you need, so nothing gets in the way of your music or movie. A new taskbar thumbnail with playing controls makes previewing more convenient and enjoyable.

The Now Playing mode is a lesson in minimalism: it displays only the controls you need, so nothing gets in the way of your music or movie. A new taskbar thumbnail with playing controls makes previewing more convenient and enjoyable.

You may also rip audio CDs to digital format using WMP (MP3 or WMA), but doesn’t have the burning DVD function.

Windows Media Player is offered to all Windows users at absolutely no cost. That is, you can download and install the music library software for free.

Get Windows Media Player

iTunes, from Apple, is a renowned media player and music library software, designed for Windows and macOS computers. The software is supported on all modern Windows OS, from Windows 7 to Windows 10.

Basically, iTunes is designed to download, manage/organize, find and play music (and other media) files on Windows PC and Macbook. It offers an advanced music library, which is built to collect, store, and organize music files on your system.

Subscribe to Apple Music to have access to millions of songs, purchase music from the iTunes Store, listen to Radio, or play music imported into iTunes.

Find and subscribe to podcasts that will entertain, inform, and inspire you. Browse free episodes and shows on a wide range of topics. In the categories, you may find movies and TV series to buy, as well as movies to rent.

Other features of iTunes include Tag Editor, CD ripping, Dynamic Playlists, Party Shuffle, Music Import, Library Sharing, Sound Check, Artworks & Themes, Music Streaming, Internet Radio Streaming, Podcasts Support and more.

iTunes hosts a freeware license, which means it is available to Windows and Mac users for free.

Get iTunes

Foobar2000 is a versatile music library software, designed for Windows PC and Android. The software is one of the most widely used music library tools and players, with a global client base of about 30 million users.

It hosts a fully customizable interface, which affords you the flexibility of organizing your music library to suit your style. Furthermore, you are afforded the opportunity of converting audio files from one format to another.

Foobar2000 is a fantastic choice for playing FLAC, WAV, MP3, or any other file that it can easily play.
When it comes to listening to music, Foobar2000 is all about simplicity because it doesn’t take up much memory and the sound quality is fantastic.

It is simple to install, supports batch conversion, offers an option for extra processing during conversion, metadata editing, and, of course, playback.

It contains iPod plugins and will play FLACs and most other audio formats by default. It’s also useful for converting FLACs to MP3 to use in portable devices and other apps.

Foobar2000 is freeware, which means it is available for free download.

Get Foobar2000

In conclusion, the above-listed tools are some of the best Windows 10 music library software out there. So, if you are running a Windows 10 PC, and you are in need of a durable music library solution, the software reviewed herein are the recommended solutions for you.

Our website holds a wide variety of music software articles. Make sure to check them out! If you’re interested in audio software, our dedicated section has got you covered. Millions of users are already using a high quality music streaming service called Qobuz. Unfortunately, this awesome service is not available worldwide, as it only provides its services in 12 countries. Find the best VPN for Qobuz, as researched by tech & privacy experts at VPN Central, to create an account from anywhere.

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    Источник: https://windowsreport.com/music-library-software/
    mp4 movie organizer

    10 Best Video Metadata Editor Recommended

    Recording or capturing videos from online websites are not hard, but you may face issues if you don’t have the captured videos' information. This information is known as video metadata, which is very important for every video because it helps users understand video content even without watching it. If you have also captured some videos from the internet and now facing issues with the Meta information, you don’t need to worry as there are many video metadata editor programs available that help you to update the Meta information of your audio and video files.

    Part 1. Best Video Metadata Editor Recommended

    Wondershare UniConverter (originally Wondershare Video Converter Ultimate) is one of the best and most powerful software that allows you to update the audio and video files' metadata. This program is available for Mac and Windows computers. This is a paid program, but there is a trial version of the software available to test the features, then you can go for the premium one. While using Wondershare UniConverter, you get the most useful features with a very nominal fee. This program comes with a straightforward and powerful video downloader, recorder, converter, DVD, or CD burner, and video editor. This program is enough to fulfill all your video needs, including editing video metadata on windows 10. It is not just a simple video metadata updater program, and it covers most anything that you need to make your videos more beautiful.

    Wondershare UniConverter iconWondershare UniConverter

    Your Complete Video Toolbox

    video converter ultimate
    • Edit ID3 tag metadata, including song title, artist name, album name, album cover image, track number, and other information.
    • Convert video to over 1000 formats, such as MP4, AVI, WMV, MP3, etc.
    • Versatile toolbox combines GIF maker, VR converter, and screen recorder.
    • 30X faster conversion speed than any conventional converters.
    • Edit, enhance & personalize your video files.
    • Burn and customize your video to DVD with free DVD menu templates.
    • Download or record videos from 10,000+ video sharing sites.
    • Supported OS: Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista, Mac OS 10.15 (Catalina), 10.14, 10.13, 10.12, 10.11, 10.10, 10.9, 10.8, 10.7, 10.6

    FREE DOWNLOADFREE DOWNLOAD

    securitySecurity Verified, 5,942,222people have downloaded it.

    Top ID3 Tag Editors for Mac Recommended in 2021

    Part 2. How to Use the Best Video Metadata Editor

    Watch Video Tutorial to Edit Video Metadata on Windows, Similar Steps on Mac

    Step 1 Install Video Metadata Editor on Your Computer.

    Browse the Wondershare UniConverter official website and then download it on your computer. Once downloaded, install it and run it. Then click Toolbox from the main navigation. Now hit the Fix Media Metadata option.

    video metadata editor

    Step 2 Choose File to Update Video Metadata.

    The program will open a popup on the system screen now. In this popup, click on the Add Files option, then select the video or audio file from the computer for which you need to update the metadata.

    video file metadata editor

    Step 3 Search Video Metadata Online Easily.

    Now simply click the Search button, and it will find the meta-information from the internet.

    edit video metadata windows 10

    Step 4 Save Video Meta Information.

    Now the video metadata editor freeware program will fill Meta blank fields with new information. That’s it.

    video metadata editor windows 10

    Tips

    If you want to back up those files to DVDs after editing their metadata, just move to How to Burn AVI file to DVD mp4 movie organizer to learn more. And if you want to convert DVD to video, you can move to How to convert DVD to AVI Easily >> to learn more.

    FREE DOWNLOADFREE DOWNLOAD

    Part 3. Other 9 Video Metadata Editor You should know

    There are several other video metadata software available for Mac and Windows users. From all programs, we are going to list some of the best video metadata software for you.

    1. MKVToolNix

    URL: https://mkvtoolnix.download/

    MKVToolNix is open-source Mac video metadata editor software that comes with the powerful metadata updater features. If you have a Mac operating system computer and look for a free program to update Meta of your video files, this program is perfect for you. The best part of the software is that this is open source, so there is no worry about using it.

    video metadata editor freeware

    Pros:

    • This is free software.
    • Open source so you can use it without any limitations.

    Cons:

    • You can only use it if you are a technical person because the interface is not easy.
    • It supports very fewer features.
    1. TigoTago

    URL: http://tigotago.com/

    TigoTago is a video metadata editor windows ten software that allows you to edit your video files' metadata with ease. It is spreadsheet-based tag editor software, so you may face issues in understanding the program options. The best part is that this program is also free of cost available for the windows users, so you don’t need to spend anything. While using this program to edit video metadata windows 10, you will have full control over the changes, and you can view a live preview of the changes you have done.

    how to edit video metadata

    Pros:

    • Supports near about all versions of the Windows operating system.
    • You can edit any kind of video format files.

    Cons:

    • No official support.
    • The interface is not easy.
    1. VLC Media Player:

    URL: https://www.videolan.org/vlc/index.html

    VLC Media Player is a viral video and audio player software used to play mostly all kinds of audio and video files. This program is compatible with mostly all operating systems, and you can download the Mac, Windows, iOS, Linux, or Android versions of the software to play your files. With the powerful media playing, this program also comes with the option to edit the video metadata so that you can use it as a video file metadata tag editor.

    free video metadata editor

    Pros:

    • A cross-platform program that is available for almost any kind of operating system.
    • It supports nearly all types of audio and video formats.

    Cons:

    • Not a professional metadata editor.
    • There is no support for finding the Meta from the online websites.
    1. Lightworks :

    URL: https://www.lwks.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=98&Itemid=209

    Lightworks is a cross-platform video file metadata editor software developed and available for the Linux, Windows, and Mac operating system computers. This software is available for both 32 and 64-bit architecture operating systems. Lightworks program is mainly a video editor program and offers you many options to edit and customize your videos. This software allows users to edit the audio and video both types of files.

    windows video metadata editor

    Pros:

    • Compatible with mostly all major operating systems.
    • It allows you to edit the videos as well.

    Cons:

    • The software is not able to edit the videos easily because the interface is slightly hard to use.
    • Unable to find the Meta from online mp4 movie organizer https://www.bizmodeller.com/MyMeta/

      MyMeta is a video metadata editor Windows 10 program that comes with the powerful video metadata editing options. This software allows you to update metadata on Windows 10 quickly and mostly all other versions of Windows. There is a free trial of the program available for users, which allows you to test the program features for ten days, and then you can buy the premium version. This program uses online websites to search Meta for the video files and then add them to the data automatically. If you don’t know the Meta of your songs, then you can add the new Meta with just a few clicks on your mouse using this software.

      batch edit video metadata

      Pros:

      • It Supports editing Meta information.
      • The interface is straightforward.

      Cons:

      • There is no official support.
      • Unable to offer you many options for editing the Meta.
      1. Avidemux

      URL: http://avidemux.sourceforge.net/

      Avidemux is also a video metadata editor freeware program which comes with the powerful options for editing the Metadata. Avidemux supports mainly all popular video formats, including MP4, MPEG, AVI, DVD compatible MPEG files, ASF, and many other formats. You can use these format files to update the Meta information. It is available for the Linux and Windows computers, and the program is open source so you can use it without worrying about anything.

      video metadata editor windows

      Pros:

      • Free and open-source program.
      • It Supports editing audio and video both types of multimedia files Meta information.

      Cons:

      • You can only make some changes to the videos.
      • Some options are not easy to use.
      1. Video Soft Dev Converter:

      URL: http://www.videosoftdev.com/free-video-editor

      Video Soft Dev Converter is also a batch edit video metadata program that comes with powerful video editing and metadata editing features. This program developed for editing the videos, and then metadata editing is part of this software. This batch edit video metadata program is only available for Windows computers, so that you can use it on the windows operating system only.

      video metadata software

      Pros:

      • Compatible with all versions of windows.
      • Supports exporting the HD and 4k videos.

      Cons:

      • The software is not free to use.
      • Tiny option mp4 movie organizer editing Meta, and you can only update the Meta manually.
      1. MP4 Video and Audio Tag Editor

      URL: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/mp4-video-audio-tag-editor/9nqxzbd9kxmf?activetab=pivot:overviewtab

      MP4 Video and Audio Tag Editor is another video metadata software to edit the audio and video files' Metadata. It allows you to select the tags of your audio and video files manually and automatically. The software is available in the Windows Store to download on your windows computer, and it supports downloading video and audio files metadata from online resources such as Movie DB.

      edit metadata video files windows 10

      Pros:

      • It can edit the audio and video files tags.
      • You can also rename the files using their tags.

      Cons:

      • The price of the program is very costly.
      • Very few features.
      1. Open Shot

      URL: https://www.openshot.org/

      Open Shot is a free video editing software for your system, which allows you to edit the video files and audio files metadata without paying anything. The software is an open-source program, so you can use it without worrying about any limitations. It is a cross-platform software that can be downloaded on the Mac, Windows, and Linux computers to change the audio and video's Meta information.

      video file metadata tag editor

      Pros:

      • A Free, open-source, and cross-platform program to use it on any OS without spending anything.
      • You can also edit the title of the files.

      Cons:

      • The interface is not easy to use.
      • You may face issues of lack of features while editing your videos.

      Conclusion

      Well, the above are some of the best video metadata editor programs available for the different operating system computers. These programs can update Meta information for the audio and video both types of files. You can use these programs and add the detailed Meta information to your files and share them online with your family and friends.

      FREE DOWNLOADFREE DOWNLOAD

    Источник: https://videoconverter.wondershare.com/edit-video/video-metadata-editor.html
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      Task Coach is a simple open source todo manager to keep track of personal tasks and todo lists. It is designed for composite tasks, and also offers effort tracking, categories, notes and more.

      • April 27, 2019
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      • Windows/macOS/Linux
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      • Free to Try
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      • January 31, 2017
      • Free to Try
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    Tag and manage video files

    It is quite common for people to have a good mixture of different video file formats they would like to manage, the problem with this is that often some of these formats are not easy to tag, for instance .flv files, the format I find most easly taggable both from the command line and with gui applications is the .mp4 format with H.264 video and aac audio.

    The .mp4 format videos can be tagged with itunes compatible metadata quite easily with mp4tags from mpeg4ip-utils, mp4tags is command line based, a good GUI application that can batch tag these files is Easytag-aac, you can also use the VLC media player to do .mp4 tagging but without the batch feature.

    It is not always a good thing to convert one compressed video to another, for instance antivirus - Crack Key For U one container does not support the codec from another container a simple lossless demux and remuxing will not work the video or audio or both will have to be transcoded which is time consuming and will result in even more loss.

    Since there are so many different formats around it may get unweildly to have to convert all your files to one format I believe the best option is to use something that will keep information about the files that can not be tagged or which are not easy to tag in an external database. while still reading the tags of those that can be easily tagged.

    For this I would recommend the media player called Banshee. Banshee will read the metadata embedded in the video files much the same way it reads the metadata in audio files. If no metadata is embedded in some videos Just import them into the program then you can enter the necessary information about these videos in the banshee interface, much the same way you do your music, the only thing is that this information will be stored in the Banshee sqlite database, and not the file itself, not a big broblem in some cases.

    If banshee is not an option for you for any reason at all and you would like all videos to be tagged I would recommend that you convert the ones that are difficult to tag to the ones that are easy. See below for some tools you can use for tagging different formats.

    SUMMARY

    TAGGING

    FOR MP4

    install mpeg4ip-utils this provides mp4tags, a commandline based tagging tool for .mp4 files.

    Install Easytag-aac good GUI tool for tagging .mp4 and some other formats. useful when you need to update many files at once

    Install VLC media player for a GUI based one at a time metadata editing.

    use mp4tags like this:

    file.mp4 will be updated with the metadata.

    FOR OGG THEORA

    Install oggz-tools, provides oggz-comment, this is command line based tool for tagging ogg vorbis and ogg theora files.

    use oggz-comment like this:

    input.ogv is the file to tag, output.ogv is the tagged file.

    FOR AVI

    Install ffmpeg, commandline based tool for working with audio and video.

    use ffmpeg like this to add metadata to some .avi files:

    inputfile.avi is the file to be tagged and new.avi is the tagged file.

    Tested with .avi container having; DivX MPEG-4 Version 5, XVID MPEG-4 and Flash Video 1.all with .mp3 audio.

    FOR MATROSKA MKV

    Install mkvtoolnix,a Set of command-line tools to work with Matroska files

    Install mkvtoolnix-gui,a Set of tools to work with Matroska files - GUI frontend

    The metadata in the matroska container does not seem to be well understood by some media players.

    Read more about mkvmerge and its gui here:

    http://www.bunkus.org/videotools/mkvtoolnix/doc/mkvmerge.html

    http://www.bunkus.org/videotools/mkvtoolnix/doc/mkvmerge-gui.html

    Read more about the matroska official tags specifications:

    http://www.matroska.org/technical/specs/tagging/example-video.html

    http://www.matroska.org/technical/specs/tagging/index.html

    MANAGEMENT

    Install banshee Media Management and Playback application. Import tagged files, enter manually the information for files that could not be tagged with the above tools, always remember to backup banshee's database, before you import give your videos good file names so you will not have to change them afterwards. Decide on a good location for your video storage.

    If you do not want to use banshee as a media manager my next suggestion would be the VLC media player from VIdeo Lan, do not let the simple interface fool you, this is a very useful media player outside of just playing media, the playlist button is quite misleading, one would believe that all you have there is something to view or create playlists but this brings up a handy tool that can be used as an interface to the open .xspf playlist format, vlc does a fairly good job of using this playlist format as a flat database it creates a file called ml.xspf in ~/.local/share/vlc so you can back this up, the Folder Guard 21.4 Full Version Crack With License key 2021 to this file once you get used to the tree view nature is quite handy for searching organizing and playing your videos. Ironically the Media library aspect of this interface works much better than the Playlist aspect.

    enter image description here

    You can right click on an empty area in the media library window to create folders and drag other folders to them, the folders created in the Media Library window will only exist in the .xspf xml file, whenever you import a folder all the subfolder structure will be imported, this is good if you have a folder system that organizes your files already and you want the same structure in your media library, if this is not desired you can drag out any folder and place them under any other folder or in the root of the tree structure, individual folders can also be imported and placed anywhere in the tree.

    You can view the Playlist interface by clicking view in the menu and then click the Playlist item.

    More on VLC playlist usage here; http://wiki.videolan.org/Documentation:Play_HowTo/Basic_Use/Playlist

    All the software recommended are available in the repositories, just search in synaptic or software center.

    Источник: https://askubuntu.com/questions/29513/tag-and-manage-video-files

    Video Manager

    Organize your movie collection by building an index, renaming tags and files based on tags as well as by running advanced searches

    Video Manager is a Windows application that facilitates a user-friendly interface for helping you organize your movie collection by editing tags. It supports Matroska (MKV, MKA, MKS, MK3D) and MP4 (MP4, M4A) video files. The tool can rename multiple files in bulk based on their metadata. Also, it offers full Unicode support.

    Build an index to organize movie collections

    Installing this program doesn't take long. However, right before exiting the wizard, Mp4 movie organizer Manager offers to download and install another (free) program made by the same developer. If you encounter DLL errors at startup, it's necessary to manually install Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Redistributable Package.

    The video organizer is wrapped in a clean and intuitive interface made from a large window that has a built-in file navigator to help you track down video files. Double-clicking one or more videos from this list loads the stream information, classification and file format information, shown on the right.

    Comprehensive tag editor with import and export

    It's possible to edit the tags of any video whose stream has been loaded, as well as of multiple videos at the same time, provided that they have the same file extension. If tags don't exist at all, they can be added from scratch.

    There's a large amount of tag information that can be dealt with when it comes to basic information, people involved, actors, comments and descriptions, lyrics, sorting order, account and purchasing, tree view, and other. Any fields can be filled out or ignored.

    Tags can be imported from other files, exported, copied and pasted. You can even ask Video Manager to try and guess the remaining tags based on the existing information as well as to look up the movie on the iMDB or Amazon database.

    Rename batches of files and run advanced searches

    Furthermore, you can edit the tree views of MKV tags, along with the cover art. Files can be named in bulk by creating a rename template using any of the available tags. If you have a large collection of media files, you can conduct mp4 movie organizer advanced search and apply filters with the file name, size, playtime, file format, and tags. Any number of folders can be included in the index.

    All aspects considered, Video Manager proves to be a comprehensive tool for efficiently organizing video collections by building an index, renaming tags and files, replacing cover art, and performing thorough searches. It worked smoothly on Windows 10 in our tests and had minimal impact on the computer's performance.

    Filed under

    Video organizerMovie collectionMovie organizerMovieVideoOrganizerTag

    Источник: https://www.softpedia.com/get/Multimedia/Video/Other-VIDEO-Tools/3delite-Video-Manager.shtml

    5+ best software to organize your music library on Windows 10

    Ivan Jenic
    by Ivan Jenic

    Troubleshooting Expert

    Passionate about all elements related to Windows and combined with his innate curiosity, Ivan has delved deep into understanding this operating system, with a specialization in drivers and driver troubleshooting. When he's not tackling. Read more

    • Managing and organizing a music library could be cumbersome at times. However, with the right tools, you can create the perfect music library and keep it that way for a long time.
    • Although you can handle many of the tasks performed by music library software, you can save yourself some time and hassle by using specialized tools.
    • Some of these programs provide a variety of editing features, such as a configurable interface, file conversion, music imports, and the ability to sync with other devices.
    • You may listen to radios, watch movies, listen to podcasts, and transfer music files to TV cast and cloud services, as well as to other media players.

    Managing and/or organizing a music library could be somewhat cumbersome. This is especially hard if you have loads of multi-genre music files on your computer.

    In trying to sort through these files, you often end up spending too much time, which could have been channeled to more productive endeavors.

    However, with the advent of music library software, you can now navigate your music library with unimaginable convenience. In fact, you can now find, play and listen to your mp4 movie organizer songs with the best music apps mp4 movie organizer Windows 10, eliminating the unnecessary hassle and saving you valuable time in the process.

    Basically, a typical music library software affords you the flexibility of customizing your music library to suit your needs. Hence, it offers you the opportunity to organize your library’s hierarchy in alphabetical order, time (date) order, genre-based order, and so on.

    While there is numerous music library software in the market, only a handful of them is specially built to run on the latest version of Windows – Windows 10. And we’ll be looking at six of the best Windows 10 music library software available.

    iMusic from Apple developers is a software that allows you to organize music as you wish on a Windows 10 computer. 

    This application is a music manager and downloader that allows you to effortlessly manage, record, and download music. It can also transfer music across iPhone/iPad/iPod/Android phones and iTunes/Mac/PC.

    With the Backup & Restore feature you can back up and restore your iTunes library as needed, and sync it with other devices you play music on. 

    The asset to clean up broken downloaded music tracks in your iTunes Library is essential for a playlist to sound properly. This feature can also fix mislabeled songs, automatically add missing covers, and delete duplicate tracks.

    iMusic can download high-quality tracks from over 3,000 music websites to your Mac or PC. It means you may download MP3 files straight from YouTube, Spotify, Pandora, last.FM, Vimeo, Dailymotion, Facebook, VEVO, and other services.

    In addition to downloading individual songs, you can use iMusic to download the whole YouTube music playlist to MP3 with a URL.

    More in the key features we can find a powerful toolbox for converting MP4 to MP3, car playlist, DVD burn, and built-in Music Player.

    iMusic

    iMusic

    Sync music from iTunes Library to Android devices and add music/playlists from Android devices to iTunes Library for better management.

    Free trialVisit website

    MediaMonkey, from Ventis Media, is arguably the best music library software for Windows 10. The software is a versatile media library tool, designed to run on Windows 10 and lower versions, as well as Android and iOS mobile devices.

    MediaMonkey is an advanced tool, which is capable of organizing over 100,000 media files on your computer, making every music/video file on your system accessible within a few clicks.

    You can transfer music and videos across Windows and Android, Apple devices (iPhone, iPad, iPod), TVs and other DLNA media players, and cloud services.

    MediaMonkey allows you to convert incompatible formats and equalize volume levels while you play high-quality music to your TV, stereo, or any other UPnP/DLNA, Chromecast, or Bluetooth device.

    By customizing and exploring MediaMonkey’s features with extensions or skins, you can make it really your own by converting music and video formats so that all of your stuff is compatible with all of your devices.

    Furthermore, you are afforded the opportunity of synching with external storage media or mobile devices.

    Get Media Monkey

    wirecast free download full version crack for mac - Free Activators height="500" src="https://cdn.windowsreport.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/musicbee-library-music-software-banner.jpg" alt="">

    MusicBee is another top-rated Windows 10 music library software. It is supported on all Windows versions between Windows 10 and Windows 7.

    MusicBee is designed to help you organize your music library, such that it takes only one click to find and play any song on your PC.

    The software hosts an expandable platform, which allows you to integrate with notable music apps and hubs like podcasts, SoundCloud, web radio stations, and so on.

    The most noticeable feature of MusicBee is that it offers complete installation and administration help on its official website.

    It has plenty of other cool features like lyrics support, tag editing, scrobbling with last.FM, theatrical mode, UI customization, and stylish skins and visualizers.

    Additionally, if you have an Android phone, you may download abaqus 2021 download crack MusicBee Remote application to control your PC/laptop player through mobile via wi-fi.

    MusicBee is a freeware, which is funded by donations from all over the world. As such, it is available for download at absolutely no cost.

    ⇒ Get MusicBee

    Windows Media Player, from Microsoft, is a versatile music library and media player, specially designed for Windows. The software is flexibly built to support both Windows PC and Windows mobile. There are also special editions for third-party OS like Mac.

    Windows Media Player hosts powerful sets of music organizing and media player features, which work side-by-side to provide you with quick and unrestrained access to your media library.

    The Now Playing mode is a lesson in minimalism: it displays only the controls you need, so nothing gets in the way of your music or movie. A new taskbar thumbnail with playing controls makes previewing more convenient and enjoyable.

    The Now Playing mode is a lesson in minimalism: it displays only the controls you need, so nothing gets in the way of your music or movie. A new taskbar thumbnail with playing controls makes previewing more convenient and enjoyable.

    You may also rip audio CDs to digital format using WMP (MP3 or WMA), but doesn’t have the burning DVD function.

    Windows Media Player is offered to all Windows users at absolutely no cost. That is, you can download and install the music library software for free.

    Get Windows Media Player

    iTunes, from Apple, is a renowned media player and music library software, designed for Windows and macOS computers. The software is supported on all modern Windows OS, from Windows 7 to Windows 10.

    Basically, iTunes is designed to download, manage/organize, find and play music (and other media) files on Windows PC and Macbook. It offers an advanced music library, which is built to collect, store, and organize music files on your system.

    Subscribe to Apple Music to have access to millions of songs, purchase music from the iTunes Store, listen to Radio, or play music imported into iTunes.

    Find and subscribe to podcasts that will entertain, inform, and inspire you. Browse free episodes and shows on a wide range of topics. In the categories, you may find movies and TV series to buy, as well as movies to rent.

    Other features of iTunes include Tag Editor, CD ripping, Dynamic Playlists, Party Shuffle, Music Import, Library Sharing, Sound Check, Artworks & Themes, Music Streaming, Internet Radio Streaming, Podcasts Support and more.

    iTunes hosts a freeware license, which means it is available to Windows and Mac users for free.

    Get iTunes

    Foobar2000 is a versatile music library software, designed for Windows PC and Android. The software is one of the most widely used music library tools and players, with a global client base of about 30 million users.

    It hosts a fully customizable interface, which affords you the flexibility of organizing your music library to suit your style. Furthermore, you are afforded the opportunity of converting audio files from one format to another.

    Foobar2000 is a fantastic choice for playing FLAC, WAV, MP3, or any other file that it can easily play.
    When it comes to listening to music, Foobar2000 is all about simplicity because it doesn’t take up much memory and the sound quality is fantastic.

    It is simple to install, supports batch conversion, offers an option for extra processing during conversion, metadata editing, and, of course, playback.

    It contains iPod plugins and will play FLACs and most other audio formats by default. It’s also useful for converting FLACs to MP3 to use in portable devices and other apps.

    Foobar2000 is freeware, which means it is available for free download.

    Get Foobar2000

    In conclusion, the above-listed tools are some of the best Windows 10 music library software out there. So, if you are running a Windows 10 PC, and you are in need of a durable music library solution, the software reviewed herein are the recommended solutions for you.

    Our website holds a wide variety of music software articles. Make sure to check them out! If you’re interested in audio software, our dedicated section has got you covered. Millions of users are already using a high quality music streaming service called Qobuz. Unfortunately, this awesome service is not available worldwide, as it only provides its services in 12 countries. Find the best VPN for Qobuz, as researched by tech & privacy experts at VPN Central, to create an account from anywhere.

    Frequently Asked Questions

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      Источник: https://windowsreport.com/music-library-software/

      You can watch a thematic video

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      3 Replies to “Mp4 movie organizer”

      1. Excelente amigo me gusto tu tutorial ...eee!!! Tenido problemas con los programa ya encontre la solucion

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